Rus Articles Journal

How the child draws?

the Little man from the first day of birth begins to learn world around. Everything is interesting to it, everything wants to be understood. He grows, begins to develop, feel... It is very important to adults who are near it to know how their child develops that he feels. And graphic activity of the child can help with it.

Drawings of the child is a story which is executed in a figurative form. It should only learn to be read. On the child`s drawing we can understand internal state of the little person, the world of his experiences. Development of graphic activity of the child allows to judge the general development (including intellectual). Let`s stop at stages of development of graphic activity of the child on the example of the drawing representing the little man.

the First stage - the maraniye stage

the First tests of drawing is real “maraniye“, “scribble“. The child plays a pencil on paper, removes some lines, and it pleases it. He derives great pleasure and satisfaction from the fact that he feels like responsible for emergence of some lines on paper. However, the pencil does not obey it yet, leads a hand often absolutely not there where he wants. But nevertheless his hand leaves behind a real, evident trace. And it is for it a subject of big pride. Be near the child at the moments of his opening, rejoice together with him, discuss his first steps.

the Second stage - a stage of primitive images

Casual good luck “ties“ the child to something like that that is very similar to an image, regarding or the person. At the child appear ability to draw some forms: uneven circles, something similar to polygons, corners, pieces of lines. You praise the child for his efforts, help to see a grass, a small fence, apple, a cloud...

the Third stage - a stage of schematic images

This stage begins

approximately with 3 - x years. The child begins to draw people. The first drawing of the person at the child is “golovonog“, representing the roundish head and the departing from it or nearby hyphens - hands and legs (which number can be various). Quite often at drawings there are also features (eyes, a mouth, a nose). Such “cephalopod“ quite meet standard up to four-year age.

the child gradually passes

By four years to drawing of the primitive scheme containing the image of a trunk of the person except the head, hands and legs.

On the sixth year of life the child seizes ideas of a vertical and a horizontal; if earlier he often drew the person in inclined situation as if falling, then now he begins to draw it standing strictly vertically. The five-year-old child draws extremities double lines, hands depart from the middle of a trunk.

By six years the child often draws hands of the person from the top part of a trunk. There are various minor details: fingers, hair, eyebrows, eyelashes. For six-year age the detailed schematical image containing everything the main and the majority of the most important minor details is normal (a neck, fingers, a foot, hair or a cap, eyebrows, clothes).

Realistic drawing with correct the image of a human figure the child seizes

at younger school age (7 - 10 years).