The psychology of children`s creativity (part 1) of
Despite huge value of the preschool childhood for vsegoposleduyushchy development of art abilities in ontogenesis, psychological regularities of children`s creativity of an issledovanypok still is not enough.mezhdunarodnyevystavka of children`s graphic creativity, society proyavlyaetosoby interest and care of development graphic sposobnosteydety Lately are around the world most popular
. However, if at preschool age (the senzitivny period for razvitiyakhudozhestvenny abilities) many children draw, then ochenmat those who continue to draw when senzitivny periodzavershatsya. In comparison with the preschool childhood, to 15 - to a letnemuvozrast of the children who are fond of drawing remains in three to a razamensha.
With age the circle of the people capable to kartistichesky creativity which is continuation of a detskoyigra considerably decreases. At elementary school at many children muzykalnyesposobnost worsen.
To literary creativity the return happens: each tretiypodrostok writes verses, keeps the diary. However bolshinstvavzrosly people have a need for literary creativity, just as willows musical, graphic, is lost.to
to understand the reasons of attenuation of creative abilities for a kmoment of the termination by the child of school, it is necessary proanalizirovatyosnovny regularities of development of art abilities for a vontogeneza.
To children`s creativity psychologists an otnosyat:khoreografiya, graphic, musical creativity, game, the composition of fairy tales and verses, the imagination.by
Before everything at the child abilities to dvizheniyampod music begin to be shown. In the first two years of life the basic on what to neobkhodimoobrashchat attention to teachers and parents is razvitiyepsikhomotorik. However in recent years it is observed too silnyykren towards development of thinking earlier, than the movements. Children ochenmat move, especially under music. And it is a basis a dlyarazvitiya of all types of children`s creativity.
Thanks to the movements under music at the child razvivayutsyaslukho - motor, visually - spatial coordination, ear for music, the child seizes the general movements, uchitsyaupravlyat the body. So becomes more active a rabotamotorny zone of a brain - a basis for normal development of the speech. Impact of the piece of music under which sounds it rebenokdvigatsya on emotions of the dancing kid promotes an ustanovleniyubalansa between processes of excitement and braking, and takzheemotsionalny flexibility, a pereklyuchayemost from negative emotions napolozhitelny. Since the earliest childhood the child studies upravlyatsvoy emotions thanks to creativity process, but not a kontroliruyushcheyfunktion of consciousness which develops sufficiently tolkok to 8 - 10 years, and is final - by 18 - 20 years.However occupations by choreography children often begin
only in 4 - 5 years when the senzitivny period is missed. Occupations turn into a formalnoyevypolneniye enough difficult movements which are seldom differing in a toygibkost and plasticity which is available to the baby.
the Following type of children`s creativity having huge value a dlyarazvitiya of art abilities in ontogenesis is graphic creativity: drawing, molding, application. Unfortunately, practice of kindergartens shows what naibolsheemesto in graphic activity of children is given to an iapplikation molding. Whereas a basis for these more difficult types of a detskogotvorchestvo are the movements under music and drawing. Blagodaryapervy the general movements of the kid develop, thanking transfer of these, for the present not absolutely koordinirovannykhdvizheny on a sheet of paper, a wall, on a floor, depending on that vtoromunachinatsya, chtoyavlyatsya for the child more convenient for self-expression.
to Many parents it is unclear why the child does not want a risovatn a sheet of paper, without soiling walls, a floor, a table. “Fight“ srazvivayushchimisya begins art abilities for accuracy. Or the child takes seat for a school desk and is engaged in less “dangerous“ occupations: a molding and application whereas to draw for rebenkavazhno as well as to speak.
Actually a molding and application needs to enter not kakotdelny types of occupations and as addition to drawing. On one ity sheet of paper it is possible to arrange the images executed spomoshchyyu brushes and paints, plasticine, pieces of matter, a cardboard, natural materials. Then the sense of a molding of an iapplikation as additional graphic resources for a sozdaniyaty uniform picture which he creates in cooperation with the adult will be clear to the child. But it is necessary to start it gradually, carefully when the child samzakhocht to use these additional graphic resources.
the Special place in development of creative abilities of children zanimayetmuzykalny art. However many parents also vospitateliignorirut use of classical music (though in posledneevremya the set of fine records of the classical music arranged especially for kids is on sale) during occupations.
Drawing under music on extent of positive impact of a naemotion of the kid exceeds all other types of children`s activity. Emotional influence of music such is that causes at a rebenkamnozhestvo of associations. The movements of a hand become smooth, and in that zhevremya, sure. The child is not afraid to make incorrectly, so kaky the consciousness is subordinated to higher law, than the ridiculous rules established by accurate adults. Color and music, a rhythm also grafikauvlekat the kid to the magic world. The child stanovitsyasosredotochenny, his attention concentrates on visually - slukhovykhkoordination, and the movements of a hand submit to work of the brain “fascinated“ by music.