Rus Articles Journal

Peloidoterapiya or mud cure of

Mud cure (peloidoterapiya) is one of the most ancient methods of treatment in sanatorno - resort conditions. The mankind uses many centuries dirt for treatment of chronic diseases. In Ancient Egypt silt from annual floods of the river Neil enjoys popularity already not less than 5 thousand years. Still Claudius Galen in the 2nd century BC wrote about the “Egyptian“ way of treatment with silt mud of Nile. The Austrian pestilence (dirt) is used not less than 3 thousand years. In the 15th century the outstanding doctor Paracelsus in the scientific treatise pointed to 5 main influences of the Austrian pestilence (dirt) on systems of an organism.

Ancient records show that with the medical purpose of dirt was applied not only in Ancient Egypt, but also in the Roman Empire, India. In Italy, having found fast healing of wounds standing of the horses passing through dirt along mineral streams began to apply dirt of a volcanic origin, within several months infused on mineral water, to doctoring of fighting wounds of soldiers. The known sources of curative dirt are described also in Peru, in Canada (near Ontario), in Israel, in Italy (in Sicily, Perugia). Historical documents show that in the territory of the former USSR treatment application by dirt in the Crimea what Pliniya Starshego`s records testify to was the most known.

Therapeutic muds (peloida) are the natural colloid organomineralny educations (silt, peat, sopochny) possessing high plasticity, a thermal capacity and a thermolysis. They contain active biological agents (salts, gases, vitamins, enzymes, hormones, etc.) and live microorganisms.


consist of a crystal skeleton which is made by compounds of silicon, aluminum, plaster, carbonates and phosphates of calcium, carbonates of magnesium and other water insoluble connections. The skeleton is created by also not divided flora remains. Quality of dirt depends on degree of dispersion of particles. The less rough particles, the extent of dispersion is higher, the it is better plastic and curative properties of dirt.

Natural colloidal systems from compounds of silicon, iron, aluminum, from complexes of organic and mineral substances (iron sulfide, silicon acid, the adsorbed ions of hydroxide of iron, magnesium, aluminum, and also sulfur and other substances). Organic colloids hold crystal water of life and natural minerals. Colloids make up to 80% of dirt volume.

Solution or a mud likvor has difficult structure and contains minerals, water-soluble salts in the form of chlorine anions, sulfates, carbonates, cations of ammonium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, iron calcium, and also mineral substances. At solution plentifully there are biologically active organic agents, peptides, karbogidratny peptides, metallic peptides, low-molecular proteases, nucleinic acids, gammalinolenovy acid, easily and difficult flying phenols, permanent compounds of humic acids with iron, hydrocarbons, numerous vitamins, enzymes, humic substances, lignins, cellulose, analogs of antibiotics, phytohormones. Solution of dirt contains gases of hydrogen sulfide, methane, carbonic acid and hydrogen.

of the Cell of body tissues is actively adsorbed and use the natural harmoniously balanced mineral substances, enzymes, amino acids and other factors which are contained in therapeutic muds.

Depending on an origin, dirt happens the following types:

- the peat dirt representing a kind of the marsh deposits differing from others in high extent of decomposition (more than 40%) are widespread on plains of a forest zone and to a lesser extent - in mountainous areas of this zone.

the Medical importance of peat is caused by high thermal properties and a large amount of the organic substances including admitting therapeutic active - humic acids, lipids, bitumens. The traditional region of use of peat dirt in Russia is the Center of the European part, and also the Kaliningrad region. Peat dirt is applied in Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Belarus, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Austria, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, Poland, Venfiya, Slovakia.

- sapropelic dirt - represents organogenic ground deposits of mainly fresh-water reservoirs. The medical importance is defined by high thermal properties, existence of a large amount of organic substances - humic, that cellulose, bitumens, and also biostimulators - vitamins, enzymes, hormones.

the Traditional region of use of sapropelic dirt in Russia are the Urals and Zauralie, abroad - Belarus, Estonia, Poland, East part of Germany. Rare physics - the dirt of a sapropelic origin used in the resort of Sestroretsk possesses chemical properties. These are the pogrebny sapropels of the ancient Litorinovy sea which received the name “gittiyevy clays“.

- sulphidic silt mud - the ground deposits of mainly salty reservoirs poor in organic substances and enriched with sulfides of iron and water-soluble salts. On the thermal properties they considerably concede to peat and sapropelic dirt.

such dirt was used in Ancient Egypt, in the Greek colonies of the Crimea and the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus in Central Asia and Eastern Siberia, by Pomors of Belomorya. Sulfidno - silt mud are formed at obligatory presence at the waters feeding the field of sulfates which as a result of activity of sulfatredutsiruyushchy bacteria are restored to sulfides and in the presence in Ils of iron form a black mineral, characteristic of this dirt, gidrotroillit. Depending on a source to the field of water-soluble salts, and in particular, sulfates, fields are divided into three categories:

of the field of continental lakes, fields ozerno - a key origin, the field of sea gulfs, seaside lakes and estuaries;

- sopochny dirt results from destruction of the rocks which are thrown out in gas - oil-bearing areas on tectonic cracks gases and pressure head waters. Are characterized by heterogeneity of mechanical structure, an average mineralization, gidrokarbonatno - hloridno - sodium ionic structure and, quite often, the raised composition of bromine, iodine, pine forest.

Sopochny dirt is located

in Russia locally, generally on Taman Peninsula, Anapa. The main fields of sopochny dirt are concentrated in Azerbaijan, it is less - in Georgia.

- hydrothermal dirt in the field of the increased volcanic activity as a result of decomposition and leaching of breeds the high-temperature gas-steam streams containing carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. It is characterized by high temperature (to 95 degrees), sour reaction and rather low mineralization. Volcanic clays, mixing up with waters of mineral sources, create a favorable environment for activity of bacteria.

Mechanism of influence of curative dirt:

physiological effect of therapeutic muds complex influence on an organism of temperature, mechanical and chemical factors is the cornerstone of

. The high thermal capacity, low heat conductivity, insignificant convection ability inherent in dirt provide long preservation of heat, gradual return to its organism and deep penetration into fabrics. Mud applications influence the receptor device of skin and mucous membranes, reflex influence on nervously - endocrine, nervously - vascular mechanisms that leads to functional, microcirculator and metabolic shifts in fabrics, bodies and systems of bodies, and is shown, first of all, by trophic effect.

Improvement fabric and cellular traffic leads

to permission of inflammatory process: to acceleration of a rassasyvaniye of exudates and the formed disintegration products, braking excessive soyedinitelno - to woven reaction, reduction of solderings and Cicatricial changes.


under the influence of therapeutic mud stimulates function of bark of adrenal glands and synthesis of catecholamines increases that finally leads to immunity increase.

of Warmly therapeutic mud has the antiseptic, anesthetizing and anti-inflammatory effect.

Dirt strengthens peripheral blood circulation, promotes more heavy traffic of erythrocytes, transfer and return of oxygen, improvement of oxygenation of fabric and a metabolism of fabric. Mud cure removes fabric hypostasis, strengthens a limfoottok, improves conductivity of signals in synapses of peripheral nervous system and sensitivity of peripheral receptors. Therapeutic mud strengthens elimination of toxic and intermediate products of a metabolism from cages, increases ability of immune cages to anti-infectious protection. As a result of deep penetration of mud gel which is the carrier of ions, the whole molecules and minerals, during a time and structure of cages, rejuvenates, does skin velvety, elastic and elastic. Connecting fabric is softened and resolves, premature emergence of wrinkles and aging of skin is prevented. Thanks to uniform velvety structure, a viscous and plastic consistence of dirt are easily applied on skin, densely adjoin to it, get into a time and structures of skin, and well keep heat.

As a medical factor, peloida exert beneficial effect on a functional condition of nervous system, neurohumoral processes, stimulate immune and adaptation reactions, reduce organism sensitization degree, change free radical processes in fabrics. Are inherent in therapeutic muds expressed anti-inflammatory, rassasyvayushchy and trofiko - regenerator effects which cornerstone activation of biopower and enzymatic processes, improvement of blood circulation and microcirculation is. They possess analgeziruyuitsy action, and also, thanks to sorption properties, inactivate pathogenic microorganisms on a skin surface.

Variety of impacts on an organism can be divided into the following types:

Temperature influence

Therapeutic muds very slowly cool down and gradually give warmly to an organism. Between the mud weight and skin there is always a small layer of air which is not allowing a thermal trauma. As a result of fabric deeply get warm, vessels extend, blood circulation and a lymph improves, from the inflammatory center slags “are washed away“, the organism is cleared, and pain is weakened. Mud cure makes active a metabolism, improves supply of fabrics with oxygen, and also plastic and power substances.

Mechanical influence

After putting dirt, neuroreceptors of skin are excited and send impulses to a brain. Information comes to the vegetative nervous system which is responsible for a tone of vessels and work of internals. Inflow of blood to a zone of mud application amplifies and the limfoottok and sweating increases. Together with then salts and slags are strenuously removed from an organism, the drainage of intercellular liquid is normalized, skin is smoothed, tightened, becomes elastic and velvety. The irritation of thermoreceptors and temperature increase of surrounding fabrics lead to activization of thermoregulatory mechanisms, strengthening okislitelno - recovery processes. Dirt causes active hyperaemia not only skin, but also internals, improving in them blood circulation.

Antispatichesky, antipainful action

Strengthening of peripheral blood circulation positively affects with

neirovegetativny structures and cause relaxation, a relaxation and decrease in a pain syndrome. Harmonization of a peripheral impulsation to muscular tissue stimulates more intensive combustion of fats, visual and esthetic appearance of skin.

Antioxidant action

Therapeutic mud possesses ability to slow down a spontaneous samooksidation of cellular membranes as a result of which toxic connections peroxides, atomic oxygen, free radicals are formed. Giros - and water-soluble substances antioxidants slow down process of an oksidation and free radicals fix. Antioxidant abilities are connected with plentiful presence of free amino acids, phenols, humic acids, analogs of antibiotics, carbonic acids, linoleic and linolenovy acids, vitamins, ascorbic acid and folic acid, a thiamine, a tsiankobalamina, an alpha - tocopherol, phytohormones.

Chemical influence

All gases (oxygen, hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, methane) and Nona of some minerals (iodine, bromine and others) dissolved in therapeutic muds possess unique ability to get through the uninjured skin into fabrics and blood, normalizing work of internals and systems. The mineral salts which are contained in mud weight, biogenous stimulators, vitamins and other organic compounds influence skin receptors and stimulate with a reflex way neuroendocrine system (first of all a hypophysis, a thyroid gland, adrenal glands, testicles and ovaries). The humic and carbonic acids coming to skin which are not produced an organism become donors of vital energy and rendering the rejuvenating effect.

Antimicrobic action

Therapeutic muds perniciously act with

on staphylococcus, streptococci, colibacillus and other conditionally pathogenic bacteria. Therefore they are applied not only outwardly, but also introduction of vaginal and rectal tampons. The expressed antimicrobic action is explained by the high content of sulphidic groups, ions of bromine, zinc and analogs of antibiotics.

the Desensibilizing action

Protection against radiation, against influence of ultraviolet rays, a patronage against malignant transformation of fabrics, stimulation normal replication of cages, increase of immunity and viability of fabric.

Compensatory influence

Influencing neuroendocrine system, mud cure makes active protectively - adaptive mechanisms of adaptation and promotes development of the recovery processes directed to suppression of diseases.

Regulation of a homeostasis

Influence of dirt changes intensity, pulse rate, breath and intensity of a metabolism, sedativno influences peripheral nervous system, stimulates fabric regeneration, strengthens allocation of products of inflammatory process. Removes influence of a stress, harmonizes responses to influence of external environment, raises, opportunities and abilities of compensatory organisms.

of the Indication to use of therapeutic muds:

I. Diseases it is warm - vascular system.
Coronary heart disease, stenocardia, an atherosclerotic cardiosclerosis of a myocardium, a postinfarktny cardiosclerosis, a hypertensive illness of 1 - 11 stage, neurocirculation dystonia, chronic venous insufficiency because of expansion of veins of the lower extremities.

II. Diseases of nervous system.

Peripheral nervous system :
neuralgia of a trigeminal nerve, defeat of nervous backs, textures and nervous trunks of a toxic or inflammatory origin, osteochondrosis of backbones, plechelopatochny periartrit, diskogenny poyasnichno - krestovy radiculitis.

of the Illness of vegetative nervous system :
vegetative polyneuropathy and vegetative syndromes angiospastichesky segmentarno.

of the Illness of the central nervous system :
the residual phenomena after the postponed arakhnoidit and encephalitis, consequences of an intra cranial trauma, a spinal fracture consequence with injury of a spinal cord.

Tserebrovaskulyarny diseases :
cerebral atherosclerosis, the coming violation of brain blood circulation, tserebrovaskulyarny insufficiency.

Functional diseases of nervous system :
neurotic frustration, vegetativno - vascular dystonia, withindry Reynaud.

III. Diseases oporno - the motive device.
of the Consequence of rheumatic polyarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis in an inactive phase, the infectious polyarthritis deforming osteoarthrosis, consequences of a fracture of bones of a trunk and extremities, traumatic arthritis, chronic sinoviita, bursita, tendovaginita, fibrozita and mialgiya, contractures of joints.

IV. Diseases of female genitals. Chronic salpingooofarit
, a chronic parametritis, a chronic endometritis, pelvic peritonealny solderings, dysfunctions of ovaries with insufficiency of both phases of a cycle, impassability of uterine tubes in a consequence of a chronic inflammation.

V. Urological diseases.
Chronic prostatitis, chronic cystitis, chronic pyelonephritis.

VI. Diseases of respiratory organs.
Chronic bronchitis.

VII. Skin diseases.
Psoriasis, neurodermatitis, eczema, urticaria, eels.

VIII. Metabolism diseases.
Excess weight, cellulitis.

IX. Oral cavity diseases. Chronic gingivit
, periodontosis, diseases of a mucous membrane of an oral cavity.

Application in cosmetology

Thanks to the rich maintenance of minerals, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, enzymes and other components, dirt and its components are widely used cosmetology.

of Contraindication to carrying out mud procedures :

  • sharp inflammatory diseases,
  • malignant new growths,
  • of myoma,
  • of a fibromioma,
  • of a cyst of ovaries,
  • of an illness of blood,
  • of bleeding and predisposition to them,
  • tuberculosis,
  • hypertensive illness,
  • coronary heart disease,
  • varicose illness,
  • endocrine diseases,
  • atherosclerosis,
  • epilepsy,
  • infectious diseases,
  • all terms of pregnancy,
  • individual intolerance.