Whether warmly to you, maiden, whether warmly to you, red?
If you answer this question also or almost as well as Marfushenka from the movie “Morozko“ who is brilliantly played by Inna Churikova, and at the same time you are not in the winter wood, and in the city apartment … Means, you need to warm the dwelling urgently.
statistically, most of residents of the Russian cities estimate work of heating system in the house on weak “troyechka“, and inhabitants of those regions where batteries of a central heating remain ice even in the most severe frosts, in general on “unit“.Fortunately, here various household appliances which return to our house heat (literally, in any case come of
to the rescue to us:-)). Today their choice is very broad. We will try to cover in this article in detail advantages and to reveal shortcomings of these or those heating devices.the Choice of the heating device needs to be begun with
with selection of necessary power. So, for a living room of 20 square meters in the apartment with a central heating enough 1 - 1,5 kW heater. Not less important characteristic of the device chosen by you is its type, a design and design. Let`s consider the most widespread types of heating devices for premises, namely:
- oil-filled or oil heater;
- fan heater;
- infrared heater;
- heating panels;
- electric fireplace.
Figurative oil-filled or as it is usually called - oil - a radiator - a type of a heater most widespread for today. Radiators belong to heating devices of the radiating type.
What principle of its action? The oil heated by the heating element (TENG) established in the lower part of the device due to natural convection rises along vertical edges of “accordion“ up, and cooled down - falls down. From the surface of the heater heated to 70 - 90 degrees there is a return of heat.
the Quantity of sections in the oil heater varies from 6 to 15, and power - from 600 to 3000 W. Many models have the power regulator (2 - 3 modes) allowing to switch to a step necessary to you depending on what extent of heating of the room is necessary at present.
Oil heaters as one famous Bulgakov character used to say, “not Newton binomial“, but producers of it seek to improve them, supplementing “usual“ models with additional functions and opportunities.
the turbo Function will allow to overcome inertness of the oil heater. The oil which is in a radiator heats up quite slowly, for process acceleration the radiator is supplied with the fan and small additional TENG. The fan drives air through TENA heated a wire and “throws out“ it to the room thanks to what warming up of the room accelerates. However, from contact of the heated fan heater spiral with air in it the content of oxygen decreases.
the Timer will allow you to program inclusion of a radiator: for example, it will join for an hour before your arrival from work or morning awakening.
the Thermostat - the device by means of which you can set values of temperature at which the heater will join and be switched off, maintaining a certain temperature indoors with an accuracy of 1 degree Celsius.
the Indicator of horizontal position - if suddenly the heater falls to a floor, it will be disconnected as TEN will not be closed by a butter layer and can fuse.air Moistening - in the capacity of a humidifier which is built in the radiator case is filled in with
water at which evaporation steam coming to the room is formed.
Oil-filled radiators are recognized by experts the safest heating devices, they are available at the price, keep long time warmly after switching off, do not pollute air, are silent and simple in management. Minuses: inertness (slow heating), high temperature of heating of walls of the device (it is possible to burn gentle skin), big dimensions.
the Fan heater
the Fan heater is a compact device which consists of a heating element and the fan. On the speed of heating of the room any of heating devices will not be compared to it. The fan heater creates compulsory convection as it not just heats air, but also forces it to the room.
Minus fan heaters - the noise created by them in operating time, and dust which is hammered into them, burning down on the heated spiral, creates an unpleasant smell.
the Most advanced models of fan heaters are equipped with the liquid crystal display and the remote control: temperature is maintained to within 0,1 - 0,3 degrees. Some fan heaters on design are almost identical to conditioners - they fasten on a wall, under a ceiling.
Fan heaters with the built-in humidifier create indoors normal humidity. It is very actual as, working continuously, within several hours in a row, the fan heater dries air, reducing its humidity to 25% that, in turn, negatively affects our health - changes of dry air of the house and damp on the street weaken an organism, provoking colds and other diseases.In comparison with spiral fan heaters ceramic are most progressive
as their heating element is hidden in the special casing reducing temperature of the heating surface that prevents combustion of dust and oxygen.to
So, fan heaters, providing fast heating of the room, rustle, burn oxygen, polluting air combustion products.
B the hollow case of the convector are not present anything, except a heating element. Warm air spreads on the room by natural convection: through the openings located from below cases, cold air “is sucked in“ in the device, it is warmed at contact with a heating element and, having increased thereof in volume, directs through output lattices up, giving way to a new portion of cold air. Inclined edges of lattices direct heated air with a small inclination from top to bottom that it was not understood at once to a ceiling. Streams of cold and warm air quickly mix up among themselves thanks to what it is warmly evenly distributed on all room. Additional heating is reached at the expense of heat radiation from a convector panel surface. The combination of convection and radiation as show medical researches, is the most comfortable heating model for the person. Convectors do not burn oxygen, about them it is impossible to burn as the maximum temperature of heating of the case does not exceed 90 degrees.
Convectors, as a rule, fasten on a wall, but some models have removable “legs“ thanks to what this heating device can be moved if necessary according to your requirements. Temperature of heating necessary for you is established by means of the regulator and is supported thanks to the thermostat. Convectors with the electronic thermostat are capable to function in several modes:
- comfortable (which you establish, being in the room);
- economic (if you leave the room, for example, you go to sleep, the device maintains indoors temperature 3 - 4 degrees lower comfortable that allows to save the electric power and to return quickly to comfortable heating when you returned to this room);
- protection against frost penetration (temperature of +6 degrees is established if you leave, for example, giving, for several days).
economy mode on comfortable to your return and will provide you warm welcome.:-)by
“inclusion delay“ Function it is used when airing the room: at a sensor obduva cold air it detains command for switching at full capacity or warmer mode.
of Advantage of convectors: profitability, is not present losses on the intermediate heat carrier (as, for example, oil in the oil heater), for operation of the fan.
the Principle of their action same, as at the Sun: they send the thermal beams absorbed by surfaces of walls, a floor, furniture which, in turn, give this heat to air. All energy going from the device almost completely reaches the person, heating it, but not air.
of IKO consists of the infrared radiator in a quartz tube fixed in the metal case which face is closed by a protective lattice.
Infrared heaters can be used not only indoors, but also on the street, for example, on a balcony, in a country arbor or on a terrace of a country lodge. You will be able safely to leave a carriage with the kid on a balcony, without being afraid that it will freeze, and, having arranged late fall closing of a summer season, you do not feel any discomfort when eating shish kebabs on the street even at the low air temperature and dank wind.Dot heating is reached by
by means of focusing of a reflector which is located behind a quartz lamp: turning it on a corner to 40 degrees, you will be able to send radiation to the necessary zone.
the Heating panels delivered on the Russian market by the known German company Stiebel Eltron (Shtibel Eltron) represent panels from heatresistant material with a special wire on the “back“ party which is laid by a snake on all area and - for the best thermolysis - is pasted. At inclusion the wire heats up and gives the heat to the panel. Temperature of the panel is maintained automatically at the set level.
Generally these panels use for heat-insulated floors, but some models are intended for installation on a wall. They are made of a natural stone - plates of marble or steatite. Radiating soft heat, they perfectly fit into an interior of the modern dwelling. Your guests, admiring a refined element of design of your apartment, will be perplexed why in the room where there is no heating device seen to an eye, so comfortably and warmly, despite cold behind a window.
Minus heating panels - in their high price.
the Electric fireplace
Certainly, electrofireplaces stand independently among the fellows, heating devices, their main destination - to warm not a body (though they remarkably cope with this task), and I smother.
throughout centuries fireplaces and furnaces were the integral attributes in each house, and only emergence of electricity could level their importance. However the real romantics could not present the house without fireplace and here, at the beginning of the 20th century in England the first electric fireplace appeared.
Modern electrofireplaces are the infrared heater of the directed radiation consisting of a reflector and the heating element which is in the case from metal, plastic or a tree.
the Principle of action of electrofireplaces the same, as at usual fan heaters: warm air is blown to the room by means of the special fan heater which is built in “fire chamber“. There are models of fireplaces in which heat is radiated by a special reflector - TENG or the spiral which is built in in a quartz tube.Electric fireplaces differ in
from each other as a heating element - they are opened and closed, - to the power, temperature of the heater and, certainly, design. Almost all electrofireplaces can work in two modes - fire imitation mode, giving to owners and their guests the unique romantic atmosphere at all seasons of the year, - and in the heating mode.Fire of an electrofireplace “is made“ by
of rags of silk, the fan, lamps, mirrors and red light filters. Sometimes tongues of flame do of a usual thin foil which is painted in various shades of red color. The fan forces pieces of a foil to tremble and be reflected in difficult system of mirrors that creates very realistic imitation of fire.
In some models of electrofireplaces can regulate flame brightness: in compliances with “the client`s wishes“ fire can or flash and die away slightly, or “burn“ with an equal bright flame.
the Cost of electric fireplaces varies in the range from 150 to 1000 and more dollars.
Let heat and a cosiness always reigns in your house! Successful purchases!