The food for a microbe of
nests In our organism more than 300 kinds of bacteria, or perhaps and more... Their considerable part - several tens - “lives“ in a mouth and a throat where to them it is warm and nourishing. The fact that we are necessary to them for livelihood, clearly. But we will talk about in what cases and they are necessary to us and in what - we suffer from their presence. The doctor of medical sciences Vladimir Kirillovich Tatochenko explains.
the Bacterial landscape
We call a landscape a picturesque corner of the nature with a variety of vegetation, and microbiologists this word designate a variety of forms and species of the microbes living in this or that part of our organism. Wherever bacteria lodged, their look will depend on living conditions and that nutritious (for us and for them) products which are available there.
our mouth is covered by the smooth mucous membrane which is plentifully washed by saliva, - on it it is difficult for microbes to keep, but in a mouth there are “secluded corners“ where a lot of saliva does not get, - here - that microbes also nest.our mouth the most part of time is closed by
therefore in its initial part conditions for dwelling of anaerobe bacterias - the microbes breeding without oxygen access are created. And it is valid, around teeth, under gums, in the depth of the folds surrounding almonds there live several species of these microbes. They eat parts of proteinaceous food and do not annoy us. Of course, they get with current of air and into bronchial tubes, but here they are “goners“ - too much oxygen. And our immune system does not allow to get into fabrics to them; only at its to “rough breakage“ anaerobe bacterias are capable to cause heavy process - ulcer quinsy, an inflammation of gums and tooth alveoluses or even cheek gangrene.
Other inhabitants of an oral cavity - lactic bacteria. About their presence you can judge by sour taste in a mouth which you feel if you after sweet do not clear companies. Unlike anaerobe bacterias, the main specialty of lactic bacteria sounds funny - a sbrazhivatel of sugar (so occurs at formation of curdled milk). These microbes are also harmless for the time being, but they willingly settle in a hollow of carious tooth and actively destroy it.the barmy fungi living in a mouth at all of us are able to Ferment
sugar also. But in the presence of bacteria yeast is very quiet, without breeding excessively. Recoup on small children. Here they are heroes. Cover with a white raid language and a mucous membrane of a mouth, and there is a milkwoman. Especially often it develops at treatment of the small child antibiotics which suppress growth of many microbes including those that interfere with growth of fungi. To cope with the milkwoman usually simply - the mouth is enough to irrigate with solution of peroxide of hydrogen or sugar solution by means of which lactic bacteria finish with yeast 2 - 3 days. In hard cases the raid extends on mucous drinks and a gullet, to skin of lips, but it happens infrequently, usually at very long-term treatment by antibiotics.
constantly live In a mouth and a throat the microbes capable to cause an inflammation in ears, additional bosoms of a nose, lungs. These are pneumococci and a hemophilic stick, some streptococci. In a mouth they do not harm and as homebodies, leave only at favorable for them (and adverse for us) situations - for example, at the viral infection breaking protective mechanisms of these bodies. Moreover, while these microbes stay in a mouth and a throat, our immune system manages to develop to them enough antibodies which will interfere with development of an illness. And if the illness nevertheless develops, usually it is caused by the strains (types) of these microbes which are recently “received“ by an organism to which enough antibodies are not developed.
the Streptococci inhabiting an oral cavity in the majority quite peace. But here the hemolytic streptococcus of group A (we wrote about it in article about scarlet fever) often causes quinsy which can be complicated by rheumatism; at its detection it is necessary to carry out treatment by penicillin to prevent this serious illness. Still we will talk about one type of a streptococcus below.Pnevmokokki`s
and streptococci in our country are highly sensitive to “kind, old“ penicillin, a hemophilic stick - to ampicillin and an amoksitsillin so treatment of the diseases caused by them rather simply. And here in a number of the countries from - for too frequent use of antibiotics sensitivity of these microorganisms to them decreased that creates a number of serious problems in treatment. And at us in recent years pneumococci became steady against a kotrimoksazol - to the “biseptolchik“ which is so loved by many parents - and it are that just to apply at diseases of respiratory organs is useless. whether
What advantage from them
Is for us advantage of these microorganisms? Certainly. Cannot get on with them staphylococcus which small number usually is at the entrance to a nose. They interfere with settling of a mouth and throat the microbes a lot of inhabiting intestines and allocated with a stake. And here at the children receiving treatment by antibiotics, streptococci, pneumococci and a hemophilic stick quickly within 1 - 3 days, disappear, and golden staphylococcus and representatives of intestinal microbes come to their place.it is serious
A, respiratory organs are not protected from these “newcomers“ by immune system so the risk of development of the disease caused by them sharply increases. And it is more difficult to treat, these microbes are steady against many antibiotics! For this reason unjustified application of antibiotics, for example, at a viral infection, “just in case“, is followed by increase, but not reduction of bacterial complications.
should not apply antibiotics “to prevention“, without having consulted to the doctor.
the Meeting place “green“ - the hollow
One of the most important opening in medicine became the proof of a microbic origin of tooth caries. It turned out that tooth enamel “on teeth“ only for one type of the green streptococcus, other microbes are not able to make anything with healthy tooth. And “streptokokkus mutans“ as it was called to destroy tooth, has to work long and hard. Long - it means to create the plaque which is densely sitting on tooth, breeding in which and emitting acid, it could begin to destroy enamel. Constantly to emit acid, it needs a lot of sweet. For this reason it is very important to bring up the reserved relation of the child (and his parents) to sweet.not that how many sweet the child eats Is important
, and that, what is the time sugar is in a mouth.
I some parents very much help with it to a streptococcus, using sweet tea or water instead of a baby`s dummy. Black, often half-ruined foreteeth at the child 2 - 3 - go years of life - the 100% evidence of such practice. Therefore if your child without pacifier with liquid does not calm down, let it will be clear water: it will deprive a streptococcus of food and the child will wean from an addiction rather. The senior children it is necessary to accustom to brush teeth or to rinse a mouth after each meal, and it is obligatory after reception of sweet.
In general to accustom the child to brush teeth it is necessary “from young teeth“, literally with 1 - go years of life. Toothbrush you clean off from plaque teeth in which the streptococcus nests.
Other way of fight against caries - strengthening of enamel by supply with its salts of fluorine which are more difficult for dissolving acid. For development of teeth the child needs 0,5 mg of fluorine a day, to the teenager - 1 - 1,5 mg. The fluorine source - drinking water, at its content in it less than 1 mg/l becomes frequent caries. In such areas water is usually fluorinated, and if not, then it is necessary to brush teeth the pastes containing fluorine: the part it is swallowed, and it happens quite enough. It is possible to give fluoride sodium tablets (to children of 0 - 6 years - yellow on 1,1 mg, senior - white on 2,2 mg).If these measures not to carry out or carry out
insufficiently vigorously, the streptococcus will destroy enamel, and then in the formed hollow ours will rush “kind friends“. Here both lactic bacteria, and anaerobe bacterias are active and staphylococcus does not lag behind others. When the cavity reaches a root canal, there is its inflammation which is followed by a toothache. What the pleasure is, knows practically everyone.the Congestion of plaques on a neck of tooth promotes and to an inflammation a number of the lying site of a gum (gingivit) which to warn easily besides by means of a toothbrush.
- you Treat quietly that it is necessary to live together with microbes and to share with them food. It is only important not to give them too much food, not to abuse sweet, to delete the food remains from interdental intervals, it is the best of all to brush teeth or at least to rinse a mouth after food.
- Do not curse the microbes inhabiting a mouth, a nose, a throat. Nature abhors a vacuum: you will get rid of one, you will receive others, more hostile from which it is more difficult to be protected.
- Remember that thoughtless use of antibiotics or other antimicrobic means is fraught with increase of resistance of microbes to these means and can lead to settling of a mouth and throat by others, considerable more dangerous microorganisms.