Behavior etiquette in the Orthodox or Catholic church, a synagogue or the mosque
Each religion provides the norms and rules of conduct. The general standards of behavior in all temples is only the following: not to smoke, not to drink alcoholic drinks, not to rustle and behave yours faithfully. All other rules are very various.
the Orthodox church
As a rule, Orthodox churches have three entrances: main (western, opposite to an altar), northern and southern. All church building is divided into an altar, actually the temple and an antechurch. The altar is fenced off from actually temple by the iconostasis reaching in most cases a ceiling. In an altar there are a throne and an altar. In an altar (central), and also northern and southern doors conduct the Imperial gate.
to Women is forbidden to enter an altar. Men can come into an altar only on permission of priests, and that only through northern or southern doors. Through the Imperial gate only priests enter an altar.
Directly the iconostasis is adjoined by a solea - the sublime platform along all altar. Opposite to an imperial gate there is an ambon - the central part of a solea. Without the permission of priests on an ambon and a solea it is also not allowed to ascend.
Since the most ancient times three times a day are established to make church service: in the evening, in the morning and in the afternoon - a liturgy. It is necessary to know that church day begins not at 0 o`clock calendar day, and at 18 o`clock previous day.
the Entrance to the temple from the street is arranged usually in the form of a church porch - the platform before entrance doors on which conduct several steps. Approaching the temple, it is necessary to make a sign of the cross and zone bow. Rising by a church porch, before an entrance to doors, again it is necessary to dawn on itself a sign of the cross. Does not follow, standing on the street, to pray long and for show.
should Come to the temple in 10 - 15 minutes prior to church service. During this time it is possible to give notes, to put a donation on the eve, to buy candles, to put them and to be put to icons. In case of delay it is necessary to behave so that not to prevent a prayer of others. If there is no opportunity to approach freely icons and to put candles, ask to transmit candles through other people.
during church service of the man have to stand in the right part of the temple, the woman - in left, leaving free pass from the main doors to the Imperial gate. In an Orthodox church it is forbidden to sit, the illness or strong exhaustion of the parishioner can only be an exception.In the temple curiosity is indecent to show
and to consider people around. To inadmissibly condemn and mock at involuntary mistakes of employees or present at the temple. During church service it is forbidden to talk. It is not necessary to condemn and straighten out the beginner who is not knowing church rules. It is better to help it a polite and good advice. Candles should be bought only in that temple to which you came. Whenever possible it is not necessary to leave the temple before the end of church service.
At visit of temples need to put on so that the most part of a body was covered. It is not accepted to go to the temple in shorts and sportswear. Whenever possible men and women should avoid also undershirts and shirts with short sleeves. The head of the woman has to be covered. Men before an entrance to the temple are obliged to remove a headdress.
In an informal situation of priests can be called as follows:
- of the Patriarch - the Holy the lord;
- of the bishop - the lord;
- of the priest - the father;
- the Mother Superior - the mother;
- of the deacon - the father the deacon.
cannot welcome at meetings ecclesiastics exclamations: “Hello, father!“ or “Hello, lord!“. It is necessary to speak: “The father, bless!“ or “The lord, bless!“ .
should not ask blessings from deacons and simple monks as they have no right to do it. Priests and bishops, and also mothers superior of monasteries in a dignity of abbesses bless. Accepting blessing, it is necessary to put palms crosswisely (the right palm over left) and to kiss the right, blessing hand of the priest, it is not necessary to be christened before it.the Catholic temple
the Catholic temple the same device, as the Orthodox Christian has
in general. The most essential difference which is evident is lack of an iconostasis. Instead of it there is a low altar barrier. In the temple the central part - altar, or a presbytery - the place where there is a church service and where Sacred Gifts - bread and wine, presushchestvlenny in the Body and Christ`s Blood, are stored is allocated. It is possible to recognize this place by the unextinguishable icon lamp burning before a tabernacle.
Krom of the central altar. In the temple the special place for chorus and a vestry is also allocated (the certain room for attendants of the temple and storage of liturgical attires and objects).at an entrance to the temple headdresses surely have to remove
of the Man. For women of a kerchief are not required. There are no also special norms in clothes or use of cosmetics. Emergence in the temple in shorts or too open clothes is not welcomed, and in some temples, including in St. Peter`s Cathedral in Vatican - it is forbidden.
At an entrance to the temple the vessel with the consecrated water settles down, or an aspersorium into which dip fingers of the right hand and then are christened.by
At once at an entrance to the temple makes a genuflection (the right knee) before a tabernacle. And subsequently, passing by a tabernacle, make a genuflection or at least bow. Catholics in an order, other than Orthodox Christians, - at first the left shoulder, then right are christened. The special moments out of a liturgy when it is required to make a sign of the cross, no.
In the temple are cost by ranks of prayful benches, and below - low small benches (on them kneel down during church service). The confession in the Catholic temple is made in special confessionals - small cabins for the priest and confessing. If in a confessional someone talks, it is not necessary to be in audibility limits, as well as to approach the priest during his conversation with someone - it there can be a conversation especially spiritual and personal. It is not necessary to interrupt a prayer or silent contemplation of believers, it is necessary to wait until they finish.to
Actually, to these limit the basic rules of behavior in the Catholic temple.
the Head of Catholic church is the Pope.
of the Address to persons of a ministry:
- to the Pope - your Holiness;
- to the cardinal and the archbishop - your eminence;
- to the bishop - the My Lord (personal - the lord).
To the persons belonging to the highest church hierarchy uses also the address “monsignor“ added to a title. Address the prior of the temple “Your reverence“. In a personal meeting all priests it is possible to address “father“, monks - “brother“, nuns - “sister“. >
it is very difficult for p to Distinguish one rank from another in everyday life therefore, preparing for a meeting with the priest, it is necessary to learn his title in advance. However existence of a red belt, a piuska (a Little Red episcopal Hood or a cassock not of black color), as a rule, testifies to belonging to the highest hierarchy. However, in everyday life the priesthood wears usual dark suits with dark shirts and a white strip under a collar.
In communication with priesthood needs to distinguish two levels - when during a meeting the priest is urged to make church service, or sacrament, and usual conversation. Rules of usual etiquette extend to conversation.the Catholic priesthood gives to
a vow of chastity therefore it is tactless to be interested in family life of the interlocutor. One more feature - as a rule, the priest the first offers a hand including to women.
the Center of religious and public life of a Judaic community is a synagogue.
Now in Judaism various currents - from ultraorthodox to ultraliberal coexist. Respectively, sinagogalny church services in various Jewish communities can differ considerably among themselves. Ancient traditions most remained in Orthodox Judaism.are usually carried out by
of Church service in orthodox synagogues three times a day; festive and Saturday days additional prayers are said. That church service took place, presence of at least ten men is necessary 13 years which make minyan (quorum) are more senior.
of the Place for women in a synagogue or separate from places for men a partition, or women take places on gallery.
to Men is forbidden to be in a bare-headed synagogue therefore during a morning prayer they put on the special prayful cover (talit) representing a quadrangular piece of woolen matter with four brushes on corners (tsitsit). On weekdays during a morning prayer of the man put on tfilin - leather boxes with the parchment pieces enclosed in them with Scripture fragments. By means of long thongs these boxes become attached to a forehead and the left hand of praying.are said by
of the Prayer standing or sitting: praying it is not allowed to stretch face downwards or to kneel, except for the separate moments of festive church services.
At an entrance to a synagogue and reading some prayers can bow. Prayers are said in Hebrew, and a number of prayers - on an aramita (Aramaic), language of daily communication of ancient Jews.
the order of church service Developed within centuries provides pronouncing certain prayers which sequence corresponds to this or that day of a religious calendar. Any adult man - the Jew can direct church service. In big communities usually for reading prayers on holidays and Saturdays especially esteemed person is specially appointed (hazzan) to which the man`s chorus sometimes accompanies. Some parts of a liturgy are sung by all attendees in a synagogue.
In many communities belonging to other directions of Judaism - conservative, reformist, liberal, - sinagogalny traditions can differ considerably. So, in reformist communities of the man and woman sit together. Men can not put on talit and tfilin though quite often carry a special hat (pile) on the head. The sinagogalny chorus in reformist and many conservative synagogues includes women. In many countries the part of church service can be conducted in language of this country, and a ratio of quantity of prayers in Hebrew and prayers in other language variously in different communities. Also the players of prayers in church services of various communities are changed.
Rabbis head the Jewish communities and today though their management mostly has character of spiritual mentoring. The organization of solemn religious ceremonies - the conclusion of marriages, holding a funeral etc. belongs to duties of rabbis.Worldwide functions and the provision of the rabbinate can differ in
. So, in Israel rabbis are the state officials. They are confirmed to the post by the Supreme rabbis and the ministry of affairs of religions and assume part of important state and judicial functions.
Unlike other religions where there are certain rules of etiquette in communication with priests of a different rank, in Judaism in general do not have such rules. The only thing, at the address to the rabbi by name sometimes add the word “Rabi“.
the Mosque - the prayful building at Muslims. It is not the holy site, the temple in the true sense of the word. An exception only Masdzhid makes al - haram - “the forbidden mosque“ which is in Mecca. In the center Masdzhid of al - haram there is a Kaaba - the main shrine of Muslims.by
In the mosque will organize various holidays, not necessarily religious, performances of Islamic figures, competitions of readers of the Koran etc. Besides, in the mosque always are held the visitor can spend the night.Five times a day, in strictly certain time, from a minaret are distributed to
azan - an appeal on a prayer. It is proclaimed by the muezzin. In the mosque the direction of a prayer defines mikhrab - the special niche in a wall turned towards Mecca. To the right of a mikhrab in the cathedral mosque there is a minbar - a tribune for the preacher.usually pray to
of the Woman on the second floor or in the fenced-off part of the first floor. The entrance to the mosque for men and women happens as the general, and separate. Though the mosque is also not the holy site, certain rules which extend to any who came to the mosque, irrespective of religion celebrate.
Appearance of the visitor of the mosque should not offend a look of believers: it is necessary to put on the pure, modest and rather closed clothes. At women the clothes have to close all body, except for a face, hands and a foot of legs, its color should not be provocatively bright, and a silhouette - fitting. Women should hide hair completely under a scarf.the Floor in the mosque is carpeted by
, the footwear is left at an entrance. In big mosques special employees accept footwear and give a counter. Visitors of the mosque behave very relaxedly: they sit or lie on a floor, eat, sleep, communicate among themselves. But at the same time at any time someone can make a Mohammedan prayer, i.e. pray. Believers read the Koran or just concentrate on thought of God. Therefore it is not necessary to raise the voice, to laugh, quarrel etc.
When there comes Mohammedan prayer time, believers make ablution (voodoo) and are built ranks for the imam - the head on a prayer. Those who for any reasons do not take part in a collective prayer are not obliged to leave the mosque.
As in Islam the institute of priesthood does not exist, the address to ecclesiastics is defined by the concrete practice which developed in this region. The most universal is the address of “pollacks“ (on - Arab “mister“), and also “hajjs“, that is the made hajj. But these addresses are not an exclusive prerogative of ecclesiastics.