The special school
Most of Parents (especially fathers) the words “violation“, “correctional“ in relation to the children hardly take out. But what to do if the special kid grows in your family? The closer by 6 - 7 years, the more sharply there is a question of education and the more painfully the answer to it is given.
Under the law
the Law on education guarantees to all citizens of the country the right for training. And to choose where and how to study the child, parents can. In principle.
For children with development problems as the same law says, the state has to create suitable conditions for training. Correctional schools and classes are also those “conditions“. Also it is possible to get full-fledged secondary education there. Or simply - to read, write and be guided in life. The choice of the program depends on weight of a case.if correction took place
A successfully and the child caught up with age-mates, it is possible to transfer it to a usual class.
- of 1 look - for deafs
- 2 look - for hearing-impaired and pozdnooglokhshy
- 3 look - for blind persons and children with residual sight
- 4 look - for visually impaired and pozdnooslepshy look
- 5 - for children with heavy violations of the speech look
- 6 - for children with violations oporno - the motive device look
- 7 - for children with a delay of mental development look
- 8 - for mentally retarded children
For children with a serious somatic illness are created by
of School of a special look schools of home training. For the weakened children and children with psychoneurological diseases - schools of sanatorium type.
the Difficult choice
In the theory everything sounds well, the truth? So why parents how from plague, run from correctional schools and are ready to employ tutors nearly from the first class if only to go to “ordinary“ educational institution?
It is frequent fathers and mothers are simply not ready to reconcile to a peculiarity of the child. “Teachers are not able to teach it“ (and they often really are not able). “With it it is necessary to be engaged more“ (yes - if the nobility, how exactly).“ The post-ugly face should just ask“ (and this can come to an end very sadly). There is no wish to write down the child in “lagging behind“. And it is terrible - suddenly “weak“ start will slam before it doors to the big world?we will not forget
that quite often correctional schools are boarding schools. The child lives five days there a week, coming back home only for the weekend. Why? It is not enough experts able to work with “problem“ children. To carry the special child two hours in one party - torture. And to leave one - is more painful three times as much.
That on other bowl of scales?Many parents all - decide to send to
the child to “special school“ or a remedial class. At mass school it is necessary to the child with a delay in development hardly: in it there are no experts knowing and understanding how to work with it. Little, not really healthy person has to cope with the problems alone. The present in which fears, neurosises, alarms, frequent diseases settle is sacrificed to the estimated successful future. The most terrible that can trap the special child in a usual class, - not sneers of children and not greedy curiosity of adults, but constant feeling “I am the worst“. What at others turns out effortlessly demands tension of all forces from it. Whether long the child will be able to catch up with schoolmates without hope to be made even to them? Uneasiness (“To hold on today... now... one more lesson...“) turns into apathy (“And why to try? All the same it is impossible!“). Apathy flows in a depression (“At me ever nothing will leave!“) or a protest (“Everything is bad? So let it will be even worse!“ ). As a result the child not just stops in development, but also loses hardly the won particles of knowledge and abilities. There is what psychologists call “total regress“. Confidence “I am a loser“ remains with the person for the rest of life, quite often defining all its further current and threatening that bright future for the sake of which all also was started.
the good correctional school offers the child what you will not find any more anywhere, - from the speech pathologist and the psychologist to the phytobar, oxygen cocktails, hippotherapy and special massage... Small classes, quiet speed, the teacher with special preparation - obvious pluses.
But - a brand of “a class for fools“. But - the artificial environment which is not preparing for an exit to the big cruel world in any way. But - limitation of communication (“With whom it will try to keep step?“ - parents ask). At last - “My child studies at school for children with a delay of mental development“. For many - it is intolerable.to
the Doctor, give a paw!to
In fight for the future suit all means. In a complex. In good special schools it is perfectly understood and aspire in process of opportunities (at the private centers is them more, at state it is less) to pay attention not only study. The simplest and effective remedy - phytobars with medical teas and oxygen cocktails - is available to a raising of immunity and working capacity to all. The pool, special gymnastics and massage - too not a rarity. “Fad“ 532 - y schools - classes in Montessori`s method. Experts from “Saint Georgy“ stake on eurhythmy exotic so far.“ The ark“ promises an art - therapy and the curing communication with horses - hippotherapy. And still it is possible to go to “the dog doctor“ to the film logical center of “Ordyntsa“ to a kanisterapiya session, or to a white whale to Casper - on “treatment by dolphins“.
Quite nice option which only - only begins to appear in Russia are schools of the integrated training. Here all children, irrespective of existence or lack of diagnoses study together. All move in the general stream, but everyone at the speed - on health and on abilities.
Well where you still will find team of experts (the doctor, the psychologist, the neuropsychologist, the speech pathologist) which approaches each child individually and the action plan develops parents and pupils for teachers? And the family psychologist helps fathers and mothers to understand and accept features of the child.
to Execute it is impossible to pardon
to Throw the special child in mass school where nobody knows what with it to do, - an act brutal. The educational institution has to be ready to accept the child, and they are to follow school orders and the training program without prejudice to mental and physical health. A task of parents - to reduce these difficult requirements to a common denominator. And it is necessary to make this choice with open eyes.
the Direct speech
Ekaterina, Zlata Levchenko`s mother (Zlata has autism):
“When time to give Zlata to study came, I, as well as most of parents, did not want even to think of correctional school. However any more we were not taken anywhere. And we decided to try. I am not sorry absolutely. The daughter joyfully runs every morning for study where pay to her much attention. In a class of only 6 people, and approach to each child individual. The program, of course, is rather weak, but Zlata has problems with small motility and the speech therefore it has still enough loading. When we solve our problems, then, of course, we will look for something else“.
- Special (correctional) school No. 532 VIII of a look
Pyatnitskaya St. St., 46, p. 3, ph.: (495) 953 - 58 - 32
Accept children with autism.
- Special (correctional) school No. 359 VIII of a look
Armyansky Lane, 3/5, p. 9, ph.: (495) 623 - 56 - 23
Accept children with autism and other violations of development.
- Integrative school No. 1321 “Kovcheg“
Aviamotornaya St., 30a, ph.: (495) 273 - 25 - 20
Accept children with development violations, including with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis.
- Podderzhka School No. 1673 for children - disabled people
of st. Tallinn, 3, building 2, ph.: (495) 498 - 67 - 02
- of public educational institution No. 142
4 - y Lesnoy the lane, 16, ph.: (495) 250 - 23 - 03
Work with children with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis, a Down syndrome, autism and other violations of development.
- of NOU “Development“
of Novocheremushkinskaya St., 54, building 4, ph.: (495) 128 - 46 - 72
Non-state. Children with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis with normal intelligence, with a delay of mental development.
- Saint Georgy School
of Eyskaya St., 5, ph.: (495) 350 - 33 - 81
Accept children and teenagers with multiple violations of development.