Liouba who at least once happened to hold a cold weapon in hand will be forgotten by it not soon. There passed centuries, and need to protect themselves by means of it disappeared, however art of possession of a blade is live and continues to develop. Yes, as you already guessed, today it will be a question of one of the most interesting sports - fencing.
Fencing arose in an extreme antiquity. Still the Egyptian Pharaohs arranged special tournaments of fencers. Such as we know it, fencing was created at the beginning of the 15th century in Spain. The sports direction of this military art began the independent development in the 17th century. World championships began to be carried out at the beginning of the 20th century.
Fencing - one of those sports which had honor to be from the very beginning included in the program of the summer Olympic Games. It is interesting that in general the very first Olympic oath (at the Olympic Games in Antwerp in 1920) the Belgian fencer, subsequently the four-time Olympic champion, Victor Boen said.Sports fencing
the Main goal of sports meet - to put with
a prick to the opponent and, respectively, to avoid a prick most. In modern sports fencing duels are carried out on three types of weapon - on swords, rapiers and sabers. Rules of duels on each of these types have some features.
the Rapier - a thrust weapon with a tetrahedral blade and small proud (Gardo - the round metal plate around the handle protecting a hand of the fencer). Pricks can be put only with an edge. Only the pricks put in the struck surface that is in a trunk in front and a back to a belt are set off. Other pricks are not set off, in case of drawing invalid pricks fight stops.
the Sword - a heavy thrust weapon with a trihedral blade and proud. At a duel on swords the pricks put with an edge in any part of a body of the opponent are considered as valid.
the Sabre (espadron) - easy the pricking and cutting weapon with a flat blade and proud with a bracket. The blows both pricking, and cutting are set off. The struck surface is formed by all parts of a body of the opponent above the horizontal line drawn through tops of the corners formed by a body and hips of the athlete who is in a fighting rack. Blows to not struck surface are not considered, and fight after them does not stop.the Fencing equipment includes
four main pricking and six the cutting blows, and also corresponding protection against them and ukhoda.Blows are fixed by
by means of the electrosensor: the end of the weapon is supplied with electrocontact, to a nut (a tip of the handle of a cold weapon, besides everything serving as a counterbalance) the wire passing under a jacket of the athlete and brought to the board fixing blows joins further. Jacket at athletes electroconductive. In case of drawing the valid blow or a prick on the one hand on a board the red lamp, with another - green lights up. In case of drawing invalid blow or a prick the white lamp lights up.Fight takes place
on a path 14 meters long. Athletes begin a duel standing on distance about 2 meters from the middle of a path. If during a duel one of rivals crosses the line limiting path length to it set off a penal prick.to
It is interesting that refereeing in fencing is traditionally conducted in French. Before fight the judge gives athletes command: “An metal!“ - “Action!“, then asks a question: “Et vu pre?“ - “You are ready?“ Having received the answer, the judge orders: “To Alla!“ In case of a stop of fight the Viola! command - “Stop!“ is given. Award of points is followed by words:“ And druat“ - “To the right“, “And gosh“ - “On the left“ or “Ku a double“ - to “Both“. The invalid blow is designated by the phrase of “Conte`s pas“ - “Not to consider“.Sports fencing can begin to be engaged in
from 9 - 10 years, the top age limit is not limited. Fencing sections for adults are at some detsko - junior sports schools and fitness - clubs. It is remarkable that there are examples when the people who began to be engaged in fencing at mature age, became even world champions. In general fencing - such sport in which along with flexibility, good coordination of movements and fast reaction also experience because practice shows that than the athlete is more skilled is important better it acts as that.
the Only, in my opinion, lack of sports fencing - lack of staginess. It is very difficult to simple viewer to understand that, actually, occurred on a path for these several seconds and who over whom inflicted defeat. But the world of art of possession of a blade is various and can even offer the choosiest viewer and still which - that.
Along with the known all sports fencing exists also such fascinating sport as scenic fencing. Abroad it is quite popular, especially in France and Scandinavia where tens of clubs specializing in this sport work, but in our country as a sport scenic fencing only began to appear though it is obligatory discipline in any theatrical HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION. It is considered that scenic fencing arose in Ancient Rome, and gladiators were the first such fencers. However it is difficult to agree with it completely because gladiators, as we know, in representation used swords, and in scenic fencing the easy cold weapon is used.
Fencing with a scenic bias arose together with theater. In old times most of men owned a cold weapon, and therefore the theatrical performance of a duel had to be especially plausible. All of us know how nonprofessionalism in any sphere is evident, and therefore, understand, the improbable duel could spoil all impression of a performance.Modern scenic fencing differs in
on equipment a little from sports because the accent is put first of all on staginess of a duel. Athletes are allowed to competitions 18 years are more senior. At once we will stipulate: participants of a duel are members of one team and have to present to judges fight with in advance rehearsed movements. There is no improvisation in scenic fencing of the place and should not be because athletes without defensors fence. In other words, the duel by the principles of construction is most of all similar to group exercise in rhythmic gymnastics.Competitions are held by
in three nominations: solo, duet and group (eight people). Duration of composition is 3 minutes. Athletes surely act in suits and with the weapon, corresponding to the chosen era. Performance can be followed by remarks of fencers and music, there are no restrictions for the imagination of participants.
of the Judge estimate technology of fencing (correctness and complexity), plasticity of movements and esthetic aspect, quality of statement in general and acting skills of competing.
Historical fencing arose not as a sport or a subject matter for students - actors and as a kind of historical reconstruction. Readers, likely, will remember how in 1980 - e years many were fond of military history. Those years in the country there was a mass of the amateur clubs specializing on voyenno - historical reconstruction. Now historical fencing is paid much attention also by tolkinist.
Sometimes scenic and historical fencing is confused, however it is different types of sport. At first sight it seems that it is one and too: both there, and there the viewer see a fancy-dress duel. Let`s remember value of the term “fencing“. Fencing is a duel on the easy dlinnoklinkovy weapon. In historical fencing we deal with the heavy medieval weapon which is allowing to strike the strong cutting blows and not giving the chance to make graceful manipulations with a blade, feints (rotation of a blade round its pivot-center) and a blende - false actions. The pricking blows in historical fencing are forbidden.
Equipment of fighters hard - its weight can reach 25 kg. The two-handled sword, for example, weighs about 5 kg. If rivals are armed only with swords, the weight of fighters is not considered, but when the board is added, competitions are held in three weight categories: to 70 kg, to 85 kg and over 85 kg. As well as in scenic, in historical fencing the weapon and a suit also have to correspond to the chosen historical era. Existence of a historical suit is an indispensable condition of the admission to competitions. It is admissible to use modern protective equipment - a bib, kneecaps - but they have to be hidden under clothes.
One of differences from scenic fencing is competitive character of a duel in historical fencing, that is opponents battle “impromptu“ and are rivals for each other.
the Essential, in my opinion, lack of scenic and historical fencing is high cost of equipment. But we will not be about sad, we will better talk about what will help you on occupations by fencing, quarrystone you decided at last - to be engaged in this sport. >
it is convenient to p to be engaged in fencing in any sports suit. Protective equipment - a vest and a mask - the trainer has to give. It makes sense to acquire own protective equipment if you are sure that fencing for you is forever. Separately pay attention to footwear: it can be sneakers or soft sports shoes like tennis. The main thing that it was convenient to you and that the footwear did not slide. It is also necessary to think of gloves or at least of one glove for the right or left hand, depending on that, the right-handed person you or the lefthander. In principle, it is possible to be engaged also without gloves, but in gloves it is more convenient. Gloves have to be hlopchato - paper or leather unlined as in the presence of a lining the hand sweats.
Carefully execute all commands of the trainer, it is guarantee of your safety and your partner. You remember: during training your opponent is not your rival, he is your partner and studies together with you. The movements at working off of certain blows and pricks have to be unsharp, give to the partner the chance to trace the direction of your attack. I happened to observe such situation: the pupil complained to the trainer that “cannot get“ to him, and asked the trainer not to be protected. The trainer thought was that the pupil just wants to look at the direction of a prick, and relaxed. As a result was hit a strong and painful blow in a neck. It is good that on the trainer there was a protection … You see what are a situation time at trainings.
So, dear readers, be vigilant and careful. I wish good luck in comprehension of fencing art!