Rus Articles Journal

We go on Ryazan!

of the Pearl along Novoryazanskoye Highway

the Main historical and architectural monuments of the Ryazan direction were based by

during the periods, severe for Russia, and served as outposts for protection against the enemy. As an important strategic point Kolomna (110 km from Moscow) was included in system of defense of the southern borders of the Moscow principality that caused a construction in 1525 - 1531 of the stone Kremlin.

the Kremlin in Kolomna constructed on a sample Moscow almost did not concede

to it either the size, or beauty, or fighting qualities. The Kolomna citadel long time was not only unapproachable, but also one of the most beautiful in Moskovia.

Zaraysk (164 km from Moscow, on border with Ryazan) - one of the most ancient cities of Moscow area. The first annalistic mention of it belongs to 1146. In the territory of the area openly 115 archaeological monuments covering all eras from the Stone Age before the late Middle Ages. The Zaraysky verkhnepaleolitichesky parking reflecting character and cultural development of the population of East European Plain in an interval of time from 22 to 17 thousand years ago is most known in the world. It is a historical and cultural monument of federal importance. In Zaraysk there is the only completely remained Kremlin in the Moscow region constructed in the 16th century.

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One of pearls of history and architecture of the Ryazan direction - Nicolo - the Ugreshsky monastery which is in 7 km of Dzerzhinsk (2 km from MKAD). Historical chronicles demonstrate that in 1380 on the way to Kulikovo field the army of the Grand duke Dmitry Ivanovich stopped for rest. Exactly here the icon of the Prelate and Wonder-worker Nikolay was to the blessed prince Dmitry, this all ugresha his heart“ strengthened the prince belief and hope and “. Coming back from the Battle of Kulikovo, the prince enjoined to erect the temple and inochesky monastery for the sake of the Prelate Nikolay here. In war of 1812 the monastery was occupied by French. In time russko - the Turkish war of 1877 the Ugreshsky monastery of the first opened “vrachebnitsa“ in the walls. From the middle of the 19th century for 50 years the monastery built up. During this period the grandiose Transfiguration Cathedral built by the architect A. S was created. Kaminsky in 1880 - 1894. After revolution by the only operating temple of the monastery there is Church of Saints Peter and Paul. Only at the end of 1990 in monastery the first monks appeared. In 1998 at the monastery the Spiritual school transformed in 1999 to Nicolo - Ugreshsky seminary is opened. The huge volume of construction and restoration works is executed. Many temples and buildings of the monastery among which there are an Uspensky temple and a chapel on the place of the phenomenon of an icon of the Prelate Nikolay, the skitsky Peter and Paul temple and brotherly cases, churches are restored.

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of Lytkarino (12 km to the South from Lyubertsy). These places are well-known for the mansion of the princess M. A. Chernysheva constructed in 1860 and which is a sample of late Russian classicism. The mansion is put on the state protection as a monument of local value. Chernyshev` family owned these lands since 1825. The founder of a sort A. Chernyshev was the brilliant military who passed all war of 1812, made a meteoric career, having received titles of count, the lightest prince, the general - the aide-de-camp had a rank, it was awarded by the highest awards. The building was transferred to the Soviet period at first under kindergarten, and then under Lytkarinsky museum of local lore.

In 3 km to Hugo - the West from Lytkarino the former palace village the Island (the country residence of tsars in the XVI-XVII centuries) was with white stone Church of the Transfiguration.

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History of Bronnitsy (52 km from Moscow) begins

since 1451 with a village Bronnichi mention. In the 17th century there was an imperial economic estate with large horse-breeding center here. Economic development was directed to service of the trade highway Moscow - Kolomna.

Cathedral of the Archangel Michael (1696 - 1705) Is known to

where Decembrists M. A. Fonvizin and I. I. Pushchin, and also the Jerusalem church (the head of 1840 - x years), the building of barracks of a horse regiment are buried (the first half of XIX in). At the beginning of the 19th century the grandson of the poet A. Pushkin A. A. Pushkin who was a long time the chairman of a territorial justice took great interest in a development of the city.

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the Settlement of Kraskovo (12 km from Moscow) located in the picturesque coniferous wood arose at the end of the 19th century. After emergence of the railroad it became one of the most popular country places. From Moscow to Ramenskoye everything was built up with houses of successful capital citizens. Among huge coniferous trees walked also the Moscow journalist V. A. Gilyarovsky here, and then still the young writer A. I. Kuprin. Artists Korovina`s brothers immortalized not one ten local amazing types in the landscapes. The ancient estate “Kraskovo - Bogorodskoye“ located on the abrupt river bank of Pekhorki is considered the most beautiful place of the settlement of Kraskovo. There was it in the 18th century on lands of princes Trubetskoy. After revolution the manor strongly suffered. Up to now the main house with church, office wings, the economic yard and a fencing from the raw stone reached. Other historical sight of Kraskov - the empire brick Vladimirskaya Church constructed in 1831 - 1832 on the project of the architect T. M. Shestakov.