We often tell a key to improvement of memory
about memory so as if it is a subject, something like a patella or a bush of hair, but actually memory does not exist in that sense in what there are objects. Actually memory is a process of storing and a recall. Widespread idea that memoirs consist as if of the ready “daddies“ who are stored densely packed at us in the head, absolutely in a false manner. Actually memoirs represent incredibly difficult creative ability which all of us possess.
Think of what you had breakfast this morning. If at the same time recurred an image of a big plate with porridge to your memory, then he not just jumped out of some “neuropocket“ hidden pleated and cracks of your brain, and was created as a result of incredibly difficult process, similar to connection of separate memoirs from a pattern, similar to a web, of the cages disseminated through all brain. Your “memory“ actually consists of a number of systems, each of which plays a special role in creation, storage and a call of memoirs. When the brain processes information normally, all these various systems excellently work together. As a result you are capable to think coherently.
The fact that it seems one integral reminiscence - the plate of porridge - is actually difficult design. When you think of porridge, your brain reproduces its name, a form, appointment, began to smell the hot porridge standing on a table - and each part of reminiscence of what is “porridge“, comes from a special site of a brain. The integral image “porridge“ is actively restored by a brain from parts which undertake from different neurosites. The neurology only begins to understand, how exactly these parts will be organized in uniform intelligent whole.As all this works with
scientists still have no exact understanding of how we remember and that occurs during a recall. Researches of a question of how the brain will organize memory and as memoirs are got and kept, remained for experts in the field of higher nervous activity a constant problem for decades. However we have enough information to do competent assumptions.Process of storing begins
with how information is coded. Coding - the first step to storing - the biological phenomenon originating in our feelings. For example, if your earliest reminiscence - “mother“, your brain probably identified separately an image of a jacket of your mother and separately an image of the face of your mother, together with a smell of her clothes and a sound of its voice.
I all these separate feelings go to the area of a brain called gippokampus which integrates them all as they arise, to a uniform image - “mother“. Gippokampus, apparently, connects information for placement in other area of a brain as constantly kept reminiscence.
However memory, beginning with feeling, is coded and registers in language of electricity and chemistry. Nervous cages interact with each other through the thinnest gaps - so-called synapses. All activity in your brain happens on synapses where the electric impulses bearing messages jump through gaps between cages. The shot an electric impulse through a synapse provokes an exit of the chemical envoys called neurotransmitters. These neurotransmitters extend in space between cages, being connected to the next cages. Each cell of a brain can create thousands of such communications; in a “standard“ brain at the same time there are about 100 trillion synapses. Parts of nervous cages which receive these electric impulses are called dendrites; these are the thinnest shoots which connect the next cages with each other.work with
of the Cell of a brain together as a uniform network, they will be organized in groups which specialize in information processing of different types. However communications between nervous cages are not continuous: they can constantly change - and change. When one nervous cage sends a signal another, the synapse between them becomes more powerful. The both of these cages are more active, the communication between them becomes stronger. It means that with each new impression your brain slightly alters the physical structure. Actually how you use yours a brain, helps to define how your brain is organized.As you are trained in
and learn the world, in synapses and dendrites there are changes and in your brain there are more and more communications. Thus, the brain will organize and will reorganize itself depending on the impressions received by you and creates the memoirs caused as a result of the influence from the outside caused by life experience, education, training.
the Reuse strengthens all these changes so as you study and you master new knowledge, in your brain difficult contours of knowledge and memory are built. For example, if you play some piece of music again and again, repeated repetitions in a certain order of “shots“ of certain nervous cages in your brain facilitate reproduction of these “shots“ further. As a result you play this work better and better. You can play it quicker, with smaller quantity of mistakes. Practise long enough - and you will play almost ideally. But if you do not practise within several weeks, and then will try to play this work, you will notice that you play already not ideally. Your brain already began “to forget“ what you so well knew once.That information which is subject to storing was coded by
adequately, you have to concentrate on it the attention. As well as most of people, you during the day ignore the majority of incentives so the most part of what you face in everyday life, just “is eliminated“. Only the few incentives reach your consciousness. It is important because if you remembered each trifle which you faced, your memory would be overflowed with unnecessary things soon. Thus, as you pay attention to information, it can be the major factor in how you remembered a lot of things.
If you want to remember some word, it is useful for you to think of how it sounds and that designates. If in order that to remember something, you resort to a vision (for example if you meet the person by last name Bulls, you, shaking with it hands, will imagine a bull), probability that you remember, increases. Some scientists believe that the vision promotes storing because gives one more way of coding of the same information, - and two codes are better, than one.Read to
the words which are written out below and try to imagine visually something that would help to remember each of them.a stone
the young man
As we remember
When we try to remember something, we restore information at the subconscious level and voluntarily we transfer it to the consciousness. Though we, as a rule, think that at us “bad“ or, on the contrary, “good memory“, actually most of people very well remembers one things and it is much worse - others. If it is difficult for you to remember something - it is supposed that you have no physical diseases, - business, as a rule, not in your memory in general, and in some inefficiently working component of one of its parts.Let`s look at
how we remember where we left keys from the car (with it at many of us a problem!) . If you want to remember where you left keys from the car, you first of all have to record where you put them. You have to realize where you place them; otherwise, when they will be necessary for you, you do not remember this place. Exactly here many people also make a mistake: when they go home, they think of where they were or that they will tell the spouse, having come home. Also do not pay attention to where throw car keys.
But if you pay attention to where you put keys, this information will keep in memory, and it can be called again later. And if your memory works as it is necessary, you when keys are necessary for you, precisely remember, where exactly you put them. If you forgot where they, so one of the following things can take place:you indistinctly recorded
- for yourself from the very beginning where you put them;
- you did not keep in memory what was recorded;
- you, maybe, could not cause reminiscence accurately.
Thus if you want to cease to forget where you leave the keys, you will have to work over improvement of all three stages of process of a recall. According to researches, especially people of advanced age experience difficulties with all three stages, but they have special problems both with fixing, and with calling of information.If you something forget
, you, perhaps, did not code it something rather accurately as distracted just when there had to be a process of coding of information. If you “forgot“ where put points, you, perhaps, actually did not forget at all - just the location of your points from the very beginning did not get to you to memory. For example, you can tell that you know how the ten-dollar banknote looks, but in most cases you really do not code it and if you try to describe it in details, then probably you will not be able to make it.
If you distract during attempt to remember something, it can interfere with storing process. If you try to read the difficult tax code at the noisy airport, you, perhaps, think that you remember that you read, but, perhaps, do not save this information in memory reliably.
What capacity of your memory?
can Check the memory, in particular, by test for memory capacity. For this purpose ask somebody to read you aloud the words which are written out below, on one series for time, with a speed of one the word in a second. Then repeat these words upside-down.the First series of words contains
on two words in each row, the second - on three and so on to seven words among. You have to stop work when you will not be able more in the correct order to repeat all words in all three rows of identical extent. Level at which you still can correctly reproduce words in two of three rows, determines the capacity of your memory.
the house a hammer
a cart hours
beer cake a moss a
hat bread abated a cat
a bug a way a woodpecker
of companies a basin a forelock a dog
banana a cracker light the
ball a knife the handle of radio year a rabbit
cheese a background the book a disk
soup of snakes a chair a leaf the daughter a floor
a bush a bull jam of shoes a brush
cake the clip an awning a dress a dog wine a rooster
a network a cloud tea a mouse dock a fence
a shed a track a spoon a fallow deer the planet a fence a needle
a finger the Indian game the yard a chip the thief the nurse
heart a sphere peak a smoke the temple
the Assessment takes number. The memory capacity typical for pupils of the American colleges lies in the range from 4 to 6.
of the Summary
In this article we considered the main processes defining memory work: that to remember something, at first it is necessary to pay something attention to it, then to keep in memory, then to have an opportunity to cause reminiscence back. We remember not everything; the part of information is stored only very short time, then disappears; other its parts get into short-term memory. And only very important information is transferred to long-term memory.
of Reminiscence is not stored in any one certain part of a brain, and represent process in which various parts of a brain work together. When cells of a brain work together, communications between them become stronger. It means that your brain really undergoes changes as you learn the world and train some skills again and again. In it the key to understanding of ways of improvement of memory also lies.