Rus Articles Journal

Breast milk - not only food and drink, but also development.

When the baby cry, so it needs something: crying - its only way to draw attention to itself. It not necessarily has to be hungered by it: it can be both thirst, and need for proximity and heat of mother (skin contact). The mother will always give to the child a breast if he is hungry. The baby is chest not only according to the name, he has to eat at this stage of the life maternal milk for full development - the sense of mammary glands at women consists in it. Artificial feeding is admissible only in extreme cases. Feeding by a breast allows mother and the child to establish with each other the close, love relations. Close bonds of the child with mother - the prerequisite of the fact that he will have good relations with other people subsequently. It gives to the child the chance to develop normally. If the child is fed from a small bottle, swear easier to give him for feeding to somebody to another or just to put a small bottle near it that the child sucked independently. Thus, the child receives less love, heat and encouragement.

Maternal milk has

not only unique individual structure. Many babies on a smell distinguish “the“ milk from “stranger“. Sucking demands from the child of certain physical efforts that it completely corresponds to Hippocrates`s statement that the person cannot keep health only by means of healthy nutrition, without physical activities. As the baby lives not only one milk, all his other requirements - physical, social, mental and spiritual - are satisfied along with a touch to a maternal breast, feeling as a row a beating of native heart, hearing mother`s voice which lays the foundation for further language development etc.

About properties of breast milk

Maternal milk - the unique product created by the nature. It is capable to provide life and health of the kid, to protect a children`s organism from early development of an allergy, dysbacterioses, infections, to prevent developing of various diseases and metabolic disorders (obesity, diabetes etc.) . The exclusive value of breast milk, first of all, is defined by its structure having related communication with structure of cages and body tissues of the child. Breastfeeding is the main link in the “biological umbilical cord“ providing contact of the newborn and his mother.

in the period of pre-natal all feedstuffs the kid gains developments with mother`s blood. After the birth the way of food changes: the child begins to receive food from the outside. All digestive organs at the newborn are developed not enough, therefore, the structure of food is closer to composition of tissues of the baby, the easier at it processes of digestion of food, its assimilation and exchange processes proceed. Most of all breast milk of mother meets these requirements.

of Squirrels of women`s milk consists generally of so-called serumal proteins (albumine and globulins) which are very easily acquired by a children`s organism. Rough protein - casein in women`s milk is 10 times less, than in cow. Besides molecules of proteins of women`s milk more small, than cow. Under the influence of gastric juice they form thin friable flakes which easily give in to processing by digestive enzymes. Processes of digestion facilitate also the special enzymes of women`s milk participating in processes of the proteolysis (trypsin, a pepsinogen, etc.) .

fats of breast milk also have features providing their high assimilation (for 90 - 95%). Fats of women`s milk represent a thin emulsion - small shattered particles weighed in water which are easily giving in to influence of digestive juice. On the structure fat of women`s milk differs in the high content of polynonsaturated fatty acids (1,5 - 2 times higher, than in fat of cow`s milk) and the low temperature of melting. Easier digestion and full digestion of fat of breast milk is promoted by the special enzyme which is contained in it - a lipase, splitting fats.

Carbohydrates of women`s milk for 90% are presented to

by dairy sugar - lactose, excellent on the structure from lactose of cow`s milk. Lactose is more slowly acquired in a small intestine of the child and therefore in partially not split look reaches a large intestine where has the stimulating effect on development of useful microorganisms. Under the influence of lactose the microbes producing vitamins of group B develop better. Lactose and other carbohydrates of women`s milk promote growth of the bifidobacteria suppressing development of pathogenic microorganisms in intestines. Therefore the children who are on breastfeeding have sharp intestinal diseases much less often.

Women`s milk differs also in optimum composition of the mineral substances necessary for the normal growth and development of the child. Salts of calcium and phosphorus are in a ratio, ideal for the baby, 2:1 (in cow - 1:1). On the content of iron, copper, zinc and other minerals necessary for normal development of the child, breast milk is much richer cow and degree of comprehensibility is higher than them.

the Vitamin composition of women`s milk also, generally satisfies requirements of a children`s organism. However in many respects it depends on quality of food of mother. Women`s milk surpasses cow in the content of vitamins (And, E, E). Vitamins are in connections which are well acquired by a children`s organism.


It is counted that digestion of women`s milk requires three times less gastric juice, hydrochloric acid and enzymes, than for digestion of the same amount of cow`s milk.

of unique properties of maternal milk contents in it is among so-called protective factors - the active agents and cellular elements special immunological providing protection of an organism against infections. Treat such factors lizotsy, interferon, laktoferin, immunoglobulins, etc., the protection of cages of an organism of the child suppressing growth of pathogenic microbes, promoting growth of useful microflora, increasing level.

I one more irreplaceable artificial mixes quality of maternal milk is contents in it the whole complex of growth factors, the special hormones regulating growth and development of the child. Therefore at the children receiving maternal milk optimum rates physical and nervously - mental development are observed.

the Children who are on breastfeeding have rickets, anemia, pneumonia, sharp respiratory and other infectious diseases much less often, they do not so often show allergic reactions. It is noticed that children who were nursed differ in good physical development, they are quieter, counterbalanced, friendly and benevolent, they have the best development of intelligence, they are more kontaktna, are more attached to mother and relatives.

Benefit and conveniences which feeding by a breast gives:

Breast milk is always ready

Ten steps to successful breastfeeding

Considering all importance of fight for breastfeeding, in 1989 the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children`s Fund (UNICEF) published the Joint report under the name “Protection, assistance and support of breastfeeding: Special role of obstetrical services“. In it it is described how security services of motherhood can support breastfeeding. Style of work of medical institutions most of all influences breastfeeding distribution. The bad organization of work promotes distribution of artificial nutrition. Good - to successful breastfeeding which will continue long time. In maternity hospitals to mothers help to begin breastfeeding directly after the delivery. Other medical institutions help to continue it.“ Ten steps“ - the summary of the main recommendations of this joint report. They, also, formed the basis of an initiative “Hospitals, benevolent to the child“.

to Each maternity hospital and hospital on care of newborn children follows


  1. it is strict to p to follow the established rules of breastfeeding and to regularly bring these rules to the attention of medical personnel and women in labor.
  2. To train medical personnel in the skills necessary for breastfeeding practice implementation.
  3. To inform all pregnant women on advantages and technology of breastfeeding.
  4. To help mothers to begin breastfeeding within the first half an hour after the delivery.
  5. To show to mothers how to nurse and how to keep a lactation even if they are temporarily separated from the children.
  6. Not to give to newborn children any other food or drink, except breast milk, except for the cases caused by medical indications.
  7. To practice the round-the-clock finding of mother and newborn in one chamber nearby.
  8. To encourage feeding with a breast according to the first requirement of the child, but not according to the schedule.
  9. Not to give to the newborns who is on breastfeeding, any sedatives and devices imitating a maternal breast (nipples, etc.).
  10. To encourage the organization of support groups of breastfeeding and to send mothers to these groups after an extract of maternity hospital or hospital.

the Staff of department of children`s diseases of N3 with courses of endocrinology and homeopathy of FUV of the Russian State medical university of L. I. Ilyenko and A. Yu. Kostenko.
Article from the book “The Book for Parents about Natural Feeding and Rules of Care of Newborns“.