The center of a house attraction
Not so long ago the ISOPUBLIC Switzerland company which is the member of GALLUP INTERNATIONAL group conducted by request of IKEA research in 28 countries of the world in which about 14 thousand people took part. A subject of this research became... kitchen.
Here only some results of this research:Russians on weekdays spend by
- in kitchen about 2 hours 45 min. from which only 1,5 hours are devoted to cooking, and on days off this time increases by a quarter of hour;
- in 88% of the Russian families is prepared usually by the woman and only in 7% - the man;
- of 77% of respondents - Russians use kitchen for family meals and only 10% - only for cooking;
- kitchen - the favourite place of a sit-round gathering of Muscovites - 39%, and here Petersburgers choose for these purposes a drawing room - 59%; the main claims of Russians to the kitchens are reduced by
- to the small sizes, lack of the necessary equipment and household appliances, shortage of working surfaces and table-tops;
- for Russians the most important characteristics of ideal kitchen.
Considering the above-mentioned, for the majority of us arrangement of kitchen becomes one of the most labor-consuming stages of creation of an interior of the apartment: how to make so that the kitchen space small, as a rule, became a successful combination of functionality, convenience and, certainly, a cosiness? If you do not want to address for services of design of kitchen professional designers, having decided to defer completely to own taste and experience, you need to consider the mass of nuances that your choice did not afflict you subsequently - the kitchen is acquired, as a rule, not for one decade...
each person has certain addictions concerning arrangement of the dwelling. To someone to liking classics, to someone - a modernist style or a country, and someone, having started repair, will choose eclecticism of 1 . Probably, you already decided in what style you would like to see the new kitchen... Then - forward, in salons of kitchen furniture!;-)
of 1 Eclecticism - inorganic connection of diverse art elements and styles.
according to sellers of kitchen furniture, about a half of their customers stop the choice on classics - the respectable embodiment of strict traditions, not subject to time. Such kitchens (them still call Italian) are distinguished by existence of constructive elements and decorative jewelry in the spirit of an esthetics of architecture of classicism. It: the shelves decorated by fine-molded rail-posts, glass arch inserts in hinged cases, brass covers, stained-glass windows, characteristic ornaments. In classical style - the tree or the material “under a tree“ is obligatory for a surface of a facade of kitchen furniture. The solved in the spirit of strict traditions, classical interiors look comfortably and at the same time respectably.Other half of customers chooses by
kitchen furniture in modernist styles, find fault - flew, a country or the Japanese style which became popular recently.
of Kitchen in style a modernist style is made of MDF, an interline interval laminated by a chipboard, metal, glass. The main thing in design of kitchens of this style - ergonomics and functionality, for this reason appearance of such sets the simplest, and sometimes even strict. Here along with classical rectangular shapes the rounded and curved lines of facades are observed. In kitchen in modernist style details from a tree and elements from plastic, glasses, a stone, metal are perfectly combined.Modernist style can call
smooth transition from classics to styles find fault - flew also techno which emphasize artificiality of that of environment which the modern person created around himself. Use of metal surfaces, glass and stone is characteristic of style of a techno . The emphasis is placed on various handles here - switches, scales and dials of various devices.
It is similar to style of a techno and find fault - flew , aspiring to almost complete negation of naturalness of materials. But emphasis is placed on fancy, often defiant game of various materials and color scale here: for example, here unexpectedly and sharply contrast colors - red and black, blue and yellow face. In complete kitchens in style find fault - flew very often the directed light sources, the hidden illumination, light curtains are applied.
Style of a country or as it is called still, rustic 2 style, will be preferred by fans of old times and antiquarian bagatelles. Attritions often are applied on the furniture facades executed in this style, cracks, chips are imitated, and in registration the list, tiles, a carving, and national decors are used.
of 2 Rusticus - (from armor. rusticus - idle time, rough; literally - rural) in architecture, a relief laying or facing of the building stones with roughly otyosanny or convex front surface (so-called rustam).
the Japanese style is the embodiment of all characteristic features of design of the Land of the rising sun of which, first of all, laconicism is characteristic: all attributes of the present are hidden behind sliding systems. Here one of the basic concepts a zen - the Buddhism - concept of internal beauty according to which, harmony has to consist inside, in the essence of a subject found the embodiment, and the subject at the same time externally can look very and very ascetically. Characteristic feature of the Japanese style - the partitioning of partitions, doors, door shutters on squares giving to an interior certain purely east orderliness.
For kitchen of any style you will be able to pick up the corresponding attributes (the mixer, for example) and household appliances which will not destroy integrity of a kitchen interior, and on the contrary, will emphasize it. Agree - the cooking panel or an extract in style find fault - flew will look absolutely ridiculously in the kitchen sustained in rustic style.in kitchen can be
of Options of arrangement of furniture a little: free (unstable), linear, angular (or - figurative), parallel (two-row), P - figurative, island and peninsular. As most of buyers of kitchen furniture are owners of standard apartments with kitchens of the small and average size, they choose a linear or angular configuration of set. According to sellers of kitchen furniture, the angular configuration of elements of set uses the greatest demand. Such planning is optimum for the kitchens, in a form reminding a square. From the point of view of usability, probably, it is necessary to recognize angular placement of modules optimum.to
Parallel and P - the figurative arrangement of furniture is suitable only for very big kitchens from 15 square meters). (that is free-standing objects as a part of complete kitchen) dining or finishing tables, and also plates can be p>
Islands. As the peninsula the bar counter or a small table which are often used for division of the placement on functional zones most often acts: for example, for differentiation of kitchen and the dining room.
the Facade is the most visible (in literal and figurative sense) part of complete kitchen. This word it is accepted to call that is from the furniture face: doors and forward panels of drawers. The facade forms in general the image of kitchen, assuming the main weight of household mechanical influences.
Kitchen facades from the constructive point of view can be divided into two types conditionally: integral and frame. Integral are made of one material, second, consisting of a frame and an insert (a so-called panel), - of two, and combinations can be different. Frame designs allow to combine in a new way every time materials (for example, to insert a panel with a bright melamine covering into a wooden frame). Integral forward panels give the chance to place emphasis on the invoice of a surface (opaque or glossy, smooth or rough, decorated by a relief pattern).
One of the most popular materials for production of complete kitchens has a tree or a shponirovanny covering:facades from a birch make
- generally to Russia and Northern Europe. The invoice of a birch is not underlined as its main specifics - restraint and asceticism;
- a beech - a strong light tree which can have slightly pinkish shade;
- of wenge - the African tree of almost black color; cherry possesses
- in the saturated reddish color which looks very elegantly, not routinely;
- the oak possesses the recognizable pronounced invoice and warm slightly grayish color. Semi-antique fonts which facades subject to artificial aging are made of this tree. Recently for production of kitchens the bleached oak giving to a tree very exotic look is used.
also treat the exotic species of a tree which are used for production of kitchen facades an eucalyptus, zebrano, Makassar, the Brazilian black rosewood (kurupay), etc.
Running meter is a conditional size which allows the buyer to imagine the price level of a certain collection of furniture. The cost of running meter is specified by producers and sellers generally in advertizing materials. In the concept “cost of running meter of kitchen furniture“ as a rule, the cost of the cheapest accessories is put. Having come to the salon or shop trading in kitchens to you will offer usual a price - sheets in which numbers of articles and the price of separate pieces of furniture are specified. The cost of running meter is calculated quite simply: the standard set which consists of the top and lower cases undertakes, its price is counted and is divided into its length. The actual price of kitchen furniture is, as a rule, higher specified in advertizing materials. The price of a set of kitchen furniture directly depends on complexity of external outlines and the internal device of the separate elements entering a set. For example, a case with one door and a case - a table with five drawers at the identical sizes differ in the price in one and a half - two times. And the same element with a sliding basket will cost to you three times dearer, than same, but with the opening door. But, having put forward a basket, you get access to all its contents, and you should not bend down once again. Angular elements are always more expensive, than ordinary, “direct“. Is not included in the price of a kitchen set also the cost of the additional equipment.
needs to be noted that tradition to measure the cost of kitchen in running meters becomes obsolete. It was succeeded by price division into categories (too, by the way, very conditional):“ luxury“, “premium“, “business“, “house-keeper“...
the made chipboards of 3 , but revetted an interline interval - sheets 0,4 - 1 mm thick (depending on breed of wood). The interline interval is received from high-quality grades of wood which cut on sheets in a thin layer horizontally or on a spiral by rotation of a tree trunk, and then pasted to a standard basis - of a chipboard, MDF 4 or to multilayered material from the thin plates of wood glued by the pitches which are not containing formaldehyde, to a multiplex. MDF - the environmentally friendly material surpassing a natural tree in moisture resistance and mechanical characteristics. Plates from MDF well transfer influence of kitchen steam - they do not inflate and are not jarred on. Many experts incline that MDF plates surpass a natural tree in moisture resistance and mechanical characteristics. Important advantage of MDF - stability to various look to fungi and microorganisms.
of 3 a chipboard (wood chipboard) - the pressed shaving, as a rule, revetted with plastic or laminated. It is used for production of furniture, doors, finishing of rooms.
4 MDF - a tracing-paper from the English reduction of MDF - Medium Density Fibreboard (a wood chipboard of average density). Development of MDF was result of improvement of the technologies applied at production of DVP (fiber boards). MDF are revetted with a natural or synthetic interline interval, a bumagosmolyany film, a film of PVC (polyvinylchloride). The covering does MDF of more durable of a laminate, and various coloring and invoices of a covering are capable to satisfy the most exacting taste. >
statistically, the greatest popularity at buyers of kitchen furniture the facades from a chipboard or MDF trimmed with plastic or covered with several varnish coats enjoy small (opaque or glossy). In the conditions of kitchen plastic surfaces are considered as the most practical. They well transfer temperature drops and humidity, possess the increased crash-worthiness. Varnish doors of boxes and lockers, especially glossy and metallized, look very effectively, but on them fingerprints are usually visible, and at strong blow the chip can appear.by
the laminate which can be washed, cleaned, subjected to influence of high temperatures is Not less demanded among buyers of kitchen furniture and today. Besides, the laminate gives magnificent opportunities for various imitations.
Recently for production of facades glass which is framed, as a rule, in a framework from the anodized glossy aluminum or colored MDF became wide to be used by . Also stained glass facades which found application in modern kitchen furniture not only for hinged systems, but also for floor curbstones and columns are not less widely used. By the way, glass began to be used also for production of kitchen table-tops and aprons.are Widely applied by
to production of kitchen table-tops natural and artificial (or acrylic) a stone . The artificial stone is less whimsical, today make of it not only table-tops, but also kitchen sinks - by recognition of experts and owners, extraordinary strong and durable. The artificial stone consists of mineral fillers (for example, marble) and pitches. It is more plastic, than the natural stone, and also is much easier than it that is especially convenient at installation.
the Natural stone demands to itself the special relation as it is fragile, and a surface of its porist. So, for example, it is very easy to scratch a table-top from marble, and the lemon left on its surface can it is irreversible to spoil. Spots from tea, coffee or wines from a stone surface sometimes it is possible to remove only by means of polishing or with application of special cleaners.Kitchen table-tops do
also of the plywood laminated a chipboard (postforming), sometimes, stainless steel, massive wood. The Postforming is a technology of facing of a chipboard (MDF) layered plastic from all directions. It is applied in production of the cheapest of the laminated table-tops known to us. For this purpose use flexible and thin bumazhno - layered plastic of a high pressure with which paste over a surface of a chipboard.
the Laminate consists of several layers of a strong basis, decorative paper on which drawing, and a sheeting from transparent melamine and akrilatny pitches is knurled. Protective layer does a surface tolerant to external influences. The lower party of a table-top is usually pasted over Kraft - paper. The laminated table-tops are on sale in construction supermarkets and in the markets in the form of plates (with the raw lateral and back edges).
the Most durable, strong, moisture resistant and hygienic table-tops - from stainless steel. Wooden table-tops make of the type-setting boards which are stuck together from levels firm it is timed trees.
of the Case kitchen furniture - lateral, lower and top panels of kitchen furniture (except for table-tops of floor cases) - as a rule, make from laminated or revetted with chipboard melamine. It is quite cheap material that allows producers to reduce prime cost of furniture, and its cases at the same time do not bear the raised dynamic loading, unlike doors or drawers. The most part of sidewalls in complete kitchen in general is environmentproofed since they settle down closely to each other.
of the Case of kitchen furniture happen glued and assembly. Details of the first connect among themselves to the help of glue in factory conditions. The second get home to the buyer in flat boxes, and it is necessary to collect them, using screws and the screw-driver. The furniture with glued cases is much more expensive, than with the national teams, but it is considered that it is more durable and practical, than the national team.
Probably, in any kitchen irrespective of in what style it is made, there are metal details - the railing (a bar or an assembly lath), handles, lifting mechanisms etc. The most popular “kitchen“ metals are aluminum and a stainless steel. Handles, loops and the railing for complete kitchens in style of a country are, as a rule, made of the yellow metals imitating copper and brass.by
Choosing color future kitchen, stop on that which for you is more comfortable, but at the same time be not afraid of bright flowers and unusual, at first sight, color combinations. Of course, you should not go to far in such combination since bright colors in a large number tire eyes. Optimum amount of bright colors for kitchen - two. If windows of kitchen come to sunny side, it is possible to choose cold shades of light tones. Do not choose dark furniture for dark and too small rooms.
Very much we love designers of kitchen furniture the white color giving to the room the easy and air atmosphere, and also expanding kitchen space. Never, probably, the black color used generally for various details by means of which it is possible to emphasize specifics and the invoice of furniture will get out of fashion also. Fashionable and modern is a combination of white and black flowers. Blue and gray colors are perfectly combined, and also red and gray the Furniture solved in green color which is perfectly combined with opaque glass and aluminum will brighten up long autumn and winter days.
For kitchen designers often recommend to use also the yellow color introducing feeling of light to darkish rooms with a lack of natural lighting. Brown color is widely used for wooden or shponirovanny furniture. In modern styles in complete kitchens two species of a tree which can contrast with each other - for example, dairy - white and almost black can be combined, or to be one tone.
Of course, in one small article it is unreal to capture a full range of the problems connected with arrangement of kitchen, - on some of them we will stop in the following articles in more detail.Believe
, in your forces to make so that your new kitchen did not change the Russian nostalgic habit - to be the center of gravity of all family.;-)