For special cases of
How to protect kids from an allergy - one of the most widespread misfortunes of our time? This question even more often arises at parents not with the child`s birth, and even during pregnancy. For example, whether future mother should limit herself in food, dividing products on dangerous and safe?
to answer this question, let`s remember how the allergy is formed. Its emergence in this or that form - result of interaction of several circumstances:
- of hereditary tendency of the child;
- of early experience of contacts with allergens;
- of influence on the kid of external conditions: smoking of mother and people around both to, and after its birth, the polluted air of the house and on the street and presence at it of infectious agents - bacteria and viruses.
with the first (and, perhaps, to the most important) circumstance. If in it there were no allergy cases, probability that it will appear at the kid, will make 5 - 10%. The situation in which one of parents is sick will give 20 - 40% of risk, and the community of their problem will raise it to 60 - 80%. Those children at whom at least one close relative suffered or has an allergy of any form, for example atopic dermatitis, rhinitis treat group of high risk even.
That whose research of the history will yield such result, once you try to protect future kid from influence of the remained two circumstances, and it is necessary to be accepted for good reason as soon as possible.
to Exclude allergen?!
the Trigger of development of an allergy in kids in the first several years of life most often. Are in the lead in this list of a squirrel of animals or plants. The first meet in cow`s and goat milk, eggs, fish and seafood: the second contain in bean (nuts, soy, peas, lentil), grain (wheat, barley, corn), red and orange fruit and vegetables (a kiwi, avocado, a melon, grapes, wild strawberry, a peach, a chestnut, a persimmon, the grenade, a citrus, beet, carrots). And still the question of whether it is necessary to protect future child from contact with possible irritants, remains open so far. Earlier experts ordered to women whose children could become allergic persons, a diet which excluded many products from the list given above. Researches of the last years showed that such restrictions do not influence the frequency of emergence of food allergy in kids after the birth in any way. For example, the ban on cow`s milk and eggs in a diet of future mothers did not lower number of cases of painful reactions of kids on them in the future. One more argument in favor of refusal of idea of such diets was the fact that any restrictions in food during pregnancy are fraught with deficiency of substances, important for development of the child. From the list of “provokers“ the peanut became the only candidate for safe removal. It became clear that its presence at a diet of future mother increases risk of emergence in the kid of sensitivity to this type of nuts.
- cow`s milk in 79 - 89% of cases;
- soy - in 15 - 26,2%;
- grain - in 30 - 40%;
- of egg - in 65 - 70%;
- fish and seafood - in 90 - 100%.
what the diet of future mother has to consist of. Keep in mind: all products listed by us have to appear in it surely, and it is worth refusing them in case the woman has on them an allergy. So, you and your future kid will need proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, mineral elements and cellulose.Meat is necessary for
small to grow, besides it provides mother`s organism with iron (best of all it is acquired from beef). Try to eat natural products (beef, low-fat grades of pork, mutton, chicken, a turkey, a rabbit), but not sausages: in them more different additives there are less meat (for example, food dyes, stabilizers, starch, pepper).
- Fish contains protein and calcium with phosphorus, and in such ratio that both of these elements are remarkably acquired. Choosing between fast grades of fish (a cod, a pike perch, a hake) and fat (a salmon, a tuna and a mackerel), keep in mind that the last, though contain fatty acids the Omega - 3. necessary for education and growth of a brain of the kid, are digested more difficultly.
Meat should be eaten every day, and fish - 2 - 3 times a week.
A how to be to vegetarians? Those who eats not enough meat or does not favor it absolutely should pay special attention to the fruit rich with iron, - apples, apricots, a persimmon, and still there is more cottage cheese (it will fill shortage of protein). However, from vegetable products iron is acquired much worse, than from animals. Consult to the doctor, he will appoint to you one of iron preparations to cover need for this microcell.
- of the Squirrel and fats which are in milk and dairy products are acquired very easily. Besides they contain calcium of which stones of the kid are formed. This element is spent quickly therefore dairy products have to become important part of a diet of future mother. Take yourself for the rule there are their 3 - 4 once a day, for example, in the morning - 30 g of cheese, for the second breakfast - 1 yogurt, for an afternoon snack - 150 g of cottage cheese, and for the night - 1 glass of milk or kefir. By the way, fermented milk products it is much more useful, than actually dairy, they are easier acquired. Keep in mind
if the kid lacks calcium, it will begin to scoop it from bone reserves of mother.
- Fruit and vegetables give us food fibers which improve work of intestines, so, relieve future mother of difficulties. Use this their wonderful property especially as to accept laxatives during pregnancy it is unsafe because, relaxing intestines, they can weaken also muscles of a uterus that will create threat of an abortion.
During the day NEEDS to eat 300 - 500 of vegetables, 300 g of fruit and to drink 200 - 300 ml of freshly squeezed juice. If the doctor does not limit your choice in any way, do not forget that some fruit strengthen gas generation in intestines (for example, grapes).
- Bread (from coarse flour, with bran or with addition of the sprouted grains) and cereals.
- Vegetable and butter. Your norm - 20 - 30 g of vegetable, or 20 - 40 g of butter a day. Rape oil, by the way, especially richly fatty acids the Omega - 3 which as we already spoke, participate in development of a brain of the kid. Keep in mind that fats including vegetable, are slowly brought out of an organism therefore not to recover, be fond of them is not necessary.
In conversation on ways of protection of kids against an allergy about the most important of them - breastfeeding. It is known that children who eat mother`s milk face this problem less often. For example, cases of atopic dermatitis occur among babies 7 times less often. The matter is that proteins of breast milk are perceived by the child`s organism as related, they will not become for it allergens what you will not tell about animal protein which contains in artificial mixes. Besides, as a part of milk there are substances which in itself protect the kid from development of an allergy. And still, as it is sad, breastfeeding does not guarantee 100% protection against emergence of problems. Partly this results from the fact that it contains a small amount of the allergens getting to milk from food of mother: on the one hand, they train protective forces of an organism of the child, and with another - can become the reason of emergence of an allergy. That is why young mother should watch what she eats and to refuse products, dangerous to the kid. This time observance of a diet will only do all GOOD - experts on the basis of long-term supervision over health of the babies inclined to emergence of an allergy came to such conclusion. Here only the feeding mothers keeping to such diet will need to accept polyvitaminic complexes and preparations of calcium to supply an organism with missing substances.
As for kids whose mothers faced a problem of shortage of milk, taking into account their tendency to emergence of an allergy from all variety of specialized substitutes by it appoint special products - hypoallergenic mixes on the basis of cow`s milk. Proteins of milk in them are exposed to special processing - hydrolysis which does them less dangerous. From here and the name of mixes - hydrolyzates.reasonably and have enough
So as you understood, only kids from risk group need a special protection program from an allergy. Let`s look what it consists in.
- to Mother of such child should exclude a peanut from the diet. And still - those products that cause in it an allergy, but in this case them need to be replaced with something, for example, fresh milk - sour-milk products, fish - increase in a portion of meat. In certain cases in addition to a polyvitaminic complex which is usually accepted by each pregnant woman prescribe her others, for example calcium preparations. >
- Accustomed to smoke it is desirable for li to refuse it even prior to pregnancy.
After the birth
- you Feed the kid only with breast milk not less than 6 months in any way, and it is better - till 1 year. Products which can cause painful reaction in the kid it is possible for
- and it is necessary to exclude from the diet. to Kids - bottle-fed babies should feeding on
- on special mixes on the basis of hydrolyzates of proteins of cow`s milk.
- I still: such kids have to get acquainted with new products later, than the others, - from 5 - 6 months (with cow`s milk - in 12 months, eggs - from 24 months, fish, nuts - by 3 years).
For the last 20 years the number of kids - allergic persons increased twice. It is impossible to explain such rise only with hereditary tendency! Scientists assumed that a role in its development was played also by external conditions. In the list of “provokers“ appeared:
- woolen animals (cats, dogs, hamsters), dust, pincers, a mold is a group of house allergens;
- of a cigarette and tobacco smoke;
- sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, ozone and particles of dust which contain in air of big cities.