``Yellow in the middle!`` We Master game in billiards of
Calling places where it is possible to relax after daily everyday routine, women for certain will remember anything, only not billiards. Ladies often do not understand what pleasure can be derived from aim hit by a long stick on a sphere on a table. This type of leisure and sport traditionally is considered man`s occupation. Meanwhile, billiards - a remarkable opportunity for rest and slow communication during a graceful duel with the rival.with
Regardless of a type of billiards, an ultimate goal of any player - the first to hammer the greatest (or in advance established) quantity of spheres in billiard pockets, without violating the established rules. The size of spheres and billiard pockets, quantity of spheres and other details can change, but the essence of game remains former.
Where can be played?Some families are able to afford to equip with
the billiard room with a table (or tables) for game directly in the house. But it is not much happy owners of similar mansions. Therefore most often to play game - another, people go to club where there are billiard rooms. There it is possible to rent a table and a billiard cue for a certain time. Payment is made or on time (for example, in an hour of game), or for one party. The approximate cost of 1 hour of game in the Moscow clubs - from 150 to 200 rub (is on weekdays cheaper, than on the weekend). The counter which pays 1 party of game costs from 50 rubles.
we Get acquainted closer
the Main accessories of billiards is a cue, a game table and spheres. Qualitative kiisostoit from two parts which are fastened with connecting knot - a joint where one part of the main billiard tool is screwed in in another. The top, slightly pointed part of a cue is called shaft, and thicker and decorated lower is called turnyak (or “horizontal bar“). On the sharpest part of a shaft there is a leather sticker which is rubbed with chalk before each blow that the sphere did not slide and the blow turned out more exact. There are also special cues consisting of three parts when the horizontal bar has an additional joint approximately in the middle. This feature allows to shorten a cue for performance of special blows, but similar subtleties already a prerogative of experts. Usually the cue is made of a tree - as the most qualitative are considered maple, but there are cues, for example, from graphite.
Billiard table. Usually - a rectangular shape, covered with cloth, with six billiard pockets located on corners and in the center of long table edges. During game hammer spheres into billiard pockets.
Billiard balls: for a pool 1 it is 15 spheres of one diameter and a sphere - a bitok, smaller diameter - by means of a cue hammer with it into a billiard pocket an aim sphere. Also, depending on a type of billiards, spheres can be identical (white) on color and diameter or - multi-colored, and in quality the bitka is used a sphere of diameter, identical with them, but black color.
1 the Pool - the American pocket billiards. The main differences of the American and Russian billiards consist in length and width of a table, a flooring, boards, the sizes of billiard pockets and billiard balls: we have width of a billiard pocket of 72 - 76 mm, the American standard - 88,9 mm, in the Russian billiards diameter of spheres makes 70 mm, in American - 52,5 mm.
As many kinds of billiards exist, at first it is necessary to study rules of that game in which it is necessary to battle. The most popular and easiest option for beginners is a pool “Eight“.
“Eight“: rules of the game
the Purpose - to hammer spheres into a billiard pocket, as well as in any kind of billiards.
“Eight“ is a game with the order. To blow the player is obliged to declare number of a sphere and a billiard pocket into which this sphere will be hammered. If it works well, it can continue a series of the blows if is not present - the right of blow passes to the opponent who continues game from that place where the bitok (a white sphere) stopped. The player who hammered all spheres of the group and put by request a sphere No. 8 wins.Fifteen spheres are established by
in a pyramid: a sphere No. 8 in the center, from one corner continuous, from another - striped, and other spheres in any order, whenever possible, with alternation continuous and striped.spheres have to raskatitsya by
When breaking well: at least four spheres (apart from a bitka) have to concern a board or fall in billiard pockets. The sphere and a billiard pocket when breaking do not need to be ordered. The sequence of game after breaking is defined, according to the general rules of billiards.
After breaking the table is “open“, that is players have the right to play chock on any (continuous or striped) to spheres, except a sphere No. 8. The table remains “open“ until one of players does not hammer with the correct blow the ordered sphere.If the player hammered with
a continuous sphere, then it has to continue to hammer in this party only continuous spheres, and the rival - only striped. So there is a choice of “the“ group of spheres. The sphere which fell in a billiard pocket from breaking does not influence the choice of group.
At blow of each of players the bitok has to the first concern a sphere of that group (continuous or striped) which is ““ for beating. If the player hammered with the correct blow a sphere according to the order, it continues game irrespective of the fact which still spheres (““ or “others“) fell in billiard pockets (except a sphere No. 8 - he is killed separately, after all ““ spheres). If the ordered sphere is not hammered into the ordered billiard pocket irrespective of whether any other spheres fell in billiard pockets, except a sphere No. 8, the right for continuation of game is acquired by the opponent.
If the player at blow gets the first contact a bitka on one of spheres of the rival or on a black sphere (No. 8), then the foul (violation) appears, and the right of blow passes to the rival who can establish a bitok in any point of a table and strike in any direction (“game from a hand“). The foul also appears if the bitok after blow fell in a billiard pocket if the player at blow touched spheres by a hand if the sphere took off overboard, etc.
After the player hammered all spheres from the group, it can play a sphere No. 8, having ordered for it any billiard pocket. If the player who hammered all ““ spheres hammers “eight“ into the ordered billiard pocket, then he wins party if he is not present, game continues. If the sphere No. 8 is hammered when breaking a pyramid, then the party is not considered won, instead repeated breaking a pyramid is made. If “eight“ got to a billiard pocket before the player hammered all ““ spheres, or she was killed with the wrong blow (for example, the bitok was gone in a billiard pocket) that the player who made a mistake loses game.
From the theory to practice
After the beginner gains an impression about the main accessories for game in billiards and gets acquainted with rules, there comes time to gain the first practical skills. Of course, skill comes with experience, but and recognized masters once were debutants. In the beginning it is necessary to master bases of bases: as it is correct to hold a cue how to stand and under what corner to bend down to a billiard table, and also to understand what blows happen and as to put them.
Hold of a cue
the Successful fellow is called a grasp of wide part of a cue (turnyak) a shock hand. Hold a cue so: the thumb slightly presses it to the basis of index and average fingers, and free fingers (a little finger and, perhaps, anonymous) are weakened and bent by a row. They can not adjoin to a cue, but surely have to concern each other. It is not necessary to straighten and bulge them, it creates the excess tension of a brush.
as a result turns out half the clenched fist, at the same time the cue does not concern the most part of a surface of a palm, and the thumb is closed with index and average, forming a continuous ring. In this ring from above surely there has to be a visible gap between a cue and a joint of a thumb - approximately in half-centimeter.
the Successful fellow has to be at the same time dense and easy. And these requirements do not contradict each other at all. The dense successful fellow - such at which the cue does not slip is not turned, does not dangle in a hand. It is possible to check it so: to rise in a rack, to strong squeeze a cue, and then, holding it other hand, to weaken hold and to try by small effort to turn a cue in a hand. Thus it is necessary to achieve the maximum relaxation of a hand that at the same time the cue did not slide and did not dangle. The most widespread error of beginners - too strong, “dead“ successful fellow.
It is resistant (the player`s position at a billiard table)
Only, suitable for all, the correct rack does not exist. Situation at a table depends on many factors - heights of a table, growth of the player and. etc. In general the rack has to be convenient, balanced, and the cue has to move parallel to the table plane. Loading in a rack has to fall only on legs. It is not necessary to transfer the weight and to lean on the hand serving as an emphasis for a cue on a table. (If only this is not about special types of racks when the player is almost spread on game cloth.) . Second requirement to “stadnart“: when performing blows from the same position the rack has to turn out always identical, without special efforts on check of its correctness from the player.
the Bridge (an arrangement of a brush of an unaccented hand on a table)
the Most popular among beginners is the open bridge: the brush of an unaccented hand lies on a table, and fingers (average with index and anonymous with a little finger in pairs) are divorced in the parties. Then the palm needs to be raised up (height of rise depends on the size of spheres which it is necessary to play), but finger-tips at the same time from a table do not tear off. The thumb is strong pressed to the basis index, and take a tip aside. The thumb tip means, of course. The bridge is ready. For check of its durability it is necessary to press other hand to the place of a joint of big and index fingers. If the bridge did not cave in, then everything is all right.
several types of bridges Exist, but at first it is necessary to master this.
Types of blows
First that needs to learn, - to break with a cue precisely in the center a bitka. The majority of misses the beginning players do not from - for bad aimings, and from - for inabilities at “the central blow“ to hit a cue this nail. During blow it is necessary to look not at a bitok, and at an aim sphere. At the same time exact hit on a bitka has to turn out by itself. Then the natural, undistorted trajectory a bitka turns out that provides the largest accuracy of blow.
also the decentralized blows which are required for change of a natural trajectory a bitka Exist. However at such blow it is impossible to direct a cue more than to 1 - 2 cm by the center of a sphere, otherwise shaft will slide off.
the Blow is higher than the center a bitka (“setup“, “the top screw“). Having faced an aim sphere, the bitok which is started up by a setup will pass forward, is much farther in comparison with a natural trajectory at “the central blow“.Blow below the center the bitka (“delay“, “the lower screw“) leads
to opposite effect: the bitok deviates the natural trajectory back or quickly stops.
At blow should not lift up the cue handle up, on the contrary - it needs to be raised not above, than by 2 - 5 centimeters over a table board. The usual blow is carried out by almost horizontal movement of a cue. With time and experience such blows will begin to turn out by itself.we Beat with
needs to Rub a sticker with chalk before each blow. The shock hand (usually it is right) should be held rather close to the case, but not to assume that the cue concerned edges of clothes, hips. You should not bulge an elbow of the right hand aside or to press it to the case. It is important to achieve that the elbow and a brush moved easily, it is weakened, but without dangling at all. At blow the cue needs to be directed on forward - direct, horizontal or almost horizontal line. Before executing blow, it is better to make several quiet movements imitating it better to aim or more conveniently to rise.
After blow the cue has to promote into place where to blow there was a bitok. Here smoothness and uniformity of the movement play a crucial role. It is necessary to try not to pull a cue, not to stop it at once after impact with chock. It will be more correct to allow a cue to pass softly forward and to stop without additional effort. Tracing a way a bitka after blow, the player has to stand in a rack at least until the bitok does not meet an aim sphere.
game strategy Calculation
the Class of the player is defined not just by his ability to hammer a sphere, and ability to carry out so-called series of blows. That is, to roll up in billiard pockets several spheres are consecutive. For this purpose before performance of each blow it is necessary to plan following: to choose a sphere which the player intends to hammer with the following, then to define a point on a table with which it is better to make it and to carry out the first blow so that the bitok after it appeared in this most convenient point.
Of course to master all this knowledge from the first it will be difficult. But after several parties tension and disappointment from unsuccessful blows will give way to pleasure from game, and then - and pleasures of the first victory.
the General rules of the game in billiards
These rules extend to all kinds of luzny billiard games, but are applied only in case directly do not contradict special rules of concrete game.
Arrangement of spheres: before game of 15 aim spheres by means of a special triangle are established closely to each other in the form of a pyramid with top on a back mark and the basis parallel to a short board of a table.
Blow on a bitka: it is necessary to put only with a cue sticker.
Miss: if the player misses at the correct blow, that is does not hammer a sphere, its series comes to an end, and game is entered by the rival.
Initial blow (splitting): the right for it is granted by results of draw or a lot. Won the right of the first blow can make initial blow or concede it to the rival.
the Played spheres: the sphere is considered played if as a result of correctly executed blow it falls from a game surface of a table in a billiard pocket and remains there. The sphere which jumped out of a billiard pocket on a table surface is considered not played.
Contact with a floor leg: when performing blow, at least, one leg of the player has to touch a floor, otherwise the penalty is imposed - it can be the admission of the next blow.
Falling a bitka in a billiard pocket: if at blow the bitok falls in a billiard pocket, then the player is fined.
Will lock contacts of spheres: during game for a contact of any aim sphere or a bitka the body, clothes, chalk, the machine, a cue staff, etc. on the player impose a penalty. It is possible to concern a bitka only a cue sticker.
the Jumped-out spheres: these are the spheres which stopped after blow out of a game surface of a table. In all luzny billiard games the blow as a result of which the bitok or any of aim spheres jumps out overboard is fined.