Rus Articles Journal

The law is the law even if it school

that the right for education is guaranteed by the Constitution, everyone knows, perhaps. And here the few are familiar with “narrower“ laws in this area. But before writing down the child in school or to transfer to another, it is quite good to read useful documents.

the Real school


by Full educational institution school are done by three documents - the license and certificates on accreditation and certification.

existence of educational institution in general is impossible for

Without license for the right of conducting educational activity. To receive it, it is not necessary to show as well as what teach children to. A commission of experts first of all observance of sanitary and hygienic standards, the equipment of rooms, completeness of staff and qualification of teachers interests. The term of its action is always specified in the license.

the Certificate on certification to receive

slightly more difficult. It becomes possible not earlier than in three years after licensing. And the first certification of school can be carried out step by step on education steps: initial, the main, average. The special commission estimates the level of training of graduates: if at least a half of them received positive estimates at examinations, the educational institution will be certified. It is necessary to pass recertification time in five years.

on the basis of certification the school can obtain also accreditation which will finally confirm its state status, compliance of quality of knowledge of graduates to requirements of Gosstandart. Without this document the school, of course, can exist, but it has no right issue certificates. It means that upon termination of the 9 or 11 class pupils should take examinations at another, accredited school.

Procedure of receiving certification and accreditation is identical

both for state, and to private educational institutions, but to prove the last the solvency much more difficultly.

Nevertheless, existence only with the license and certification quite lawfully, especially if to school was not executed three years from the date of the basis yet.

With hygiene do not joke

the Important document - Sanitarno - epidemiological rules and standards (SanPiN). The part devoted to school life is called “Hygienic requirements to conditions of training of school students in different types of modern educational institutions“. From time to time to this document the resolution of the chief state health officer of the Russian Federation makes various changes. The last update was not so long ago - in 2003.

the schoolhouse Arrangement, the equipment of rooms, lighting, water supply, ventilation, temperature condition, medical care and food of pupils ideally has to conform to all requirements stated in “Health regulations …“. Norms of fullness of classes, quantity of lessons during the day (weeks, years) and the admissible volume of homeworks for school students of different age are established by them.

Doctors sanitarno - epidemiological service usually check schools every two years. All rest of the time the medical staff of educational institution has to monitor performance of SanPiNs.

of Yuli Peko, Zelenograd: At school where my daughter - the sixth-grader studies, lacks teachers. The whole quarter they had no art teacher, and then the teacher of English still got sick. The administration solved a problem simply: these objects were replaced with Russian. As a result Russian was daily and sometimes even on twice a day. The teacher gave many additional tasks and, probably, was stimulated the interest for replacement … And here it was hard for children. I found Health requirements to an academic load in the Internet, and found out curricula that Russian sixth-graders have to have 3 hours a week. With listings of these documents went to the director. There was nothing to object it so after our conversation stopped overloading children with Russian, and at lessons FROM they just drew on “a free subject.

As the charter


Having been tired - it is some kind of school constitution which parents need to study attentively. And it is better to make it before the child comes to educational institution. The charter has to be in all schools in a visible place, and its provisions cannot contradict federal and regional laws on education. From time to time changes - in process of receipt of various orders are made to the document from above.


In the charter listed the rights and duties of pupils, parents and teachers, it is specified what free and additional paid services will be rendered to the child and in what volume, what duration of academic year, a quarter (or a trimester), weeks etc. Special attention should be paid on rules of conduct and the internal schedule. For violations can exclude, especially if school prestigious.

the Charter regulates also such, apparently, trifles as appearance of pupils.

Igor Kovalenko, Moscow : When the daughter studied in the 10th class, we moved to other area, and she had to replace school. We, of course, knew about existence of the charter, but did not study it attentively - considered it as mere formality. And it is vain. Our daughter got used to go to lessons in “free“ clothes as at former school it was allowed. Also it was very surprised when in the first day made it the remark. But she refused flatly to be “as all“ and continued to wear the favourite jeans. However the administration treated this question seriously. Out of the blue the conflict was about to happen. Business ended with our conversation with the director - then - that we and learned that point on a school uniform is in the charter. There was nothing to object, it was necessary to carry out educational work with the daughter. It is offered to go to classes in a school uniform and without bright make-up - it is necessary requirements to observe.

In the charter also the list of all internal acts of school is.

And dokumentik is available?


Let`s say at school created Student`s council. Means, there has to be also the corresponding “Provision on Student`s council“ in which it will be stated who can enter it and what in general it is intended for. If parents are perplexed why at school out-of-class events are held nearly every day, it is worth taking an interest whether the administration has a document regulating extracurricular activities when also by whom it is accepted and that specifically in it is written. Such internal documents there can be more than ten: “The provision on school camp“, “The provision on day-care center“, “The provision on a scientific expedition“, “The provision on nurseries scientifically - practical conferences“, etc. Any new structure which appeared at school has to be regulated and legalized.


Besides, enters a lot of various “Rules...“ and it is optional only to pupils. There are “Rules of visit of studies by strangers“, “Rules of conduct for parents“ etc. If the school cooperates with any organization, for example, with detsko - junior club or security company, it is fixed by contracts too.

the Majority of the internal documents infringing on interests of children have to be considered by

not only administration, but also representatives of parents and pupils. At desire they can achieve modification of any school document.

Alexey Dvoryaninov, Zelenograd : In one of school days in a class of my son - the senior was unexpectedly declared that today the important action - performance of a propaganda team “About harm of drugs“ will take place. Therefore two last lessons will not be, and instead children go to the Palace of creativity. For the son news was not pleasant - he was going on the last lesson (biology) to repeat “three“. Its annual mark and, maybe, all subsequent destiny as it was going to come in a year to medical depended on it. He honestly tried to ask for leave from action, but categorically refused to it. Then the son secretly remained at school and all - repeated “three“. Next day he was hauled up “on the carpet“ to the director and long lectured.
Ya decided to understand: from where this action undertook and whether so it was obligatory. It turned out that at school there is “A provision on after-hour actions“, but this action does not correspond to any points from it. There was even no order of the director on that pupils were removed from a lesson that day. And it practiced regularly.
At school existed a parents` council, I phoned to the most active parents, explained a situation, and soon we left to administration with an initiative to make changes to “Situation …“. We were supported by teachers because from - for different “actions“ they did not manage to pass the program. As a result point which said was published in “Situation …“:“ if action is not included in the all-school plan of after-hour actions, then has to be reported to pupils and teachers not later than two days prior to his carrying out about it.

Why the curriculum

is necessary to

such concepts as “basic“, “regional“, and “school“ components

the Basic component appear In the curriculum are obligatory disciplines, the number of class periods on which cannot be reduced: Russian, literature, mathematics, history, etc.

the Regional component (in our case Moscow) - Fundamentals of Health and Safety and a moskvovedeniye. In other region these objects will be others. The number of the hours recommended for them can be reduced. For example, instead of two lessons of a moskvovedeniye to carry out one, and at the expense of it to add an English lesson to the schedule.

the School component - hours which the administration can use at discretion. Most often this time leaves for work with lagging behind or, on the contrary, with excellent students who should be prepared for the Olympic Games. In other words, there is an opportunity to enter additional hours in separate objects. The main thing at the same time - to keep within norms admissible a loading SanPiN.

the Curriculum is made by the director of studies, then the principal approves it and carries on check in department of education. On the basis of this document class timetable for a year is formed.

Main in hierarchy of laws the Act of the Russian Federation “About education“ tells


about programs and standards, management of educational institutions and their financing, about forms of education and the social rights of pupils. In a word, it covers all educational aspects. If to read attentively, it is possible to find answers to the most different “school“ questions in it. This is the good adviser of parents. But not only.

the Law “About the General Education in the City of Moscow“ , though is guided by the federal law, however not such faceless and generalized any more. The capital - the huge megalopolis, and the document reflects the main “regional“ feature - variety of forms of education and types of educational institutions. In Moscow there are 35 types of schools, including quite rare:“ school of home training “, “ sanatorno - country boarding school “, “ school of health“, etc. At everyone - the features, and all of them are reflected in the law. Besides, the academic freedoms are guaranteed to pupils, namely: option of forms of education, right for training in individual plans, option of school etc. From the law it is possible to learn also about the general Regulations of Admission in public schools, and about additional requirements to reception in 10 - e classes.

article about obligations of educational institutions Is curious

. It appears, they not only have to provide to parents any information concerning training of children but also bear responsibility in case forms, methods and educational tools do not correspond to features of the personality and interests of the child.

the Official way of the document

In addition to basic laws regularly various Resolutions and Orders appear.“ As the legislator“ both the federal government, and Moscow can act. The way of the new document from an exit before commissioning takes about 1,5 - 2 months. At first it gets to Department of Education, then is dispatched in district administrations of education. Schools begin to execute requirements, only when to them the document comes from “native“ Management.