Whether it is easy to be young talent?
“My child the best on light! He, certainly, is gifted and talented. What games will help to develop it even more?“ . The set of letters of parents with such questions comes to our edition. Of course, we will continue to publish the games capable to help with development of kids, but today we decided to talk about another: what it, exceptional child? How to help the kid to develop abilities which he is allocated? Is it easy - to be gifted? whether
It is easy to be young talent?
endowments “in general“ do not happen. It is possible to speak about creative endowments, speech (verbal), mathematical and intellectual. Seldom happens when in the person these endowments are combined. And it becomes very frequent exactly in a broad sense the exceptional child not the gifted adult. We know cases of preservation of narrow endowments for the rest of life: for example, musically exceptional child Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart turned into the great composer. But whether you can remember widely gifted adult?It seems to
that now many exceptional children appeared. And this impression arises not incidentally. Today there are huge opportunities to show endowments and to develop it: there are no problems with literature for occupations, with manuals, with stationery: they are various and available; many children`s studios for development of the most improbable abilities, a wide choice of educational programs on which teachers are engaged with children are created.
the Classical psychology considers that it is possible to speak about any endowments of the child from 7 years. And it is not casual. By seven years at the child stability in development is usually planned. For this reason all techniques directed to determination of endowments are calculated on 6 - 7 - summer children. Till seven years usually speak about spasmodic development: jump, i.e. eccentricity flash, the plateau, i.e. attenuation, then again jump then is possible. And these jumps happen at different children at different times. But for development of endowments after seven years there is other problem: in 7 years the child goes to school, and there strict educational process can just limit creative endowments. It turns out that the school system equalizes children and when endowments could blossom in the magnificent color, it becomes a hindrance for successful training. Besides the seven-year age is the period of crisis of which disbelief in the forces is characteristic. And the new life situation - receipt in school - does not promote, of course, either creativity, or endowments development. It is possible to tell that creative endowments by seven years will be precisely reduced that it goes out.
It is possible for this reason adults seek to see manifestations of endowments at children at preschool age. There are attempts to apply the diagnostic techniques adapted to age of 3 - 5 years and to allocate conditionally gifted children.any parent can understand
On several simple tasks, his child is gifted or not.
Task 1. Paste on a clean sheet an oval from color paper. Ask the child: “How you think what it is similar to? Finish drawing!“ Three-year-old children usually draw some subject - a duck, a tree, animal. In 4 years, perhaps, the child will draw the same duck, but she will be more recognizable. In 5 - 6 years the child is capable to draw a plot. If this story unusual, for example fantastic, fantastic or developed, is already an endowments sign. In 6 - 7 years children draw a certain plot too, but endowments are shown that it will be thought over and traced in details. For example, the tree around which butterflies fly is a story, but idle time and when around there is an unusual action, with a large number of details, worked, it is possible to look narrowly at this child, assuming endowments. However on one non-standard drawing it is impossible to speak about endowments unambiguously.
on the other hand, technical capabilities of the kid in the course of drawing, degree of development of its movements sometimes prevent to see its eccentricity. At any age the child needs to suggest to tell about what he drew because from the narration of the kid sometimes it is possible to draw a conclusion on his uncommon thinking and opportunities of creativity. For example, the exceptional child can see the back party of a mirror in an oval and watches the woman who holds this mirror in hand at himself and corrects a hairdress. According to the image it will be hardly clear that it is the woman and her hand, but the story about what the child saw, speaks about endowments.
Task 2. Make with the child stories according to subject pictures which can be taken in books for occupations with kids. For example, on four pictures the following can be represented: the boy came to the small river, bathes, leaves water, dressed leaves. Suggest the child to think up the story according to pictures. If the child in three years is capable to make it, he has a high level of development. In 4 - 5 years the exceptional child can add to the dry description what is not drawn on the picture: “The boy Vasya early in the morning while all slept, came to bathe. Water was still cold. He bathed not for long and went home because he was called by mother“. In 6 - 7 years the story of the exceptional child according to the same picture can begin long before visible action: “Once upon a time there was a boy Vasya, he was 7 years old, he studied well, and in summer vacation he went to have a rest to the to the grandmother and the grandfather to the village...“. The story of such child usually does not come to an end with action on the last picture. For example, “To Vasya there arrived his friend who lived with him in one house in the city, they together began to go to the river ….“ . The child presented in verbal creativity will tell so these are speech endowments. But not all exceptional children well speak. Many, are on the contrary clamped, it is difficult for them to introduce the idea freely.
Task 3. Use the published notebook with tasks on development of certain abilities of children of the following age (for one, two years is more senior), offer the child of a task from it and look how he copes with them. If the child easily executed them, I consider, it is possible to say that in this direction the child is developed above the average level.
So, you performed several our tasks and with the child certain abilities found in it . The most important that you have to know, - no endowments should become a problem for the child. If the parent decides that his child is an artist and therefore he has to draw several hours a day, naturally, the child will not want to be an artist. Any action gives rise to counteraction. A task of the parent only to create conditions for development of endowments of the child, Wednesday that the child could do what is pleasant to it that at it turns out when he wants it. Here to you paints, brushes, paper, you want - draw!
For the child it is important to develop normally, to play, be sure much of the parents, know that parents love it not for the fact that he beautifully draws fir-trees or purely sings, and just because he is their child. And even if next time the fir-tree will not turn out such beautiful, mother and the father will not cease to love it.
Often happens that, having found any abilities in the child, parents give all the free time and all forces of the kid on developing this ability. They in every way try to fill what did not turn out in the childhood at them in the child. At the same time quite often the kid does not have time for game, communication with other children, and those endowments which parents want to develop perish. For example, the father is absolutely confident that the child adores playing with geometrical figures, making of them pictures on a sample or carrying out other tasks. However actually from a type of a triangle to the child becomes badly, he does not like to be engaged in this business, but cannot just object the father - the mathematician who sees nothing outside the interest in favourite business and regrets for the tops which are not reached by it in a mathematical field.
Endowments - it is difficult. Do not think that, having found abilities in the child, you provided to the family happy existence. The child is not excited and does not bathe in the endowments, he faces problems. Endowments are and personal problems. Talent is noticed first of all by adults, and process, difficult for the child, begins further: it is compared to other children, it is allocated, it is praised that causes negative attitude from peers. Between children there is a distance. Perhaps, difficulties of exceptional children in the course of socialization are caused not only them by self-sufficiency, not only their categoriality, aspiration to play by rules and heightened sense of justice. One of the reasons of their difficult relationship with peers is covered that children move away from them, feeling the lag in some questions, the failure in comparison with the exceptional child. Respectively those children who it is “as if worse“ do not seek to take the one who is “better“, in games and it not really - that aspires. It is important to adult to understand that it is not necessary to compare children with each other, it leads to dissociation of children`s collective, the conflicts, fights. The exceptional child faces it more, than any another! Besides it is more sensitive to it! It is possible and is necessary to compare each child only with itself, with his own progress!
What to do to those parents, which, performing the tasks offered by us, was not found in it any of special abilities ? First of all not to hurry with conclusions, not to be upset and love the child still. As well as in a case with the exceptional child, it is good to parents to develop evenly all abilities of the son or daughter. At you still ahead! For your child it is also important to play with other children, to be sure of the parents. Parents in the same way can be proud of its achievements. It is important to see that progress in development, those changes which happen to each child on his course of life and to be proud of its personal achievements, comparing its progress to the previous stages.
If to parents does not manage to grope abilities of the child, it is necessary to give it the chance to look for, and not only at preschool and younger school age, but also much later, visiting different circles and sections, being engaged in the most various things. But in development of any business surely there comes the stage when initial interest and the first curiosity from new occupation give way to routine daily trainings and exercises, and then there is a huge temptation to tell that this business does not suit me, it is time to try the following. Therefore it is important to teach the child to set to itself the purpose and not to leave business until it is not reached. You play sports, received the second youthful category, then you can throw, did not receive yet - try to obtain.
A if parents from the very beginning treat the child as to presented, they thereby stimulate at it special development. Belief of parents that their child - capable, helps the child not to limit himself to a framework: “At me it will not turn out therefore I will not do!“, he more dared in the creativity and therefore develops more variously and intensively.