Rus Articles Journal

My cheerful ringing ball!

Most often we see balls as an apparatus for game in tennis, soccer, volleyball and so forth. And more and more seldom - in hands of children as a toy. And in childish sports for balls it is allocated it is rather sports - an improving role. And meanwhile possibilities of ball game extend far beyond physical development.

the Many-sided ball Can only be surprised to


, noticing what variety of impressions and actions can give to the kid a usual ball! Protozoa, at our adult look, effect are actually had are exclusively useful. Develop observation, concentration of attention, feeling, the movement and even thinking. And often, the kid independently notices and finds diverse secrets and surprises. And it just is also independence, so desired for parents, and strong-willed activity.

the Ball - a universe prototype. The baby can is bewitched to consider and unceasingly long to turn before itself a ball, a ball or other spherical subject, holding it two handles. Then, having hardly learned to sit and creep, the kid steadily rejoices, surprised or even becomes angry about the fact that the ball runs away from it, and in the most unexpected direction. The kid for the present cannot independently move. But the ball calls it for the movement.

the Ball - a subject for great variety of actions. To clasp and hold round objects the kid learns by 4 - 5 months, and to let go, roll and throw here - for the next years, hands, legs, the head, by means of different devices. Perhaps, in it the ball does not have equal and was not.

the Minimum set of balls to
to Kids are necessary for
: 1 small rubber ball, 1 - 2 soft a ball for game of the house and 1 jumping ball for the street.

the Ball - a subject of supervision and experimenting. Research of qualities and properties of different objects has huge value for the small child. So the kid gets acquainted with the world in which lives, and by practical consideration masters it. Children`s supervision of regularities of the subject world are incredibly original. For example, the tennis ball can be held one hand, and big inflatable - only two hands. The big ball can be a lung, and small - heavy. The big soccerball, and in a children`s palm - a ball for a ping - a pong is located on a father`s palm. And as it is exciting to throw a ball with splashes into water, to listen to a clap sound about a floor or the earth, asphalt or sand, or sounding of a jingle in a ball... But, perhaps, the most fascinating occupation for small children is a driving of a ball, at first hands, and then legs. And there are amusing opening. The small ball in a throw slips between handles of the one-year-old kid, there is no wish to leave a soft rag ball and a leg to get on a ball and it is not so simple to direct it to the purpose.

Kids with pleasure roll balls from a hill and try to go on a hill, run with a ball, carrying him two hands before themselves, try to keep balance on one leg that another to push a ball. These are very valuable opportunities for development of coordination of movements and the general motility of a body of the kid. And in 6 - 8 years children already consciously compare and discuss properties of balls.

All these supervision in the early and preschool childhood the child does

at first substantially unconsciously, and maturing - is more and more conscious. Own practical experience and experimenting becomes a basis of important independent physical supervision for the child.

the Ball - a means of communication. Gradually from a self-sufficient toy the ball becomes a means of communication. The peanut who is not speaking yet invites the father to play with him a ball. There is further a desire not just to throw and roll, and to do it definitely or with a definite purpose. For example, to skatyvat it from a hill, to roll up in gate, to throw in a basket or a ring. To throw and roll a ball each other, to drive in soccer and it is possible to play in the bouncer only “having agreed“ to play. The ball becomes a basis for important social ability to accept and give.

Why to us to play?

the Main objective of ball games at early age - to help the kid to learn to cope with mixed balls (a small ball which it can hold in one hand, or big inflatable which can be held only two hands), to roll, catch and to throw purposefully, to use a stick, a club or other suitable tools for pushing, rolling. At the seeming simplicity all these games demand both good coordination, and ability to operate the body, and even, to a certain extent, emotional self-checking. Similar games, demanding from the kid of the listed qualities, at the same time they are also developed!

Such important components of development as the general motility, spatial representation, coordination, the concepts “the right-left“ are extraordinary important

in the preschool childhood for development of thinking and the speech.

of the Toy from different materials develop tactile perception and give to the kid at the sensual, unconscious level knowledge of properties and variety of the world.

the Vast majority of ball games has high potential for social development, communication and interaction. Certainly, the kid can invent various ways of the address with balls, but your participation and an example are absolutely necessary!

it is important to p to pay attention to the internal state, mood with what we play with children, - as we roll or we throw. Children internally empathize our gesture - negligent or accurate, prompt or sluggish. Internally the child seeks to reproduce our gesture. Your positive, cheerful spirit in joint game lights in the kid his own activity and aspiration to independence.

How to choose a ball

the Ball has to be convenient and not cause
in the kid of tears from feeling of own awkwardness!
Spring ability. not only rubber balls, but also well filled woolen can be Jumping. Not jumping ball can be “a katuchy ball“. For example, glass balls “not spring ability“ are also good! Only well filled woolen will be suitable for house games from jumping balls. On the street quality of a spring ability becomes especially important - “not jumping“ ball seems lifeless.
Weight / ease. For the child who only started walking the heavy soccerball from - for the weight and the big size cannot just be a toy. And here to the senior preschool children to show the dexterity with the most different balls gives a sheer pleasure. For the kid it is very important to learn to proportion blow force to weight of a ball. It gives good experience of management of and anticipation of result already at the earliest age. Observe how differently your kid copes with a big rubber ball and a lung inflatable.
Colour. In spite of the fact that children pay attention to bright colors, it is not necessary to stuff kids with caustic, bright aniline paints. The color perception of an eye develops on juicy, open flowers of a rainbow, their options and shades in pastel scale better.
Quality of a surface. It is very important for tactile perception. The more will be natural materials, the experience of the child in actions with them, complex perception of their properties and so forth will become richer. A relief knitted surface, cotton fabrics or cloth, glass (if it does not fight), rubber, a tree, a bone, weaving from birch bark, rods etc.
Colouring. Pay attention whether the ball fades! Whether grows bare whether paint otkolupyvatsya from it? It can be dangerous to the child.
And now we will play


at the age of 4 - 5 months the balloon becomes the first ball (as a toy it is not necessary to speak about a gymnastic ball so far). Tie the sphere filled with helium on a long shnurochk to the handle of the baby. The kid is delighted that he, moving and swinging handles, forces a ball to jump up cheerfully. Thus, the baby can already feel as the figure in a look available to it. At this age it is possible to put a ball in the handle of the kid that it could consider, shake and then and turn it. For this purpose the ball, scrappy or knitted from cotton, with a jingle or “a shumelka - a gremelka“ inside, a wattled rotangovy ball with a diameter of 10 - 15 cm or a ball from a willow or birch bark with a diameter of 5 - 8 cm will approach. It is convenient to hold a toy handles or fingers, it is safe, it can be washed or erased. In 7 - 8 months it is possible to add a tennis ball and a ball for a ping - a pong. And it is even better to offer the painted sounding sphere which, shaking, sounds as a tumbler toy at the very beginning of the polzunkovy period.

to Throw and roll, fill with balls of a basket, box, pan - favourite occupation for 10 - 15 - monthly kids. At this age simple driving of a ball from an inclined surface surprisingly pleases the kid because he starts the movement, and this movement depends from incomprehensible for children`s consciousness of a tilt angle and qualities of a surface of the ball so far. The child wants to repeat pleasure of opening again and again. You can establish a wooden board or a bamboo fillet on edge of a chair or sofa, and grown up 3 - 4 - to summer children to suggest to skatyvat a ball from a street hill and to roll up it from below upward.

After 1,5 years as fine it is simple to p to throw a ball up or to throw where - nibud in any direction! Over time it is possible to throw a ball more and more purposefully. For example, to roll on a floor a ball each other, to roll up a ball in vorotets of a certain width, a pole or to abandon him in a basket (pass - basketball on a floor). “Tunnel“ can be other option: the bench under which it is possible to roll a ball is covered with a big piece of fabric or a cover, forms the tunnel (it is possible to use chairs or stools, having put 2 - 3 in a row). The adult kneels on the one hand the tunnel, the child - with another and roll a ball each other. Ideally the ball has to pass through two gate. After 3 years the task can be complicated, inducing to throw a ball to someone from children. As it is correct to p to play

with the kid?

In national pedagogics there lives the great variety of poteshka and a prigovorok on different cases of children`s life. They considerably surpass tiresome instructions and lectures in force of impact on the child. Rhymings (the poetic text) when performing movements with a ball help to make occupation more clear, and, above all, set a rhythm of performance of a game task.

of the House and on the street
of the House it is better for p to use for game soft balls - rag, knitted, valyany, balls of threads with the fixed tip, balloons, balls for table tennis and so forth also big gymnastic balls. The indisputable advantage of “soft“ balls is their safety at game indoors. Neither the situation, nor windows, not to mention players, will suffer. The big basket in a children`s corner will be suitable for storage of “room balls“.
Street balls have to be stored separately at an entrance door in the same basket, a box or the container (rubber balls of the different size, football, basketball, etc. sports balls).

“Sun“ is a game - communication. To begin to play it it is possible from 1,5 years together with the adult, after 2 years in the company of children, and by 4 years kids already sit down in a circle and with enthusiasm play with each other. Task - to teach the child is directed to roll a ball, to accept and give it, to give experience of game communication, interaction and coordination of actions. When the company extends - the element of expectation and more difficult direction of the movement appears. To send two hands a ball to a certain party is a difficult task for the child, and at the same time very important in sense of management of and a toy.


Needs a ball of such size which it is convenient to child to catch and roll two hands (diameter of a ball from 15 - 18 cm for 2 - summer kids and to 12 cm for preschool children).

we Sit down together with the child opposite to each other, having parted legs in the parties. Thus, we limit space of the movement of a ball. The ball in palms of the adult rocks here and there with a song on any motive:

On the sky the sun goes
I to lodges sets.
I to Vanya comes (the ball slides to Vanya),
I to mother comes (the ball from Vanya slides to mother),
I to Vanya comes,
I to mother comes... (repetition is unlimited - fixes the directed driving on a floor).
it is good to td to play

in the company of several mothers with children. Then we do with the child “house“ together - we put before ourselves, a back to ourselves, “we open doors“ for the sun (widely we move apart legs).

Game very much is pleasant to children, it is not tiresome and can proceed very long. Musicality of execution brings rest and regularity. In big group it is important that the child had time itself to solve to whom he sends a ball (it is possible to see some sympathies and preferences, openness or isolation). If someone from children throws out a ball from a circle or does not give, then it is possible to correct it, keeping an image of the sun:“ Oh, the sun to us did not glance yet. To whom it will stretch the rays now? To Oleg, probably“. Then to continue singing.

Similar games can be organized at a table, using small rubber balls, balls for a ping - a pong, made of cloth, wadded balls or woolen balls.

“The flying ball“ : Game is suitable for children from about 3 to 6 years. It is good to play in the company from 3 to 10 children. If you are in the room, the ball can be taken soft with a diameter of 15 - 20 cm, and on the street - jumping.

Adult, saying the first three lines, throws a ball to one of children then the child has to throw a ball to the adult back.

my ball Flies, flies to you, Watch
, do not miss!
Hold it, catch it, again to me throw

More difficult option is game with a balloon alone or in group. The child throws up a ball or children transfer him each other hands, without allowing to fall. Or it is possible to give to the child a balloon and a plastic tubule and to suggest to blow in it and such original way to throw up a ball, without allowing it to fall to a floor. In this game it is necessary to be careful. The distance between children has to be sufficient that they did not touch each other and did not face at the movement. It is better to play all house, and in windless weather - it is possible also on the street.

“My cheerful ringing ball“ . For this game important that the ball well jumped. With 4 - x years the adult can show to the child its following option: to strike with a ball in a floor or a wall and to catch it two hands, sentencing: “A ball, a ball, jump!“ Nothing if the ball several times hits against a floor before the kid catches it.

Gradually by 5 - 6 years children will be able to master dribbling, accompanying blows with S. Marshak`s poem:

my cheerful ringing ball,
You where rushed off at a gallop?
Yellow, red, blue,
not to keep up with you.
Ya a palm clapped you,
You jumped and loudly stamped,
A you swept then
I was not turned back back.
Swept in a kitchen garden,
Came to gate,
Was driven under gate,
Reached turn,
Tam got under the wheels,
Burst, slapped, that`s all.
This game children have to see

repeatedly performed by the adult or more senior children to experience a movement rhythm.

the great variety of entertainments and ball games on the land and on water Exists. They actually possess invaluable and very and very ample developing opportunities! Keep the company to the kid! Play with pleasure, remember games and entertainments from the childhood, and it will be interesting to you!