The fashion on Chinese
On the websites of language schools and courses information on studying of Chinese is had usually somewhere between Spanish and the section “rare languages“. However on the importance language of Celestial Empire caught up traditional English, German and French long ago.
in principle, Chinese is not more difficult, than languages of Europe habitual to us. Just it is another. In - the first, the Chinese words are reflected in the letter by all the known hieroglyphs. However, believe, it to the best. At the time of Mao Tse Tung the Chinese linguists tried to develop the alphabet for language of Celestial Empire. At them nothing turned out. And that is why.
In Chinese the word meaning depends not so much on a set of sounds how many from their tonality. So for example the sound “and“, in Chinese has four shades. The same and with other vowels. Depending on what tone to say (to be exact to sing) the word “ma“, value will be either “mother“, or “horse“, or “hemp“, or “to abuse“. And now submit the alphabet in which all these nuances will get on.
Moreover, Chinese breaks up to hundreds of dialects which are similar at each other less, than Slavic languages. The language unity is provided for a long time by hieroglyphs which let and on a miscellaneous are said, but are written equally. Having seen four hieroglyphs which the phrase “I registers I am a student“, the Pekinese will say them as “in shi I sow - Chaine“, and the cantonese as “ngo SI Hok - saan“. However on the letter, both phrases will look absolutely equally. Therefore hieroglyphs - really optimum expression of Chinese. There are no them, foreigners should study at least two - three dialects and hundreds of letters.the Strangeness of hieroglyphs and tonalities is compensated to
by unusually simple grammar. In it everything is ordered. There are no articles and others, the grammatical “gadgets“ burdening studying of language. Therefore Chinese is not so difficult as it seems at first sight.At first business
Today the choice of courses and techniques of studying of Chinese which is offered by the linguistic centers of Moscow does not concede
in a variety to English. are Most demanded by
business - courses, and also courses of preparation for the international examinations as the main part of persons interested to learn Chinese does it only for development of the business. The leader in this segment certainly is the Moscow International Higher school of Business. Its fundamental difference from other educational institutions in what business Chinese acts not as the annex to a basic course, and as an independent subject here. Its program is calculated on three steps (the cost of everyone makes 10,2 thousand rubles) on which classes are given by both the Russian experts, and teachers from the People`s Republic of China. Besides directly language training the interactive course “How to Work in China and with China“ is offered to the interested listeners.
Traditional interest are caused by courses on preparation for the international examinations in a network of the centers of foreign languages “Dialect“ where classes are given by native speakers (240 rub for class period). Chinese courses also enjoy popularity at Trade-union committee of Diplomatic Academy Ministry of Foreign Affairs with Russian-speaking teachers (from 110 rub for class period). In both cases it is possible to register also in business Chinese.by
But, of course, the courses on the general preparation offering various techniques of training and curricula in the wide price range are most extended.can be engaged in
In already mentioned “Dialect“ as individually, and in groups on two - four persons. The course is calculated on three levels on 144 class periods (46 lessons within four months). Occupations take place two times a week for 3 hours and cost from 230 to 915 rub in hour
also general and intensive courses offered by the Russian Peoples` Friendship University Are demanded. During training authentic materials and modern educational technologies including the Internet are used. But the most important - within one course is possible combination of the general and business Chinese.Steady popularity courses of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs where training is based on a classical technique enjoy
. Duration - four semester for 4 months everyone. Classes are given in big groups to 12 people. The main plus of the Foreign Ministry courses - a possibility of the choice of time of occupations in an interval with 9. 00 to 20. 30 (by the way, the majority of the linguistic centers conduct courses only in the evening). The semester costs 17,5 thousand rubles here. however, at payment at once of two and more semester discounts are provided.training is provided by
On some courses entirely by nonconventional techniques. The organization of educational process on occupations in Cengtra of linguistic formation of Babylon can become an example of that. The occupations constructed on communication including with native speakers take place in pass - groups on two - four persons and last for three hours. It is actively applied patented to no - Hau Cengtra - after each occupation the student receives a disk with its record. The cost of one hour here - 16o rubles.
of Those who prefer training at authentic material, offers of School of Ilya Frank where the “Practical Chinese“ written by the Chinese authors especially for foreign students is used will interest. The groups consisting of 5 - 10 people are engaged two - three times a week for three hours with 19. 00. Here it is necessary to pay 500 rub for one lesson. In total such lessons it is provided 20 on each of six levels.
Chinese can be studied also with the tutor. The price for an hour varies from 200 to 3500 rub depending on qualification of the teacher. It is quite simple to find the tutor - the Internet literally teems with offers of individual occupations.
And if most?
Chinese can quite be learned and independently. But only in the presence of ear for music and experience of studying of any other foreign language. The first is necessary for statement of a pronunciation (remember tonalities), and the second - for the organization of independent educational process.
Before starting independent studying, you descend in library of foreign languages and rewrite for yourself all audiomaterials on Chinese - even if they duplicate each other. For you at the initial stage listening will be the most important as it is possible bigger number of different voices and intonations. Only this way you will be able to learn to say and perceive the Chinese words.also the choice of the textbook both is Not less important
for independent training, and for additional classes. Well proved “A practical course of Chinese“ of The East - the West publishing house, early the Tsitadel publishing house which was called “Ant“ (the so-called “bamboo textbook“) and the textbook T. P. Zadoyenko and Juan Shunna. Besides, at achievement at least of a minimum level of knowledge of Chinese, it is useful to communicate to native speakers (for example, to students from China). Will get acquainted with them it is possible almost at all Moscow universities or on the Internet. However for electronic communication with them needs to install the Windows distribution kit providing support of the hieroglyphic letter on the personal computer.
Taras Ivchenko, teacher of department of the RGGU east languages:
- several myths about Chinese Exist. That its studying - lifework. Or that time necessary for mastering by it, will be enough for two - three European languages. Actually on terms studying Chinese not especially differs from the European languages. Already through three - four years students begin to read newspapers, books and ancient texts. By the way, it is possible to learn Chinese and without having ear for music. The main thing - is regular to listen to audio recordings and to work hard over itself. It is not necessary to be afraid of language. It is necessary to work on it.
the Interesting facts
- of Syllables - words in Chinese more than 500. Thanks to various intonation, this number reaches till 1000. However the same sound has often up to 40 different values.
- Letters in Chinese consist of 50 000 hieroglyphs, part directly drawing a subject (most ancient), part phonetic, developing of two signs: one for a pronunciation and another for scoping of concept - a key. “school“ and “family“ are identical to
- In word Chinese.
- the Chinese hieroglyphs for the last two thousand years practically did not change. Any modern Chinese without effort reads ancient texts. But … does not understand. Because the grammar of the modern language cardinally differs from ancient.
- B of the Chinese only about nine hundred loan words, while in the European languages of their one thousand. It is explained partly by unique phonetics of language of inhabitants “celestial“, partly traditional commitment of Chinese to the culture.