Rus Articles Journal

Whether your personal laundress of

you Can present the life without washing machine? It is unlikely. Today almost in each house there is an automatic washing machine which facilitates work of the modern hostess, considerably saves her time and, certainly, forces and health.

A little history

In age-old times seafarers used such way of washing of the linen: when the vessel was in the movement, they tied clothes to a rope and threw it overboard, the foamy wave quickly washed away all dirt from fabric. And their overland girlfriends at this time, longing for darlings plowing sea open spaces ashore rubbed linen about stones. The first component of washing - mechanical impact on fabric was so invented. Long ago also its second component - chemical was invented: as showed excavation, ancient Romans used soap which was made of ashes and fat of sacrificial animals.

B 18 a century there is first adaptation urged to facilitate washing process - a washing board, and in the middle of 19 - oho the American D. King invents the washing machine with the rotating drums which by the principle of action reminded modern units. It became the real break - for the next 25 years only in America more than two thousand patents for washing devices are registered. The manual rolls used for a linen extraction become an integral part of the washing machine (by the way, they still complete the elementary semi-automatic stiralka). There was time, washing machines were improved, gradually turning from “ugly duckling“ into the elegant household appliance decorating the house.


of One of the most important characteristics of the washing machine is consumption of the electric power by it. On a sticker different letters designated by power profitability classes the washing machine - from And (very economic) to G (high power consumption). I will not load you in figures, I will note the following only for comparison: the washing machine with a class of energy consumption And more than twice will save the electricity expense in comparison with car having a class of energy consumption of G. Comments, as they say, are excessive.

Continuous technical improvement of washing machines “tightened“ production of their large producers to the highest mark so the value of a class A was a little devaluated. In 2002 the additional class of energy consumption designated so was visible: And +.

the Class of efficiency of washing (from And to G) is defined by

as the relation of extent of bleaching when washing in the tested car to extent of bleaching in the reference washing machine, an extraction class (from And to G) - as a ratio of weight of the water which remained in fabric after an extraction to the weight of dry fabric.

it is simple to p to guess that the washing machines having three classes A are more expensive than the fellows with “lower“ classes.

the Choice of the place for a stiralka

First what the buyer of the washing machine should decide on, this place where you will put it. If in a place bathroom catastrophically it is not enough, then about the full-size washing machine it is necessary to forget and stop the choice on a stiralka with the reduced depth (34 - 54 cm) or to get “baby“ who can be put under a sink (Eurosoba 600/800/1000, Candy Aquamatic 800/1000, some Electrolux and Zanussi models). Many, saving precious centimeters in a bathroom, put washing machines on kitchen or in a corridor. The case when “economical“ owners suspended the washing machine in a toilet over a toilet bowl is known to history. However it is hardly worth speaking, fastening of the heavy car on a plasterboard wall is how unreliable...

Keep in mind

that the washing machine demands the special line of power supply and, certainly, an eyeliner for the gulf and discharge of water.


and a frontalka

Having come into any shop of household appliances, you will be struck the number of washing machines - by quantity of models of a stiralka considerably are ahead of other fellows from clan of major appliances.

In Russia bigger distribution was gained by front-loaded washing machines. Agree, the glass window on the forward panel of a stiralka has a certain attractive force. Front-loaded washing machines can be built in under a table-top (at many washing machines stand on kitchen), they can be used as a bedside table, i.e. to put something from above, they have, as a rule, more capacious drum, than at top-loaded cars and the range is much wider than them, than a vertikalok.

top-loaded Washing machines have the advantages too: they reduced width and they do not need the place ahead for opening of the hatch, you should not bend down to load or unload linen in the car, you can add to it a thing during washing. Vertikalki with the vesiculate principle of washing have no heating element that reduces a power consumption and allows to erase delicate fabrics - cashmere, mohair, silk - without risk to spoil them. At the bottom of the car the generator of bubbles which huge number constantly comes to a cavity of a drum is located and, bursting at a fabric surface, destroys dirt particles.


the Majority of front-loaded washing machines have the standard size - height of 85 cm, width of 60 cm, depth of 55 - 60 cm. In abbreviated form it registers so: VKHSHKHG - 85õ60õ60. As a rule, in such cars loading of dry linen makes 5 kg.

it is A lot of

in the market a frontalok with the reduced dimensions. The models having depth less than 55 cm - 45, 42, 34, 33, 32 cm belong to the category of narrow washing machines. It is possible to load from 3,5 to 5 kg of dry linen into a drum of such machine.

Many producers of washing machines release

the built-in washing machines which can be integrated into kitchen furniture. However, their share in the Russian market is not so big, as in the markets of other European countries with higher standard of living.

the Reel into which the linen is loaded is manufactured by

“Abdominal cavity“ of the washing machine of stainless sheet steel. Its lateral surface (and in some models a stiralok - and back) is punched. A tank to which water with the laundry detergent dissolved in it comes are also made of a stainless steel. The tank not necessarily has to be round, for example, at the Candy washing machines it has the oval form.

it is frequent for production of tanks of washing machines modern polymeric materials which pluses are noise - and thermal insulation, resistance to corrosion and environmental friendliness are used. Material of which the tank is made can have the “company“ name (for example, fibran - in the Whirlpool or polynox washing machines - in the Bosch washing machines - Siemens). Minus plastic tanks - the fragility leading to an oblamyvaniye of fixing ears and formation of cracks when transporting the washing machine.

In some models of washing machines (LG, Hansa, etc.) the tank is located under an inclination of 5 degrees that, in - the first, facilitates loading of linen in the washing machine, and in - the second, at rotation of such tank the linen in it makes intricate spatial movements that improves a linen otstiryvayemost.

It is very convenient to

if the loading hatch of the washing machine has the big diameter 1 and opens by 180 degrees. Drums of the Miele washing machines have illumination thanks to what the probability to forget in them some small article of clothing is excluded.

1 the Majority of washing machines the hatch has diameter about 30 cm. The leader is the Bosch Logixx 9 New Dimension washing machine here - diameter of its loading hatch of 41 cm

the Whirlpool Company releases

special pedestals for the washing machines. In its drawer of such pedestal standard boxes with laundry detergents find room, saving the place in a bathroom, but the most important mission of a pedestal - to facilitate loading and unloading of linen from the car: you do not need to bend down and you without effort will reach the most distant point of a drum.

the Control center

In modern washing machines is two types of management - mechanical and electronic.

Mechanical type - existence of handles of a programmator, the thermostat, several buttons which correspond to additional functions. Such cars are light in operation and have quite reasonable price.

In models with electronic control the microprocessor, LED indicators and the display - digital or liquid crystal is. If the digital display displays, for example, time which remained before the end of washing, speed at an extraction, etc., then for the liquid crystal display is removed full information on a washing cycle. Such cars it is more difficult in management, than their “mechanical“ fellows, but, having understood, you, undoubtedly, estimate their indisputable advantages.

Artificial intelligence

the Electronic control system used in modern washing machines is called of Fuzzy Logic (many producers have its “company“ name, for example, of Fuzzy Control or Dialogic). What is it?

the term is translated to

as “indistinct“ or “fuzzy logic“. So producers of washing machines call artificial intelligence of the children - it is the electronic systems controlling process of washing and correcting parameters of the program for the data obtained in the course of washing from various sensors. You can load any quantity of linen into a stiralka, certainly, without exceeding limit loading, to fill up the necessary amount of laundry detergent (by the way, there are cars which, having estimated loading of a drum and polluted linen, will tell you what amount of powder is necessary for washing), to choose a type of material and temperature of washing. The car itself will define the amount of water corresponding to quantity of the loaded linen. In terms of washing of one kilogram of linen of Fuzzy Logic saves up to 20% of the electric power and water (the waters it is more, the longer it heats up what, respectively, the excess electric power is spent for).

the Microprocessor which equipped such washing machines analyzes

not only the weight of linen, but also hardness of water, its temperature on an entrance, transparency of solution of detergents.

New generation a stiralok - the speaking washing machines (Electrolux). The car uses phrases like “Fill up powder and relax“ or “I Prepare. Please, wait“. If you lack a human interaction, then, perhaps, such stiralka is thought up for you... :)

of the Program

In each washing machine, as a rule, 3 - 4 main programs for washing of different types of fabric are. In addition additional programs also are provided in the car, we will consider the most widespread of them.

  • of Preliminary washing by cool water . It is used for silnozagryaznenny fabrics.
  • Fast washing . The reduced washing for slabozagryaznenny linen.
  • to Refresh
  • . 30 - minute washing at 30 degrees for a small amount of slightly polluted linen (for example, the blouse which once is put on).
  • Hand wash of wool . The program for washing of wool or other linen intended to la of a hand wash.
  • of Bioprogramm . Washing at a temperature up to 40 degrees with use of powders with bioadditives.
  • Additional rinsing . Cycles of additional rinsing are intended for those who have an allergy to laundry detergents.
  • Easy ironing . At a speed of rotation of 30 rpm upon termination of the program the drum together with linen smoothly rocks.
  • the Postponed start . An opportunity to postpone washing for several hours (convenient for apartments with two-tariff counters).

Extraction or drying?

the Best results of drying provide to

of drying cars as they have more opportunities, than dryers integrated into the washing machine. Therefore if you are not pressed for money and in your apartment there is a place for two units, buy two independent devices - washing and drying cars.
The the quantity of turns at an extraction is higher than , the less moisture remains in linen. But even after the most powerful extraction the linen will need to be dried. High speed of an extraction has very essential minus - the linen is exposed to very essential loading and consequently, wears out quicker. It is convenient if in the car there are several modes of an extraction - with speeds from 400 to 1000 revolutions per minute. Practice shows that optimum speed for an extraction of the majority of things - 600 - 800 rpm, at 1000 rpm it is possible to wring out well jeans, and at higher turns - terry towels and dressing gowns.

are of

of the Car with drying more expensive. They differ in existence of an additional heating element which serves for heating of air and the fan on a flat air duct from the ordinary washing machine goes to a car tank. Passing through damp linen, it incorporates moisture. For achievement of uniform drying through certain intervals of time the drum changes the direction of the movement. Usually in stiralno - drying cars it is possible to set certain extents of drying:“ under the iron “, “ in a case “, “ it is very dry“. It is necessary to remember that when drying the quantity of linen in a drum should not exceed 2,5 kg so, having washed 4 - 5 kg of linen, you should dry it in two calling.

Company features

washing machines present more than 30 At the Russian market - ti firms - producers including Russian (“Atlas“, “Vyatka“, “Rolsen“).

In spite of the fact that in any modern washing machine there is, as a rule, a standard set of programs (see the section “Programs“), each large producer seeks to introduce in the child something unusual that will distinguish it from others. Often it is expressed in a trade name of any program (for example, cycles of fast washing can be called “Time for you“ or “Quick Wash“).

In some models the Miele washing machines the Jeans and Pillows programs are.

Washing machines of Samsung of a series F are equipped with the special program - “Children`s linen“ with the Diapers, Romper Suit and Suits functions.

a Number of models a stiralok from AEG, Miele and Bosch has function of a podkrakhmalivaniye: preliminary the starch which is filled in in the batcher gets to the washing machine drum during the last rinsing.

In the Lavalogik (AEG) washing machines the program of washing “Lingerie and fashionable fabrics“ is.

the Special program for washing of sportswear, including top - alpine skiing and tourist, - washing at a low temperature with use of biopowders (Miele, Bosch - Siemens). And in the Siemens WIQ1633 and WIQ1433 washing machines there is also a program for washing and restoration of water-repellent properties of clothes for active recreation.

For allergic persons in the Miele washing machines the Hygiene program is - in during washing a current of 30 minutes temperature of 60 degrees is maintained - water does not cool down by degree. It time enough in order that all allergens which you “brought“ on the clothes from the street were destroyed. The highest indicators on quality of rinsing, it agrees, to tests, have the Asco washing machines: at high-quality rinsing the minimum quantity of firm particles comes to light.

the LG and Samsung Washing machines offer

a different way of disinfection of linen - in them the system of washing Siver nano is applied. In the case of the washing machine stroyeno the device with two silver plates. After pressing of the Ag+ button sterilization function by silver joins: silver is exposed to hydrolysis in the course of which positively charged particles of silver are formed. At the expense of a positive charge these ions are attracted to microorganisms and, getting through a cover of bacteria, destroy them (thus, without boiling disinfecting of linen is reached). Particles of Silver nano destroy a mold and bacteria in the washing machine, and the linen keeps antibacterial effect during 30 - ti days 2 .

In the following article we will consider the basic principles of the correct washing: what highly intellectual would not be your washing machine, without sensitive instructions “from above“ to achieve ideal results it will hardly be possible. :)