Together cheerfully... to read! I Will tell
at once, to teach the child to read in three years plans did not include in the plan. Therefore I had no end in itself. And there was a huge interest of my eldest son in signs. In one and a half years he already knew all letters (to be exact, sounds). We often checked books, the son stuck with a finger into pictures, and became interested also in the text later. To ignore needs of the child, motivating with the fact that “did not grow ishsho“ it would be wrong because the task of parents is just in organizing the necessary developing environment for the child.
In two years I bought it “The speaking alphabet“. It represented the poster with the letters printed as the alphabet with pictures with touch management. Unfortunately, purchase of interesting and fascinating game was shown by the big strategic miscalculation. The matter is that the Alphabet said not sounds, but letters. And training in reading in letters is usually fraught with big problems on a phase of formation of a syllable. The son began to be confused, use in speeches and sounds, and letters. It was necessary to bring some clarity. We agreed that the letter, as well as at the person, has a name and the nickname formed from a name which is pertinent in close communication.
- You are Artyom, - I said, - And I often address you “Subject“. And the letter, for example, officially is called “ale“, and in a close circle of the friends, other letters standing near it “l“ is called. Such explanation of the child arranged, and over time the confusion in designations self-destructed.
to the Son was two and a half when he wanted to comprehend secret of the word. The most difficult in training in reading - to teach to merge letters in a warehouse or in a syllable. The syllable is a one vowel or a vowel in combination with concordant (or concordants) which are said by one push of the exhaled air. In Russian the vowel therefore in the word there are so much syllables, how many in it vowels is syllabic. For example, ma - shi - on, the house, a table. A warehouse merge of the concordant with a vowel, separately public as a syllable, separately concordant (in the closed syllable), concordant with a sign is considered. That is any muscular effort, necessary for a pronunciation. ma - shi - on, but to - m and with - they are l. The method is still known to Skladova since the time of L. N. Tolstoy, and today widely known system of Zaytsev is based on it. Therefore I decided to try skladovy a method of training in reading.
Ya got cardboard cards with letters and we began game. In lodges there lived vowels, they were able to sing. To them on a visit concordants and when they gathered in one lodge in turn came, the remarkable song turned out:“ la - I - I“. Guests quickly changed. For example, at first on a visit to “and“ came “l“ - “la - and - and“, then “l“ quickly changes on “p“ - “a pas - and“, then appears “with“ even quicker - “sa“, then, “ra“, “yes“, “oh“ etc. At such fast giving the child catches - the vowel remains former, changes concordant, that is the beginning of a warehouse depends on him (or a syllable, in this case it is unimportant). As soon as there is a click in consciousness of the child, it will be possible to consider that a half of business is made.
- And now? - I ask and “I would“ change for “t“.
- That! - joyfully the child cries out.
This stage needs to be worked very well. The child practically on the automatic machine has to issue the correct answer. It took about a month us. Then we begin to master unpretentious words: ma - ma, ra - ma, ra - on, a pas - a pas, la - a pas, la - ma, to - m, with - m, with - r, bo - river. It is better to be at loss for words by the same principle - from one sound the word changes. Gradually we complicate: with - ro - in - ro - on, to - ra - N, to - ra-. We enter “a soft sign“: pe - n, - n, le - n. And at last, the words beginning with a vowel: about - se - l, about - re - l, and - p - those are. For Artyom the most difficult were such words. Long time it persistently rearranged sounds in places, reading instead of “drugstore“ of “patek“.
One more complexity arose with words, the type “car“, “tummy“, “giraffe“, etc. The son persistently did not want to say [car], he read [mashiiin]. Here we will - bondage had to address spelling and its rule “zhi, shi write with a letter and“. To explain it at the level, available to the child, I thought up such history. The letter y was a bukvochka harmful, unaccomodating. Not all bukvochka could get on with it, and two letters “sh“ and “zh“ at all so with it quarreled that even in a warehouse did not want to rise with it. Instead of it they called the letter “and“ as it is similar to it on sounding most. Since then all words with “zhi“ and “shi“ are written with the letter “and“, though said with [y].When the stage of collecting of the word on warehouses is passed by
, it is possible to begin to write the word entirely, without dismembering it. For a start we take the words more simply consisting of two - three warehouses, gradually we enter more difficult. The most favourite word Artyom had an adjective - emergency. The matter is that we often go in minibuses, and the plate an emergency exit is present practically at each of them. In general, reading signs is very fascinating and useful business. For the child it becomes clear why people have to be able to read, any information is behind each set of letters.On this subject I can recommend to
very interesting game. It is game in searches of a treasure. You hide something interesting and suggest the child to find it. For this purpose you give it a note in which he can read, for example, “table“. The child runs to a table, and there it is waited by the following note, for example, “dresser“. The child runs to a dresser and takes one more note etc. Thus the chain of 5 - 7 notes is built. When the child finds a treasure (the kinder - a surprise, candy), his pleasure will not be a limit, it will be the most honest award for its “works“.
When we safely overcame all difficulties connected with reading of words there came the turn of phrases and offers. But owing to age the child could not keep all information in memory yet and managed to forget what was already read. It did not make sense to force events, but the son nevertheless wanted to read stories. Therefore we began to play such game. I told the fairy tale (on the known plot or invented on the run), and wrote down separate words. For example:“ Once upon a time there was a cat (the word is written). Also it had the house. And near the house there was a garden. In a garden there were many fruit trees“. Etc.
By the way, it would be desirable to tell concerning a tracing of letters. Letters have to be rather large (for three - chetyrekhletka not less than 1 centimeter) and accurate (it is better to write with a black felt-tip pen on a clean sheet of paper). Proceeding from it, it is possible to assume that not each book is suitable for the child of such age. For example, the same classical abc-book for the kid is typed too in small print.
Would like to warn parents also from temptation to teach the child to write letters most. Small motility at this age is not rather developed, and the child, trying to represent something similar a pencil, will twist a hand, and it is fraught with the wrong statement of a hand at school, formation of bad handwriting. For training of writing of words it is possible to use cubes, letters on magnets, cards, it is also possible to design letters from improvised materials - calculating sticks, felt-tip pens, etc.the son began to read
In half a year quite fluently, some mental skills were improved, besides the child just matured. In other words, to conquest of the whole offers there was a psychological readiness. And then we began to master the text really.
Now to Artyom 4 years, became available to it texts from five - six offers. But it is already unimportant. The main thing, not to teach the child to read (and at almost absolute literacy of the population it not such this big achievement). The main thing - to cultivate interest in the book, and, more globally, to grow love to literature.
I finally our favourite poem of Valentin Berestov: > As it is good to p to be able to read
it is not necessary to stick to mother,
should not shake the grandmother: “Read
, please, read!“
should not beg the sister:
“Well, read still the page!“
should not be called, it is not necessary to wait,
A can be taken and considered it!