Magnetic fields surround us everywhere - and, first of all where there are electric devices and wires on which electric current “flows“. Development of mobile means of radiotelephone and space communication, network of personal computers leads to the fact that the increasing number of people is affected by electromagnetic radiations. Scientists warn about electromagnetic danger to the person, assuming that technogenic electromagnetic radiations can make an adverse effect on an organism. But, as well as in a case with snake poison and other toxic agents, their small doses can be for the person medicine...
the Modern physics, despite all its triumphal achievements, cannot still explain that it represents at least a permanent magnet. Not to mention the most magnetic field! It is described and is widely put into practice, but its main secrets are still not solved. Using electricity (and it is also a form of manifestation of a magnetic field), even great scientists still did not comprehend true meaning of the phenomenon. But theories and hypotheses there is a set. Here one of definitions: “The magnetic field represents one of forms of the electromagnetic field, is created by moving electric charges of elementary particles (electrons, protons etc.)“. At the vast majority of chemical elements protons (the positively charged elementary particles which are a part of an atomic nucleus) are not mobile. And only a few metals possess the expressed magnetic properties: iron, cobalt, nickel and their various alloys. It is considered that it occurs from - for mobile orientations of protons in a kernel. Even when ray of light (not only solar!) falls on substance, it gives it additional energy and slightly magnetizes.Magnetic fields - useful and harmful
Classification of the magnetic fields (MF) is based by
on their ability to change in time and space:
- of Constant MT does not change in time in this point of space in size and the direction.
- Variable MT changes in time in size and the direction.
- Pulse MT changes in time in size and does not change in the direction.
- Pulse running MT moves in space of rather motionless patient and pulsewise changes in time. It possesses the greatest biological and therapeutic activity.
We recognize from the fact that it is almost impossible to exclude impact of a magnetic field on the person in his everyday life. Certainly, it is possible to weaken it, having gone where - nibud to a taiga or to the desert island where there is no electricity. But far from a civilization only certain heroes can carry out all life. Or odd fellows. And for the sake of what? All the same radio waves (by the nature too electromagnetic) penetrate all planet. And when they (variable, that is unstable) penetrate a body of the person with “not medical purpose“, cause changes which are still a little studied. Moreover, the modern electromagnetic weapon is capable to strike the people who are deeply underground in the bunker. Even if it is not connected with “surface“ electric and other wires (communications), deeply underground not to do without electric devices. The most powerful variable electromagnetic wave is capable to destroy all these devices and to do irreparable harm to human health, being in a vault.by
With the medical purpose uses not any, and the directed magnetic field. That is specially adapted for treatment. Induction - the main characteristic of a magnetic field (expressing density of a magnetic flux on the square limited to the closed carrying-out contour), measured in Teslas, more precisely - in thousand shares Tesla, that is miles Tesla (mtl). The magnetic field induction in 1 mtl causes threshold changes in fabrics, promotes initial therapeutic action.
the Second important parameter of a magnetic field - frequency. Optimum medical frequency - 8 - 14 Hz.by
widely advertize for house use Now physiotherapeutic devices which cornerstone the principle of treatment by a magnetic field is. It consists in medical impact on the patient`s organism to the variables pulsing, the pulse or running low-frequency magnetic field by means of inductors of electromagnets, inductors - solenoids or a constant magnetic field by means of permanent magnets.influence Mechanisms
Magnetic fields affect with
an organism at the molecular, subcellular, cellular, fabric levels and at the level of a complete organism.
under the influence of MT at macromolecules (big molecules - enzymes, nucleinic acids etc.) there is an emergence of charges and change of their magnetic susceptibility.the Great value is attached by
to orientation reorganization of the liquid crystals making a basis of membranes and cellular structures. The happening reorientation affects their permeability that is important for regulation of biochemical processes.erythrocytes are extended by
under the influence of MT in the form of an oval, become more passable in the vascular course. At the fabric level the effect of magnetic influence is reached due to microcirculation improvement (blood circulation on small vessels) and increases of permeability of membranes in a zone of influence, increase in speed of biochemical reactions and exchange processes, regeneration (restoration) of the damaged fabrics, stimulations nervously - muscular processes, reduction of hypostases.
Bodies and systems of an organism differently react to action of a magnetic field. Selectivity of response of an organism depends on electric and magnetic properties of fabrics, their distinction in microcirculation, intensity of a metabolism. On degree of sensitivity it was revealed that nervous tissue, then endocrine glands, sense organs, blood is most sensitive, it is warm - vascular, muscular, digestive, secretory, respiratory and bone systems.Action of a magnetic field on nervous system is based by
on stimulation of processes of braking. It explains emergence of the calming effect and favorable action of a magnetic field on a dream and an emotional pressure (especially at constant stresses). Action of a magnetic field causes analgesic effect that is useful at the widest range of diseases.
under the influence of a magnetic field with induction of small intensity the tone of vessels of a brain decreases, blood supply of a brain improves, arterial pressure decreases. Under the influence of magnetic fields function of adrenal glands, a thyroid gland, gonads amplifies.
At influence of magnetic fields coagulability of blood decreases. At the beginning of influence of MT there is short-term (5 - 15 minutes) a delay of a capillary blood-groove which then is replaced by a microcirculation intensification. In time and upon termination of a course of a magnetotherapy there is an acceleration of a capillary blood-groove, improvement of sokratitelny ability of a vascular wall and increase in a krovenapolneniye of vessels. The gleam of the functioning components of the microcirculator course increases, there are conditions promoting disclosure of reserve capillaries. At influence of magnetic fields viscosity of blood, and not at once, and only to 3 - 4 - y to procedure decreases. Therefore at the beginning of magnetotreatment (as well as when using many other physiodevices) the patient can have a strengthening of pain. That is why hardware treatment should be carried out under control of the skilled doctor which will thoughtlessly not cancel the appointed procedure if it temporarily caused easy discomfort. Rules are that that if the aggravation occurred on the third procedure, then the course will consist of 10 procedures. If mobilization of forces of regeneration and self-control of an organism was late to 7 - 8 - go a session, the number of procedures will increase to 15 - 20.to
It is proved that when the human body is influenced by the ordered directed magnetic field made by the physiotherapeutic device, it protects cells of fabrics from influence of “unfriendly“ fields including belonging to ecological pollutants of external environment. That is fabrics have an opportunity for the period of the procedure “not distract“ on chaotic factors of external aggression, and as much as possible to devote the activity to processes of self-control and self-restoration.
What the magnetotherapy treats?
Indications to application of a magnetotherapy are:
- of a disease it is warm - vascular system;
- of a disease and trauma of the central and peripheral nervous system;
- of a disease of peripheral vessels;
- of a disease and damage oporno - the motive device, including bruises, stretchings;
- of a disease of a bronchial tube - the pulmonary device;
- of a disease zheludochno - an intestinal path;
- the ENT SPECIALIST - pathologies;
- of a disease of eyes;
- stomatologic diseases;
- subsharp and chronic diseases of urinogenital system;
- allergic and skin diseases;
- trophic ulcers;
- vyalozazhivayushchy wounds;
- of frostbite;
- preoperative preparation and postoperative rehabilitation;
- adhesive illness;
- increase of the immune status.
In the postnatal period the indication for treatment postnatal infections, a gipogalaktiya, cracks of nipples, laktostaz (stagnation of breast milk), mastitis, phlebitis (an inflammatory spasm of superficial veins of the lower extremities, especially against a varicose illness) can become li>.
of the Situation, demanding carecan be
of Contraindication to application of a magnetotherapy absolute and relative.
absolute to contraindications treat : bleeding and tendency to it; system diseases of blood; sharp thrombosis, recidivous, tromboembolichesky complications; aneurism of heart, aorta and large vessels; warmly - vascular insufficiency is higher than the II stage; the expressed stenocardia; heavy violations of a warm rhythm; sharp myocardial infarction; existence of a pacemaker; TsNS diseases with sharp excitement; mental disorders; malignant new growths or suspicion on their development; active tubercular process; the general serious condition of an organism (the pulmonary, warm, mixed form of these types of insufficiency of the II-III degree); infectious diseases in a sharp stage; a feverish state (the increased body temperature); sharp aggravation of chronic inflammatory process; gangrene; organism exhaustion; individual intolerance.
Among relative contraindications - hypotonia, or low arterial pressure (it is possible to carry out magnetotherapeutic influence with a stable pressure and good tolerance of procedure by the patient).Action of a magnetotherapy on the course of pregnancy, a fruit and the newborn is up to the end not studied by
therefore pregnancy is also relative contraindication for this type of treatment.to Nursing mothers a magnetotherapy can be carried out by
. And here to children till 1,5 years - only in the conditions of policlinic or a hospital, or at home, but only according to strict indications and at control from the competent attending physician. > it is important to p to know
that even after single influence by a magnetic field, the changes in an organism caused by it remain till 6 days. And after a course in 15 - 20 procedures - till 2 months. That is why the break between repeated courses for this period is obligatory. At long uncontrolled use in house conditions magnets backhand beat all endocrine bodies, causing exhaustion of their functional reserves, oxygen starvation and degenerate processes.
In the postnatal period young mothers rather often have states demanding application of physiotherapeutic procedures. The attending physician or, better, the qualified doctor - the physiotherapist has to appoint them. Procedures can be necessary in complex treatment of postnatal infections, for stimulation of secretion of breast milk, prevention of cracks of nipples. The most widespread situations: mastitis and stagnation of breast milk (laktostaz). Here it is necessary to prevent suppuration and surgical intervention. Producers of “home“ devices strongly recommend complex influence by a variation magnetic field and vibroacoustic vibrations (device “Magofon - 01“) on the affected mammary gland for 10 minutes twice a day, in combination with local heat and careful decantation. Course of treatment of 20 procedures. It is carried out only after survey by the doctor.
In advertizing as “all diseases medicine“. But, as you understood, with a magnetotherapy, especially in house conditions, it is necessary to be extremely careful and to use it only on doctor`s orders.
In all city policlinics are available reliable and powerful magnetotherapeutic devices which work, carrying out medical appointments. For example, it “the Pole - 1“, “the Pole - 2“, “the Pole - 3“ which penetration does not exceed 6 cm. The magnetic field from the devices “Alimp“, “Cascade“ and “Aurora“ gets into a body of the person on 8 cm. It not warming up because magnetic fields do not render on an organism of the patient of thermal action, without easing also others get through cotton and woolen fabrics, plaster, the materials which are not containing metal particles. Therefore carrying out procedures of a magnetotherapy through clothes and bandages is possible.
When using of home devices needs to carry out accurately the instruction which is attached to the device. If any moments of the instruction are unclear, consult with the attending physician.
procedure Duration at home and in policlinic makes 10 - 20 minutes, the exact number of procedures, and also frequency rate of their carrying out (because 2 - 3 procedures a day are admissible), are defined by the attending physician.
can use devices ALMAG, MAGOFON To house use, the MAGICIAN, MAGNITER
needs to Buy them only in specialized shops where the long guarantee is given. To inadmissibly buy devices from “agents“ who go on apartments and sell devices of doubtful quality and an origin extremely expensively.
the Type of the device, an influence technique, duration and the number of procedures are defined by the physiotherapist. If in your policlinic there is no physiotherapist, it is possible to see the attending physician.
For preparation for carrying out a magnetotherapy as in policlinic, and at home it is necessary to follow the following rules:
- is inadmissible to accept procedures on a hungry stomach;
- during treatment cannot take alcohol;
- for observance of a biological rhythm of procedure needs to be carried out at the same time;
- cannot carry out treatment at feeling sick (high temperature of a body, unstable, with sharp differences arterial pressure etc.).