Bang - the second change!
“It should not be“ - doctors, teachers, parents unanimously claim. But, despite demographic recession, there are still not enough places at schools, here and it is necessary “to get out“.
In narrowness or in offense? >
- and it is so quite difficult to h2 to keep Attention of children, and in the evening and even less so! - the mathematics teacher Tatyana Sergeyevna complains. - Only you will turn away to a board, to write down statements of the problem as they already distracted: one looks out of the window, another yawns...
eight-year-old Alyosha`s Mother in tears:
- I since morning at work, constantly worry: as he without me ate whether he made lessons, whether he forgot to lock a door.
to Pupils of initial classes especially difficult. They did not manage to adapt to new conditions, and here, as at cinema, “Bang - the second change!“ At children the problems are more senior: early there is no wish to go to bed, and it is necessary to rise not later than seven, otherwise you will not manage to make homeworks. It is good still that the SanPiN (health regulations and norms) forbid training in the second change of first graders, pupils of the fifth and graduation classes... whether
A cannot refuse absolutely the second change, for example, “to inflate“ classes - to sit the more the merrier? Many schools and do. But the SanPiN and here on guards: the class has to consist no more than of 25 people.
in recent years the academic load strongly increased: there were more objects, programs became complicated. Therefore at schools innovative pedagogical technologies take root. But for pupils no innovations are provided in the second change - though it is proved that cerebration in after-dinner hours is much lower, than in morning. Perhaps, scientists - physiologists, teachers, psychologists will help?we Will play
?All literature written by scientists for years of deficiency of school places prompts
to parents and teachers - the day regimen is the most important. Really, if your child has to as most of his peers to pass test the second change, here to think up nothing else.by
At observance of the mode develop conditioned reflexes of An concrete time: children quickly fall asleep, easily get up in the mornings and do not lose working capacity all day. In the beginning, of course, parents should stock up with patience to accustom the son or the daughter to live on hours: in time to lay - to wake, to work together gymnastics, to have breakfast, set for lessons...
For certain among your acquaintances is such who manages and to work, both to play sports, and to pay to the house enough attention, and there are those who always complain about shortage of free time. Reflect: in days for all exactly 24 hours, but one order time, and others submit to it. Talk about it to the child. And it is even better, offer it such game: let he as if will photograph the day, will paint it to within a minute. For example, walked 40 minutes, did mathematics of 25 minutes and so on. Then help it to define, where a downtime, and to plan tomorrow.From difficult to simple
No eases for pupils are provided by
in the second change. Teachers have an instruction how to optimize the school schedule taking into account “physiological functions and efficiency of pupils“. It excludes excess of a permissible load. The objects demanding hard mental work are not planned for the beginning and a weekend. But on Tuesday and Thursday the school student needs to be especially collected to solve difficult problems on physics and mathematics. The schedule for every day is under construction by the principle “from difficult to less difficult and absolutely simple“. For example, the mathematics and physics go the first lessons, and day comes to the end with biology and music. The same principle should be used also when performing homeworks: to begin with written objects and to finish oral.
If the child from those who are slowly shaken is better to arrive on the contrary. Rate of occupations has to be quite high. It is enough to pupil of initial classes to spend for lessons one and a half - two hours a day. In the fifth - the sixth class this time increases till two and a half o`clock, in the seventh - to three. Pupils of the eighth - the eleventh classes can be engaged at home till four o`clock in day. Excess of these indicators is harmfully reflected on health and progress. Children begin to complain of weakness, headaches, become nervous. The sleep debt, a lack of fresh air and the movement affect. Quite often tired child “for rest“ sits down to a TV screen and watches everything. But actually the TV or the computer after lessons only promotes further increase of exhaustion. Doctors recommend televiewings not more often than two - three times a week: to younger school students - about an hour; on average and the advanced school age - about one and a half - two hours.
the Lunch on a table!
the Second change - not an occasion to pass to food with chips and jotas - mastiffs. If the organism does not compensate power expenses, growth and development of the child appear under the threat. It is necessary to take care of that before school he ate hot food. The full-fledged mode demands to sit down to a table four - five times a day with intervals at 3,5 - 4 o`clock. The rational ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in a diet of the school student makes 1:1:4 or 1:1:5. It is better if two thirds of volume of carbohydrates are presented in the starch form (potatoes, grain, bread), and one third in the form of sugar (including as a part of drinks, fruit and berries). Do not give to the child more than 70 - 75 grams of sweets a day. Let a variety, but not an excess of food will become the basic principle of food of a family!Council
If parents do not want
that their child was engaged in the second change, they can address the principal. He is obliged to help to find the place in other school where training is conducted in one change.
the Optimum schedule of life of the school student
Of course, parents can develop an optimum daily routine for the child by trial and error. But it is better to trust in competent opinion of scientists and to verify the mode with the evidence-based table.
|the Type of occupations / rest||Age|
|of 8 - 9 years||of 10 years||11 - 12 - 13 years||14 - 15 - 16 - 17 years|
|Rise||07. 00||07. 00||07. 00||07. 00|
|Gymnastics, shower, cleaning of a bed||07. 00 - 07. 30||07. 00 - 07. 30||07. 00 - 07. 30||07. 00 - 07. 30|
|Breakfast||07. 30 - 07. 50||07. 30 - 07. 50||07. 30 - 07. 50||07. 30 - 07. 50|
|Walk||07. 50 - 08. 20||07. 50 - 08. 20||07. 50 - 08. 20||07. 50 - 08. 20|
|Preparation house. tasks||08. 20 - 10. 00||08. 20 - 10. 30||08. 20 - 11. 00||08. 20 - 11. 30|
|Second breakfast||about 11 hours|
|Free occupations, reading, music, foreign language, help with the house||10. 00 - 11. 30||10. 30 - 11. 30||11. 00 - 11. 30||11. 30 - 12. 00|
|Walk||11. 30 - 13. 00||11. 30 - 13. 00||11. 30 - 13. 00||11. 30 - 13. 00|
|Lunch||13. 00 - 13. 30||13. 00 - 13. 30||13. 00 - 13. 30||13. 00 - 13. 30|
|It is expensive in school||13. 30 - 14. 00||13. 30 - 14. 00||13. 30 - 14. 00||13. 30 - 14. 00|
|of Occupation||14. 00 - 18. 00||14. 00 - 19. 00||14. 00 - 19. 30||14. 00 - 20. 00|
|Walk, sports on air||18. 30 - 19. 00||-||-||For children of 13 - 15 years 20. 30 - 22. 00|
|Dinner and free occupations||19. 00 - 20. 00||19. 30 - 20. 30||20. 00 - 21. 00||For children of 16 - 17 years 20. 30 - 22. 00|
|of Preparation for a dream, washing||20. 00 - 20. 30||20. 30 - 21. 00||21. 00 - 21. 30|| For children of 13 - 15 years 21. 00 - 21. 30 |
For children of 15 - 17 years 22. 00 - 22. 30
|Dream||20. 30 - 07. 00||21. 00 - 07. 00||21. 30 - 07. 00|| For children of 13 - 15 years 21. 30 - 07. 00 |
For children of 15 - 17 years 22. 30 - 07. 00
of the Requirement to class timetable
|the Subject||the Stake - in points|
|of the Mathematician||11|
|the Foreign language, informatics||10|
|of the Physicist, chemistry||9|
|the Native language, literature||7|
|Natural sciences, geography||6|
At correctly made class timetable for seniors the greatest number of points has to have on Tuesday and (or) Wednesday, and for pupils of younger and middle age - on Tuesday and Thursday.
Objects to which the greatest number of points is appropriated in the schedule of younger school students have to fall on the second - the third lesson, and for pupils of middle and advanced age - on the second, third and fourth.the Schedule is made by
incorrectly if the largest sum of points drops out for the first and last days of week or if their quantity is identical to all school days.the Notebook of the parent
a question the head a press - services of Department of Education of Moscow A. V. Gavrilov.
- At school where my son studies, not really well organized protection work. Anyone though we regularly hand over money for fee of PSF can freely enter the building. Despite complaints of parents, the situation does not change. Moreover, the principal refuses to submit the documents confirming that this private security company has the right to protect school. Whether it is violation? Where we can ask for the help?
What parents need to know? In - the first, at school in a visible place the copy of the contract on rendering services of PSF surely has to hang. In - the second, this PSF has to enter the list recommended by Department of Education of Moscow. In - the third, payment has to be carried out only through bank. If parents are not satisfied with work of protection and do not find understanding at the director, they can address to district administration of education or city inspection at Department of Education.
|Department of Education of. Moscow||369 - 7332|
|District administrations of education|
|East educational district||963 - 5535|
|the Western educational district||249 - 0886|
|the Zelenograd educational district||535 - 7521|
|the Northern educational district||456 - 0732|
|of Severo - East educational district||210 - 0706|
|of Severo - the Western educational district||947 - 8886|
|the Central educational federal district||951 - 4167|
|of Hugo - East educational district||350 - 0722|
|of Hugo - the Western educational district||120 - 3156|
|the Southern educational federal district||118 - 1535|