Rus Articles Journal

Not to carry corn

with What to feed a house animal - a special forage or natural food - a question for millions of Russians not idle. And that, and other way has pluses and minuses. The loving owner needs only to understand subtleties dog - cat`s digestion and to learn to read labels of products between lines.

For the first time ready forages for animals were available for sale slightly less than hundred years, but for this term they managed to gain huge distribution, and even in Russia where long time was considered that the best forage for a pet, than scraps from a table of owners, is still thought up by science.

Today in shops are on sale dog food and the cats differing on age, the sizes, breeds, weight, a way of life and even habits. In total, according to producers, on the basis of scientific researches and experiments, with application of hi-tech productions.

In Russia only several tens brands of ready-made feeds are on sale. In Europe and the USA their choice it is incomparable more richly: more than 150 names. For this reason in the west of about 90% of owners of pets regularly buy ready forages.

this figure is significantly more modest than

In Russia: according to the experts, forages constantly buy only 15% from 10 million Russian “aelurophiles“ and 7 million “dog lovers“. However, considering that ready forages appeared in our country only at the beginning of 1990 - x years, the result can be considered quite good. And the percent of the citizens choosing “industrial“ forages for the pets will only increase further. The companies - producers spend many forces and money to convince the Russian owners of advantage and advantages of ready-made feeds.

It is curious, by the way, that in the USA and Europe there was a fashion on natural food for animals recently. According to “a natural diet“, in it crude meat of different types has to occupy 70 - 80%, and other 20 - 30% - to fall on vegetables and fruit.

of the Consensus that it is better - ready-made industrial feeds or “naturalka“, at experts still is not present. Adherents of forages reason the choice with balance of structure, scientifically verified and individual approach to needs of an animal (medical forages for animals - allergic persons, yazvennik, fat men etc.), saving of time and convenience of application.“ Heteros“ parry that if the forages which are not overflowed with chemistry and additives, animals - allergic persons would not be at all and that on a natural forage live longer, and balanced for each animal ready-made feeds it is impossible to pick up all the same: two identical you will not meet.

Anyway the choice of the menu for an animal remains to

for his owner. The main thing - to remember a number of subtleties.

As selected meat, cereals and vegetables - fruit turn in appetizing dog - cat`s food, for many remains a riddle. To answer this question, the correspondent of IP Ksenia Tatarnikova went to Dmitrov situated near Moscow to Ruskan plant. Exactly there dry and can feeds under the name of Royal Canin belonging to the French division of the Mars company are made.
How to read a label
to Find out, is how good an industrial forage with which you feed the dog or a cat, not so difficult. For this purpose rather attentively to read data on structure which the producer specifies on packing.
Ingredients are listed on decreasing: from the most valuable - to least. The more data on a stern it is brought, the better.
the Cornerstone of food of cats and dogs - squirrels (protein). It has to be on the first place in the list of ingredients. The best sources of protein for pets: chicken, beef, veal and game, eggs, cottage cheese, and also internals (heart and liver). The conscientious producer in detail lists various sources of protein on the packing. Unfair - gets off with indistinct formulations it seems “offal“, “products of processing of a bird“, “meat“, etc. Though an offal is allowed for use in sterns for animals, however mostly it is low (poor in amino acids) the supplier of protein (bones, skin, sinews, guts, feathers, wool and so forth) .
the Following item in the list usually go grain. Wheat, rice and corn - three most widespread and optimum sources of carbohydrates in sterns. It is necessary to try to avoid a forage with the high content of cheap products of processing of whole grain: wheat, corn, rice, soy flour and cellulose. They give feeling of saturation, but do not deliver in an organism of valuable substances.
That a forage was not pro-rancid on taste remained better, add preservatives and dyes to it. And useful vitamins E (tocopherol) and With (ascorbic acid), and also extracts and oils of herbs (flax seeds, a sage, a yucca, a lucerne, an amaranth) are natural.
substances Very hazardous to health of animals: VNA (butiloksianizol), VNT (butyloxytoluene), E310 (the galatian spent on drink), is sawn through glycol and etoksikin. There are numerous data that they provoke an allergy, the wrong growth, damages of nervous system and a liver, a tumor. The law does not forbid to use these substances in sterns, than and unfair producers use, adding them as inexpensive preservatives and converters. In a stern also there should not be sweeteners - sugar, caramel.
surely have to be present At the long list of vital minerals and vitamins taurine (the amino acid preventing a blindness at cats), biotin, calcium, chlorine, is well-cared, cobalt, folic acid, an iron oxide, a copper oxide, selenium and potassium.

of the Small pillow with a secret

the Main reference point upon purchase of ready-made feeds is the price and a name of the producer. All forages subdivide depending on the price of two groups: the house-keeper - a class (20 - 40 rub for packing of a forage weighing 250 - 300 g) and a premium (or a superpremium) - from 100 - 120 rub for packing of the same weight. There is no middle class, strangely enough. At the same time nothing prevents the producer to write “superpremium“ or “superluxury“ on packing of a cheap forage: legislative rules in this respect do not exist. Therefore it is important to consider not only the price, but also reputation of a brand. The house-keeper - a class Darling and Friskies from the Nestle Purina PetCare company, and also Pedigree, Chappi, Whiskas, Kitekat from the Mars company belong to famous brands, for example. A premium Eukanuba, Iams (from Procter & Gamble), Hill`s (from Colgate - Palmolive), Royal Canin (from Mars), Pro Plan (from Nestle Purina PetCare) and Nutro belong to a zone.

“Expensive foreign forage is the best of all to buy

as much as possible, - Anastasia Potapenko, the dietitian of Veterinary clinic of “Biokontrol“ at RONTs Russian Academy of Medical Science of N. N. Blochin advises. - The above its price, the it is more qualitative also sbalansirovanny“. In expensive sterns more valuable and various sources of raw materials are used, it is less than harmful impurity. At their production the sparing processing allowing to keep vitamins is applied (how to read a label on packing see the reference).


between a dry and tinned feed, it is better to give preference to a forage in banks - there percent of maintenance of meat more. You should not abuse fish cat`s canned food. Not so nutritious fish protein as meat, besides inexpensive low-calorie grades of fish and an offal are often used.

the Objective indicator of quality of a forage - the standard daily rate recommended by the producer on packing. The it is more, the forage is worse. It is possible to check quality of a forage, having glanced in a toilet tray of an animal. The more at an animal the volume of products of allocation in relation to quantity eaten, the is lower quality of a forage.

If you do not want to find

in a bowl in the favourite of sterns with a mold or, it is worse than that, glass splinters, you should not buy a forage vrazves. In - the first, chances to encounter a fake are big: you never know filled in this open package of familiar brand? In - the second, upon such purchase storage conditions are violated.“ In the West under the law it is forbidden to trade in sterns vrazves. At us such practice is allowed, but we do not welcome it, - the commercial director of Royal Canin plant in Russia Sergey Malyshev says. - It is necessary to buy a forage in the closed package, and to store - in special tight plastic containers which are on sale in pet-shops. In the open air the forage loses the organoleptic properties (taste and a smell) and quality“.

a law Letter
the Main document regulating branch of ready-made feeds for pets is issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Veterinarno - sanitary standards and requirements to quality of forages for unproductive animals“ (No. 13 - is called “7 - 2/1010 of July 15, 1997). In it experience of both the Russian, and foreign veterinary experts and the organizations is considered. All forages which are officially sold in Russia have to meet the standards specified in this document. According to this document, forages for unproductive animals on the content in them of water and a method of preservation are subdivided on dry (5 - 12% of water), semi-damp (15 - 20% of water), preserved (72 - 85% of water) and frozen (60 - 70% of water). On the content of nutrients of a forage divide on polnoratsionny, including dietary, medical and the “delicacies“ used as additional food. Polnoratsionnymi is called by such forages which use completely satisfies physiological needs of animals. Medical forages have to be applied only to destination the veterinarian.“ The delicacy“ is not intended for use as the only product in a diet.

Classification of types

At the choice of a forage needs to consider specific features of the pet also. To offer not purebred cat of sterns for Siamese (or adult - “small pillows“ for kittens) only because to you the picture on packing attracted, it is impossible at all: it damages health of an animal. Many producers, creating a forage, consider breed, age, weight and even a way of life of the pet. Let`s tell, cat food, living in city apartments, contains less calories, than intended for their active “country“ fellows.

Sure signs of the fact that the forage does not suit an animal and food should be changed urgently: vomiting, reddenings of ears, a bad smell from a mouth, an itch, allocations from eyes and a nose, plentiful dandruff. These signals cannot be ignored.

the Ambiguous question - whether can combine an industrial forage with natural food. The veterinarian Anastasia Potapenko categorically does not advise it to do as the good forage already contains all substances useful to an animal.

“If to mix something else with food, to give between meals vegetables - fruit, the surplus of vitamins can arise, and it is harmful“, - madam Potapenko claims.

Other veterinarians the mixed diet approve

. Advise to mix a dry feed with cottage cheese, broth, from time to time to allow the pet to crackle cabbage, apple or carrot - depending on breed and specific features.

In nature

At supporters of natural food the truth. In their opinion, to feed a poor animal with an industrial forage all the same that all life to burst instant noodles, let and with vitamins, or to eat fast - foot.

“A basis of any forages for animals are waste of the food industry. How waste can be better than some meat which you personally bought the pet in the market? - Elena Dubrovina, the candidate of veterinary sciences, the veterinarian, the author of books “Diseases and Treatment of Dogs“, “Diseases and Treatment of Cats“ notices. - I not against industrial forages on the way, on a visit, for week or month at big employment. But dry feeds are tinned forages, and preservatives not in the best way influence microflora zheludochno - an intestinal path and its fermental structure“.

at the same time to feed an animal with natural products does not mean at all to feed him with the remains from a table. Cats and dogs - carnivores, the proteinaceous food has to make a basis of their food. Best of all various vidymyasa (chicken, beef, turkey) and internals (liver, heart, stomach). Also fish, eggs, sometimes cottage cheese are good (generally to puppies and young dogs). It is necessary to include vegetables and grain in a diet.

For a cat of the average sizes norm it is considered p 150 - 300 in day, for dogs, depending on weight, this indicator varies from 200 to 500 g a day.

Should be remembered: at “natural feeding“ you should adapt to taste of an animal. It is not so easy to find “that dish“, but also, daily purchase to an animal of natural delicacies sometimes becomes a serious problem for the family budget.


If you are not frightened by these difficulties, and you want to be absolutely sure of quality of what gets to a bowl of your favourite, “naturalka“ - a right choice. But if there is no time for careful study of “menu“ of an animal, it is better to give it industrially prepared forage: it will be so more useful.