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About animals of

it is difficult for children to find on light of the kid indifferent to animals. The baby instinctively feels as a whole with all live around. And it is very important not to break, and to strengthen these hidden relations.

Usually acquaintance of the kid to animals begins

very much early, it is possible to tell since the birth. Mother shows to the baby a toy - a doggie or the picture in the book and keeps saying: “Doggie! Av - av!“. And soon slightly grown up kid already and itself reaches for a toy and, having seriously shifted brows, tries to imitate mother, saying the first intelligent sounds: “Av!“ . So, gradually, by means of toys and books, posters and photos, animated cartoons and fairy tales, walks and excursions the baby will learn the interesting and fascinating world of wildlife. And the most important that is required during this period from mother with the father - to talk to the kid, to show, call, tell, play...

As animals “tell“

your faithful assistants there will be children`s books. But approach their choice with all gravity. Now the great variety of various literature is issued, but to buy something worthy not so - that simply. For acquaintance of the kid to world around pick up several books with the large, well traced, realistic pictures. The dog has to be a dog, but not a being in a dress and frills. It is much better for lamb to be grazed on a meadow, but not to drink tea from a samovar. Such pictures will suit children is more senior at which the imagination and sense of humour begins to develop. Besides, is closer by two years children already have rather solid life experience. And the different image of animals (realistic, fantastic, a silhouette, a toy) is very useful for development of the kid. It is necessary to recognize a familiar animal in any images. And for the baby everything is the accuracy and clearness of definitions which is not distorting the real world of things is important. It is possible to watch such books from the earliest age.

Show

to the baby of the picture and call animals. Repeat how animals “speak“. Put more joyful emotions in the stories, and the kid will very quickly learn and to growl as a bear, and to low as a cow. Besides initial knowledge of animals, it is very good exercises for development of the speech. The first intelligent words which the kid, it begins to say onomatopoeias. There will be by the way also simple rhymes.

the chicken on a bed
“To - to - Goes to, - calls a tsyplyatok. -
Near leaves of a vegetable marrow
Ya found to you a worm“.
“Pi - pi - pi, - peep chickens. -
of One to us have not enough!“
the Duck grunts: “Kr - krya!
the Best voice at me!“
“Of hectare are hectare - hectare, - her a goose in reply, - there is no
More loudly than a goose of a bird!“ Vorobyishk`s
- the mischievous person:
Chick - chirik da Chick - chirik!
A to it crows from a roof:
“Carat - carat - carat! It is impossible more quietly?“

Kids and their mothers

Very interesting and important subject for the kid - animals and their cubs. Children especially love little animals because they something are very similar to them. Considering pictures, pay attention of the child that any animal, as well as at the kid, has mother and the father. Pronounce more often:“ Mother - a cow, the father - a bull, their kid - a calf“. Thanks to repeated repetitions, the baby will gradually remember who as is called. Do not forget also about wild animals: the father - a bear, mother - a she-bear, a cub - a bear cub. Pay attention of the baby that often fathers and mothers of animals differ from each other. Compare, for example, a cockerel and a chicken: a cockerel bright, he has a big beautiful tail, a red comb, and at a chicken both a tail, and a comb small. Do not forget also about verses - assistants:

the Foal quickly jumps,
the Tail jumps as a ball.
Near it it is slow
Mother - the horse waves a mane. Pigs with mother - the pig
Wash with
pink backs,
Patches bathe amicably
I frolic in a warm pool.

Wild and house

Considering

with the baby of the picture in books, pay its attention to what is animal house and wild.“ This is a cow. She lives with people, she - house. The cow gives a milk “.“ And it is hare. He lives in the wood“. So, gradually, the child will realize that there are pets who live near people and bring them big benefit, and there are animals wild which near people you will not celebrate. Look on sale of the book with stickers or games - a lotto where it is necessary to sort animals on wild and house. Of course, at the kid it will turn out not at once, but he will quickly deal with your help that to what. Now in bookstores it is possible to find also various posters with animals. They will be for you good assistants, “wall“ visual instruction too - one of the most effective.

It is healthy if the grandmother or someone from your relatives lives in the village. Then the trip to them on a visit will become for the city kid the real excursion to the world of pets. It is known that a picture is worth a thousand words.

Who that eats

you will help the kid easily and to understand cheerfully the menu of dumb animals if you spend slightly - slightly time and make the hands simple game. Pictures of two types will be necessary for you: with the image of animals and what they eat. Where to take illustrative material? Glance over unnecessary magazines, post cards, old books and you will surely find what is necessary. It is possible to print suitable pictures. If you though are able to draw a little, make images. Paste preparations on a cardboard, dry up under a press (otherwise they will cave in), from above paste over with an adhesive tape for the best safety. Now cut out images, and game is ready. It will suit children of one and a half years and is more senior. Though it is possible to begin to play earlier if the kid shows interest. Similar games not only acquaint the kid with animals and expand knowledge of world around, but also develop logical thinking and small motility.

To start enough several couples of pictures. For example, the hare - carrot, a hedgehog - a mouse, a heron - a frog, a squirrel - the cone, etc. It is better to begin with those animals and birds who are already familiar to the child. Then the collection can be filled up. Spread out before the kid of animals and suggest “to feed“ them. Take in hand, for example, the cone, and ask: “To whom will we give the cone? Who will eat it?“ If the child is at a loss with the answer, tell that the cone (more precisely, seeds from it) with pleasure will be eaten by a squirrel (or a woodpecker). Let the kid himself “will give“ to a squirrel the cone. It is possible to ask on the contrary: “What is eaten by a squirrel?“ The kid finds the cone and puts on the picture with a little squirrel. You ask the child to pronounce names of an animal. Are very useful to development of the speech and an onomatopoeia. Ask: “How the heron is enough a frog? TsAP! HVAT! How tsyplyatka peck kernels? KLYu - KLYu - KLYu! How hare gnaws carrot? HRUST!“ Such game usually very much is pleasant to children and can become long-playing “hit“. And all the matter is that figures are more evident for the kid, than just pictures in the book. He touches them, takes in handles and perceives almost like live.

Lodges, minks and dens

a subject, Very interesting to the kid, - lodges of animals. Considering pictures in books, do not forget to tell the baby about the one who and where lives. Surely you draw an analogy with the kid. So it will be more clear to it. “We with you have a house, we live in it. And each small animal has the lodge...“ Begin with pets, tell that the doggie lives in the box, a horse - in a stable, a mumps - in a shed, a cow - in a shed, a chicken - in a hen house. And wild animals have lodges. At a squirrel - a hollow, at a hedgehog, a mouse and chanterelle - a mink, at a beaver - a hatka, at a bear - a den. And hare lives just under a bush. Also do not forget to remember a snail. It will be interesting to kid to learn that she backs the lodge.

can find

many board games where animals need to select their lodges in sale Now. But it makes sense to make such game independently. It will be more interestingly, and more clear for your child, you will be able to consider his features and preferences. The smallest game fields require a little. There is enough of three - four. Take sheets of paper of the A3 format and represent on them: a rural farmstead with a stable, a shed, a hen house, the wood with a mink, a hollow, a nest, a den and, say, a reservoir. Even if you do not possess special art data - it does not matter. The main thing that pictures were bright, and “lodges“ - recognizable. It is possible to pick up suitable pictures in old magazines, school geographical atlases or calendars and to paste on game fields. Then figures of animals from the previous game “Who What Eats?“ will be necessary for you . Suggest the kid to find suitable lodges for animals. If there is a desire to tinker slightly longer, it is possible to make paper “pockets“ on the place of a nest, hollow, a mink, the opening doors in a shed and a hen house, etc. Then the kid will be able to insert the necessary figures of animals there. It is far more fascinating, than just to consider pictures in children`s books. And information through the movements is acquired better. Do not forget to make also a figure - the photo of the kid and to draw for him a lodge. And it is still very cheerful to arrange himself the residence in a nest or in a mink!

we Will play

?

That the kid remembered some animals and their habits better, play with it the game “Cheerful Pantomime“. The one-and-a-half-year-old child with pleasure will repeat the movements after you, and children are more senior already and can notice the characteristic movements of this or that animal. You resemble together with the baby waddlingly and a porychita as a clumsy bear, jump as hare, wave with handles - wings as a birdie or a butterfly. And how the horse runs, highly raising legs? And how the important camel goes? And how chanterelle is stolen, the snake creeps, the small fish floats, the frog jumps? And how the sleepy cat how she washes a pad stretches? And, of course, it is better to do similar exercises under cheerful rhymes.

hare on a lawn Jumps.
We will jump as hare.
of the Leg together, skok - poskok!
jump More cheerfully, the friend!
of the Bee wave wings,
Over flowers amicably dance. we will place
of the Handle in the parties, As if wings we will straighten
.
Waved, departed
I as bees hooted:
Zh--!

Kids very much like to play at hide-and-seek

. Offer them game where animals from favourite books will hide. Take a sheet of paper and cut through in it small “window“. Now take any book with pictures well familiar to the kid and close the page so that in “window“ it was possible to see only some characteristic detail of an animal: long hare ears or fluffy squirrel tail. Let the kid will try to guess who hid there. This game - not only a cheerful entertainment, and and excellent exercise for development of thinking. If game was pleasant to the kid, gradually complicate it: hide animals from unfamiliar books, open absolutely small fragments.“ Aerobatics“ ability of the young zoologist will guess an animal only on a piece of a spotty or striped skin.

Fish, a bird, an animal

you say

to the kid More often that a titmouse, the chicken, a sparrow is birds; a cow, hare, chanterelle - animals; and an ant, a ladybug, a butterfly - insects. You ask it to show on pictures in books only birdies or only insects. He will quickly deal with your help that to what. Perhaps, you will find cards with various animals from board games, like “Lotto“ or “Pick up the picture“. If is not present, make such cards, having cut out pictures from old books, magazines, post cards or having printed. With them it is possible to think up a set of interesting and simple games. First of all, cards can just be considered, calling animals and their voices. It is possible to arrange “zoo“, having attached a magnet several cards to the refrigerator and periodically paying to them attention of the kid. From time to time change an exposition of “zoo“. And it is possible to hang out pictures on some sign. For example, several days hang birds, then fishes, insects, etc. With slightly grown up kid try to play such game: construct a lodge of cubes and tell that a lodge this difficult. Can enter it only... insects. Select together with the baby of a card with insects and “let in“ them a lodge. Next time the residence permit will be received by birds or pets, or those who have hoofs, wings, etc. It will be even more interesting to play similar games with sets of toy animals.

of Walk with the kid

Daily walks - an excellent way to expand knowledge of the kid of the live world. Most often on walk we meet dogs and cats, the first representatives of fauna whom the child meets. But it is not necessary to be limited to words: “Wons the doggie ran!“ or “Look: cat! Meow - meow!“ It is such beings, interesting and available to daily studying. Observe together habits of a cat. As gracefully she goes as it is lazy is heated on the sun, narrowing eyes. As hunts, creeping to a sparrow or catching a paw a fly. Admire on tousled, sorting out the relations, cats. Pay attention of the kid that dogs are different: big and small, shaggy and sleek-haired. They differ in color, a shape of ears and a tail. If breed of the dog running by is familiar to you, call it. Do not think that the kid will not understand you. Surely will understand even if it is absolutely small. New words will settle at it in memory a passive lexicon. And the kid will give you soon everything that you enclosed in him, sometimes, just striking you with the knowledge. By the way, the two-year-old peanut already quite can understand dog breeds not bad. And the ability put by you since the early childhood to observe, will serve good service in the future.

during walk can look with

at lodges of animals also. Even near the house you for certain find a bird`s nest. The kid will be able to see own eyes that it is put from thin branches. Sometimes on a tree it is possible to notice also a nesting box - the favourite lodge of starlings made for them by people. If you go to walk to the wood, try to find an ant hill. Such huge house built by tiny ants will make impression on the young researcher. In the wood also the hollow for certain will get to you. Remember with the baby that in a hollow there can live a little squirrel. Walking at the river, talk that a reservoir - the house for many living beings: fishes, insects, frogs, snails.

C us in the neighbourhood the great number of various birds lives. And that the kid a smog is better to get acquainted with them, take on walk an entertainment for birds. For certain you will meet sparrows, titmouses, pigeons, crows. Often near us jays, sorok, wagtails, wild ducks and other birds live. Showing to the kid, for example, a titmouse, be convinced that he really saw a tiny birdie on a branch. Ask again: “Where titmouse? Show“. Describe a birdie:“ Titmouse small, a breast at it zheltenky. Sings - pin - pin - pin. Rejoices that heat, the sun shines, the spring came“. You ask the kid to repeat onomatopoeias: Chick - chirik, carat - carat, pin - pin - pin. It will promote development of his speech.

the Most fascinating occupation for the kid - feeding of birds. Let him pinch off bittocks from a piece of bread and throws to pigeons, vorobyshka, crows or ducks. This useful exercise for development of small motility and a way is better to make out birds and their habits. Pay attention of the baby to different behavior of birds. Sparrows - fussy and fast, crows - important and slow, and ducks will easily get food even from - under waters. By the way, on their example it is possible to track development of birds. In the spring in a reservoir both females and males float (for the kid - “mother“ and “father“ of a duck). After a while the child, perhaps, and itself will notice that somewhere “mothers“ were gone. Tell that they hatch out baby birds and only occasionally leave canes to eat. And appearance of ducklings is just wonderful event which will not leave indifferent any kid.

we Go to a zoo

If yours the baby already pays attention to a pigeon flock in the yard, and the dog running by brings it to a state of joyful revival, it is a high time to go to a zoo. For the city kid it is difficult to find the best place for acquaintance to shaggy and feathery friends. And in order that visit of a zoo became rather pleasant and useful, you should not forget about some features of children`s perception. So, 1 - 2 - summer kids cannot long keep attention. Most likely, they will be interested in those animals with whom they are already familiar according to pictures and fairy tales or whom they saw at the grandmother in the village. To our adult understanding it is absolutely inaccessible why the kid is indifferent to a huge elephant, and here chickens or pigeons in the open-air cage caused a storm of joyful emotions. And all because they it is closer and more clear. Use this feature of the child and instead of by all means bypassing all zoo, be late at open-air cages with those animals who interested the baby. Talk about them, remember rhymes, songs, fairy tales or animated films with their participation. Consider what hair at them or feathers whether there is a tail, horns, hoofs, count pads, observe their behavior. Think that they like to eat. Such attentive and thoughtful studying of several shaggy inhabitants of a zoo will bring much more advantage, than bustle from a cage to a cage.

One of the most interesting places in a zoo - the platform of young growth. Human cubs can watch very long with delight games of cubs animal. In it there is nothing surprising. They are close each other and are in that age of the joyful childhood when everything is clear without words - “we with you to one blood“.

Tell the kid everything that you know about this or that animal. And if you do not know, you will be helped out by plates on cages. Only, please, do not call all hoofed animals “goats“ and “baranchik“, and any birds simply “birdies“. Each of them has “name“ which the inquisitive kid will be able to remember without special work. Especially, if you once again see houses on this animal, but already on pages of the children`s encyclopedia. The camera or a video camera will become the good assistant. Photograph those animals who especially interested the baby. Similar pictures for it will be better than any encyclopedia. And, at last, suggest the child to draw those representatives of fauna who to him were most of all pleasant and remembered. For a start represent the animal, known for the kid, and surely ask how it is called.

Telling

to the kid about animals, birds, insects, considering a dog, a pigeon or a butterfly on the street, try to inform of very important thought the baby: each living being is valuable not because brings some benefit to the person. It samotsenno. Bring up the kind attitude towards animals in the baby - it is important bricks in the building of children`s kindness. Why the kid tears off wings to a butterfly or presses a leg a caterpillar? Yes because he yet not absolutely understands communication between an act and its consequences. It is interesting to it, what will be farther. And our task in time to tell it that without wings the butterfly simply - naprosto will die. Every time during walk pay attention of the kid to how life is fragile as easily we can do irreparable harm to the nature surrounding us. Yes, we are strong. Yes, we can do it. But strong have to be kind...