Not back, and question mark. Violation of a bearing at children of
the Wrong bearing is not just esthetic problem. If in time not to correct it, she can become a source of diseases of a backbone and not only. However you should not panic, having noticed that the kid holds a back not absolutely exactly. Most often timely measures help to correct a bearing, but at the same time very valeno to understand the reasons which conduct to its curvature.
of the Problem of development
Usually violation of a bearing arises during the periods of rapid growth: in 5 - 8, and especially in 11 - 12 years. This time when bones and muscles increase in length, and mechanisms of maintenance of a pose did not adapt to the happened changes yet. Deviations are observed at most of children of 7 - 8 years (56 - 82% of younger school students).
the set of factors which provoke a backbone curvature Exists. For example, improper feeding and diseases often break the correct growth and development of muscular, bone and cartilaginous fabrics that has an adverse effect on formation of a bearing. An important factor are congenital pathologies oporno - the motive device. For example, at bilateral congenital dislocation of coxofemoral joints increase in a lumbar bend can be noted.
the Large role in formation of deviations is played by uneven development of certain groups of muscles, especially against the general weakness of muscles. For example, the shoulders cramped forward are result of prevalence of force of pectoral muscles and insufficient force of the muscles which are pulling together shovels, and “the hanging-down shoulders“ - result of insufficient work of a trapezoid muscle of a back. An important role is played by an overload of certain muscles unilateral work, for example the wrong position of a trunk during games or occupations.All these reasons lead
to strengthening or reduction of the existing physiological bends of a backbone. As a result position of shoulders and shovels changes, there is asymmetric position of a body. The wrong bearing gradually becomes habitual and can be fixed.
Sitting position . Surely it is necessary to pay attention to how the child sits at a table during occupations: whether encloses one leg under itself. Perhaps, it will stoop or warps on one party, leaning on an elbow of the bent hand.
when sitting should refer landing at which the trunk is turned, inclined aside or it is strong, bent forward To the wrong position of a body. The reason of such situation can be that the chair is set far aside from a table or the table is too low. And maybe, the book which is considered by the kid lies too far from him.the Asymmetric provision of a humeral belt can be created by
as a result of a habit to sit, having highly raised the right shoulder. Get accustomed: perhaps, the table at which the child is engaged is tall for it, and the left hand hangs down down instead of lying on a table-top (the same can occur, if a table round).
Standing position . The habit to stand with set aside aside and a halfbent leg, as well as curve landing, develops asymmetric position of a body. It can aggravate a lateral curvature of the backbone caused by other reasons (for example, an underdevelopment poyasnichno - sacral department of a backbone).
Hypodynamia...One more important factor of emergence of violations of a bearing at children should consider by
a notorious way of life. As it is sad, but modern children began to move less. Since 3 years many kids go to groups of early development (first of all intellectual), further process of acquisition of knowledge increases, and during occupations the child is forced to sit long. Besides, children early join viewing of the TV, a video production, can for hours stay behind computer games, and on the street, having met friends, instead of outdoor games, with enthusiasm discuss features of passing and codes of this or that electronic “shooter game“. What to do, you want to be modern, follow the modern trends of life. However the person has to develop harmoniously, physical development should not lag behind. Weakness of a muscular corset at our children first of all is caused by lack of adequate physical activities whereas at rapid growth the fortress of muscles of an abdominal tension and a back is simply necessary.to Distinguish
in time to notice a deviation, parents need to pay more often attention to position of shoulders and a back of the kid. His shoulders and shovels have to be at one level. Also correct position of a backbone is important - whether it is bent to the right or to the left whether at one level podjyagodichny folds are located. These signs of a lateral curvature can be made out, examining the child from a back when it costs. At survey in front it should be noted whether at one level there are clavicles and nipples.By the form sideways can determine by
such violations as stoop or a sluggish bearing. It can be made approximately or to use the special test. The child becomes a back to a wall so that the nape, shovels, buttocks, shins adjoined to a wall, and then takes a step forward, trying to keep the correct position of a body. (The same test can be used as exercise for development of a good bearing.)
At detection of a curvature needs to examine a back of the kid, having laid it on a plain firm surface facedown, hands along a trunk. If the curvature of a spine column in a prone position does not remain, then the speech goes so far only about violation of a bearing which can be corrected.
the Test for muscles . There are several simple tests for definition of a condition of muscular system of the child. For this purpose estimate ability of the kid to the long tension of muscles of a back. The child is stacked on a couch facedown so that the part of a body above hips was out of a couch on weight, by hands - on a belt (legs of the child are kept by the adult). Normal children of 5 - 6 years can hold horizontal position of a trunk 30 - 60 with, children of 7 - 10 years - 1 - 1,5 min., 12 - 16 years - from 1, 5 to 2, 5 min. Development of muscles of an abdominal tension is defined by number of continuous repetition of transition from a prone position to a sitting position and back (when fixing legs) at slow speed, no more than 16 times a minute. Norm for preschool children - 10 - 15 times, for children of 7 - 11 years - from 15 to 20 times, in 16 - 18 years - from 20 - 30 times.by
If revealed violations of a bearing and (or) weakness of muscular system, the child should be consulted at the orthopedic surgeon, the traumatologist or the doctor of physiotherapy exercises. The doctor performs inspection of the child, additional methods of research are in case of need carried out: a X-ray analysis, an electromyography and so forth
there was a new method of research Recently - topographical photometry, allowing not only to diagnose violations of a state oporno - motive system, but also to estimate efficiency of the carried-out treatment. The method is based on photography of a bearing of the patient after the doctor applies with a marker the main points - reference points on the child`s back.
we Form a bearing
As one of the main conditions of a good bearing - the correct development of an organism, it is necessary to try to create the most favorable conditions for growth. In particular, it is very important to observe the general hygienic regime: a regularity in meal, sufficient stay on air, the correct combination of occupations and rest, use of means of a hardening.
should Be engaged in strengthening of a muscular corset since childhood, but at the same time it is not necessary to hurry physical development of the child and violently to put it when he still independently does not sit, or to force the baby to go in 9 months, and even earlier. Early axial (vertical) loading can cause development of orthopedic diseases in the kid. Let the kid move in a prone position more or creeps until he sits down or will rise to the feet.Not smaller preventive value the group of the actions exerting impact on the general physical development and a functional condition of muscular system as active deduction of a body, the top and lower extremities in the correct situation is possible only with active participation of muscles has
. Special exercises are for this purpose used.
the Lack of physical activity interferes with development of a muscular corset whereas at rapid growth the fortress of muscles of an abdominal tension and a back is necessary. Correctly picked up physical activity prevents violations of a bearing, and also helps to overcome them.
of Exercise are selected depending on backbone curvature type: extensions of a back with effort to most straightened situation are recommended to the children predisposed to stoop, roundabouts at the same time two hands back, their assignment back, bending of hands to shoulders, on a nape are useful to children with the shoulder joints cramped forward. At the “hanging-down“ shoulder joints assignment of hands through the parties up, lifting of shoulders, a pulling of hands up with counteraction is useful (the adult puts hands on the child`s shoulders). Development of a correct posture is promoted also by exercises on balance. For example, walking on a bench or a log with the hands which are taken away in the parties.
At selection of exercises should consider age of the child.
For kids is recommended to select exercises of game character. So, for example, children with pleasure will execute straightening exercise - extension of a backbone if to ask them to represent a mercury column in the thermometer under sun beams. Doing exercise “Woodcutter“, children “cut firewood“, carrying out turns of an upper body. Exercise “A frog jump“ helps to correct lumbar lordoz.
Preschool children (from 4 - 5 years) are capable to understand more difficult gymnastic tasks and to cope with them.If the child is considerably weakened by
, it is desirable to combine daily performance of exercises with occupations by physiotherapy exercises for strengthening of muscles of a back and an abdominal tension in policlinic with the doctor of physiotherapy exercises.
At the beginning and at the end of each occupation children have to practise in a correct posture. (For this purpose exercise - the test which is carried out at a wall is good.) It is necessary to interest in their problem bearings, to force to think of it during the day, to check it not only at gymnastics, but also during occupations at a table, on walk. The child attending kindergarten can suggest to watch not only himself, but also a bearing of companions. Usually it turns into a peculiar competition between children: who whom will more often find in the provision of the wrong bearing. Such competition forces children to be on the alert and always to keep normal position of a back - eventually it will become a habit.the set of exercises Given by us can consider
rather preventive. He first of all is useful to almost healthy children, and not just those at whom violation of a bearing is revealed (to such little patients depending on defect the doctor will pick up an individual complex of special exercises). Treatment of pathology oporno - the motive device always long, difficult, demanding considerable efforts not only from experts, but also from the most sick. Sometimes serious problems with a bearing and medical actions do inaccessible for the child some parties of “public“ children`s life. Therefore it is important to prevent emergence of violations of a bearing, i.e. to be engaged systematically in adequate physical activity and regularly (annually) to visit with the child the orthopedic surgeon for routine inspections. Besides, it is possible to improve the general development of the kid by means of sports sections which can be visited from 4 - 5 years. The correct development of a bearing is promoted by swimming (preferably a breast stroke, on a back). Occupations by volleyball, basketball, skiing are in addition useful (on a cross-country terrain). Try to maintain interest of the child in sports occupations, and it will allow it to avoid many problems connected with a bearing.the Approximate set of exercises for strengthening of muscles of a back and a press