Rus Articles Journal

Bearing good and bad

of the Problem of violation of a bearing are actual practically for all children today, and especially for school students. That this problem did not concern your child, it would be desirable to pay attention of parents to the most important points of formation of a bearing. We hope that the offered material will help to see a doctor in time. We will consider highlights of formation of a correct posture and a consequence of its violations at children of different age.

Parents often do not pay attention to the child`s bearing - the kid of anything does not complain. Or rather, he can complain of anything: headaches, increased fatigue, bad memory. But very few people know that all these violations are caused by a condition of a backbone.

the Backbone is a most difficult design. Vertebras make its basis, intervertebral cartilages, joints of vertebral shoots and the copular device fasten vertebras among themselves, muscles provide stability and mobility of a backbone.

the Backbone is:

At the same time the backbone is:

All these functions are interconnected by

: the backbone has to be mobile as far as it is possible, is steady as far as it is necessary, and is rather strong to sustain static and dynamic loadings. And the backbone is exposed to loadings constantly because participates literally in each movement: both when walking and at any movement of the head or extremities the central axis of a body is affected by dynamic loadings. Besides, the backbone experiences almost constantly static strain. Telana should support a certain provision not only standing, but also sitting or during the work in an inclination.

flexibility, and rigidity of a backbone are provided to

I with his joints and the copular device. Forward and back longitudinal ligaments, ligaments of intervertebral joints and articulate bags have to be and rather elastic to provide the necessary volume of movements of a backbone, and rather strong not to allow damages at the movements with a big amplitude. Even insignificant injuries of ligaments at injuries, the sharp movements, excessive loadings gradually lead over time to restriction of mobility of a backbone.

of the Movement in a backbone as in difficult system of hinges, happen to participation of “bearings“ - intervertebral disks and cartilages of the joints formed by shoots of the next vertebras. On cartilaginous “bearings“ both the edges attached to a backbone, and clavicles, and the head move.

the Backbone works with

and as system of shock-absorbers which extinguish vertical loadings. The blows directed on a vertical axis of a body arise at each step or a jump. Without reliable springs all body, including a brain, would get constant concussions. Spring function is carried out at the expense of elastic intervertebral cartilages and existence of physiological (natural) bends of a backbone - lordoz and kifoz. Lordoz is called the backbone bend turned by camber forward, and kifozy - camber back. The wavy shape of a backbone helps to amortize vertical loadings.

of the Muscle, surrounding a backbone, two of its opposite functions - mobility and stability provide. Mobility in each intervertebral joint is separately small, but a backbone in general - rather flexible system. Coordination of a muscle work provides the harmonious movements of a backbone.

the Major role in preservation of a vertical pose is played by the back muscles straightening a backbone, and podvzdoshno - lumbar muscles. Peculiar hydraulic support - pressure in chest and belly cavities also are very important for stability of a backbone. Muscles of an abdominal tension have not smaller value for deduction of a bearing and protection of vertebras against shifts and injuries, than back muscles. Muscular draft forms backbone bends, stimulates its normal development. Well developed muscular corset is capable to protect a backbone from the injuring loadings.

of Violation of a muscular tone occur at any malfunctions in a backbone. Weakness of a muscular corset, uneven tone of muscles are inevitably connected with strengthening or flattening of physiological bends of a backbone or its lateral curvature. All this leads to increase of load of intervertebral disks.

does not have

Between “just“ violations of a bearing and diseases of a backbone a clear boundary. A typical example of such transition state - instability of a backbone . Weak muscles and sheaves are not able to hold vertebras at the movements, the sluggish bearing leads to an elevated pressure on intervertebral disks, and at the same time juvenile osteochondrosis which differs from “usual“ only in age of patients develops.

Definition “usual“, however, could and be not put

in quotes, and to use in the most literal sense Because, according to medical statistics, from 40 to 80% of all inhabitants of the globe have osteochondrosis. Approximately every third person is more senior than ZO of years complains of the back pains or a headache connected with osteochondrosis.

Thus, two most widespread misfortunes connected with a backbone - violations of a bearing and osteochondrosis is links of one chain. And as there is no such disease of a backbone which would not influence all other bodies and systems of an organism, it is possible to tell that a spine column - it is valid “a health column“.

What is a bearing and what the good bearing differs from bad in?

it is difficult for h2 to Give the short formulation to a bearing. The most widespread and simple definition sounds so:“ Habitual pose of easy standing person which he accepts without excessive muscular tension“. In broader understanding the bearing is and position of a body in various static poses, and features of a muscle work when walking and when performing various movements. But to define what bearing at the person, during dance, work and just walking it is too difficult therefore at an assessment of a bearing and diagnostics of its violations use characteristics of a pose standing. The bearing depends first of all on a shape of a backbone.

of Violation of a bearing in itself are not an illness, but they create conditions for a disease not only a backbone, but also internals. The malposture is either extension of an illness, or a condition of a preillness. The main danger of violations of a bearing consists that at the same time nothing hurts until degenerate changes in intervertebral disks begin (osteochondrosis).

Even such serious illness as scoliosis, proceeds without pain for the time being.

the Malposture reduces margin of safety of an organism: heart fights in a close thorax, the hollow breast and shoulders turned forward do not allow to finish a lung, and the protruding stomach violates the normal provision of abdominal organs. Reduction of physiological bends of a backbone (a flat back), especially in combination with flat-footedness, leads to constant microinjuries of a brain and increased fatigue, headaches, violations of memory and attention.

Most often the malposture is combined by

with bad development of muscles and the lowered general tone of an organism, with broken from - for the wrong position of the head blood supply of a brain, weak sight. Here it is difficult to divide causes and effects. Short-sightedness can develop from a habit to stoop - and vice versa, the poor eyesight becomes frequent the malposture reason. The habit to stoop can provoke the beginning of scoliosis or a youthful kifoz, especially in the presence of metabolic disorders in connecting fabric, or exchange violations can cause a degeneration of intervertebral disks and bodies of vertebras in the beginning, and the violations of a bearing caused by it easily accept irreversible character.

Typically “children`s“ diseases of a backbone - youthful kifoz and scoliosis - are considered system (that is the general) as diseases which often are followed by metabolic disorders. This is true, but in very many cases these diseases it is possible if not to warn then not to allow them to progress.

all parts of a body are symmetrized by

At a correct posture concerning a backbone, there are no turns of a basin and vertebras in the horizontal plane and bends of a backbone or a slanting arrangement of a basin - in frontal, awned shoots of vertebras are located on the average line of a back. The projection of the center of gravity of a body at a good bearing is in limits of the area of the support formed by feet, approximately on the line connecting forward edges of anklebones.

of the Proportion of a body change with age: the relative size of the head decreases, extremities - increases etc. Therefore steady vertical position of a body during various age periods is reached due to different interposition of parts of a body and different efforts of the muscles supporting a trunk. The correct posture at the preschool child, the school student, and also at the young man and the girl during puberty differs.

the Normal bearing of the preschool child


the Thorax is symmetric to

, shoulders do not act kpered, shovels slightly act back, the stomach is given forward, legs are straightened, it is planned lumbar lordoz. Awned shoots of vertebras are located on the average line of a back.

the Normal bearing of the school student

Shoulders are located

horizontally, shovels are pressed to a back (do not act). Physiological bends of a backbone are expressed moderately. Protrusion of a stomach decreases, but the forward surface of a belly wall is located kpered from a thorax. The right and left half of a trunk at survey in front are also behind symmetric.

the Normal bearing of the young man and girl

Awned shoots are located

on the average line, legs are straightened, nadplechya are lowered and are at one level. Shovels are pressed to a back. The thorax is symmetric, mammary glands at girls and nipples at young men are symmetric and are at one level. Waist triangles (gleams between hands and a trunk) are well noticeable and symmetric. A flat stomach, will involve in relation to a thorax. Physiological bends of a backbone are well expressed, at girls will emphasize lumbar lordoz, at young men - chest kifoz.

are weakened by

At violations of a bearing of a muscle of a trunk therefore the child can accept a correct posture only for a while. At the healthy, harmoniously developed people the youthful bearing remains to extreme old age.

the Elementary test for correctness of a bearing - to rise a back to a wall without plinth. The nape of a shovel, a buttock, gastrocnemius muscles and heels have to touch a wall. Distance between a wall and a body around cervical and lumbar lordoz - about 2 - 3 fingers.

Small asymmetry of a body is at everyone, but if violations of a bearing are considerably expressed and the more so if they progress, it is time to go to the doctor. And it is even better not to correct a bearing, and to make efforts for its correct formation.