Popularly about intestinal infections (part 1) of
Here also there came the summer, and together with it, and an opportunity to enjoy heat and the sun. Bathing in the small river, children will receive the powerful tempering impulse. Eating fruit, vegetables, will fill shortage of the vitamins “eaten“ in the winter. Besides, the summer gives carefree mood and mass of positive emotions. But, unfortunately, all this can sometimes be saddened by an illness of the child or any of family members. The most widespread infections are in the summer intestinal which can be avoided at careful observance of measures of prevention. I want to tell about what the sharp intestinal infections (SII) are in what their similarities and distinction as are shown how it is possible to prevent them and what to do if the kid, all - got sick.
First of all, it is necessary to know that intestinal infections happen as virus (rotavirusny, enteroviral and so on), and the bacterial nature (salmonellosis, shigellez, dysentery, cholera and so on). Can meet and the mixed forms when joins a viral infection bacterial, significantly complicating its current.are identical
of Manifestation of all intestinal frustration - diarrhea (the liquid speeded-up chair), vomiting, temperature increase. And it leads to dehydration of an organism and violation of activity of all bodies if the qualified medical care is not provided to the patient in time. At the same time, in displays of this or that illness there are some differences which will help to make the diagnosis in time and to appoint adequate treatment.
I Bacterial infections
Occurs in all climatic zones and among all social groups, but gained the greatest distribution in the countries with hot climate.to
as an infection Source serves the sick person, a way of infection - fekalno - oral, for example, at care of the patient (at non-compliance with rules of personal hygiene therefore not casually dysentery is called “an illness of dirty hands“), sexual transmission in group of homosexuals is possible. In the tropical countries where the level of a disease is extremely high during the whole year, the large role is played by flies who transfer bacteria to food. Also the person can get sick at the use of the infected water. Not the last role in development of an illness is played by the chronic bacilli carriers working in the sphere of public catering or in preschool institutions (in our country these categories of the population are examined on a carriage of causative agents of intestinal infections once in 3 months).
Incubatory (from the moment of hit of the activator in an organism before manifestation of symptoms of an illness) the period - from several hours to 2 - 3 days.
the Main clinical sign dysentery is the liquid chair (diarrhea) with such distinctive signs: not really plentiful, frequent, “small portions“, but it is obligatory with slime, pus, even with blood, it is dark - green color. Besides, at the patient the general health is broken, there is nausea, vomiting, appetite decreases, headaches disturb. And one more, typical for dysentery, a sign - tenezma - false desires to a defekation.
easy forms when the chair at the patient 2 - 3 times a day and the general health does not suffer Happen; and at children and the weakened people very severe forms when the chair to 10 - 15 times a day, quickly comes dehydration meet more often, and treatment of such patients needs to be carried out only in a hospital.
Treatment - antibacterial preparations and fight against dehydration (or plentiful drink vodno - salt solutions, or their intravenous administration at a serious condition of the patient). It should be noted that in the sharp period of an illness the need for liquid considerably increases from 50 - 100 ml by one kilogram of weight normal, to 150 - 200 ml/kg of weight. If the kid cannot drink, liquid is entered intravenously.
At the good resilience of an organism the illness completely recovers in 7 - 10 days, but can sometimes gain also wavy character (it is more often happens at those people who completely did not treat appointed the doctor that threatens with emergence of a chronic form of a disease).
Phytotherapy (treatment by herbs) - at dysentery, especially in chronic forms, considerably helps infusion of cones of an alder (with their structure a lot of the tannic and enveloping substances) which have the knitting, disinfecting, anti-inflammatory and styptic effects, and strengthen action of antibiotics, promotes reduction brodilno - putrefactive processes in intestines at colitis, normalize microflora in all departments zheludochno - an intestinal path, promote disappearance of tenezm.
Here some recipes of traditional medicine checked not by one generation of our ancestors. Two tablespoons of alder cones to fill in
- with one glass of boiled water, to insist 2 hours. To filter. To accept inside on a half-glass 3 times a day to food. to Take
- 50 g of collecting alder cones and roots of a silverweed, roots of a nettle of water, burning at the rate on 1 l. To boil all this on weak fire of 8 - 10 minutes, to insist 1 hour, to filter. To accept 2 - 3 times a day in a warm look on a half-glass slow drinks in 30 - 40 minutes prior to food.
the Specified concentration - for children is more senior than 7 years and adults. For children of younger age on the same amount of water take collecting herbs twice smaller.
of Complication - in the sharp period perhaps fast approach of dehydration, especially at a frequent diarrhea and high temperature of a body of the patient. Severe dehydration leads to violation in all bodies and systems of the sick person, there can be spasms, violations of breath and warm activity. If in excrements of the patient blood appeared it means that one more very terrible complication of dysentery - perforation of intestines which demands immediate surgical intervention is possible, otherwise the patient can die.Treatment patients (and especially children) has to be carried out by
in hospitals where will provide to the patient the round-the-clock medical supervision.
Immunity - at the had people unstable therefore repeated cases of infection are possible.
Wants to be emphasized once again that the only way of prevention is continuous observance of measures of personal hygiene. Wash carefully all fruit and vegetables, do not drink not boiled water, wash hands before food - and the probability to ache with dysentery will be extremely low.