Rus Articles Journal

The live abc-book of

Posters with appeals to protect the nature of modern children do not inspire, and irritate. Drawings in many books about the nature or textbooks of botany seem boring. Especially as not to learn the live world according to pictures - it is necessary to go to the real wood, to inhale its smell, to feel its tranquility. That conversation with the child on the nature did not turn into abstruse lecture, try to look around it with eyes - the pioneer, the young traveler, enthusiastic and surprised. And for the rest rely on age of the kid.

From 0 to 5

your kid is susceptible

to everything that surrounds it, adores bright paints, saturated sounds and bizzare shapes. Begin friendship with the nature with acquaintance: having met on walk or on pages of the book a new plant, an animal or the phenomenon, be at the most available loss for words to describe who or that it and what it is able to do. Avoid standard “the pussycat - meow“, “a doggie - gav“ when your kid reaches years. Specialists in early development proved that at this age the child understands a lot of things and are able to acquire more difficult images:“ The cat fluffy, claws sharp, speaks “meow“, hunts on mice “or“ a camomile fragrant, with white lepestochka, the sick neck treats“. The more clear definitions you will bring in life of the kid, the it will be simpler to formulate to him own thoughts aloud. In the same years it is possible to put ideas of flowers, forms and other properties of objects. Orange round orange, a green triangle of a leaf, a white cloud, red tomato - on natural objects is simpler to acquire names of flowers, than on bright cubes or toys.

the Culture of the relation to the nature is formed by

at this tender age. To begin later - means forever to miss the educational moment. For now the kid can explain that you should not tear florets on a forest edge - houses they will die, and will live in the wood and will please not one more kid. Clear and simple explanations can be picked up for everything, as for environment protection. Certainly, it is necessary to confirm the words only on own example. You will always manage to explain behavior of the uncle who breaks branches on a fluffy fir-tree or beats the dog: “Just the uncle, probably, had no mother who would tell that it is bad to hurt a fir-tree, and to raise a hand against an animal - especially!“ For now accustom to observe the kid for live, but not to be enough him with hands and to tear off a piece for emergency.

It is interesting to


the Flypaper on a jacket of your child was thought up by very inquisitive person, looking at a usual burdock. Going to walk, surely find this plant and tell growing up to the know-it-all about that how many secrets the mother - the nature opened to us. For a long time people watched wings of birds and dreamed to rise in the sky, and centuries later the dream was embodied. And intricate somersaults of a butterfly or dragonfly - unless it does not remind an aerobatic maneuvre at a colourful air show? You for certain remember tens more of examples to show to the child: the lion`s share of inventions is based on natural phenomena.

From 5 to 10

Preschool children and younger school students spend more time at the computer or the TV which gradually replace with it the live world. The child apprehended all necessary information eyes or aurally, but other sense organs remained uninvolved. It would seem what trifle! But as a result development of touch, sense of smell and even intelligence is slowed down, and replaces images of the real life you in park, for the city or with the sea - the main thing that “troublemaker“, that is the household appliances, as often as possible remained in an inaccessibility zone. It is simple to carry away the child at this age. While it opens for itself(himself) the world, play with it game: what what it is similar to? The cloud reminds a teddy bear, and the weeping willow - the grandmother when it is upset, hangs the head on hands and quietly laments. Let the child think out as much as possible images, do not prompt and do not contradict and actively develops. Do not open new and unfamiliar objects or natural phenomena at once. Ask the child to describe what was seen, to compare to already familiar, to define to what look it belongs (at the plant level - an animal“ or on more difficult “tree“ - “bush“ - “flower“). Only after the detailed description say as your opening is called. So the kid will remember not only the name, but also properties of a find.

Encourage with

creativity. Let the child draw animals, trees and flowers, the sky and clouds. Leonardo da Vinci call great for his ability to observe and catch details first of all in the world of wildlife. Representing a usual branch or the running small animal on the sketches, it managed to find logic and regularity in their structure. On the basis of these opening were born new, necessary for mankind. Who knows that he will come to mind to your young genius? On walk take a magnifying glass or the field-glass: it is so much more interesting to examine an ant hill or a bird`s nest on a tree. Offer the visionary game: he chooses a role of any live object - small fishes, birds, a kitten, a flower, cloudlets - and eyes of the character tries to look at the world surrounding it. Such game develops observation and attention.

Teach to listen to the child. Forest silence - the lesson, best in this sense. Sit down on a clearing, lean the elbows on the tumbled-down log and together listen attentively. Rustle? From where it? How you think who publishes it? And this splash, you notice? And knock? Who is it? Woodpecker, perhaps? Listening to nature sounds, ask the child as much as possible questions of their origin, and then correct it if he imagined very much. On a visit at the wood it is the best of all for p to Explain to


rules of careful attitude to the nature on own examples. But too much “why“ arises in reply at young openers of the world. Having been tired from infinite “Why not to throw?“, “Why not to break?“ “Why not to tear? - give history for an example. Present that to us guests came. We laid a table, guests with pleasure ate everything and … scattered ware, leftovers on a floor. Then they in the middle of the room made fire and loudly turned on the music, and then tore off on bouquets all our favourite violets and roses which we diligently raised much - many years. It is possible to continue a plot long. Of course, the child will be indignant: the similar behavior of guests goes beyond all limits. Explain that, coming to the wood, many behave quite so. This instructive history added with your comments and personal examples can become a basis of ecological education of the child.


From 10 years

not only the maximalism and obstinacy grow In teenagers. At this age children are thoughtful, also tselna are in own way strong. The school natural study and biology already brought a feasible contribution in their idea of the nature. To fix passed best of all on practical material. It is possible to go to a Sunday campaign all family or to join group of scouts, to visit a botanical garden or to go to a week to the country, to the river bank. Connect the child to watch on kitchen, explain how to part and support fire, ask to look for old bark and dry fir-tree branches for a kindling and teach how to distinguish a dry tree from live and what can be cut down for a fire. Surely be chosen out of borders of the tent town. In the wood try to find mushrooms and berries and explain what of them can be eaten and what it is even better not to touch. If you are not sure of knowledge of botany, explain to the teenager that it is even better not to taste unfamiliar berries and mushrooms. On a meadow or a glade around camp it is possible to find medicinal herbs and to explain from what illnesses each of them helps. The most usual plantain which in the city we trample down legs in an environmentally friendly zone of the wood will stop a wound, will disinfect a wound and will even help the ached throat.

At teenage age differences of mood - a usual thing. But the nature can help the child to cope with the gushed emotions. Sitting on the river bank, looking at the sunset sun, admiring flight of a bird or beholding fire fire, ask the child to describe feelings which he has. Dwell upon those stories which give rise to feeling of tranquility, confidence and tranquility. Having come back home, ask it to revive in memory these stories again and to anew describe feelings which they generate. And then advise the child “to hide“ these pictures in reliable “pocket“ of the memory and “to get“ them from there when something upsets him or will frighten. In the first attack of tears ask the child to return to that light and kind feeling mentally. You will see how the bitterness will recede.

in the fresh air

How many years was to your kid, thoughtful conversation he will prefer to

of Game fascinating game. Therefore to broaden horizons of knowledge of botany, it is the best of all than zoology and world around in game. Can participate in entertainments from one to several tens children of any age.


process of collecting a herbarium will give to children a lot of pleasure, it is always possible to find something unique or even unique. Fallen leaves, dry branches, small snags and even river pebbles can become worthy decoration of a herbarium. Surely sign the place where “exhibit“ was found, and whenever possible define to what look and family it belongs. If for any reasons the child cannot collect a natural herbarium, suggest it to make a herbarium of drawings, photos of plants and animal, known to the child. On performance of a task several days therefore it is better to beat it as a competition can leave.

Think of

“Rainbow“ to children of any of flowers of a rainbow and suggest to call in turn aloud those pieces of wildlife which can be the same color. For incorrectly called subject or for the object which is not belonging to the live world appoint some symbolical comic penalty - three times to sit down or five times to jump up on one leg. It is possible to award the one who thought up most of all objects or called the most original.

“Old tree“

In any yard for certain the tree, quite high and old will be. Suggest children to tell its legend: as it grew who lived on it who came to regale on its fruits as it felt, wakening with a spring and falling asleep for winter. That whose history will be the most intricate, is considered a winner. Instead of an old tree the ravine in the wood or even the leaf which fell from a tree can become object for the imagination.

of “Association“

Ask players to close eyes. In palms to everyone serially lower objects similar to the touch: smooth acorn and stone, flat piece of bark and leaf, round balls of berries and river pebble. Let participants guess that they held in hand, and then, having opened eyes, learn as far as they were close to truth.