Rus Articles Journal

Last, last, a charm!

How to keep freshness of a bouquet

We like to give flowers and we like to receive them even more. But often presented smart bouquet the next day looks the wrinkled, sluggish broom. And if to remember a national belief that life expectancy of a bouquet directly depends at most love giving then and before divorce nearby. However flower life depends rather at most love of a host. Florists are sure that daily work and love it is possible to prolong bouquet life if not to human standards, then for several days. What for this purpose needs to be made?

of the Person with character

the Word of honor, at flowers everything, as at people. Among them there are weaklings and aggressors, capricious children are choleric persons and indifferent phlegmatic persons.

As well as we, flowers hate some neighbors as those allocate in water a poison - substances, toxic for strangers.

So, it is impossible to place together tulips and narcissuses - tulips it is quickly faded. That to avoid it, just cut off narcissuses put in a separate vase for days. Then, having replaced water, it is possible to settle to them safely tulips or other flowers. Is among flowers and the person with difficult character, give it only a separate vase. These are carnations, roses, lilies and a bird cherry. The lily of the valley which, as the vampire, on a root ruins any podselenets adjoins them also. With pleasure the mignonette, a sweet pea, yellow primroses will turn a fresh bouquet into a mass grave.

of the Lily are accelerated by withering of daisies, poppies, cornflowers. However many flowers not only are glad to presence near similar, but even extend with it life. Tulips are favorable to a cypress: having appeared together in one vase, they remain longer and get brighter coloring. The branch of a yasmennik significantly extends life of lilies of the valley.

we Struggle with a flower stress

Scientists are sure that plants are so similar to people that can even feel the death. Therefore it is considered that one of the reasons of withering of cut flowers in a bouquet - that stress which the flower which is violently deprived by the person of the power supply and water has. Scientists established that at the cut-off plants instability of breath is observed. At first its intensity sharply decreases, and then, before final withering of a plant, becomes speeded up.

Therefore when to you these poor creatures got, the main thing - to bring them out of a stress.

If you bring to

flowers from the cold street to the warmed house, then it is necessary “to accustom“ them to temperature increase gradually, having left whenever possible at first in a cool waiting room.

Is cut off superfluous

As soon as the bouquet was brought home, it should be processed. To exempt the poor thing from a twine, threads, packings and to remove all lower leaves which will get to water long stay of plant material in the damp environment leads to rotting of water and reproduction of bacteria. It is necessary to update cuts on stalks. The different address is demanded by the flowers having a firm and soft stalk. At the first it is split on 3 - 4 cm and put in rasshchep a match piece. It strengthens moisture absorption. At the second - the stalk is cut obliquely with a sharp knife. At chrysanthemums the stalk is just broken off, at carnations the cut is done over knot (the stalks which are cut off on knot or under knot absorb water worse). Cutting of a stalk is carried out surely under water (in a bowl, a pan or a bucket) that vials of air did not get into the vessels which are carrying out moisture and did not cork them. Tools have to be pure and sharp, and water in most cases - warm, only chrysanthemums and buvardiya demand cold for this procedure.

of Special approach before putting the handsome in a vase, flowers with a hollow stalk demand, for example; dahlias or lupines. That these flowers stood in water longer, in a stalk the syringe inject water, and stop up an opening with a wadded tamponchik.

the Ends of stalks of a foxglove, hellebore and poinsettia should be shipped for 30 seconds in boiled water, then to put in usual water.

the Ends of stalks of lilies immerse

in hot water for 2 minutes.

the Ends of stalks of poppy, an euphorbia and other plants after a new cut under water, it is necessary to lower for several seconds in boiled water as in cold water the emitted lacteal juice corks the carrying-out stalk vessels. At the same time it is necessary to hold them obliquely that steam did not get on flowers. As an alternative it is possible to calcinate stalks of these plants over a flame of a lighter, a match or a candle (before browning of a stalk).

the Lower whitish part of a stalk at bulbous plants (tulips, hyacinths, narcissuses) is deleted as it badly soaks up water.

Svezhesrezanny narcissuses, Amaryllises and kliviya will stop emitting to

juice if to ship their stalks in the water heated to 50 °C.

Stalks of dahlias, gerberas, daisies, a heliotrope, a hydrangea, a mignonette, a tsiniya, a hollyhock, an eshsholtion quickly burn

on fire and only then put in water.


Before putting a lilac in a vase, slantwise cut a branch, in the lower part of a stalk make a cut and remove bark, then split a stalk bottom on two - three parts or shatter it the hammer (2,5 cm) that will increase an absorption surface.

to prevent fast falling off of petals at peonies, them it is necessary to place for days in the dry cool place.

the Stalk of the tulip which is just put in water seeks to be bent by

. If you do not want that flowers stood in a vase, having curved as hedgehogs of anti-tank defense, take them several hours in water with the recorded stalks. Fixing can be made by means of paper, having densely wound with it stalks.

gerbera Stalks, as well as a tulip, are subject to a flexure. Them it is possible too, having well recorded paper, to take in water for symmetry of a figure, and it is useful to rub a cut with salt.

the Orchid simbidium usually is on sale in the form of the branch placed in a test tube with special solution. Florists noticed that the separate flowers of an orchid put in usual water stand longer...


At a rose first of all cut off from a stalk thorns, and also all excess leaves. Before putting them in a vase, slantwise cut a stalk, then split its bottom on two - three parts or shatter the hammer (2,5 cm).

we Choose by

a vase

the Bouquet we processed, now we will choose for him a vase. It is very important that the vessel for flowers was the purest.

Experts advise

previously to wash up a vase weak solution of potassium permanganate. That water did not rot, it is recommended to use vases of dark glass.

to flowers pump Water boiled, otstoyanny or rain.


that all stalks were shipped in water, in a combined bukets greens can be shorter than primary colors. Water level in a vase also exerts important impact on life expectancy of flowers.

, for example, it is necessary to put

of the Freesia, irises and gerberas for prevention of formation of decay in water superficially: filling height - 5 cm

For chrysanthemums, roses, irises and tulips - 10 cm, and for carnations and narcissuses - 10 - 15 cm of Skabioza demand to pour water to themselves in a vase to the edges. Dahlias, delphiniums, phloxes agree with them - they will long live if them to ship stalks deeply in water.

the New dolce vita

to Pour water in a vase and to forget right there about flowers - just criminal negligence. They will wither at once, and the place it will be not in a vase, and in a garbage can. That your flowers did not die ahead of time, it is necessary to take care of their food.

Life of the majority of flowers, as a rule, can be prolonged by means of special means of industrial production. It is “Krizal“, “Biot Flower - layf“, “Flora“, “Bud“, “the Bud - 2“ and other additives which are on sale in flower shops in the form of powder or is dissolved. Not to burn stalks of plants, powder is recommended to dissolve completely previously in a small amount of water.

All these means by means of anti-septic tanks prevent rotting of water in a vase and at the same time by means of sugar feed fabrics of plants. But if the bouquet with success can be replaced with usual house means.


of the Sweet tooth and the drunkard

to rescue plants, first of all it is necessary to sweeten life to a bouquet, having added sugar to a vase: 1 tablespoon of sugar on 1 liter of water. Such structure considerably increases blossoming of a lilac, a freesia, carnations, roses, tulips, a sweet pea, asters.

Keep in mind

that the flowers which are cut off in buds demand more sugar, than completely revealed. But, as bacteria in nutritious solution will begin to breed even quicker, it is necessary to put in it still antiseptics. For protection against bacteria it is possible to add charcoal pieces, a silver coin (a spoon or a ringlet) to water as it was done in old times, or to fill in water a microdose of laundry detergent (on a knife tip). Some advise slightly to add some salt to water at the rate of 1 teaspoon of table salt on 1 liter of water. Good antiseptics - potassium permanganate (0,003 grams or several kristallik on 1 liter of water), aspirin (0,001 grams or 1 tablet on 1 liter of water), boric acid (0,1 grams on 1 liter of water). Aspirin affects dahlias, roses and chrysanthemums better. Narcissuses and tulips well react to addition in potassium permanganate water. All these tricks help to keep water of fresh longer.

Sugar and antiseptics was put, but it appears, there is more to come! For increase of life expectancy of cut flowers essential value has acidity of nutritious solution. Regulate it by means of diluted boric, lemon, ascorbic and other acids.


to the Carnation needs water with addition of boric acid (0,1 grams on 1 liter of water); to a lilac and roses - lemon acid (2 - 3 grams and several kristallik on 1 liter of water respectively); to a lion`s pharynx, gillyflowers, a delphinium - vinegar addition (1 tablespoon of vinegar on 1 liter of water).

for camellias, hydrangeas and gardenias add a salt pinch To water.

However in love to sugar not all flowers are unanimous

. Do not take out sugar cyclamens, lilies of the valley, Amaryllises and a clematis. Do not exhaust incidentally!

Some more flower preferences.

Irises and tulips love cold. Several cubes of ice thrown into a vase will give them a tone. Dahlias will be not against if you drip in water for them 3 - 4 drops of vinegar. Gladioluses will be grateful to you for water to which table salt (at the rate of 1 teaspoon on 1 liter of water) or several drops of liquid ammonia is added.

Among flowers also “bitter drunkards“ are. For example, aster. The Skromnyaga feels much better... in spirit solution. Only its concentration has to be moderate: one teaspoon of alcohol, on 1 liter of water. The orchid too not against to breathe in alcoholic couples. Do not regret several drops of alcohol, and as gratitude you can enjoy its vigorous look not one day.

of the Rule of flower hygiene

For the majority of flowers needs to change water daily, to wash out stalks flowing water, to update under water a cut on 2 cm. Every day the vase is washed with warm soap solution, and then rinsed with weak solution of potassium permanganate. For night of a head of flowers densely turn in paper and immerse a bouquet in a bucket with water. In the morning flowers will be fresh and beautiful and they can be put in a vase again. Orchids will remain much longer if every evening for a while to immerse them in cold water heads down.

of the Plant, several flowers having on a stalk, will live more if you delete dried up. Thanks to it buds completely reveal.

a bouquet is sprayed From time to time from above and from sides from a thin spray. Water should not be directed on petals of flowers, drops can damage them. Freesias, lilies of the valley, narcissuses, carnations, roses spray several times a day. But not all flowers love it. Orchids, violets, a sweet pea can have spots from water or be curtailed petals.

If flowers in a podvyala bouquet, them it is possible to recover: to remove excess leaves, to update a cut under water, to sprinkle cold water, to wrap heads in damp paper and all bouquet for 2 hours to ship in a bucket with warm water.

of the Rose and other flowers with a dense stalk well respond on other way of “revival“. Flowers cover with a paper package and immerse the ends of stalks for 1 - 2 minutes in boiled water on depth of 2,5 cm. Then flowers cut (as usual, under water) and place in a vase with water of room temperature with alcohol addition (1 teaspoon of alcohol on 1 liter of water).

the Freshness of the hung lilac or chrysanthemum will be restored by

if to lower the ends of stalks in the boiling water for 2 - 3 minutes and 30 - 40 seconds respectively.

the Cut-off tulips quickly enough fade, however if to lower their stalks in hot water, they “will quickly recover“. Previously it is only necessary to update cuts on stalks. Leave tulips in water for so many time how many it is required for a complete recovery of a flower.

Recipes of “water of life“
For roses: on 1 liter boiled cooled warm (30 - 40 °C) waters - 1 tablespoon of sugar + 1 tablet of aspirin (either 0,003 grams of potassium permanganate, or 1 tablespoon of vinegar, or several kristallik of lemon acid).
For carnations: on 1 liter of water - 1,5 tablespoons of sugar + a tablet of absorbent carbon + 0,1 grams of boric acid (or 1 tablespoon of vinegar).
Apples to exclude


the Vase with the flowers experts recommend to put

intelligently, levity in this question can cost life to your bouquet.

For flowers the most suitable. The neighbourhood of fireplaces, TVs and computers is also contraindicated to them, that is why the top surface of the TV - the unsuccessful place. The more cool in the room, the longer the bouquet will be fresh. Cut flowers, besides, do not transfer direct sunshine. Besides they quickly perish from sharp temperature drops and drafts. Aging and fast withering of flowers are promoted by the ethylene which is emitted with mature fruits of fruit. If near a bouquet to put a vase with apples or to include a branch with fruits in a bouquet, for example, of a sea-buckthorn, it will hang very quickly. Faded petals emit too ethylene therefore all grown old flowers and leaves delete from a bouquet. Especially sharply react to ethylene of a rose, a carnation and a lion`s pharynx.

Alas, the century of a bouquet is short


How many flowers after all these works will please us? Chrysanthemums are capable to decorate your house 10 days if are in usual water, and 20 days if are in water solution of sugar. The gladioluses which are cut off in semi-dissolution, irises, tulips, lilies, day lilies, hand bells, peonies remain in water till 10 days. Flowers of an akonit, gaylyardiya, akvilegiya stand in water of 7 - 8 days.

Dahlias, delphiniums, phloxes, roses - 5 - 6 days. Gipsofila, gesperis (wild orchid), a camomile, solidago, the coneflower, a carnation Turkish keep till 14 - 15 days. A lupine, poppies, narcissuses - 2 - 4 days.

of the Aster, the lion`s pharynx, nails, barkhatets, gillyflowers remain to two - three weeks. A sweet pea, a mignonette, tsiniya - 8 - 9 days.

If stalks of a lilac are previously processed by

, flowers stand in water about two weeks. Skabioza also keep freshness about two weeks.

of the Lily - till 10 days. The Hippeastrum can stay in a vase week or more, gradually dismissing buds.

What can be finer, more perfect than a flower and what can be more sad than its withering? Alas to stop flight of time not in our forces, and still... Let`s try though a little to prolong life to cut flowers.

If, of course, this article does not force you to pass

resolutely from bouquets to less whimsical florets in pots.

As it is correct to p to choose flowers?
Firmness of cut flowers depends on quantity of the leaves left on a stalk and a phase of development of a flower by the time of cut. At tulips of leaves has to be two, at peonies and gladioluses - two, three, at roses - not less than two.
In what stageand developments there has to be a plant:
  • of the Aster autumn, an azalea Almost all flowers are opened by
  • branchy
    About a half of flowers is opened by
  • of the Tack (on each stalk several flowers are opened) buds hard and full.
  • the Lily
    Some flowers are opened by
  • , buds are painted, flowers without the yellow pollen showered on petals leaves did not fade also without brown spots.
  • the Narcissus terry
    Flowers are completely opened by
  • .
  • of the Tack Dutch
    the Cup at the basis of petals has green color, leaves fresh and green, stalks rather long, on the lower part of a stalk leaves are not torn off, the flower is opened.
  • the Narcissus single

    Buds are painted by
  • , not opened are slightly inclined to stalks yet.
  • the Orchid
    Flowers are completely opened by
  • . Leaves are not faded, green color.
  • the Dahlia
    the Most part of colors is disclosed by
  • core of greenish color, there is no pollen
  • the Peony
    Buds in inflorescences begin to reveal.
  • the Gerbera

    Flowers are opened by
  • , cores yellowish, there is no pollen.
  • the Rose
    the Head at a flower full, the first greenish petals are not torn off, on a stalk top, under a head, there are no marks, poluraskryta buds, are painted, on a stalk several fresh are dark - the green leaves which are strong keeping on a stalk.
  • the Lilac

    the Most part of buds in a brush is not opened by
  • .
  • of Gipsofil
    Stalks strong, green are also not covered with slime on the ends, stalks are not confused and not broken, almost all flowers are opened, inflorescences did not dry up. Though the gipsofila is used as sukhotsvt, it is bought fresh.
  • the Gladiolus

    Some flowers are opened by
  • , buds are painted, leaves did not fade also without brown spots.
  • the Tulip
    Buds are painted by
  • , leaves not sluggish
  • the Iris
    Some flowers are opened by
  • , buds are painted, leaves did not fade also without brown spots.
  • the Chrysanthemum terry
    flowers are opened by
  • cores hard, dense and not twirled, leaves are not torn off from stalks,
  • the Lily of the valley
    Almost all flowers are opened by
  • , stalks elastic. Leaves and stalks darkly - green color rigid also do not fall down the lower petals.