Palace education of
Appears, in Moscow, as well as in Soviet period, hundreds of children`s circles, studios, clubs work. Here school students after lessons are learned to spin from beads, to collect models of tanks, to be guided on a compass and to examine protozoa in a microscope. The correspondent of “SP“ Svetlana Kazantseva found out than and why it is possible to occupy children after lessons
ideological work was no time in palaces of pioneers main, and circles on interests acted as addition to it. Now palaces are renamed into the centers of children`s creativity and instead of the Skilful Hands circle habitual earlier you will find something similar, but with more cheerful name - for example, “Darilka“. However the system remained. For years of reforms any of the former palaces of pioneers was not closed - even the new creative centers open. In 2003, according to Department of Education of Moscow, in their city was 135, and now - 147.at
also financing Grows: in 2005 in the Moscow budget 4,2 billion rubles were the share of the line “out-of-school work of children“, and this year 5,6 billion rubles are allocated already. “But money never happens much, they all the same are not enough.
of Special capital investments is demanded it is sports - the technical, ecological directions“, - the head of department of education and additional education of Department of Education of Moscow Anatoly Horets notices.in the centers of creativity about 300 thousand children are engaged in
of All - it is only those who are involved in municipal system of additional education.“ This figure already is rather constant many years, so many children are accomodated by town houses of children`s creativity“, - Irina Volkova, the chief specialist of management of education and additional education of Department of Education of Moscow explains.
It does not mean that other children loaf about after lessons: circles work not only in palaces of creativity, but also at comprehensive schools. In Moscow of such schools where teachers train children in additional disciplines, more than 250. And engaged in commercial children`s groups where teach, for example, karate or dances, in general nobody considered.
to Fight and look for, find and register
of the Sphere of out-of-class children`s activity can be the most different.“ The Ministry of Education approved six main directions: artly - esthetic, technical, turistsko - local history, sports, the ecologist - biological, socially - pedagogical and scientifically - research“, - IP Lydia Vinogradova, the deputy director of the Center of development of system of additional education of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation tells. It is not so simple to understand these general formulations and palaces and do not follow blindly instructions of the ministry - in the Moscow city palace of children`s (youthful) creativity on Vorobyovy Gory, for example, officials counted 11 directions of children`s creativity.
In general, the Palace on Vorobyov - the largest in Russia not only by the size, but also by quantity of circles, clubs, studios, sections. Them here 1200. School of art crafts, theater of fashion of “Vasilis“, vocal collective “Solovushka“, photographic studio “The Moscow window“, studio of literary creativity - only a little bit of on-stage performance groups. Even the Space theater on the basis of Department of astronomy and astronautics where school students of middle and senior classes put musically - drama compositions on interplanetary subject works. In the palace 15 thousand children from all capital are engaged.“ We cannot accept more school students, there will not be enough place“, - IP Irina Lukashenko managing a teaching department of the Palace on Vorobyovy Gory says. If your child was not among lucky, there is a sense to look for the necessary circles in the centers of creativity or at schools of the area.
the Internet in search of an interesting circle - the assistant bad. The complete list of palaces and houses of children`s creativity with addresses and phones can be found (for example, on the website www. kidsworld. ru). However then just it is necessary to ring round the institutions suitable you territorially and to find out what in them is available: own websites have some centers of children`s creativity. Record to circles goes, as a rule, since the end of August to the middle of September, however to circles where there is no notice, you will write down later. Usually classes in on-stage performance groups are given two times a week, on two class periods. The group most often consists of 12 people.
the World to schools, war to palaces
the Centers of children`s additional education - as working from Soviet period, and recently constructed, are distributed across Moscow unevenly. Vostochny and Hugo - East districts were deprived of the creative centers. There on only seven establishments of additional education.
B the richest with them the Western district - 22 centers. However, record in circles is not attached to districts: if you live where - nibud on the suburb of SAO, and the closest palace of creativity is located in SVAO, and there are empty seats, can write down the child there.
It is possible, the circle necessary to you will appear not in the distant palace, and at the next school.to
“Best of all delivered this matter in the Southern federal district of the capital“, - Irina Volkova from Department of Education of Moscow notes. Probably, it is so good that school circles even entice young visitors from the centers of children`s creativity. The director of center of children`s creativity “Young technician“ Pavel Vitsukayev located on Nagatinskaya Street speaks: “In the Southern federal district so many offices of additional education on the basis of schools are created that to us children come less“.
Now teachers fight for attention of school students - for carrying out occupations within additional education they get paid.“ On the same scale of charges, as teachers of usual schools. It is, of course, small money, but there are enough shots, - the head of department of education and additional education of Department of Education of Moscow Anatoly Horets says. - Circles are conducted by people of special character who made the hobby work“.
Anyway, programs which teachers approve for maintaining a circle have to be demanded by children and their parents. Tastes of kruzhkovets in recent years changed.
of the Spoke in wheels
Now among children in fashion English. Still dances - but not everyones, first of all modern and Latin American.of Horoshevo the correspondent of SP observed
In Sports palace how the teacher convinced the boy who came with the grandmother to register in the Russian national dances. The boy gloomy looked in a floor and did not agree to dance in a red shirt, having even heard that “at us many girls are engaged, and suits are cheaper, than at others“.
“At us a circle of a soft toy were conducted earlier by three teachers, and now there was one - cannot gather group“, - Olga Kondratyeva, the manager artly - applied department of the Zelenograd palace of creativity complains.
Recession of popularity of different crafts - sewing, knitting by a hook and on spokes, embroideries, carvings and lists on a tree, a burning out - is caused, according to teachers, by change of system of values. If in 1970 - e years and at the beginning of 1980 - x, during an era of commodity deficiency, skills of kruzhkovets could help them to put on and decorate dwellings, then now this motivation disappeared. “Why to spend time for knitting of a jacket if it is possible to buy it in shop?“ - Olga Kondratyeva explains.
However and decoratively - applied circles changed now. Only learn to knit a hook or to spin beads in few places. In fashion complex training. As, for example, in Darilka studio in the house of children`s creativity on Miussakh in which children from four to 18 years are engaged. Here teach a molding from the salty test, a bumagoplastika, a list on a tree, beadwork, sewing from skin. In Iskusnitsa studio in the same center train not only to knit a hook and spokes, but also to embroider, sew toys, and also teach equipment to a frivolita (a special way of weaving of laces). By the similar principle also other similar studios - for example, “Victoria“ in Zelenogradsk the palace of children`s creativity are organized. Here training is calculated on three years, and besides the specified types of creativity of the girl comprehend choreography elements, and also a phytodesign (ability to make compositions of plants and other objects).
the Last, by the way, against fading of interest in laces and a macrame only gains steam.“ The bouquets able make out beautifully can earn not bad to themselves a living, - explains IP Marina Krylova, the teacher of the center of creativity “Culture and education“ on Volgogradsky Avenue. - And upon termination of our course to pupils to act on offices of educational institutions on a phytodesign simpler - they already know a lot of things“.Marin Krylov`s
learns to make of flowers beautiful bouquets on the European and east technology of arrangement of flowers, to make of natural materials of a picture, collages.
And also is taught to schoolgirls of a basis of the Japanese art by a bonsai - cultivation of tiny trees.Even in work with toys changes are noticeable
. Girls whom you will not entice any more to sew plush hares, the teacher Elena Yumashina from the house of children`s creativity “On Taganka“ attracts with production of clothes to dolls - it is possible to come from the Barbie. The teacher explains that thus schoolgirls from development of skills of work with the iron and scissors pass to the real modeling of clothes.All this
, of course, occupations for girls: boys occasionally register unless in drawing and ceramics. It is possible to look for suitable occupation for the son in the centers of technical creativity.
Training in a trick
Teachers note that interest in technical creativity too in general falls. For the same reasons, as to knitting: nobody needs to assemble independently the radio receiver which is simpler for buying. Nevertheless in Moscow about ten centers of technical creativity work. The largest - the Children`s center of technical creativity in Lavrovy Lane, center of children`s creativity “Young technician“ on Nagatinskaya Street, Station of young technicians on Yunykh Lenintsev Street, the House of the young technician on Yaroslavskoye Highway, the center youthful scientifically - technical creativity “Source“ in Tyoply Stan.
“Young technician“, for example, takes children since seven years for training of an avia - vessels - and even to a raketomodelirovaniye.“ Children can be engaged at us till 18 years though it is figure conditional, in modeling there is no limit to perfection“, - the director of the Young Technician Center Pavel Vitsukayev says. In the center about 800 children are engaged, 23 teachers work with them. The center claims that diligent young technicians have no problems with receipt in such difficult higher education institutions as MAI, MATI subsequently - their knowledge of physics and mathematics already at the level.
In general modeling allows the child to create objects which even to it parents will not find in specialized shop. For example, in a sudomodelny circle of the Children`s center of technical creativity of TsAO in Lavrovy Lane children make historical models of the ships of the last century - we will tell, the Russian battleships. And all of them are capable to swim.
K technical can refer also occupations in the only thing in Moscow City club of young motorists in YuVAO on Letnaya Street which has 66 - summer history. Here children from 12 to 16 years are trained according to the Young Driver program. Difference from driving schools (besides age of pupils) that in club profoundly study the device of “Zhiguli“ which is available in club and “Muscovites“, and also allow to move them with the instructor even to children of 12 - 13 years. Of course, and in the traffic police resolved from 18 years here too prepare for examination.“ Annually we train 1200 children. If earlier in group were one - two girls, then boys and girls equally now“, - the director of club Lyudmila Zhiltsova says SP.
Young Muscovites have an opportunity to study and business, more exotic for the capital, than automobile, - sea.
the Club of young seamen and river transport workers of Peter the Great in SAO on Leningradskoye Highway takes children since eight years. The youngest ship`s boys within two years get acquainted with the boat device, sea knots learn to knit, to carry out communication with the help of a flag semaphore and the Morse alphabet. Children are more senior (7 - 10 classes) are engaged on the chosen specialty - the boatmaster, the electrician, a sudomodelist, the radio operator. The most romantic occurs in the summer: during navigation young seamen practice on own flotilla of club in the Khimki reservoir where there are also sailing vessels. Upon termination of three-year training the certificate of passing of a course of sea preparation which gives privileges at receipt in profile educational institutions is issued. At club the preparatory group for receipt in the Moscow academy of a water transport where many and go to study works.
If the child is drawn more towards the fact that not only moves, but also breathes, - is expensive to it in young naturalists.with
the Subsistence economy
City station of young naturalists in Moscow only one (YuZAO, Odesskaya Street), however in different districts of the city 250 related circles work. The station has the horse club under the name “My Friend Horse“ and pass - a zoo, but the basis of occupations - all this is theoretical studying of various sections of biology.
It is valid, useful acquaintance to a one-legged varanchik from pass - a zoo is for kids, and seniors, assure at station of young naturalists, already study genetics and a paleozoology at the level of the institute program.
Young the ecologist - botanists go every summer to expeditions and collect different plants, in parallel tracing an ecological situation in the region. Go to the Ivanovo region, Krasnodar Krai, to the Crimea and even to the Far East. Parents pay tickets and give money for pocket expenses, and here food and placement - generally at the expense of the budget.
“Interest of children in biology increases every year“, - Svetlana Bolsunovskaya, the deputy director of city station of young naturalists for educational work claims.
Upon termination of training at station young naturalists receive the certificate that they took a course of lectures in biology. Legally nothing means at revenues, say, to biology faculty of MSU, but yesterday`s young naturalists have more chances to flash at entrance examinations, than their age-mates far by nature.
Krom of station of young naturalists, it is possible to gain knowledge of biology and ecology and in the Palace of children`s creativity on Vorobyovy Gory. In the local Center of ecological education to school students suggest to complete such courses as “Friends of the wood“, “The nature under a microscope“, “Fascinating entomology“.to Young fans to test
not only the nature, but also itself in it, circles turistsko - the local history direction will approach.the Wandering local historians
to go hiking
, to correctly stack a backpack, to navigate with a map, to survive in extreme conditions, and at the same time and to jingle on a guitar - to all this your child will be taught in a tourist circle.
of the Centers and stations of young tourists in Moscow five. The city station of young tourists is in the Western district on Bagrationovsky Drive, in Hugo - the Western district the center of children`s and youthful tourism and excursions “Cheryomushki“ works. In Severo - East district young tourists are engaged in the center of creativity and tourism “Medvedkovo“, and in East - in the experimental center of children`s and youthful tourism and excursions “Homeland“. At last, in the Southern federal district offers the services Center of Children`s and Youthful Tourism and Excursions. Occupations, as a rule, take place in two directions - ekskursionno - local history and sports.
It is different things. In a local history circle the teacher, for example, at first gives a course of lectures on the Great Patriotic War, and then it is lucky children in places of fighting glory.“ The subject of trips can be different. Recently our children went in the wake of wives of Decembrists to the Irkutsk region and in the places connected with war of 1812“, - the SP explains specifics of occupations of young local historians Olga Podguzova, the director of the Center of children`s and youthful tourism and excursions in SAD.Sports tourism is aimed by
at establishment of personal achievements. Once a week in the Pricesto Torah for school students theoretical classes, and two times a month are given they go hiking. Here it is necessary to go on a rope, to overcome obstacle courses and to show miracles of sports orientation. A camp life at young wanderers - all the year round. Campaigns not only pedestrian, but still water, mountain and ski.by
provided also one-day sorties in a combination, for example, to training in photoskill - for those who the real extreme fear.
generally, out-of-class occupations for the child it is possible to find in the capital for every taste. The main thing - to remember the prevention of the children`s psychologists helping parents to decide on the choice of a circle in the Palace on Vorobyovy Gory: is useless to force the child to be engaged in business which to it not on temper. All the same will not be engaged, only to lie. To parents - that went to classes, and to the teacher - that mother did not let.
In Russia the first out-of-school establishments appeared
a century ago Teachers Stanislav Shatsky and Alexander Zelenko organized in 1905 in Shchyolkovo situated near Moscow a rural colony from 14 boys taken from a shelter. The special attention was paid to labor and art education, and children were managing directors in a colony.
Positive experience of the Shchyolkovo “colonial“ work pushed Shatsky and Zelenko to creation in the fall of 1905 in Maryina Roshcha of children`s club “Setlement“ (“settlement“) on the funds raised among owners of the large enterprises. In a year the club was visited by about 120 children, and in the summer in the Shchyolkovo colony 80 children left.
at the heart of the educational Setlementa system lay idea of “a children`s kingdom“ where each pupil had an opportunity of all-round development. Children were engaged in various circles: joiner`s, shoe, singing, astronomical, theatrical, biological, etc. In each of them children developed rules to which also adult mentors strictly conformed. The decisions made at meetings of circles, as well as at general meeting were considered as obligatory.
In May, 1908 Setlement club was closed for “attempt of carrying out ideas of socialism among children“. But in February, 1909 Stanislav Shatsky achieved opening of society under the name “Child Labour and Rest“.
Expenses on materials
of Occupation in municipal authorities of additional education to which all houses of children`s creativity, free only regarding work of the teacher belong: it is paid from the city budget
“Can ask money for protection payment for parents. But gradually we refuse also it. In 12 establishments Chopovtsam already pays the city“, - Anatoly Horets, the head of department of education and additional education of Department of Education of Moscow tells.
heads of a circle cannot Formally demand from parents money and for materials with which the child in a circle, whether it be simple wood or expensive panel for remotely-controlled model works. In practice the model without panel and will stand, and your child dancing without the corresponding suit will look ridiculously. Therefore the financial aid to a circle should be provided.
Officials suggest not to give money directly to teachers to exclude their inappropriate expenditure.“ It is possible to transfer any sum into the settlement account of establishment through Sberbank“, - Anatoly Horets advises.
Art and responsibility
the Teacher of the center of additional education bears responsibility for life and health of pupils
According to duty regulations, the head of a circle is responsible for the pupils both in the center of creativity, and on additional classes beyond its limits.
In campaigns and expeditions the head of group is appointed by the order of the director of institution of additional education. In the order the route of group, the number of children in it also has to be noted. If the group is more than 20 people, then the deputy heads who are also bearing full responsibility for children are appointed.
If the child suffered from - for an inattention of the teacher, non-compliance with safety measures or for other reasons, parents can appeal to court and on the basis of St. 1087 Civil Code of the Russian Federation to make the claim to administration of establishment with the requirement of reimbursement, caused by a trauma or a disease of the child - on treatment, additional food etc. of
In court you should prove that your child himself is directly not guilty that he became a cripple.