Features of development of the personality and emotionally - the strong-willed sphere at children with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis of
Each parent who faced a serious illness of the child seeks to obtain a maximum of information having though some relation to a problem. Knowledge helps a family to look really at an illness and ways of its treatment, gives necessary strength for fight against an illness, allows to watch recent trends in the field of medicine. But, sometimes, in a pursuit of summaries to drugs of new generation and search of the next expert, we lose sight of the identity of the kid. And attempt to look at an illness “from within“ - eyes of the sick child - is also the best way to understand it.
of Feature of the personality
of Feature of formation of the personality and emotionally - the strong-willed sphere at children with the diagnosis of cerebral spastic infantile paralysis can be caused by two factors:
- of the biological features connected with character of a disease;
- social conditions - impact on the child of a family and teachers.
In other words, its exclusive situation connected with restriction of the movement and the speech has significant effect on development and formation of the identity of the child, on the one hand; on the other hand - the family relation to an illness of the child, the atmosphere surrounding it. Therefore it is always necessary to remember that personal features of the children suffering from cerebral spastic infantile paralysis - result of close interaction of these two factors. It is necessary to notice that parents, at desire, can soften a factor of social influence.by
of Feature of the identity of the child with anomalies in development, including cerebral spastic infantile paralysis, it is connected, first of all, with conditions of her formation which considerably differ from conditions of development of the normal child.the delay of mental development in type of so-called of mental infantility is characteristic
Of most of children with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis. Mental infantility is understood as immaturity emotionally - the strong-willed sphere of the identity of the child. It is explained by the slowed-down formation of the highest structures of a brain (frontal departments of a brain) connected with strong-willed activity. The intelligence of the child can meet age standards, at the same time the emotional sphere remains not created. by
At mental infantility note the following features of behavior: in the actions children are guided first of all by emotion of pleasure, they are egocentric, are not capable to work productively in collective, to correlate the desires to interests of people around, at all their behavior there is a childishnesses element. Immaturity signs emotionally - the strong-willed sphere can remain also at the advanced school age. They will be shown in keen interest in game activity, high suggestibility, inability to strong-willed effort over themselves. Such behavior often is followed by emotional instability, a motive rastormozhennost, fast fatigue.
Despite the listed features of behavior, emotionally - strong-willed violations can prove differently.
In one case it will be hypererethism . Children of this type are uneasy, fussy, irritable, inclined to manifestation of unmotivated aggression. Sharp differences of mood are characteristic of them: they are excessively cheerful, suddenly begin to be capricious, seem tired and irritable.
Other category, on the contrary, passivity , lack of initiative, excessive shyness distinguishes . Any situation of the choice nonpluses them. Slackness, sluggishness is peculiar to their actions. Such children with great difficulty adapt to new conditions, hard make contact with strangers. Different fears are peculiar to them (heights, darkness etc.) . These features of the personality and behavior much meet at the children sick with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis more often.
But a number of the qualities characteristic of both types of development is. In particular, at the children suffering from violations oporno - the motive device, it is often possible to observe of frustration of a dream . They are tormented by nightmares, they is disturbing sleep, hardly fill up.
Many children differ in in the raised impressionability . Partly, it can be explained with effect of compensation: physical activity of the child is limited, and against it sense organs, on the contrary, gain high development. Thanks to it they sensitively treat behavior of people around and are capable to catch even minor changes in their mood. However this impressionability often has painful character; quite neutral situations, innocent statements are capable to cause in them negative reaction.
Increased fatigue - one more distinctive feature characteristic practically of all children with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis. In the course of correctional and study, even on condition of high interest in a task, the child quickly is tired, becomes whining, irritable, refuses work. Some children as a result of exhaustion become uneasy: tempo of speech accelerates, at the same time it becomes less legible; strengthening of giperkinez is observed; the aggressive behavior is shown - the child can scatter the objects which are nearby, toys.
One more area in which parents can face serious problems is strong-willed activity the child. Any activity demanding concentration, organization and focus causes in it difficulties. As it was already noted earlier, the mental infantility peculiar to most of children with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis, leaves an essential mark on behavior of the child. For example, if the offered task lost for it the appeal, it is very difficult to it to make over itself effort and to finish the begun work.
the Factors exerting impact on will of the child
the Factors exerting impact on will of the child can be divided on:
- external to which conditions and character of a disease, the attitude of people around towards the sick child belong;
- and internal, such as child`s attitude towards and to own illness.
with features of education. Very often in a family with the sick child it is possible to observe such picture: the attention of relatives is concentrated only on his illness, parents show concern in each occasion, limit independence of the child, being afraid that it can be wounded or fall, be awkward. In such situation the child will be inevitably excessively uneasy and disturbing. Even chest kids thinly feel mood of relatives and the atmosphere of the space surrounding them which are fully transferred also to them. This axiom is right for all children - both sick, and healthy. What to tell about the children suffering from violations oporno - the motive device who are distinguished by the raised impressionability and sharpness of feelings?
Or one more picture: unfortunate mother who, caring for the child, forgets about own life and becomes the hostage of an illness. It looks tired and unfortunate. But any child needs the happy mother capable to give love and heat, but not the health and nerves. At the sick kid such requirement is one thousand times higher.All this leads
to the fact that the child grows lacking initiative, uncertain in the forces and opportunities, shy. He reconciles to the illness and does not strive for independence. He counts in advance that all will make people around instead of it. Over time the child gets used to such state of affairs, finds it convenient. And from there is also a pronounced egocentrism, aspiration to manipulate people.Importance of an educational position of parents in relation to children with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis confirms to
also the fact that the children meeting among them with the high level of strong-willed development are natives of safe families in sense of psychological climate. In such families parents are not fixated on an illness of the child. They stimulate and encourage his independence within admissible. They try to create an adequate self-assessment at the child. Their relation can be expressed a formula:“ If you are not similar to others, it does not mean that you are worse“.
Cannot lose sight also of the relation to an illness of the child. Obviously, as it is influenced essentially by a situation in a family. Researches showed that awareness of defect at children with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis is shown by 7 - 8 years and is connected with their experiences concerning the spiteful attitude towards them from people around and shortage of communication. Children can react to current situation differently:
- the child becomes reserved, becomes excessively shy, vulnerable, aspires to a privacy;
- the child becomes aggressive, easily goes for the conflict.
the Hard task of formation at the child of the relation to own physical defect besides lays down on shoulders of parents. It is obvious that this difficult period of development demands from them special patience and understanding. It is impossible to neglect also the help of experts. For example, it is quite real to overcome experiences of the child concerning the appearance thanks to well put psychological work with it.
Thus, features of development of the personality and emotionally - the strong-willed sphere of the child with cerebral spastic infantile paralysis in many respects depend not only on specifics of a disease, but first of all on the attitude towards the child of parents and relatives. And therefore you should not consider that the reason of all failures and difficulties of education - an illness of the kid. Believe, in your hands there are enough opportunities to make the full-fledged personality and just happy person of the kid.Practical recommendations
- If at your child are observed by
sleep disorders, try to correct its day regimen. It is necessary to create for it a quiet situation, to refuse excessively active, noisy games before going to bed. In process of opportunities, reduce action of external irritants by its sense organs. Refuse listening of music, or let it will be soft unostentatious tool compositions. (Songs with texts in language familiar to the child will be additional loading for perception, and, therefore, one more irritant preventing the child to relax and sink into a sleep.) Limit viewing of the TV. by
- That at the child created an adequate assessment to itself and to the world, parents and relatives, it is necessary to refuse excessive guardianship in relation to it. How the family - as the disabled person not capable to achieve in success life perceives the child or as person, let in something not similar on people around, but taking active living position - and force of strong-willed qualities of the child will depend.
- If in the course of occupations with the child you noticed that he is tired - became irritable, aggressive, or, on the contrary, is excessively closed - you should not try to continue work. In order that work with the child was fruitful, he first of all has to be interested in it. Take a break better, suggest it to play something, or just leave its one for a while. It is quite probable that through some time the kid will restore energy, and you will be able to continue studies with new forces.