And again about English of
became Now fashionable to discuss the problems connected with early training in foreign languages. At the same time each author relies on the personal experience and from what was this experience - positive or not, depends and adjust articles.
So, along with Masaru Ibuk and Glen Doman`s followers claiming that all children are ingenious and “after three already late“ there are recommendatory articles of teachers and logopedists from which follows, for example, that “you should not learn a foreign language till three years“, and if a family bilingual, then “it is necessary to choose the main language in which you will talk to the child in the first years of his life“. Really broken Russian is more useful to the child, than, say, the correct French or Italian?Should note
that such opinion occurs also among foreign experts, especially in literature for parents. Nevertheless, today there are no scientific proofs that hearing of two and more languages leads to delay of assimilation of language and/or speech frustration. Moreover, there are no scientific proofs that refusal of one language automatically improves assimilation of another.
So, the most important question - “when to begin training?“ - receives so many the most various answers often contradicting each other that at the parents trying to understand, eat every chance to get confused even more in this question. All the matter is that the people dealing with this problem, most likely, differently understand the word “training“. The impression is sometimes made that parents violently force unfortunate children to study words alien to them and phrases, and the wise teachers, logopedists, children`s doctors and other people considering themselves as experts in the field come to the rescue here and dissuade a grief - parents from a rash act.you sometime tried to force the one-year-old child to do to
what is not pleasant to it? I do not think that someone from the parents loving the kid will begin to insist on occupations if they not to liking to the child. Also we will not forget also that training at early age (from 0 to 2 - 3 years) is absolutely not that we understand as training in kindergarten and school. Listening of songs, poteshka, reading fairy tales, examining of pictures, games is more likely entertainment (at least, my children perceive it quite so).
Let`s consider the main arguments of the experts made about early training in a foreign language skeptic. We do not take cases when one of parents - the foreigner or when the child has speech deviations.
“Should not begin studying of language if you are not able to provide it full communication in this language“
If it is about creating the second native language at the child, then it entirely agrees. The belief extended now that children easily master foreign languages, quite misleading. Studying of language - process children learn long, even native language several years, besides, that they hear it every day. They cannot learn language just like that, the supporting environment which is rather difficult for creating artificially because language cannot be considered separately from culture in which use this language and which it always symbolically represents is for this purpose necessary.Learning of foreign language cannot be reduced by
to simple replacement of one mere verbiage with another therefore even in the conditions of a bilingualism full knowledge of both languages is possible only in case the child adjoins both to that, and to other culture. But in that case not only to the child, but also any adult who decided to be engaged in studying of language it is possible to recommend to refuse this invention and not to waste time and nerves.
A if the purpose of parents is not professional language proficiency, but the general development of the child? When we teach the child to draw or dance, same does not mean that we by all means want to make of him the dancer or the artist. The majority of us knows foreign languages in a varying degree, someone not to one.
And so, remember, especially if you happened to learn language at mature age as the brain resists first, without wishing to accept unclear words, but as we get used to sounding of the foreign-language speech, words are remembered easier and easier and quicker. So why not to prepare the child`s brain that at more advanced age he better apprehended a foreign language moreover and had in the stock one hundred - another of words and expressions? Let it will be some kind of base, base for the subsequent improvement of skills.
Besides, the researches proving that the children who plunged into elements of different languages get on well also at other objects better exist. So, for example, the British scientists established that studying of languages changes density of gray substance of a brain (just as physical exercises develop muscles) that, in turn, increases ability of the person to training and intellectual development. At the same time the greatest density was observed at those people who began to learn language in the early childhood. However, scientists are not unanimous in this question, King and Fogl, for example, write that studying of language does not increase intelligence in general, but promotes development of informative abilities and the best understanding of language as systems that, you see, too is quite good.
“Children who learn a foreign language at early age begin to talk later, confuse sounds, mix languages, as a result some even should be studied long subsequently the native language“
Is possible, it is not necessary that is called “to equal all all alike“. There are multilingual children with ease mastering several languages and there are children to whom and one - that troubles. At my friend the son started talking only in 3 years (besides that in a family speak only one language), and in our bilingual family the child in 1,5 years divided two languages and did not confuse them.
In my opinion, everything depends on specifically taken child and to make some general recommendations very difficult. If parents pay to the native language enough attention if there is no distortion towards foreign, then occupations by this language can not only not prevent, and even to help with studying of native.
When the three-year-old son asked me, “why the refrigerator so is called“, we with it sorted both the Turkish and English options, i.e. he learned that we call this piece of household appliances so because it “cools“ products, Turks call it “an ice case“ (buzdolab?) and British speak “zamorazhivatel“ if you ask the son why game which boys in the yard so with enthusiasm play is called “soccer“, he with pleasure will explain to you and it. As for a pronunciation, for 2 years what sounded as “SI ku“ turned into quite tolerable “thank you“, and “buban“ in “good morning“.
on the example of the English words we also learned what is rhymes - in the textbook which I bought the son, type tasks are offered:“ Connect the rhymed words“. After the child understood that he means “harmoniously“ on the example of the English words, he composed the first poem. In Russian.Confusion of languages by which often frighten parents actually does not say
that the child confuses languages, he just recognizes from the fact that the person whom he addresses, knows both languages and is able to understand it. Moreover, it was convincingly shown that use of two languages in one phrase adult bilinguals is a sign of language skill, and the use of such mixed statements is also situational, i.e. the person will not begin to speak on mix of languages if he is not sure that it will be understood.
One more statement which, probably, is urged to force parents to doubt the competence, and by which I could not pass:“Usually the parents who are well knowing language prefer to give
children in a charge of professionals, the same who knows language indifferently undertake to train independently“
I do not undertake to approve the return, for this purpose at least it is necessary to conduct statistical research. As far as I know, very few people from my fellow students began to acquaint the children with English from early age. But there is also such factor as opportunities and interest of parents. It is interesting to someone to be engaged with the child in a molding, to someone drawing, someone teaches the child to dance since he since the childhood dreamed of it. It is quite logical also that mother is a designer more attention will pay to creativity, and mother - the athlete - to physical development of the child.
Ya I do not urge all parents to be engaged urgently in training of children in foreign languages at all, I only want to remind that each child is unique, and what suits one, not necessarily will suit another. Our task as parents is in offering the children different types of activity, and it is unimportant, than you will have a good time with the child - singing, swimming, reading or English - if it is interesting to both you, and him, then why and is not present?