Rus Articles Journal

History of a house museum on Prostyakovka

Donskaya Street passes the merchant museum on Don

across the old district of Moscow and conducts from the downtown to Donskoy Monastery. At the end of the 19th century there were no big buildings here: it is more and more of two - and three-storyed merchant structures. At the beginning of the Don several houses belonged to merchants Prostyakov therefore among local this part of the street was called as Prostyakovka.

Family traditions

the Merchant Ivan Grigoryevich Prostyakov who was born in 1843 had the cousin nephew to the famous merchants to brothers Solodovnikov, and filed becomes their right hand. Here, on Prostyakovka, he lived all life, his children were born here. The respect for work therefore among them there were manufacturers, house owners, wholesale merchants was characteristic feature of Solodovnikov - Prostyakov. Charity of Solodovnikov - Prostyakov was based on enormous donations. Ivan Grigoryevich for charity was awarded by the Russian awards.

the Main house with the estate was on Don, the house No. 7, and in the house No. 9 Prostyakov on the means opened and contained elementary school for boys. Later there was a dining room for starving, then national library. Now in this small house the museum of businessmen, patrons and philanthropists which began with transfer to the museum by M. V. Zolotorev of stands with photos of the Moscow Merchant exhibition in 1991 was placed.

the New intellectuals

the museum unite Now descendants more than 300 merchant families.

the hall of pre-revolutionary history of merchants where in the spacious room the materials telling about life of the most visible representatives of the Russian merchant elite are presented Is interesting to

: portraits, ancient photos, family trees, personal belongings. Quite recently here the new exposition devoted to joint-stock business and financial history of the end of the XIX beginning of the 20th century opened. It should be noted that registration of merchant activity began at Peter I, but, having endured the fire of Moscow of 1812, the Moscow merchants began to rise and grow rich only to the middle of the 19th century, becoming strong contenders to the nobility, and by the beginning of the XX century they declared themselves construction of new houses in modern style, creation of the museums, new theaters.


of Tretyakov, Morozov, Shchukiny, Bakhrushiny, Ryabushinsky, Mamontovy, Sytiny were widely known in art circles. Collectors and patrons, publishers and patrons of the Moscow theaters - they brought an enormous contribution in our art culture. Merchants made million investments in hospitals, shelters, schools, schools, libraries.

they received awards, honorary titles For it and high, even generalships, passing from the category of rough industrial and trade merchants into the category of the most educated people of the time, distinguished judges of art - the new intellectuals of Russia.

the Museum - not only antiquity

Krom of the historical hall, in the museum some more rooms where objects of a merchant way of life are placed. In the hall of life they are presented by ancient clothes, women`s shoes, old porcelain, tableware, a record player, a record player, etc.

Opposite - the hall of the childhood with toys and cradles, with ancient photos of school students and students, textbooks and even notebooks of that time.

In the museum the hall devoted to modern business in which exposition materials about our famous contemporaries - Alexander Panikin are placed (“Paninter“) Dmitry Zimin (“Beeline“) Mikhail Kusnirovich (“Bosko di Cigliegii“) is, etc.

the Museum has good library which students and graduate students on which materials theses are written use. Lectures and conversations for pupils of schools, colleges, technical schools, schools, students and teachers of higher education institutions are carried out taking into account a profile and tasks of concrete educational institution.


Here historians, moskvoveda, descendants of the well-known merchant dynasties often act.

the director Elena Kalmykova on whom the set of duties lies Directs the museum, and the chief keeper and the research supervisor of the museum is Lev Krasnopevtsev whose knowledge and experience are so necessary for the museum. In this house are always glad to visitors - people, not indifferent to fatherland history.