Rus Articles Journal

Faultless silhouette of

Direct and harmonous legs, an equal back, the straightened shoulders... Whether each mother dreams of it, looking at the kid? How to help the child to reach perfection, to become young Apollo or beautiful Venus?

At all parents the same reflex at some point works: the kid rises by legs and takes the first steps, and we begin to look narrowly at him - whether correctly he costs whether well goes. We are afraid that its feet will be flat, knees looking inside, and a back curved by a wheel... Fortunately, in most cases these fears are vain, but even if some small deviations nevertheless become obvious, most likely, they are temporary, that is such which pass in itself aged from two till five years. However, our attention, sometimes excessive, can render to the kid huge service: if something all - seems to you suspicious, and you see a doctor, you will have an opportunity to begin to correct defects in formation of a skeleton at the earliest stage of their development.

Sharp knees Should not be surprised to


if till two years knees of the child look in different directions, and legs at the same time to remind a letter 0. Norm also the turn of knees to each other is considered (X - figurative legs) - it situation can be observed at the child till four years. To notice a deviation, it is necessary to look just attentively at the child in front. However, if you find out that his knees look in different directions, it does not mean that it is about very serious problem: similar shortcomings occur at children quite often. That is why experts hurry to convince us that the majority that it seems deformation, actually it is not. It is known that finally it is possible to adapt to life in a vertical state only to teenage age, and it means that everything that happens to knees up to this point, keeps within concept of norm.


In what situations needs consultation of the doctor? As by X - figurative and 0 - figurative curvatures of legs can be connected with rickets if you have a suspicion that with knees of the kid not everything is all right, it is better to see a doctor. If the speech really goes about rickets, the pediatrician will appoint to the child preventive doses of D3 vitamin. However, if since two years of a problem with legs are aggravated and you will begin to notice obvious asymmetry, each half a year of the child should be shown to the skilled orthopedic surgeon. In case of need the doctor will appoint to the kid special inspections or will direct him to a X-ray.

Knows the Correct environment that family difficulties (quarrels, disagreements, divorce of parents) influence the kid, but he cannot state discontent and “hides“ it in the body. From it there is muscular tension, some kind of armor with which the child surrounds himself, being protected. Of course, small children are plastic therefore they seldom suffer from back pains (especially if they had no injuries and congenital deviations), but small damages are summarized and collect at them as well as at adults. For this reason skin, muscles, a backbone need attention, it is necessary to be able “to talk“ to them. How? By means of massage. Massage is not just mechanical performance of movements, but also a way of communication of mother and kid. Therefore find minute to give small pleasure. Oil hands almond and gently you slide on the child`s back as though you want to stick together his figure. Slowly rise from a waist to shoulders and go down back to buttocks. Now put small sideways, take its handle in the left hand, and right massage a brush, a forearm, a shoulder and top of a back of the child. Then turn it on other side and repeat the movements. Do not forget about legs, feet and palms of the kid. Two - to three-months kids massage is done within 5 minutes, then gradually increase time of occupations till 20 - 30 minutes. Keep in mind that by a year massage can cease to please to the little fidget as at this age children do not like to be left without the movement long. Do not force the child to suffer, respect his desires!

As from first months kids need the movements, even give to absolutely small child the chance to move a little. In 2 - 3 months put it more often on a tummy that he tried to raise the head and a trunk. When it becomes slightly more senior, take it on hands, lean a back against yourself and, supporting for buttocks, suggest to examine vicinities. You will see that the child with pleasure will hold the head and will try to straighten a back. Or put him astride the leg (as a handrail let uses your hands). In this situation he will hardly want “to be sleepy“, and he will try to be straightened as it is necessary.

is more senior than

As for children, it is good if you are able to drive them to the pool. Enjoying water support, the child will freely move, weakening and straining muscles of hands, legs, backs. If you have no opportunity to be engaged in group of swimming, ask the doctor to advise the kid gymnastics which can be done in any other place.

Alexey Kapustin, the reflexologist, professor

Fast legs

At most of children of a bone of the lower part of legs and hips - big tibial and femoral - “are naturally twisted“ by

inside, from - for what at people around the impression can be made that knees of the child look inside or that the kid pigeontoes. Fortunately, second “defect“ most often improves by itself in the course of growth of the child (usually by four years everything rises on the places). And to help process to develop with the necessary direction, you watch that the kid did not sit down buttocks on feet if it spontaneously adopts such provision. As for the knees looking inside to two - three years this shortcoming usually too passes without special intervention from outside,


In what situations needs consultation of the doctor? And after three - four years the femur continues to remain twisted with some children, from - for what both patellae, and feet are developed inside. Treatment is appointed in this case by the expert. If deformation is strongly expressed, consultation of the surgeon can be necessary.

the Strong back

As while kids learn to go, their gait is unstable, mother can have a question: whether and all as it should be at the child with a backbone? Let`s begin with the fact that the difference in length of legs can affect its situation that often causes the easy shift of pelvic bones. In the early childhood this deviation will hardly find itself, and here when the child slightly grows up, do not forget to check whether it has problems with a backbone. For this purpose put him so that it lowered legs, and ask to hold a back directly. If the back is not similar to a letter S, so the kid has no dangerous curvature, on - scientific scoliosis. Nevertheless, to avoid the troubles connected with the different length of legs special exercises and professional massage will be necessary.

Now as for cambers and concavities of a back - kifoz and lordoz of a backbone. Both - the phenomenon physiological, however it is possible to find different options of norm in children. Curvatures, well noticeable in a profile, especially often happen at children to three - four years this results from the fact that the stomach muscles supporting a backbone did not reach the necessary tone yet. In what situations consultation of the doctor is required? Scoliosis is seldom shown at children to a pole of years, however you should not lose vigilance, especially if some family members are familiar with a backbone curvature problem. The lateral bend is swept well up during survey: the child costs, having parted legs, and bends forward as though wants to touch by hands of feet. If instead of beautifully being bent, the backbone slightly deviates aside, so the problem is. Whether the illness will progress, depends on what physical activities “will lay down on shoulders“ the child as he will eat and he got that in inheritance from parents. Actually scoliosis is rather school illness which develops from - for unilateral loads of a backbone when the child long sits at a table in the wrong situation.

not to miss emergence of orthopedic problems and in time to begin to get rid of them, surely show the kid to doctors - experts - within the first year plan at least two visits to the surgeon - the orthopedist and the neuropathologist (at first show to doctors of the monthly child, and then one-year-old).

the Top, a top, the kid


When the kid goes barefoot, the arch of its foot is not visible to people around, that is why very often young mothers begin to be nervous: can be, the child needs special orthopedic insoles or footwear? Actually you should not do premature conclusions: in - the first, right after the birth children really have flat feet, and they can remain such up to four years that is considered quite normal phenomenon. In - the second when the child begins to stand or go, under the weight of his body of stop it is straightened, and the bend disappears. It is one of physiological features of development of muscles, it it is worth treating as well as appearance of legs: while the child is small, they will remain such chubby and round! Besides, it is possible to track also what happens to foot when the child does not lean on legs: usually in a free state the put bend appears again. With age it becomes more noticeable: it occurs thanks to the fact that the child grows, learns to go, run, jump. To help the arch of foot it is correct to develop, it is worth paying special attention to shoes which are worn by absolutely small: it is good if the first boots of the kid have a firm and high back, a separate heel, an instep support. Plus to it it is useful from time to time to allow the child to go barefoot on the ground, to sand or a wooden floor.


In what situations needs consultation of the doctor? If you see that at the child really very flat feet, their arch is not swept up at all, gait of the kid is clumsy, and the footwear is quickly worn out, you should not postpone visit to the expert. It is good if foot at the child is quite flexible: it can be checked, having asked small to walk on tiptoe or to raise a thumb. If he easily makes it, most likely, the problem will be solved by itself, without intervention from outside: usually in nine of ten cases of a leg get the correct outlines without any treatment, orthopedic insoles and gymnastics. In doubtful cases the orthopedic surgeon will appoint special researches and will send the child for consultation to the neurologist: it becomes frequent the reason of emergence of problems a high or low tone of muscles.