Rus Articles Journal

House gymnastics of

Part 1. About formation of physical activity at children 12 months
are more senior than

Probably, almost each young mother, staying at home with the kid, tests fatigue, irritation and constant desire that she was left alone and just allowed to sit. However, having passed away, having dealt with the thoughts, it is possible to find support which is not enough for you right now. From the husband who, despite the last showdowns, all - very much loves you. From your child who was the small shouting lump quite recently and a year later turns in more and more the understanding creation aiming to climb to you on knees or in the middle of night to get to you under a blanket.

Try to look at

on the events from other, positive side. It is possible to play fascinating games, for example. To arrange something like house fitness - club. And to you it will be cheerful, and it will give the kid joy.

Physical exercises and games for the child of the second and third year of life needs to be selected taking into account its movement skills, features of physical and mental development. Walking, a lasagna, overcoming of obstacles, various ball games, a gymnastic stick and other toys have to make a basis of physical activity. The most effective form of work from two - the three-year-old child - game.

For a start it: approach and look what is hidden at me in a hand, behind the back, behind a pillow, behind a chair. The kid, finding a favourite toy, will try to overcome the obstacles located at it on the way. For example, to get through a pillow, Gradually games become more difficult to creep up under a low little table etc.

. As children at this age are very susceptible and inclined to imitation, show exercises, compare them to the movements of animals, characters from fairy tales. It is necessary to complicate tasks only after the kid seizes simpler movements. At each occupation there have to be movements for all muscular groups (hands and a humeral belt, legs and feet, an abdominal tension, a back), and they should be alternated.

If the child was tired and does not want to carry out any exercise, do not insist, let he will have a rest. Children of younger age differ in increased fatigue. Therefore gymnastic activity has to be not too long (5 - 6 exercises) and to include rest pauses.

we Recommend you such exercises of which you can independently make a small complex.

1. Exercises for formation of the correct walking.

Walking on “a narrow path“. On a floor designate chalk (ropes, sticks) a path 30 cm wide. Further it is necessary to narrow a path gradually to 20 - 10 cm.

Suggest the child to pass

independently on it, keeping balance.

Possible options of exercises:

to pass
  1. on “path“, putting a leg behind a leg;
  2. having reached the end of “path“, to be developed and pass back;
  3. to raise one leg and to stand so several seconds.

Pay attention to the provision of feet when walking: the line of a support has to pass through a heel and the second finger, the inner edge of foot is slightly raised.

Walking side. to go sideways on “a narrow path“ small added steps. Teach the kid to move well both in right, and to the left side.

2. Exercises on balance.

Walking on an inclined bench. Strengthen a gymnastic bench or a long board, having raised one end on height of 20 - 25 cm. Suggest the child to pass on a bench up, to turn and go down. In the beginning help the kid, supporting him by a hand.

Sliding. Put one end of a bench on a window sill or a special support. Suggest the child to move down on a bench down.

Game “Stroke a Bear“ . Put a bear or other favourite small animal at top of “hill“. Suggest the child to rise upward and, having bent, to stroke a toy.

3. Exercises for hands and a humeral belt.

“Boxing“. the Child costs, legs at shoulder length. Bends hands at the level of a breast and then does serially the movements by hands forward and to the middle, as if boxing.

“Show to

palms“ . The kid costs directly, having slightly placed legs, a foot in parallel, hands are lowered. Ask it to extend both hands forward, palms up - “Show palms“, then to hide for a back - “Hide palms“.

“Grow up

big“ . The child costs directly, having slightly placed legs, hands are lowered. Lasts up, raising hands.

“Sweep the floor“ . The child goes, having slightly bent forward, and does by movement hands, imitating sweeping of a floor.

4. Exercises for legs.

“Became small“ . The child costs directly, having slightly placed legs, a foot are parallel, hands are lowered. Low squats - “became small“, then rises - “became big“.

“Hide-and-seek“ . The child squats (“hides“) and becomes straight, holding a back of a small stool.


a leg“ . The child costs, holding one hand a chair back. Shakes a leg (distant from a chair) forward - back. Turns and shakes other leg.

“Run, and I will catch up“ . The kid runs on the room, and you pretend that you catch him.

5. Exercises for a trunk.

“Swing of trees“ . Get up directly, legs separately, hands are lowered. To bend to the right, then to the left, hands are relaxed.

“Plane“ . The kid costs, having slightly placed legs, hands are lowered. Raises hands in the parties palms up. Turns in the parties, without lowering hands.

“Raise legs“ . Independently raises direct legs and tries to reach stupnyam a toy.

of “Prisazhivaniye“ . The kid lies on a back. Holding it legs, ask the child to sit down. For a start it is possible to help, supporting for one, for other handle.

“Swallow“ . The child lies on a stomach, hands are divorced in the parties. Slightly caving in, raises the head and hands. For a start it is possible to help the kid, supporting him by the hands divorced in the parties.

“Small fish“ . The child lies on a stomach, the bent hands under a breast. Bends a back, straightening hands, raises the head and a breast.

6. Exercises with a ball.

“Look at

on a ball“ . The child costs directly, legs separately, holds in the lowered hand before himself a ball. Lifts a ball over the head and looks at it.

“Squat with a ball“ . To rise directly, a foot of legs in parallel, to hold a ball in the lowered hand. To sit down, concern a floor ball, then to become straight.

“Push away a ball hands“ . The kid costs directly, having slightly placed legs, hands are lowered. Get up opposite and, holding a ball on one hand, suggest the child to push off it.

we Hope that our recommendations will help you to spend with the kid time cheerfully and it is useful. We will be glad to answer your questions.