The first occupations for the baby of
the Birth of the kid - the most important event in life of the loving mother. Numerous months of expectation of the native little man, a part of, thoughts of his future, of his life in this world connect us with it even more. On the one hand, we want to give it everything ourselves did not have that, to love as did not love us, to bring up and not to make those mistakes which were made by our parents. But there is other party, with love everything is clear, she never is much and how the general development? Many parents, and I not an exception, want that their creation was the best, the most educated, the most widely-read, successful, and everything is better at once. We try, despite everything, to try to develop various skills of our kids by the most different techniques.
my child at first sight - the most ordinary, normally developing kid. And the most favourite, early, and, above all special for our family. For example, my mother worships the granddaughter, considering that we - that with the brother precisely to develop (read further: to hold the head, to sit, smile, creep) began not earlier than half a year, and right there stops all my references to her forgetfulness. It also is clear, the first smile, the first attempts to creep, first “agukanye“, steps and so forth make us happy.For myself I an essence of techniques of early development defined
only in helping with early age to the baby to develop those natural skills corresponding to this period of life. That is those skills which she and so all the same would receive (to hold the head, to turn over, play, float, to dive, creep …), I only created a situation favorable for this purpose. Having read numerous books about development and education, having studied immense open spaces of our network, and having gathered a lot of necessary and interesting from there which - that chose and willingly, and, above all successfully I put into practice.I Will begin
with the fact that in maternity hospital we practiced mild swaddling, after maternity hospital I did not swaddle at all (the help in development of sensomotorny skills). Of course, it can suit not everything, to really some children more approaches at first to be swaddled (it many mothers will confirm), Elladochke it was not required, moreover, she protested against swaddling in maternity hospital.
Over a bed were suspended by bright toys (at distance not lower than 40 - 50 cm from the child`s eyes). It can be, for example, multi-colored balloons which are easily set in motion. In our case it were three rattles which replaced to a mobile phone subsequently (at us “Dreams of butterflies“ from Fisher-Price), but, probably, we made it rather late as it special did not make impression, and can still from - for the fact that colors of pastel tones, but not bright … Since three months children begin to pay attention to a form and color of objects therefore suspend toys various not only on color, but also in a form. And at this age it is necessary to suspend toys at distance of outstretched arms that the child could grab and feel them easily. >
of One of my reference books it was p, fallen in love to all our family, “Development of the child with 1 - go day of life to 6 - ti years“ M. N. Ilyina (www. defectolog. ru). Which - that we applied, and something was checked on kids (exercise) also by our friends. Further we took the following advices and exercises.timely formation of ability to hold the head is essential
of Exercise for development of ability of the child to hold the head
In motive development of the child of the first year of life. If the child to two - does not hold three months the head, then the whole chain of adverse factors is formed: development of visual perception and a vestibular mechanism is broken, ability to distribution of a tone of the muscles providing the act of sitting is not developed. As a result all scheme of motive development which is closely connected with intellectual development is distorted.to
Therefore offer the exercises which are specially aimed at the development of this ability of the child. The child in a prone position on a stomach. Put a hand on the child`s chin, and touch with other hand feet of legs. In reply the child begins to make a start legs and to move ahead.
- the Child in a prone position on a stomach. Put one hand to it under a chin, and another - under a stomach, and slightly bring up the child forward. The child will make the creeping movements.
- Place the child in vertical position. Hold it for hips on weight in a sitting position, balancing not to break balance. The child will try to hold the head and a trunk in vertical position.
- Position of the child lying on a back. Take the child for hands and slightly pull on yourself. He will try to be brought up behind hands forward.
- Clasp with hands a stomach of the child and hold it on weight facedown. The child will raise the head.
- you also hold the child on weight, but in obliquely - lateral situation, clasping, the right, left side. It will raise the head and to straighten legs.
- Put the child on a support in vertical position. In reply it will straighten legs, a trunk, to raise the head. If you slightly pull it forward, then he will make the step movement. Repeat each of these exercises within 3 - 4 minutes, patiently wait for response, do not try to help the child to carry out the necessary movements.
of Missile defense later, perhaps, begin to apply I in time these exercises, my girl would hold the head better in 2 months (Hellas very much liked to look in a ceiling therefore it often in vertical position threw back a head why the pediatrician began to worry), but I do not learn it. Yes I also do not “bother“ especially, in 3 months it did it rather well though for some kids such exercises nevertheless remain actual.
of Exercise for development of the sensomotorny sphere of the child of the first year of life
Development of the sensomotorny sphere on the first year of life of the child - the main condition of development of perception of world around.
the Main objective of sensomotorny development - to help the child to increase physical activity, to save up ideas of color, a form, size of objects etc.
it is possible to be engaged with the child only when it is in a quiet state when it is full and it nothing disturbs.
Exercise on visual and acoustical perception (for the child 7 - 10 days are more senior)
the Bright toy (a ball, a rattle, a ring) place on an outstretched arm in sight of the child at distance 60 - 70 cm over his face and wait when the look of the kid lingers on a toy. After that begin to shake it to the right, to the left with an amplitude of 5 - 7 cm and with a frequency of fluctuations about two times in a second. Further move a toy diversely (to the right, to the left, up, down), bringing closer to the kid on distance 20 - 30 cm and deleting on distance of an outstretched arm approximately on 1,5m from the child. Study is continued 1 - 2 minutes, repeating two times in a row, is carried out 1 - 2 time a day. Also classes with the toy making a quiet, soft sound are given.Exercise on development of acoustical activity (for the child of 25 days is also more senior) to
the small hand bell 5 - 7 cm high is necessary for
For this exercise the Child lies on a back. You hold a hand bell on an outstretched arm (the child should not see you) and quietly call. You do 2 - 3 oscillating motions and you allow a sound to calm down. The child listens to a sound. Call a hand bell once again. Before calling, let`s a sound die away. You keep a hand bell over the child`s breast at arm`s length of 60 - 70 cm. Then tie a hand bell to a scaffold and move it to the right, having muffled a sound. Having moved a hand bell on distance of 80 - 100 cm from the center, slightly call them, causing in the child the search movements of eyes, turn of the head in different directions. In the same way move a hand bell to the left. Classes are given 2 - 3 times a day within 3 - 4 days. Then it is better to take a break for a week, and further it is possible to give classes for the second and third months of life of 1 - 2 time a week.
of Exercise for development of acoustical and physical activity of the child (for the child is more senior than one month)
you Suspend at distance 60 - 70 cm a rattle - a garland. You attach to it by means of tapes one more rattle - a garland at distance of 7 - 10 cm from the child lying on a back. You draw attention of the child to toys, slightly shaking them. Having caught a rattle look, the child widely opens eyes, calms down for several seconds, and then joyfully throws up hands up, incidentally touching low suspended rattle. The top rattle begins to rock, and the kid fades again, considering it. Then there comes new surge in physical activity, and the kid encounters hands the lower rattle again, setting top in motion. The child can be engaged in such game 5 minutes. In 2 - 3 days trade rattles places. Be engaged in this exercise during one - two weeks.
of Exercise for development of visual concentration (for the child of one month is also more senior)
As often as possible tenderly talk to the child, taking great pain to draw his attention to itself, to raise a reciprocal smile. The father keeps the child on hands in vertical position that the kid looked for a shoulder. Mother, tenderly talking to the child, brings closer the person to it, trying to get to the field of his sight. (Distance from which the child can see a face of the adult of 80 - 100 cm, at more short distance to the kid the person is difficult to capture a look.) The child joyfully considers a face of the adult, smiles, crools. Such occupation it is possible to carry out 2 - 3 times a day.
In 2 - 3 months stimulate with
of Exercise for development of sensomotorny and speech spheres of the child the child to fix a look on moving and motionless objects, induce it to longer concentration on a subject. Take
in a hand a bright ball when the child catches it a look, move a ball from left to right, up - down. At the same time ask the kid: “Where ball? Look, here it where!“
During this period widely use the toys making various sounds. Draw with movement of the sounding toys attention of the kid. You ring a toy at the left, on the right, from above and from below. Ask: “Where rings? Ding - ding! And now where?“
Give the chance to the child to make as much as possible the feeling movements by hands. At the same time the child has to see a subject which he feels. For this purpose enclose a subject in the child`s hand and draw its visual attention to this subject. The form, size, the invoice of such objects has to be various, but convenient for grab.
- you Say sounds which were heard from the kid earlier:“ with Abu“, to “ag“, “bub“, “and - and - and“, “about - about“, “hectare - hectare“, etc.
- Encourage any desire of the child to move. Put sideways from the child a soft, beautiful toy that it drew his attention, and help the child reaching for it to turn over carefully from a back on a stomach.
- For training in crawling put a toy at such distance from the child that he could not seize her. Help the kid to get closer to her, having held up a palm to stupnyam legs that he could rest and make a start. Play at hide-and-seek
- with the child. Throw with a scarf to yourself the head. Ask: “And where mother? Where mother hid? Find mother“. Help the child if at him it does not turn out, open and praise surely. And now throw a scarf over the child as though it hid. For example: “And where Elladochka? There is no Hellas. Where she escaped?“. Remove a scarf: “And - and - and, here where Hellas!“ Continue to play with the child until it is interesting to him, thinking out different options of this game.
- Put the child to yourself on knees and, thumbing through the book with colourful images of animals, show and ask the child: “This a cat - meow, meow. Show where the pussycat? It is a doggie - av - av. Show where a doggie?“ etc. Offer the child different books, consider together pictures, talk to him.
- From the second half of the year, giving to the child various toys, at the same time call them (“Lyal“, “bi - bi“, “Mischa“).
- Try to stimulate as often as possible subject and game activity of the child (percussion with a subject about a subject, a vykladyvaniye of cubes from a box, throwing of objects, removal of rings from a pyramid, a rearrangement from one hand in another etc.).
- Form initial situational understanding of the speech turned to the child and submission to separate verbal instructions:“ kiss mother “, “ give the handle “, “ tell:“ Good-bye “““, show what you big“. How, for example, give the handle to develop performance of a request ““? You give a hand to the child and you ask “give the handle“, at the same time you take a hand of the child and you put it in the, tenderly stroking it, you shake. Then you release the child`s hand, again you stretch the and you ask “give the handle“, slightly directing the movement of a hand of the child. And so several times in a row, until the child himself on this instruction gives a hand.
- If you see that the kid already does attempts to get on feet, adhering for a bed, take a bright toy at such distance that he could only seize her when rises. your child already freely costs
- , holding hands a support. Stimulate it to walking. For this purpose you attract it gestures, toys or objects which especially attract it.
- Give to the child multi-colored cubes (no more than 6 pieces). Show how it is possible to put one cube on another and to construct a tower. Help the child, operate his hands and gradually complicate games, for example, you speak: “At first give me a red cube, no, it is yellow, and red this. Now green. Where green?“ etc. Play with cubes of different size. play
- in the course of bathing of the child with it, for example, such game: “Give, Elladochka, we will wash to a doll a face. Where it has eyes? Where it has a nose? Show. Now let`s wash it handles. Where handles at a doll? Show“ etc.
- Play with the child in “Teremok“. For this purpose it is necessary to make a lodge of a cardboard and 3 - 4 toys: cockerel, hare, doggie, cat.“ Watch who lives in a teremochka? Who who lives in low? Well - you leave who lives there. Ku - - re - ku! Who is it? A cockerel - a gold comb. Here, stroke it. Well, go back to a lodge, a cockerel. Who who else lives in a teremochka? Who is such greyish? This is the hare. The hare again in the lodge skipped away. Who else lives there? Av - av. I am a doggie. Av - av. What good doggie. Look, escaped, hid. And here watch who mews there? Meow - meow. Who is it? This is the pussycat. Stroke the pussycat. The pussycat escaped. All hid in a lodge. Let`s call them. Beckon them handles. Here all came running. Cockerel, hare, doggie, pussycat“. When the child remembers names of all animals, replace them with others.
of Exercise for psychomotility development
- For the child of 1,5 months good exercise for development of psychomotility is massage. Massage needs to be done by surely warm hands greased with children`s cream. The easy movements of stroking you mass to the child of a hand from a brush to a shoulder, then a trunk, a breast from the middle to sides, a stomach, a back from a neck to buttocks. Further, fingers slightly you pinch from time to time buttocks, stroking legs, beginning from foot. You pound the child`s feet from fingers to a heel and back. It is good to do such massage daily, before bathing of the kid. Duration of exercises is 5 - 6 minutes. do to
- Since four months with the child special gymnastics.
National games and poteshka for development of the psychoemotional sphere of the child of the first year of life
under the influence of various games and poteshka the baby learns to derive unconscious pleasure from the special rhythmical intonation distinguishing a poteshka from the usual speech.Yet to the child be not
one and a half years old, contents has no special value. Action is important. Such small children appreciate various sounds, phrases and rhythmic designs more.exert Poteshki`s
the complex developing impact on the psychoemotional, speech, intellectual sphere of the small child.
- of “The goat horned“ goes.“ Pobodayte“ child fingers, his potormoshit. Play more often such game, and you will see that at first the child will smile, listening to your voice, then will make joyful sounds and to move briskly hands and legs. Such response demonstrates development of positive emotions, visual and acoustical perception.
- “Pat-a-cake - pat-a-cake“ . Play this game at each opportunity. At first all of you do the movements for the child, and then he will be able in palms and to lift handles to the head. The attention, memory, conceptual thinking, emotions develop.
- the Game “Forty - a Beloboka“ well develops thin motility of fingers of hands, is excellent incentive for speech development, gives to the kid joyful corporal contact with mother. (Do this exercise surely on the right and left hand). Massage of fingers is very useful.
All these exercises remain actual for us to this day.
Willingly I apply councils from the book of doctor Komarovsky, it is also in electronic option, I consult with it if something happens on e - mail, for example, we swim in cool water, we dive, we become tempered.
I in conclusion, my dear, dear parents, let`s not to forget that the little man needs most of all our communication - it is indispensable incentive in development of all above described skills. If we help to learn this world to our “miracle“, and, the main thing, to derive from it pleasure, action of all techniques will increase several times. I did not receive the main thing in due time - communication and love of the parents, now very much I try not to allow similar with the children.
of Good luck to you, health! Let our asterisks, hares and the suns always shine to us, warm us the rays and please with the progress, and in case of failure (“well and if we fall? …“) we will always offer a hand, we will lend a shoulder, we will help the experience and council (“ … we will get up again and we will go!“).