And you want to control atopic dermatitis at the child? (The guide for parents to successful treatment of atopic dermatitis at children)
the Atopic dermatitis (which is also called by eczema, diathesis, neurodermatitis) - a chronic, recurrent disease. It means that the illness constantly is present at a human body though externally it can be shown only during an aggravation. Dryness, an inflammation of skin and an intensive itch belong to symptoms of atopic dermatitis.
Many people who do not have atopic dermatitis treat it as to simple rash, however for millions of children and the people who are looking after them atopic dermatitis is a chronic illness which disturbs full-fledged life. Can be times of display of atopic dermatitis so insignificant that externally nothing is noticeable. However often this disease happens to such an extent heavy that prevents to sleep, go to work or to school and to be engaged in usual things.
Atopic dermatitis is not infectious
- it cannot be given from the person to the person. Many children having atopic dermatitis are confused by a type of their skin, a constant itch and continuous, sometimes involuntary combing. It is obvious that atopic dermatitis does not pose threat for life, but it is undoubted that this disease considerably influences quality of life.
your child is not lonely
Atopic dermatitis - a widespread disease. Only in the USA 35 million people suffer from it. At the same time the number of patients with atopic dermatitis considerably grew up for the last fifty years.
Atopic dermatitis - a hereditary disease. If both parents have atopic dermatitis, then with probability of 80% the illness will be transmitted also to their child. Moreover, recently distribution of atopic dermatitis among members of one family becomes more and more frequent phenomenon. Atopic dermatitis is diagnosed for 90% of people within the first five years of life. In process of a growing symptoms of an illness can weaken or even to disappear, but at many people of display of atopic dermatitis remain during all life. Besides, development of atopic dermatitis often is followed by developing of an allergy and/or asthma.
during poll of patients with atopic dermatitis and their parents 65% of respondents noted that for them or their children “it is very important to keep the skin healthy and pure“. At the same time 65% of parents also “want that their children could receive the most effective preventive treatment“ *.
Where show symptoms of atopic dermatitis?
during exacerbations of atopic dermatitis observes a tendency to repeated damage of the same parts of the body, however depending on age of the child the place of manifestation of symptoms of an illness can change.
Where shows atopic dermatitis?
At small children symptoms of atopic dermatitis are usually shown by
on a face, elbows or knees and, perhaps, on other parts of the body.
At children of advanced age and adults rash develops in popliteal areas, on internal surfaces of elbows, on a lateral surface of a neck, on wrists, anklebones, hands and a face more often. > it is important to p to remember
the Atopic dermatitis (which is also called by eczema, diathesis, neurodermatitis) is a chronic, recurrent disease. External displays of an illness can appear and disappear depending on aggravations. Atopic dermatitis is not infectious.
Atopic dermatitis - the widespread disease which often arises at small children and quite often extends among members of one family, being descended.
during exacerbations of atopic dermatitis observes a tendency to repeated damage of the same parts of the body.
What most widespread provocative factors?
Immune cells of skin of the people sick with atopic dermatitis possess hypersensibility. Exacerbations of atopic dermatitis - reaction of these cages to certain provocative factors. Identification and elimination of these factors helps to facilitate a condition of the people suffering from this illness.
Temperature and Humidity
Sharp changes of temperature and humidity result
in excessive dryness of skin or the increased sweating that causes an exacerbation of atopic dermatitis or worsens its current. To avoid it, it is necessary to maintain indoors the stable moderate temperature and humidity. For these purposes it is the best of all to use the conditioner (summer) and a humidifier (winter). Besides, it is necessary to apply constantly moistening means which will allow skin to keep an optimum level of humidity.
to the Children having atopic dermatitis should avoid contact with chemicals which can cause irritation of skin. Except quite obvious - for example, pesticides, dyes, etc. - alcohol, soap, fragrances and astringents also belong to potential irritants. Besides, similar chemicals can contain in cosmetics, cleaning and detergents, air fresheners, toilet paper, fabric softeners etc. It is enough to remember it, to attentively study labels and in time to eliminate these irritants to reduce quantity of aggravations at your child. Besides, it is necessary to remember: use of hypoallergenic products does not protect patients with atopic dermatitis from aggravations. Under the term “hypoallergenic“ the product incapable is meant to cause skin reaction of uzdorovy people. The skin inclined to development of atopic dermatitis possesses hypersensibility therefore even hypoallergenic products can become the reason of an exacerbation of an illness.
Even such simple thing as clothes, influences the course of atopic dermatitis. The people suffering from this illness need to avoid fabrics which can cause an itch - for example, wool. It is recommended to carry things from soft fabrics like cotton - it considerably reduces probability of irritation of skin. All new things, linen and towels need to be washed carefully with application of a small amount of liquid detergent. After washing all things it is necessary to rinse the maximum quantity of times to remove the soap remains. At the same time try not to use fabric softeners - the substances which are contained in them often cause irritation of skin.
with predisposition to atopic dermatitis development of this illness or its deterioration can be often caused In children by allergic reaction on certain food (milk, wheat, a peanut) or inhalation allergens (dust pincers, mold mushrooms, hair of pets). Try to preserve your child against similar allergens. Besides, it is necessary to consult with the doctor who will help to make the list of the allergens dangerous to your child.
At your child atopic dermatitis or not?
treat signs or symptoms of atopic dermatitis:
Regular emergence of the itching red rash;
Emergence on separate sites of skin of thickenings, spots, scales, and also dryness of skin;
Presence at relatives of the child of allergic rhinitis, asthma and/or atopic dermatitis. >
it is important to li to remember
of the Exacerbation of atopic dermatitis - a consequence of hypersensibility of immune cells of skin which react to certain provocative factors.
needs to reveal and eliminate with
these provocative factors - among them there can be chemical irritants, sharp changes of temperature and humidity, clothes fabric, and also food and inhalation allergens.
the Only way to be convinced that your child is sick with atopic dermatitis - to consult with the doctor. However if the diagnosis “atopic dermatitis“ is made to your child, you should not despair - the correct treatment allows to control the course of this disease.
Types of treatment and possible side effects
Only the doctor can determine by
presence at your child of atopic dermatitis and recommend the suitable program of treatment. To prevent exacerbations of an illness, it is necessary to eliminate all provocative factors. Nevertheless, it can be insufficiently. Atopic dermatitis cannot be cured, however there is a set of preparations which facilitate or eliminate an itch, reduce reddening of skin and help skin to look healthy, and also allow to control a disease, reducing influence of atopic dermatitis on life of your child and his relatives. skin is more sensitive and more gentle than
At children, than at adults. Therefore the doctor of your child will carefully select the most suitable treatment.
the Moistening means
the First step in care of skin - daily use of the moistening means which protect skin from drying. Most often such means are issued in the form of creams. In some mild cases of atopic dermatitis regular application of the moistening means can be sufficient for control over a disease. Some moistening means, especially fat, can not be pleasant to the child. Nevertheless, you remember that it is necessary to apply these means daily even if on skin there are no external displays of atopic dermatitis.
Kortikosteroidny (“steroid“) creams and ointments can quickly reduce reddening and facilitate an itch of the inflamed skin, especially at heavy aggravations. As a rule, kortikosteroidny preparations have to be appointed by the doctor. Steroids can quickly reduce external displays of an illness, however such preparations are not intended for prolonged use. As a rule, the recommended term of use of steroids is limited two weeks. More long application of these preparations can lead to manifestation of side effects - for example, to thinning of skin. For reduction of risk the doctor of your child has to recommend the weakest steroid capable to help the patient. However you remember that even weak steroids should not be applied to treatment of the child during the long period of time.
New types of treatment
the new type of treatment of atopic dermatitis - the nonsteroid preparations known as the topichesky inhibitors of a kaltsinevrin (TIK) Exists. This method of fight against atopic dermatitis began to be applied quite recently. Territorial election commission - preparations not only help to reduce reddening and to facilitate an itch of the inflamed skin, but also can provide long control over a disease.
Topichesky inhibitors of a kaltsinevrin allow to eliminate with
direct symptoms of a disease during an aggravation, at the same time it is possible to use such preparations during much longer time, than steroids. Besides, territorial election commission - preparations provide more long remission (time period without aggravations) and the best control of atopic dermatitis.
Preparations for treatment of an itch
For simplification of the itch caused by an exacerbation of atopic dermatitis can be also appointed antihistaminic preparations. However, some of these preparations cause drowsiness. At night it promotes improvement of a dream, however in the afternoon when the person is at work or in school, it is necessary to avoid application of any preparation with sedative effect.
Patients with atopic dermatitis more other people are subject to infectious diseases of skin. When developing a bacterial infection antibiotics which cause death of bacteria - causative agents of an infection are appointed. However excessive application of antibiotics can reduce efficiency of such treatment - over time bacteria become less susceptible to preparations. If to apply preparations to treatment of atopic dermatitis at emergence in your child of the first symptoms of this illness, it is possible to reduce risk of development of an infection of skin and to avoid use of antibiotics. > it is important to p to remember
Only the doctor can make to
the diagnosis “atopic dermatitis“ and recommend the suitable program of treatment.
Atopic dermatitis cannot be cured, however there is a set of preparations which will allow to reduce reddening and to facilitate an itch, and also will help to control atopic dermatitis, reducing influence of an illness on human life.
What else I can undertake for care of skin and prevention of aggravations at my child?
the Itch does to
children irritable and forces them and you to wake up at night. Besides, children are confused by a type of their skin - inflamed, which reddened and covered with scales. Except drug treatment, there are some more methods which will help to reduce influence of an illness on the child`s life:
Be convinced by
that in the room of your child not too hot that the person sweated as little as possible during a dream.
do not allow skin to become too dry.
Avoid too hot shower or a bathtub, and also too long stay in water. Take a bath or a shower not longer than 10 minutes at water temperature not above 38 °C.
Try as far as it is possible, not to apply soap on the skin sites affected with atopic dermatitis or on sites of dry skin. Instead of soap it is recommended to use the special clearing means not containing soap.
do not pound wet skin - dry up it, getting wet and patting skin a soft towel.
Within 3 minutes after bathing on skin the moistening means - it will allow to keep moisture in skin.
Use only the clearing and moistening means recommended by the doctor. Avoid perfumery or fabric softeners.
If it is possible
, avoid contact with woolen products.
If your child has an allergy to dust or dust ticks, use sheetings for pillows and mattresses. Besides, it is necessary to wash as often as possible bed linen in hot water.
If the itch prevents to sleep, then it is possible to calm skin a cool damp bast from terry fabric. After that it is recommended to apply the moistening means on skin and to give to the child a sedative antihistaminic preparation (if it corresponds to recommendations of the doctor).
Preserve beds and other furniture against hair of pets.
the Course of atopic dermatitis can worsen during a stress to which children are subject much more adults. Observe a certain mode of bathing, and also application of the moistening means and medicines. It will help to improve health of the child.
to your child about atopic dermatitis, about the factors provoking aggravations and about how these factors can be eliminated.
to nurses and other people who are looking after the child, all information on special conditions of bathing of your child and need of use of the moistening means.
to teachers and other personnel of school that your child has an atopic dermatitis. Ask them to support your child during aggravations.
Help your child to endure unpleasant comments of other children and adults.
to your child that atopic dermatitis is not infectious and there is a high probability of disappearance of an illness in process of a growing.
Keep the diary of aggravations which will help you to discuss a course of disease with the doctor.
the Diary of the patient
This simple Diary of the Patient will help you to observe aggravations. Show to his doctor your child during visit to help the doctor to choose an optimum way of treatment.