Rus Articles Journal

First movements of the kid: reasons for pleasure and alarm of

From time immemorial future mothers with alarm, pleasure and hope listened to the movements of the yet not been born kid. And today, despite a wide choice of modern methods of research of a pre-natal condition of a fruit, stir remains the main indicator of health of the child confirming his viability.

When and why the kid moves?

In order that “language“ of stir of a fruit is better to understand

, we need to remember some stages of development of the kid in mother`s womb, on - scientific - embryogenesis stages.

At a human embryo the first warm reductions appear on 21 - y day of development. Elements of skeletal muscles begin to develop due to early sokratitelny activity. Rhythmic sokratitelny activity of primary muscle fibers is observed still before the nervous system of a germ begins to develop.


at the end of the embryonic period (the end 8 - y weeks of pregnancy) and the beginning of the fetalny period (with 8 - y weeks of pregnancy) the nervous system of a fruit which is responsible for physical activity begins to be put. That is by this moment there is already a muscular tissue, there are nervous fibers which “give“ impulses to muscles, providing their reduction.

the Motive reflexes caused by initiation of the nervous terminations are established to


since the end 8 - y weeks of pregnancy. The first reflexes in response to irritation of a perioralny zone (about a mouth) - mandibulyarny (shchechny) and maksillyarny (maxillary) branches of a trigeminal nerve arise at a fruit in 7,5 weeks of pregnancy. With 10 - y weeks of pregnancy appear the reflexes caused by irritation of sites of skin to which there are spinal nerves.

In a word, the kid begins to move in a uterus early enough. However, these movements are not coordinate yet and are not conscious and the relative sizes of an embryo and fetal bubble are that that the embryo freely floats in amniotic waters and seldom touches a uterus wall so that mother could feel it. However already with 10 - y weeks of pregnancy, having come across a uterus wall, the kid can change a movement trajectory. From 9 weeks of pregnancy the fruit can swallow amniotic waters, and it is difficult motive process. In 16 weeks of pregnancy the fruit has a physical activity in response to sounds (first of all on mother`s voice, on change of his intonation). In 17 weeks the fruit begins to blink. In 18 weeks - touches handles an umbilical cord, squeezes and unclenches fingers of hands, touches the person and even hides the face in hands at sharp, loud and unpleasant sounds.

That the fruit brain normally developed and functioned, the set of incentives and sufficient level of their intensity is necessary. The perception of specific feelings is already created, and now the kid learns to react to them the movement.


In the first trimester at the child already created ideas of comfort. They help the kid to be guided with what has to be intensity of various incentives from the outside. The fruit finds out that, moving, he can regulate intensity of stimulation (for example, to be discharged of loud sounds), it becomes “creator“ of the life.

the Main task of a fruit - to develop. For this purpose it needs food and a set of incentives. If there is not enough food and oxygen, the fruit begins to move more actively and by that to mass a placenta that at uterine reduction to receive a sufficient portion of blood, and with it - food and oxygen. Or, let us assume, mother lies on a back, thereby a pregnant uterus squeezing the largest vessels of an organism (the lower hollow vein and the place of bifurcation of an aorta). The fruit will immediately answer with rough stir and will force mother to change position of a body therefore to pregnant women recommend to lie only on one side. If the fruit presses umbilical cord loops, it also begins to move actively and changes the situation.

What is felt by mother?

By 20 - 22 weeks when are formed back and a brain, the movements of a fruit become regular. At this stage (about 20 weeks) mother begins to feel and perceive the movements of a fruit. It is known that pervorodyashchy women feel stir from 20 weeks of pregnancy, and povtornorodyashchy - from 18 weeks of pregnancy. However these terms can vary.

the First stirs all describe

differently. They can be similar to splashing of a small fish, trembling of a butterfly or, is banal, on an intestines vermicular movement. According to most of pregnant women, it is one of the most disturbing periods in their life, and from this point mother becomes the most exact and faultless “sensor“ registering a condition of the kid. Many women from the first pushes begin to perceive a fruit as the child.

First the movements of a fruit rather shy, not coordinated, but gradually they are ordered and find a certain sense and value. Within half an hour 5 - the monthly fruit can make from 20 to 60 pushes, sometimes it is more, sometimes it is less. In general, speed, a rhythm and force of movements change from time of day.

By 24 weeks of pregnancy of the movement of a fruit are reminded by the movements of the newborn. From this age the kid actively “speaks“ with mother language of movements about the alarm, pleasure, pleasure and the health. In turn, the fruit very sensitively reacts to change of an emotional condition of mother. For example, when mother worries or rejoices, the kid can move more actively or, on the contrary, calm down for some time.

Too violent, painful stir of a fruit testifies to trouble in its state. Sometimes the movements of the kid hurt mother. In this case the woman needs to change position of a body. If it is long, within several hours, stirs of a fruit remain painful, the pregnant woman has to report about it to the doctor surely. Most of women note some morbidity in the field of podreberiya in the third trimester of pregnancy - and it is not an aberration.

As it is correct to p to control and interpret stirs of a fruit?

needs to listen to the movements of the child. Complete cessation of physical activity for 12 hours and more - very disturbing signal.

Since 24 - y weeks of pregnancy the fruit has to move on average 10 - 15 times an hour, he can sleep within 3 hours and at the same time almost not move. However, if the child is active too within several days or, on the contrary, within several days his activity decreased, the pregnant woman has to address the obstetrician. There are situations when it is required to watch the movements of the child constantly. Anyway, if you do not feel stirs of a fruit within 12 hours, it is necessary to see a doctor. Independently to stimulate the movement of a fruit, it is possible to do several physical exercises, breathing exercises with a breath delay, to eat sweet.

Sudden very active stirs of a fruit can be a consequence of an uncomfortable position of mother - such situation at which to a fruit less oxygen arrives, for example, when the woman sits, having crossed the legs, or lies on a back. In this case it is necessary to change situation. If within several hours of stir remain unusually active, it is necessary to see a doctor. So, sluggish and weak stirs or excessively active also testify to trouble of a condition of a fruit.

Doctors - obstetricians recommend to apply the test of stir of a fruit of D. Pearson “Count up to ten“. Daily mark number of stirs of a fruit from 28 weeks of pregnancy on the special map. The account of stirs is begun from 9:00 and finished at 21:00. Begin to consider stirs of a fruit exactly at 9 in the morning, write down time 10 - go stirs in the table or on graphics. The small number of stirs (less than 10 in day) can testify to oxygen insufficiency of a fruit and is a reason for the address to the doctor.

If twins develop, there can be an impression that the movements of a fruit are felt everywhere and they are very intensive. Ultrasonography can disseminate doubts if is confirmed that in a uterus two fruits develop.

Most accruing physical activity of a fruit is noted by

with 24 - y on 32 - yu week of pregnancy. Then it gradually decreases; especially it is noticeable by the time of childbirth. By the end of the third trimester the number of stirs can decrease a little, but intensity and, one may say, force them remain the same or increase.

also the fact that by the end of pregnancy the most active stirs are felt in the location of extremities of a fruit Is interesting to

. So, if the kid lies down a head (so happens in most cases), then stirs are clearly felt in the top departments of a uterus; if to an exit from a uterus prilezhit the pelvic end (pelvic prelying), stirs are more distinct in the lower departments. Calculation of frequency of stirs of a fruit within 30 minutes in the morning and shows in the evening that at healthy pregnant women by the evening it increases.

As it was already noted by p, physical activity of a fruit characterizes its state.

What means unusual “behavior“ of the kid?

listening of warm tones, ultrasonic research, KTG are necessary for

At a deviation from a normal rhythm, frequency and nature of stirs.

About what pre-natal suffering there is a speech

when we speak about violations of physical activity of a fruit? Most often the pre-natal suffering of a fruit is caused by a hypoxia (oxygen starvation). Are the reasons of a hypoxia: pregnancy complications, various diseases (anemia, it is warm - vascular diseases, diabetes etc.) bleedings, plodovo - placentary insufficiency, loss from a cavity of a uterus and pressing of the dropped-out umbilical cord loops a head of a fruit, a fruit disease (a Rhesus factor - the conflict, infection of a fruit). Sharp oxygen insufficiency can be diagnosed an auskultation (listening) of warm tones of a fruit. At a chronic pre-natal hypoxia of a fruit kardiotokografiya indicators are more informative (registration of warm reductions by means of the special device). At the time of stir of a fruit heart rate normal increases by 10 - 15 beats per minute.

At initial stages of a pre-natal hypoxia note uneasy behavior of a fruit which consists in increase and strengthening of its physical activity. At the progressing hypoxia of a fruit there comes easing and the termination of its movements.

Finishing our conversation, there is a wish to remind future mothers: the first movements of the kid are not only an indicator of its state, but also unique feelings which the woman can test only during this short, but such happy period of the life.