Rus Articles Journal

Readiness check ``number one``

If your kid did not go neither to kindergarten nor in any groups of development, it is necessary to check it “ability to speak“. At school - the requirements.

In several months your kid will become a first grader. Ask yourself a naive question: Whether “He is able to speak?“ - also give on it the correct answer. Perhaps, you should reflect...

the Key to success

Readiness or unavailability of the child for the beginning of school training is defined by the level of its speech development: by means of the speech it should acquire (and to acquire) all system of knowledge. If oral speech of six - the seven-year-old kid seized to school, then written - he just should seize. Simple regularity: the better oral speech is developed at the child by the time of receipt in school, the easier for it to seize reading and the letter.

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At children quite often observe unsharply expressed lag in speech development which at preschool age usually does not draw special attention to itself, but further considerably complicates mastering the letter and leads to emergence of specific mistakes. Therefore it is very important to reveal even the most insignificant deviations in development of the speech of the preschool child and to manage to overcome them prior to training in the diploma. Sometimes the help of experts, for example the psychologist and the logopedist is required, and sometimes the kid has enough several occupations with parents that he gained necessary speech skills.

If the child did not visit preschool institution, it is necessary to check its speech readiness for training. In kindergarten according to strictly approved program preschool children are given a certain knowledge, form at them necessary skills and abilities. Though it is considered that the good teacher will not ask from the child of what he did not teach him to, sometimes it happens that the teacher is guided by the level of preparation of most of children in a class. And you, of course, do not want that your kid appeared among lagging behind!

As as it is checked

Correctness of a pronunciation. Prior to training in the diploma the child has to learn correctly and accurately say all sounds. Existence in his speech of full sound replacements is inadmissible (SOLNYSKO instead of SOLNYSHKO, PALTA instead of the SCHOOL DESK). Such defects in a pronunciation of sounds are usually reflected in the letter.

Existence of phonemic hearing . For its assessment suggest the child to write down several words - not letters, but circles. How many sounds in the word - are so much also circles. For example, it is necessary to represent the word “house“ three circles, the word “mother“ - four. Check whether correctly the child understood a task, and then dictate to the child of the word that he wrote down them in the form of circles.

Show it pictures on which animals are drawn (for example, a lion, a wolf, a cow) and schemes of their names in the form of circles are written down (by quantity of sounds in the word). The task of the child is in defining what circles approach what word.

Ability to distinguish sounds . Accurate distinction aurally of all sounds of the speech is one of necessary prerequisites of mastering the diploma. Record of any word assumes ability to define each sound which is its part and to designate it the corresponding letter. If some sounds seem to the child identical, during the letter he will be inevitably at a loss at the choice of the letters corresponding to these sounds (and to make mistakes).

For example if the kid does not distinguish aurally sounds of B and P, he will not know what first letter (B or O) has to be written in the word BEAM or in the word STICK. Research of acoustical differentiation of sounds is conducted according to specially picked up pictures (names of the objects represented on them differ only with one checked sound).

Condition of a lexicon . At the child of the advanced preschool age the lexicon has to make not less than 2000 words (at some children it exceeds 5000 words). In it the main parts of speech have to be presented: nouns, verbs, adjectives, numerals, pronouns, adverbs, pretexts, coordinative and subordinating conjunctions. A number of the special receptions allowing to find out existence or absence in “dictionary“ of the child of certain words (see below) is applied to his research.

Formation of grammatical systems . It, in fact, clarification of a question whether the child seized the regularities of word change and word formation existing in language. The child with normally developing speech usually seizes grammatical system of word change by four years, and system of word formation - to seven.

These terms are quite conditional

. Sometimes even the seven-year-old kid speaks:“ reached in meter “, “ under palty - a sweater “, “ is hotter than some coffee “, “ to lay down a pencil “, “ bezh quicker “, “ purganisty day “, “ a velosipednik - the person who goes by bicycle“ etc. (If parents speak correctly, it practically does not happen).

Check of formation at the child of grammatical systems is important

because even very big lexicon does not solve a problem of full value of oral speech. Important also ability to actively use the available words, to build of them offers and coherent statements as only provided that it is possible to express the thoughts enough clearly. And the correct creation of offers requires ability grammatical truly to agree on words among themselves.

Possession of the coherent speech . It is accepted to understand as the coherent speech such developed (consisting of several offers) statements which allow to state accurately and consistently the thoughts. Without free possession of the coherent speech process of school training is inconceivable (remember at least usual answers at a lesson) therefore it is already necessary to worry about its development in the child at preschool age.

Stories can be subdivided on actual and creative. The first, as the title indicates, give real events (facts) - on the basis of their direct perception, or on memory. The second are under construction with active participation of creative imagination thanks to what can be supplemented with some details which were not existing in a real situation. In a form stories can be descriptive and subject.

the Descriptive story - the description of the real or represented on the picture things, plants, animal. There are no characters, there are no events, and signs, characteristic of this subject, are just described. For example: “Puppy black, shaggy; it has small ears and a short tail...“

In the subject story the action tie, its development which is at some highest point (culmination) and completion of “incident“, or an outcome is; events have to be transferred in temporary sequence taking into account prichinno here - investigative communications.

Periodically offer

to the child of a task, checking possession of the coherent speech: let it will listen and will retell close to the text earlier unknown history; will tell how there passed today; will compose the small fairy tale or the story; will describe a picture with the image of the nature; will describe drawings in which, for example, children play, help adults, have a rest by the sea; will characterize the family, the friend or a pet; will tell how, for example, there took place preparation for a holiday and a holiday, will try to express and describe the impressions.

of the Task for check of a condition of “dictionary“:

  • Naming of the objects relating to various logical groups
    For example, the child has to call all species of trees, flowers known to it, animal.
  • Finding of general words for group of uniform objects
    of Protein, the hare, a wolf is who? The cup, a pan, a frying pan, a glass is what? A blouse, trousers, a t-shirt - and it that?
  • Selection of signs to a certain subject
    the Jacket - new, red, warm; snow - white, friable, sparkling.
  • Selection of possible actions to a subject by
    the Book is bought, read, considered; the tree is planted, fertilized etc.
  • Selection of objects to the set action
    Cook a lunch, soup; draw a picture, a lodge; iron the child on the head, a kitten.
  • Selection of synonyms - the words close (kind, tender, gentle; enormous, huge, big, high).
  • Selection of antonyms - words with opposite value (hot - cold, quickly - slowly, high - low).
  • Parental universities

    Be convinced by

    that the child well hears and correctly says all sounds, distinguishes them aurally. It is necessary to check a lexicon of the kid, his ability to build words and to change them (in the speech).

    Most important - to make sure that the preschool child is able to build coherent phrases, accurately and consistently to state thoughts.

    Check of speech readiness of the child - business not of one hour and even day. Time that you were well prepared for this peculiar testing is necessary: it is necessary to pick up necessary material (books, drawings, cards). In evenings or on the weekend when the kid is healthy and vigorous, in a game and entertaining form be engaged in check of his speech abilities.

    Happens that mother does not notice any shortcomings of speech development of the child: she understands it on eyes, gestures and from a half-word, often speaks for it, without giving it the chance to express fully.

    If the child did not attend kindergarten , then at some stages of check it is desirable for it to involve in this business someone from unfamiliar adults, for example, the mother`s girlfriend. You are convinced that the kid is capable to overcome confusion when he at the stranger reads verses or to repeat tongue twisters, to retell the fairy tale or to invent an amusing story. If you trust this person, and he always tells you the truth, check will be comprehensive and objective.