Natural disasters eyes of our children
Hurricanes, floods, tsunami, earthquakes, wildfires... Perhaps, through one hundred years people will learn to protect themselves from natural disasters. But since death Pompeii and till today all of us are also vulnerable. Wounds from an earthquake in Armenia, floods in the south of Russia and in Europe, a tsunami in Hugo - East Asia are still fresh, and we with alarm listen again to news: “The first dams restored on East coast of the USA after the hurricane Katrina in several days are destroyed by the typhoon Rita“... The elements strike blow behind blow, without allowing people to sigh quietly.
Every year the Ministry of Emergency Situations makes the forecast for emergency situations in Russia. In the forecast for 2005 there are such words:“ Repeatability of natural hazards and processes is maximum for the entire period of supervision in the last decade“. The greatest number of natural emergencies is predicted in the territory of Southern and Far East (on 40 - 50 emergencies) federal districts. whetherShould saying
that children need protection as nobody else. First of all, it is kids who appeared around accident. But in this article it will be a question not only of them. The reporting from the place of natural disaster which the child will see on the TV or will hear on radio can make very painful impression on it and cause a number of psychological problems. How to work to parents when from alarm in the head climbs anything, except proper words for children? How to teach the child it is reasonable to behave at threat of natural disaster?
“Mother, I am afraid...“
Of course if your child lives not in vacuum, completely will not manage to isolate it from disturbing information. In this case everything that it concerns him is the best of all to discuss with it and disturbs. For your child you are a defender and the source of information, much more useful, than the TV because in a news of a thing are quite often dramatized and presented in the shocking look. If you allow the child to watch news programs, do it in very small amounts better at your presence that was with whom to discuss inevitably arising questions.
How to build conversation if your child is frightened by threat of natural disaster?Tell
- to children that nothing threatens them
Unfortunately, at all desire any parent cannot guarantee 100% safety of the child. But clear text it is not necessary to report about it to children. Better to say so:“ We will do everything possible for your safety“. It is especially important to hear it to small children. Such statement will help them to calm down and will relieve of painful thoughts on a subject “What happens to me? Who will rescue me?“ .
- Keep a quiet and confident look
Always explain to children a situation with quiet tone, carefully hide from them that you are afraid too. Accompany words with embraces and friendly strokings, it will help children to feel with safety.Let children ask
Suggest kids to ask you about everything that disturbs them. If you do not know answers to some questions, try to address printing editions, the Internet, friends or even doctors. The TV as we told above, it is better to use in limited quantities and in the presence of adults not to give in to panic.Explain
- in what an essence of the natural phenomena
the Nature can be unusually fine, and in the same measure awful. It is unlikely you want that your child tested panic horror before any natural phenomena. Therefore it is necessary to explain to him that such earthquake, a hurricane or a tsunami why they occur. To tell that people learned to adapt to these natural disasters and some measure to be protected from them. It is possible to talk that as a result of cataclysms the shape and a landscape of Earth is formed, but the periods of activity are replaced by the periods of calm and tranquility.
- Let children help someone else
Children suffer not only from fear of the nature, but also from powerlessness to help those who really suffered from natural disaster. Address to some charitable organization, whether it be “A red cross“ or “Doctors without borders“, and list a donation to victims of this or that cataclysm. If it is about the event which took place in the far-away country tell the child something about this corner of the globe, about its population and culture.
When parents at work
Almost each child of younger school age appears houses one from time to time. None of us consider this option desirable, but nevertheless so is. These minutes and hours the school student is especially vulnerable and defenseless in the face of unusual situations. Certainly, there are some things which the child has to know to manage to report to adults about himself.
Can make several universal recommendations for parents which want to ensure safety of children in the absence. These councils will help children to behave adequately in difficult situations.
- Create the list of the emergency telephone numbers
Write down phones of service of rescue, ambulance, militia, gas service. Include mobile, house and working numbers of the immediate family and reliable friends in the list. Ask these people whether it is possible to count on them in a case a swagger - a major? Whether they know that the child can ask them for the help? Do we have information, necessary for the emergency help (number of your mobile phone, your exact address, etc.) ?
- the List - on a foreground!
If the list of the emergency telephone numbers does not hang on the place visible to the child (better at each of telephone sets), hang up it there now. Write your address in the same place. The grandmother captured by panic or the nurse can not remember your exact address, causing service of rescue by phone.
- the “Emergency“ notebook
Is the rule it is useful for all, but it is especially important for the people living in regions with the increased probability of natural disasters. Get the “emergency“ notebook and you hold it in kitchen. Write down instructions there how to work to members of your family at emergence typical a swagger - major situations. (For example if your district is threatened by floodings during a spring flood, write to a notebook to whom you can leave and how there to call.) Each family ideally has a good acquaintance or the relative living in other district. Write down its contact information in a notebook and mark:“ help in other city“.to
For what needs this notebook? If accident develops promptly, and it is necessary to leave urgently the house, having taken a minimum of things, you will not manage to take care of everything at once. And to put a notebook in a pocket - business of three seconds.How to disconnect electricity, water and gas
Sometimes state of emergency happens to
- directly in your house. Therefore in the “emergency“ notebook there have to be instructions how to disconnect systems of providing with water, electricity and gas and by what phones to cause emergency services.
- Talk to children about how to behave at emergency situations
Give to children necessary instructions. They depend, first of all, on their age. Who will be able to take away the child to himself if announce evacuation at school, and parents there is no house? How to behave at the fire? With kids it is more useful to play a role-playing game, than to give to them lecture.
- Use security aids in everyday life
Always be fastened by seat belts in the car and fasten children. You cross the street on the crosswalk, on green light. Show to children that it is possible to iron an unfamiliar dog only with the permission of the owner.should be obeyed
- of Rescuers!
In conversation support and approval of actions of militia, firefighters, teachers who stage at school drills on evacuation and rescue. Children have to respect the staff of services of rescue and understand all importance of implementation of their instructions.
If all this is occurred
Yes, natural disasters happen. And sometimes where we are. Of course, many parents try to impart to children culture of safety from early age. At school also each child studies the subject “Fundamentals of Health and Safety“. Adults have to have necessary data too, all of us took a course of civil defense in HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS or somewhere still.
If is time to be prepared for cataclysm (meteorologists warn about typhoon approach in a week and more), then to parents on whose actions the child`s life quite often depends, we advise to pay attention to the rules of conduct at emergency situations made by Emercom of Russia.
Here we will concern only one of problems connected with children in the region of natural disaster. What the parent for psychological assistance to the child can make? What it is necessary to tell to the small children who got to trouble? The federal Agency on emergency situations of the USA (analog of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations) made the approximate plan of conversation with the child about it.
“Natural disasters happen suddenly and can frighten you and your parents. Perhaps, you should leave the house, and it will be impossible to go to your garden. Perhaps, you will not manage to sleep in the bed, and everything will be not so good, as always. There are six things which it is necessary to remember.Natural disasters quickly pass
- . Everything will be good soon. your life will be adjusted by
- in a new way while you cannot come back home. You will settle on the new place and will get acquainted with new friends. When to you it is terrible
- , and you do not know what to do, ask for the help parents and other adults. They will explain to you what occurs. Be not afraid to ask questions, type: “How many we will be here?“, “When we will return?“ .
- Sometimes happens it is useful to draw pictures about what happened to you. You can tell about what you feel.
- Can cry if to you it is terrible. But remember: will become better soon .
- You can help others. The useful occupation will be in provisional asylum for children of any age. It can be the help with care of the smallest, with cleaning or distribution of food. After a hurricane or an earthquake you will also be able to help parents to clean sand and garbage from the house. “
Address the psychologist
If news from the TV of steel for you reality, and your child already endured a situation of natural disaster, think that the help of the psychologist is necessary for it. Here is how the adult eyewitness describes a flood in Novorossiysk in the summer of 2002:“ In the face of the scared children and adults water carried away trees, stalls, cars in the sea. It is hardly possible to describe all horror of the events, I will tell one - it was the most terrible day in my life“. It is possible to guess what was tested by the children who were nearby only.
In our country special programs of rehabilitation of the children who appeared in a zone of natural disasters exist. Do not neglect an opportunity to help the son or the daughter. It is possible and is necessary to make so that fears receded, and the child surely looked forward.