Rus Articles Journal

Teach the child to be on friendly terms with the computer

Today the computer becomes a habitual learning tool of the world and stops being luxury.

to It two years. He climbs to mother on hands when that sits in front of the computer, presses buttons and rejoices to the badges arising on the screen. It is almost impossible to drag it. Mother shows it Paintbrush, and he begins to create pictures.

over time the kid has own games. At first unpretentious where there is enough story the cursor as ridiculous animals jump out. To seven - eight years he already feels like the experienced user. Here also house tragedies begin: “What did you make with my computer? You in general though something, except the computer, interests?“ And further - it is more: the child opens for himself the Internet and leaves to the open world. He chats, plays network games, exchanges with someone letters and photos. And already it seems to parents that it moves away from a family.

to Fear add also performance to the press. The computer, we read, the harmful electromagnetic field which provokes malignant tumors creates, damages eyesight, causes dependence and brainwashes. It is possible to read even that “children who spend much time at the computer suffer from autism more often“. And the hand itself lasts to throw out this awful piece.

However, it is at the same time possible to read that “the child at whom in a cradle the computer is not necessary already hopelessly lagged behind in development“, “PC opens for children new opportunities which just were not in traditional education“ and that “in the modern world the computer becomes the main means of obtaining information and communication“.

Perhaps we will not throw out the computer yet. Let`s try to understand.

is So begun

At what age it is possible to allow the child to sit down at the computer? At first the child has to accustom to the usual world. In an amicable way, years to three at the computer he has nothing to do. Of course, it is interesting to kids to watch games and work of seniors and there is a wish to press something and to look what will turn out. So it is possible to buy game for the smallest and to explain how to gather different small letters - he yes will learn something. But nevertheless he will receive the volume of necessary knowledge at this age also without computer.

Appeal of the computer to the child that it is interactive. The children who entered age of “why-askers“ communicate with it as equals. Can swear, take offense with it at game: “Took - try once again, try once again. Itself try!“ They seriously perceive proposals of the game character to tell a joke: my six-year-old son Andrey diligently retells to the monitor school jokes.

Younger school students derive obvious pleasure and undoubted advantage of the computer. He entertains and trains, allows to make independent decisions and at once to see their consequence. The child not just collects pictures from ready elements, but also can recover the image, create own animated films, edit photos. At some Russian schools already in elementary grades there are courses Flash - animations (creation of animated cartoons), in averages - even a web - design.

Training

to Many parents is not enough for

with
of

special knowledge in order that to teach children to work with the computer. If you do not know what to begin with, come into the special section Windows (in the Windows XP, for example, it is called “The center of the reference and support“).

If you are not able to train

, your child will be come to the rescue by numerous computer courses. For example, in Spetsialist training center at MGTU of Bauman begin to work already with seven-year-old.

Besides basic preparation, children can master graphic programs, bases of animation, programming on Visual Basic, creation of the home page on the Internet.

At palaces of creativity, even domestic clubs computer courses exist.

do not regret the time to acquaint the child with opportunities of the computer and rules of the treatment of him. Think together with it that it is the most interesting to it.

the Children occupied with researches and creativity are not bad insured by

with destructive boredom, a scourge of modern school students.

Besides, children`s game and informative programs with success compete to encyclopedias: it is possible not only read why the plane flies, and the bee buzzes, but also to visit alive, for example, a rainforest or the underwater world.

to the third - the fourth class the school students using such programs and who are already feeling confident during the work on the computer show to

K also progress in study. Susan Hogland, author of the book “Computer and children: the world of opening“, considers that the developing programs promote increase of intellectual level and the child`s self-assessment, develop his memory and the speech.

the Specialist in children`s game programs Ralf Osterkhaut approves

:“ How the person who in the childhood played wooden cubes can, to invent AIDS medicine? At the modern pilots who grew up on computer games and had training on simulators, the speed of reaction is much higher, than at pilots of the previous generations“.

Be near to

Of course, it is very good when to children their parents help to master the computer. They will explain how to concentrate on a task, will prompt the correct tactics, will explain instructions. It is important to know how the child behaves as he copes with difficult tasks. Not everyone is capable to master the creative program completely. Help the child if you see that it is impossible to him. Also do not leave it in private with the computer.

of
the Child who masters the computer without the aid of adults can senselessly begin to spend time for useless programs or cruel games. Here it is important not to forget that the computer - not the nurse and not a way to neutralize the child while mother and the father are busy.

If we want

that the computer not only entertained, but also brought real benefit to our children, us, the adult, it is worth doing serious work: to read the magazines devoted to home computers, the developing programs, games and the Internet, to learn to be guided and make in them the competent choice. As quite good help “Media library“ of Federation the Internet - educations on the Parent can serve. Ru where data on games and the training programs for objects are collected.

the good program gives the chance to the child independently to create, but not just blindly to follow a plan of developers. Many children`s game programs suggest to create pictures, cards, invitations on a visit which can be printed. Games which, giving the child information, allow to make the decision with its help, to draw conclusions and to solve a problem are especially useful.

Should mean

that it is hard to choose the good program. Let`s tell, in some training games children have to answer questions where for the correct answer the prize is put. Children often pay attention only to outer effects (listen to the description, watch the video) and pass the most important - why there is this or that event and that means what was seen. They seek to score more points and do not penetrate into substantial part of game. Such game programs, Susan Hogland considers, cause some kind of dependence as children concentrate on awards, but not on training.

- If the child in the outside world has few progress, an opportunity to win in computer games which gives it much-needed feeling of success is especially important for it, - the psychologist Elena Kryukova says. - Well it or is bad? More likely, it is bad: the success should try to obtain in life, but not in virtual reality. If your child aspires only to winning an award, - it can mean that he lacks recognition of people around. Perhaps, you should create for it “a safety island“ as it is called by psychologists, having found it occupation out of school and the house from which he will derive pleasure and where will be able really to ego-trip.

If the child prefers to

of
the reality computer - it is a strong indication of the fact that in his life something not so. The typical picture can be observed in many Russian cities - computer club where boys of years 9 - 12 who for hours battle in network games like Counter Strike, Lineage or Half Life gather.

- Hodilki, shooter games, rubilka on swords, - contemptuously lists washing 13 - the summer neigbour Dasha. - Each player has the character, everyone seeks to score more points. Our boys even in network races drive - Need for Speed. If there is no money - sit and watch how others play.

the Gamer with an experience Andrey Davydov, nowadays technical director of the company “Artek - round“, comments: “There are house children who play, without being fan, - these are not absolutely lost for society yet, and there are fans of one game. The special subculture of gamers is formed, there are teams which regularly meet in virtual reality. They have the scale of values, the ideas of the steepness. Even cases of trade in virtual objects, scandals and crimes are known - someone stole a blanket of glory or a sword of force from someone. These attributes can be won for years, scoring points in game, and it is possible to pay and buy. Such objects raise the status in subculture where you rotate“.

- you Remember the phrase from the old Soviet animated film:“ If parents raise children, children do not sink in pools“, - Elena Kryukova says. - Dependence on the computer always means that the child has problems with the purposes, will power, self-identification, communication. The person retires with the computer or virtual friends when it has no normal friends and other occupations. The computer does not create a problem, it only reveals already existing.

Attention, Internet!

the Child who mastered the home computer will come to Internet open spaces sooner or later. The Internet is a huge city where there are libraries, the museums and dirty brothels. To release the child of one to wander about him - all the same what to allow to walk about for thousands of kilometers from the house, for example in Bangkok. To what degree to trust the children, to solve to you, but you remember: often mothers and fathers find out that the child, despite of all preventive discussions led with him, went to walk on “world wide web“ and brought viruses on the home computer.

- Explain to the child, - Andrey Davydov says, - that just like that on the Internet of gingerbreads do not give. If it downloads archive, in it there can be a virus - “trojan“ if opens the file attached in the letter from the unknown there can be “worm“. Viruses develop more often than antiviruses are updated, cunnings become all izoshchrenny, enemy programs imitate letters from friends and promise pleasant. The child it is necessary to learn to recognize the enemy and not to be bought on his tricks.

you can try to protect the computer the anti-virus program and a firewall (firewall). Search engines on the Internet can offer filters, the most known in the Russian part of the Network - “Family Yandex“. (However, the author of these lines can testify that the first innocent inquiry entered into a search box after establishment of “Family Yandex“ output several references to the pornwebsites.) But any filter will not protect your child. Filters have to be put in the child. Help it to acquire rules of work in the Network and teach to estimate information obtained there.

Try to explain

to the child that even in the Network, even under a pseudonym, even in the conditions of anonymity it is impossible to do anything illegal and contradicting universal values. It is known that access to the websites containing violence scenes, a pornography, promotion of drugs or illegal activity it is possible to receive even if not to look for it. But if the adult user deletes spam at once, does not open letters from strangers and automatically ignores banners of the pornwebsites, then the child just should develop such reaction.

the Child can press not that button and to get on the website, dangerous to it, can lay out confidential information in open access, can trust in suspicious strangers. Happens that the child is exposed to persecution: foes throw at it mud in a chat, send mean letters by e-mail, sometimes, even hang out on the personal pages some mucks about it. So before the child will connect to the Web, discuss together with him safety rules.

the Basic rules of behavior on the Internet are identical

to children and adults.

the First governed
  • of : personal privacy . The child should not spread any information on himself and members of the family in the public place: any names, photos, addresses or phone numbers. These are data which can be told only those whom you know and on whose trust you can count.

should think Of the right for a privacy and to those parents who hang out on the sites visited by thousands of people, photos of the children, personal data share details of family problems. If it is possible to ask a question of chicken pox at the baby in open access under own name still, then to discuss delicate questions from the teenager`s life already inadmissibly. If all of you - want to discuss something in a forum, try that also you, and especially the child remained not recognized.

Use pseudonyms, do not place an e-mail address of the child in the public place.

the Second governed
  • of : care . It is not necessary to open letters from strangers and the more so to unpack investments or the references which are contained in such letters. Never respond to messages which contain curses, threats, obscene offers. Agree with children that they reported to you about such cases. Set a condition to unload nothing from the Network without the permission of parents (in particular the software).
to
of What

the computer is necessary to

is necessary For the home computer not so much: the high-speed modem (and it is even better - a dedicated line), the high-speed processor, the standard software package, including Microsoft Office, and the monitor (with a frequency of 100 Hz and more when a blinking eye does not notice any more, or liquid crystal which does not flicker in general).

the Minimum system requirements to the majority of childish sports today the are as follows: Pentium II processor 266 MHz (more difficult games it seems “Simsov“ demand 350 MHz), the Microsoft Windows 98 / ME / HR operating system, 64 MB of random access memory, the video adapter from 4 - 8 MB of memory supporting three-dimensional images.

It is desirable for

that the computer had CD - ROM (better built in). It is convenient if the computer allows to watch DVD. For some games the microphone can be necessary (especially for the language training programs).

If you plan to connect children to work on processing of images from the digital camera, the car has to have USB - ports. Also the color printer will not prevent.

Explain

to children that on the Internet people can be not those for whom themselves given. Their vital stories can be a lie, requests for the help - fraud. If your child maintains the relations with on-line friends, try to learn about them more. You try to learn with whom the child is on friendly terms in usual life.

With extra care should belong to requests to meet or send money. If on-line friends make an appointment, your right to set a condition that it took place in the public place, but not on the private apartment.

If nevertheless your child faced from a neprayatny situation (trusted not in the one to whom follows, or unintentionally downloaded a virus) - do not blame of it it and do not deprive of Internet access. Next time, when there will be a question “Tell Parents or Hide“, the issue can be resolved not in favor of trust. Better together with the child think how to avoid repetition of a mistake.

Creators of the American website www. safekids. com devoted to safety of children on the Internet recommend to parents to keep account of the sites which are visited by children together with children, to have access to their mail and to be present together with them at chats. Depends on parents as the child will perceive the Internet and that in it will look for. It is necessary to teach the child to use search engines. It is possible to charge it collecting some information, necessary for a family (for example, to compare the CD models - players and to choose optimum at the price and quality or to learn whether the express train to the airport goes at midnight).

- Information on the Internet is obtained easily, - Andrey Davydov says, - but it should be able to be sorted and processed, and for this purpose the child should impart elements of critical thinking.

But do not forget

that not any information can be obtained on the Internet, tell about alternative resources, encyclopedias, dictionaries, reference books and libraries.

the Computer and health

If long not movably to sit in front of the screen in an inconvenient pose, flow muscles, blood circulation in cervical department of a backbone is broken that involves changes in blood supply of a brain.

Looking in the computer, the child strains eye muscles (which focus a crystalline lens on a short distance), leaving them in such situation for vaguely long time. It is like to delay a sock or to strain a biceps - and to stiffen so for an hour - another.

- Of course, - the ophthalmologist Yulia Goryanskaya says, - a lot of things depend on hereditary predisposition and conditions in which the child reads, does homework and watches TV. But in practice cases when the neglect well-known rules leads to what the child loses on a dioptry for one educational quarter are frequent.

of
of

of the Recommendation of the oculist

The more the monitor size, the is easier for eyes (the most “harmful“ monitors of kineskopichesky type with a frequency of 50 - 60 Hz).

eyes should give Each 15 minutes to

rest. It is quite good to rise, warm up, giving rest to muscles of a back and a neck.

Children and adults which appointed points for reading have to put on them during the work on the computer.

the Keyboard has to be located

on the sliding panel that the child did not sit with the raised hands and shoulders (in this case blood supply in cervical department of a backbone will be broken).

the Chair has to be with height regulator. Distance from eyes to the monitor - 50 - 60 cm. It is necessary to look down on the monitor slightly.

should not be had

a light source behind the back of the user. Eyeglass lenses with an anti-reflex covering can reduce quantity of the irritating patches of light on the screen. If the child began to complain that he after the computer does not see “sharply“ afar or began to see badly, conduct it to the doctor.

the Russian scientists established

: in 20 minutes of work on the computer exhaustion signs (and the general, and visual) at preschool children become pronounced even if they assure that they were not tired. This time - limit. Children are more senior can remain at the computer slightly longer though breaks are obligatory also for them. Short-sighted children and that who has short-sighted both parents should reduce operating time at the computer.

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If the child, sitting in front of the computer, becomes excessively emotional: shouts, laughs loudly, argues with characters of game, gets with legs on a chair, - it means that he was tired. It is time to stop his communication with car.

the opinion on injuriousness of electromagnetic radiation from the computer Is widespread

. But so far scientists have no sufficient data in this respect. However they do not exclude that such effect can be. For this reason to children and pregnant women advise to use computers and mobile phones as little as possible.

A as for a pugalok that the computer “causes autism“ or “brainwashes“, is a full nonsense. The computer - not the living being. It does not cause a problem in itself. He only shows abilities and shortcomings of the person, a problem of education and an environment more brightly. He will become the friend, the enemy or just pishmashinky with the reference book - depends only on us.

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