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Your kid and new products of

Advises Elena Markovna Fateeva - the doctor of medical sciences, professor, the consultant Healthcare Committee of Moscow on breastfeeding support, the employee of scientific research institute of food of the Russian Academy of Medical Science.

As the specialist in food of children of the first years of life, I conduct reception in is advisory - the diagnostic center at the Moscow children`s hospital No. 9 of G. N. Speransky. Many addresses of parents are connected with introduction of a feeding up to the child. Really, transition to adult food can be accompanied by difficulties, and it would be desirable to talk about them in more detail.

the Child refuses a feeding up

If it is the first attempt to acquaint him with new food, the kid can be understood (especially if still it was nursed only): the food feeder changes - the spoon or a small bottle appear; slightly, but nevertheless its temperature and a consistence changes; and, above all, taste changes, new ingredients are entered. It is a lot of reasons to show vigilance.

According to the scheme developed by Institute of food by the last Russian Academy of Medical Science a feeding up begins to be entered from 4 months. But it is necessary to remember that it is only the scheme, and the specific child can “not keep within“ this framework. Perhaps, to it still early to get acquainted with new products, the individual intolerance is possible - all this should be discussed with the doctor to whom you trust.

If the child well puts on weight, it has no anemia, rickets, many mothers and some western pediatricians do not enter any products of a feeding up till 6 months, and I agree with them. If mother normally eats, eats fruit, drinks juice, she can give a lot of things to the child with milk, and such child till 6 months can remain only on breastfeeding.

Should tell

that - introduction of juice and even fruit purees children usually react to the first feeding up not bad. The product is tasty, it excites secretion of gastric juice a little and children to it show interest.

more difficult happens to vegetable puree or porridge. What can cause these difficulties?

Parents break the principle of gradualness. on a spoon tip the kid usually does not refuse the first test, but when after that the quantity of food begins to be increased promptly, it can not be pleasant to it. Than more smoothly, the more gently mother will enter vegetable puree and any new food, the more successfully it will occur.

It concerns also a food consistence: at first offer the child the homogenized (uniform) weight, since 6 - 7 months which - is simply crushed, after 9 months pair quenelles, pieces of boiled vegetables are possible. Density of porridge should be regulated too: at first 5%, then 7%, then 10%.

of Many packaging of baby food confuses. Yes, in a jar of 100 g and more, but it does not mean that for the first time the child should feed her all. And 50 g of children`s cottage cheese (it is so much in packing) we can give to the child only by a year. Means, mother has to eat up all the rest.

Introduction of a feeding up coincides with a teething. It can be painful, be followed by temperature. If the child during this period refuses a feeding up, do not insist, finish feeding a breast once again. If does not want to try a new type of food, and treats already mastered products quietly, linger on this stage, wait week - another. There is a so-called step way of introduction of a feeding up: reached some level - at it it is possible to stop. Sometimes even to depart back. And you do not feed the child violently at all: in such way it is easy to cause in it vomiting and negative reaction to any meal.

to the Child are done by inoculations, and it is load of immune and nervous system. Deterioration in appetite, refusal of certain types of a feeding up, change of a chair is as a result possible. Some children of inoculations do not notice at all. But most of babies give this or that reaction to inoculations today, children became more “scrupulous“ in this sense.

the Children who transferred PEP can be very selective

and are even whimsical in food. At the correct treatment the relation to food changes for the better.

the Child suffers from locks

Locks are a violation of motility zheludochno - an intestinal path. They can be display of dysbacteriosis (at the child - the allergic person, at the child who had intestinal infection); the organism can answer with an intestines spasm also introduction of new products. The chair is late, gets a form of nutlets. Such “sheep“ chair can signal also that the child receives not enough liquid.

Besides, it is necessary to estimate a situation in a family: whether the child such nervous spasms reacts to the life surrounding him. (Especially the children who transferred PEP are inclined to it.) If in the house there are quarrels, adults dare to shout, the child can “answer“ it with an intestines spasm. It seems to us that the kid sits to himself plays, and he notices everything and reacts to everything.

the First means from locks - poslablyayushchy products: vegetable oil (by 1 year - 2 h l. in day), vegetables and fruit (beet, plum, prunes, dried apricots). I recommend to children of 9 months such mix: prunes and dried apricots are worn out, are passed via the meat grinder. Vegetable laxative turns out. It begins to be given with a tip of a spoon and if necessary increase a dose to 1 - 1,5 h l.

From grain most of all is poslablyat by porridge. One-day (fresh) fermented milk products interfere with locks too. From modern preparations I can recommend half-yens is a cod-liver oil in tiny capsules, it regulates both nervous system, and a metabolism.

should be

With enemas very careful. To try to use at first a diet, heat, massage. To see a doctor, to consult. An enema - means of the emergency help, but not daily. Intestines have to learn to work independently.

the Child throughout a long time refuses a certain product

Happens, parents complain: it is time for child to give cottage cheese, and he categorically does not wish to eat it - with favourite fruit, covered with porridge, in mix with something. If you made several attempts (tried to give, refused, tried in two weeks, and so several times), it is possible to replace an unloved product with another, using the table of replacement of products.

So, cottage cheese is generally protein of an animal origin. If the child undereats a squirrel in cottage cheese, it can give slightly more meat (if he ate 30 g of meat, it can give 40 g) if the kid not the allergic person - to replace cottage cheese with egg, that is the products supporting squirrels of an animal origin.

a Variety of grain, vegetables and fruit is very big

and if there “is“ no something one, it is possible to choose among others.

do not overfeed with

the child!

At introduction of a feeding up such danger appears. If the kid drinks more breast milk - nothing happens to it. And if he overeats porridges, either fruit, or meat, it can be reflected on health. The child by a year has to receive about 1000 food, including maternal milk or the adapted dairy mix. Respectively, the lunch should not be more than 250 - 300 even if it as at the adult, consists of three dishes. Doctors traditionally pay more attention to a lack of weight, but also surplus has to guard.

How to avoid an allergy, entering a feeding up?

the First allergen is cow`s milk. If it is actual for you, cook porridges on water. It is possible to try to use soy mixes. The child can also react to gluten, protein of cereals. Bezglyutenovy porridges - buckwheat, rice and corn. All others - the semolina, porridge - contain gluten. Fruit and vegetables with red, orange, yellow coloring - therefore begin more allergichna with green apples, vegetable marrows. Potatoes are appointed selectively. Be careful with eggs, fish, bean. Do not acquaint the kid with sweets, confectionery ahead of time: a combination of wheat flour and sugar - too strong allergen. Children till three years, and about one year especially, have to receive only the products recommended for baby food.