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What is children`s food allergy and as to struggle with it?

the Beginning of a feeding up, that is introduction in addition to maternal milk of other food, can cause reaction of rejection of new food in the kid. Unfortunately, in Russia from 20 to 30% of children aged about one year are subject to food allergy. Parents of such children have to begin a feeding up with the greatest care. However if gradually on one to enter unicomponent (consisting only of one ingredient) products into the child`s diet, it is possible to minimize reaction of rejection of new food . whether

my child Enters into risk group?

the Increased risk of developing of food allergy exists at children in whose families allergy cases were already recorded. In medicine this phenomenon is called an atopiya, or congenital predisposition to allergic diseases. If one of parents had an allergy, the risk of its development in the child reaches 37% if both were ill, the probability of inheritance of an allergy increases up to 62%.

Symptoms of food allergy

the Most typical display of food allergy is the small tortoiseshell. On an integument there are red spots causing a severe itch. Originally they arise in a face and a neck, and then extend on all body. Such diseases as atopic dermatitis or eczema, have chronic character and are characterized by reddening and a peeling of skin, and also an itch. They usually occur at children in whose families cases of an allergy or asthma were already fixed. Zheludochno - intestinal symptoms of food allergy include vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, belly spasms, pain, an abdominal distension and gases.

of More rare, but life-endangering the child reaction to food allergy is the anaphylaxis. At especially serious cases falling of a blood pressure can cause a faint, shock and even death. The anaphylaxis is extremely dangerous and demands immediate intervention of the doctor.

Other collateral reactions to food

to you should be

exclusively attentive when feeding the child, regardless of that, there were in your family cases of an allergy or not as the food can cause and other collateral reactions:

  • intolerance of food;
  • poisoning;
  • disgust for food.

Unlike food allergy the intolerance of food depends on a dose. Therefore the child suffering from intolerance of lactose (dairy sugar) can drink insignificant amount of milk, and at the same time frustration zheludochno - an intestinal path will not arise. If the allergy has chronic character (for example, an allergy to lactose), then the child can have an anaphylaxis even after he drinks several drinks of the same milk. As well as in case of an allergy, manifestations of intolerance can be avoided, having excluded the ingredients causing collateral reaction from food.

Poisoning , externally very similar to food allergy, is caused by bacteria and impurity in food. Symptoms of poisoning are extremely similar for children and adults.

Disgust for food meets quite seldom and is shown, as a rule, in relation to some certain products. In this case the child does not transfer even a product smell.

all - the displays of food allergy affecting immune system are rather rare

I. Their percent among total of cases of collateral reactions to food does not exceed 20. Symptoms which are mistakenly perceived as food allergy are usually connected with problems of digestion or assimilation of food.

For this reason should be read to

very attentively labels with frontal and the back! If on the frontal party of a label one component is represented (for example, a pear), it does not mean that a product unicomponent and in it there are no other ingredients, such as the salt, sugar, starch, vegetable oils, flavoring additives, food dyes, preservatives or chemicals which are used by production of a product. In this case it will be difficult to establish what ingredient provoked undesirable reaction at the kid. It is necessary to trace carefully potential allergens which have to be specified on a label.

In view of that it is often difficult to distinguish food allergy from other collateral reactions, it is necessary to address for consultation the pediatrician or the allergologist .

Experts also advise

to keep the food diary of the kid where new products which mother gives to the child are fixed, and also to watch closely a state of his health after their reception.


Prevention of an allergy

If in your family already fixed allergy cases, the risk of development of this disease in the child can be reduced, having excluded from his diet cow`s milk, soy products, a citrus and products from wheat until achievement of age of one year. In this case children of risk group are recommended to begin a feeding up with unicomponent vegetable purees and unicomponent porridges without milk and gluten (protein of cereals) not earlier than with 6 months.


Besides, any new product has to be entered into the child`s diet in number of no more than 5 ml (mg), it is preferable in morning feedings to have an opportunity during the day to estimate its shipping (emergence of skin rashes, change of a chair, etc.) . If after reception of a product of negative reaction did not follow, its volume can be increased daily by 10 - 30 mg within 7 - 10 days.


gradually enter further other low allergy unicomponent products. At the same time you should not use whole cow`s milk before 1 year of life, egg - before 2 years, fish and nuts - before 3 years. In this case for the purpose of correction of proteinaceous part of a diet meat mash is entered for 1 month before the recommended terms.


that components of food eaten by the nursing mother can get to the child`s organism with milk, many experts recommend to exclude all above-stated types of food from a diet in the period of a lactation.

the Most widespread food allergens
of egg, whole cow`s milk, wheat, soy, nuts, fish, shrimps
Rather safe products
of Hypoallergenic Products of low degree of allergenicity
pumpkin, vegetable marrow, cauliflower, green apple, plum, pear, rice porridge, turkey of broccoli, potatoes, green peas, peach, banana, lamb, pork, whether chicken

displays of an allergy Will stop with age?

Food allergy most often occurs at children under 2 years. At vast majority of children the allergy to eggs, milk and vegetables passes in process of strengthening of immune system with age. Among adults no more than 2% have food allergy.

However the allergy to a peanut, nuts, fish and seafood, most likely, will remain for the rest of life. For this reason it is better to enter these types of food into the child`s diet only after 2 years.


In assortment of baby food of the Gerber brand presented a large number of unicomponent fruit, vegetable and meat mashes, juice and porridges on the basis of which you can make an individual hypoallergenic diet for your kid.

can Get acquainted with hypoallergenic products of the Gerber company here.

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