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The kid goes to a campaign of

Why it is necessary?

with

Before speaking about that why the campaign is necessary to the child, answer yourself the one and only question: and why a campaign the child it is necessary to you? If you gather in a sports campaign, and take the child with yourself only because it there is nobody to leave, refuse this invention. You will spoil to yourself a campaign, and the little man can forever begin to hate tourism.“ If to you bothered to communicate with the kid by fits, being broken off between him and the jamming life; if to you it is sad because that nurses, teachers, neighbors, the street - everything, anyone, except you are engaged in education of your successor; if you suddenly felt that you just on - fatherly (motherly) love the child and are ready to renounce for the sake of it some claims, - means, you ripened for a family campaign“ (D. Shmayger). Family tourism of subjects is also remarkable that first of all considers interests of children. It is a campaign not for the sake of categories and sports results. This travel forming character, rallying a family, opening for the child the world absolutely in other, unusual plane.

In soul of each little fidget there lives thirst for adventures. And the campaign is the most real adventure. Judge for yourself, what scope opens before you for education of the son or the daughter! Also there is all this without tiresome morals and moraly which most often jump aside from the child, “as from a wall peas“. Here as the tutor the Nature acts, and everything occurs naturally and as if by itself. In the wood or in mountains, in a separation from the habitual benefits of a civilization, the kid quickly acquires that the rain will pour irrespective of, it is necessary or not. And if you do not want to get wet, it is necessary to put tent, but not to sob and stamp legs. The kid learns to make decisions and to be responsible for the acts. He sees with own eyes as far as the person depends by nature, but at the same time and the nature depends on the person. The child gains useful skills, learns to love and appreciate the surrounding nature, to coexist with it. The kid sees the presents, but not drawn on the picture of the mountain and river, the wood and the steppe, lake and a cave. And it expands its idea of world around. Whether it is worth speaking about the revitalizing and tempering components of any campaign?

With what to begin

?

the set of different types of campaigns Exists. Depending on a way of movement they can be pedestrian, ski, bicycle, water etc. On duration distinguish one-day, two - three-day (the day off campaign) and multi-day. But in any of them there has to be some purpose: to pass the planned route, to see this or that natural sight, to visit the interesting place, a monument. For the kid, of course, and a campaign - remarkable entertainment, but a specific goal does it even more interestingly.

So from what age it is possible to go hiking with kids? Many parents - tourists will tell: since the birth. But you should not forget that in this case the child will be not so much a full participant of a campaign, how many the passenger, and mother or the father respectively transport. And here the four-year-old prepared kid can already make rather long transitions. And from 5 - 6 years it is possible to take the child and in simple mountain campaigns. To this age accustom the kid to the wild nature, leave all family in the wood or to the river more often on 1 - 2 day, arrange one-day walks to interesting places. It is important that the kid easily and comfortably felt outdoors, was not afraid of the wood, was able and was fond of walking, had elementary skills of safety. Gradual will get used also to some burdens and deprivations which in a campaign are inevitable. Generally, such pass - rehearsal, training before more serious test...

On searches of a treasure!

If not only your kid, and and you only begin to master tourist knowledge and are not ready to a multi-day campaign yet, arrange a one-day sortie in the wood. And that this campaign was for a long time remembered to the child, organize it in the form of a cheerful adventure. In game it is possible to inform easily the kid and difficult skills of the handling of tourist equipment, both rules of conduct of a pas to the nature, and bases of marching safety, and, of course, to expand his knowledge of world around. To be prepared to pass - it is necessary for a campaign in advance. First of all, to collect several families with kids which will want to participate in your cheerful action. It does not matter, if kids are different age. Consider it at a script writing, and then suitable tasks will be enough for all.

Search of a treasure will be reduced to passing by children accompanied by someone from adults of a small route, using the map. The card has to appear enigmatically. For example, during a halt on a clearing, digging a pole for a fire, the father will find in the earth a mysterious box, and in it... rubbed, with the torn-off edges the card. whether

Should saying

that to make a route, it is necessary to hide the card and “treasure“ in advance? What will a treasure - solve to you. But it has to be something really unexpected and valuable to all participants of searches. On the way children can meet different forest inhabitants (kind and angry) who will help them or, on the contrary, to disturb, to teach something, to give various tasks. Mothers will dress up in forest inhabitants (the old man - a lesovichok, a hare, a hedgehog, the wood goblin, water, the fright) and fathers, having made secretly from kids unpretentious suits of make-shifts in advance. For example, the zaychishka will tell how to use a compass, the lesovichok will suggest to find this or that plant on a clearing, the hedgehog will hold competition in a throwing of cones. And here the angry fright will try to confuse kids, asking them cunning questions, the wood goblin will wind trees with ropes so that it will be possible to make the way only on all fours. If the option with disguise seems to you too difficult, hide several pieces of the card on a route. Then kids will find the next hint in a tree hollow, under penky or is high on a branch and, using it, to make the way further...

when the treasure will be safely found and dug out by

A, arrange picnic on a clearing, with preparation on a fire of a kulesh. It is unlikely tired treasure-hunters will refuse the hot, smelling of a smoke marching porridge. After such training it is possible to go also to the real campaign!

we Pack things

Any trips and travel with children - piece responsible and troublesome. Especially the real campaign in a separation from a habitual situation and conveniences. And that it brought to all its participants joy and pleasure, it is necessary to think over important trifles in advance, to stock up with the convenient equipment, to prepare suitable clothes and footwear for the kid. So what is is required to you? In - the first, in what and on what you will sleep: tent, sleeping bags, tourist rugs (karimat). Each family member can have separate sleeping bags, and it is possible to build one big bag from two. Then the kid will sleep between parents. Karimata creep on a bottom of tent under sleeping bags. Thanks to good thermal insulation they protect sleeping from cold. Sometimes instead of tourist rugs use air mattresses; they are more comfortable, but also it is heavier. Therefore such option is acceptable in case you is long are encamped on one place (for example, near the river or by the sea), and here in hikes everything is better to use karimata. Take the clothes set intended only for a dream for the child. Then, even if all clothes of the kid will be wet, at you will be what to change clothes of him before going to bed for. It is good if on a pajamas there is a hood.

Now about a necessary minimum of clothes. Approach its choice with all care. At the child have to be: sports suit (it is possible trousers and a shirt with a long sleeve), waterproof jacket and trousers, woolen sweater (it is better two), 2 couples warm and 2 - 3 pairs of thin socks, linen, a headdress. If weather hot, add to it shorts, 2 - 3 t-shirts, swimming trunks or a bathing suit. The stock of replaceable clothes is obligatory if the kid will get wet in the rain (will fall in dirt, a stream, etc.) . Take footwear 2 (better 3) couples. The main - leather boots with a good protector. It is desirable that they were high and reliably fixed an ankle joint (it especially important in mountain campaigns). Spare footwear - sneakers. In the wood with the clay or marshy soil gumboots will be useful.

do not forget to take in a campaign couple of favourite toys of the kid, the book, an album with pencils, some board game. It will help to entertain the child in rainy weather. It is the best of all if several families with children about one age participate in a campaign. Then to kids will be more cheerful, and it will be much simpler to organize their leisure.

our roof - the sky blue

Campaigns with children, unlike adult campaigns, have the features. For kids of 5 - 6 years limit campaign time for 7 - 8 days, and the general distance in kilometers - 40 - 50 km. Having made simple calculations, we receive about 7 km a day. By 9 - 10 years duration of a campaign can increase till 2 weeks, and route extent - to 120 km. Since 13 years children can participate in campaigns almost on an equal basis with adults. Making a route of the forthcoming travel, consider age of kids, being guided by the weakest participant of a campaign. There is nothing terrible if most of members of your group go hiking for the first time. All once began, and experience - piece acquirable. But at least one participant everything is has to be the tourist skilled. As a rule, it is entrusted with the role of the head of a campaign. The best option if in your group there are several children, relatives on age. Then it will not be boring for the kid.

Separate conversation on children`s backpacks. Of course, kids can go with light baggage. And so not easy it is necessary to them. But it will be better if you accustom the child at once to need to bear something behind shoulders. The least children can have a backpack in general empty or the favourite toy, the book, game, an album and pencils will lie there. Children are more senior already can bear part of the things and if are tired, it is possible “to unload“ a little them. Excessively not to tire weak children`s backs, it is recommended to count backpack weight proceeding from age of the child which is halved. So, the five-year-old kid should not bear more than 2 - 2,5 kg, and ten-year-old - more than 5.

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Choosing a route for a campaign, consider features of the district. It is heavy to kids to go on a high grass, through bushes and thickets without footpaths. A certain complexity is represented also by mountain campaigns. The main criterion here - safety. Therefore almost impassable routes with steep loose slopes and breaks are unacceptable for children`s campaigns. From - for insufficiently developed coordination of movements it is much easier for kid to rise uphill, than to go down. Therefore on descents of the child it is necessary to insure by all means, holding by a hand or tying with a rope. Also the strong stick on which the kid will be able to lean will come to the rescue.

By the seas, on waves

Many parents - tourists consider (and, we will notice, it is not unreasonable) that water hikes best of all are suitable for kids. You judge: there is no need to do long pedestrian transitions and to bear on themselves heavy things. But all other charm of a camp life, like tents, fires and thrills, is fully present at water hikes.

to

For family alloys best of all are suitable catamarans. They are steadier and more comfortable than kayaks. But also kayaks are good. For an alloy with the kid choose the quiet, picturesque small river, with a quiet current and without serious thresholds. The pas of the district is important to be guided well and to provide possible “ways of retreat“ on a case of unforeseen circumstances. Traveling with children, do not time a campaign end-to-end. Have at least a couple of days in a stock. Weather - a thing unpredictable. And hardly you will want to float with the kid during a pouring rain, and during a thunder-storm it is simply inadmissible. Having surplus of time, it is possible to wait with quiet conscience bad weather ashore in tent. Remember that in water hikes there are specific dangers which need to be considered. Main of them - capsizing of a kayak. Therefore on the child surely there has to be saving a vest. If passing of thresholds is supposed, to a vest also the helmet increases. All things, especially documents, a photo - and video equipment have to be carefully packed into waterproof packages and are attached to a kayak. Take care also of the waterproof suit for the kid protecting from water splashes and wind.

, as well as in any other, it is important

In a water hike that the kid did not miss. Therefore you should not go to too long alloys and it makes sense to organize “the cultural program“ in way. Supply the Rebbe with own oar. In - the first, he will be at business, and in - the second, will feel the importance and responsibility, equal with adults. Do day stages not too long and arrange periodically day`s rests (an opportunity to spend the whole day on one place). Do not forget that your campaign first of all has to give pleasure to all its participants. During parking it is possible to survey vicinities, to gather mushrooms and berries, to catch fish, to go to radial campaigns (perhaps, somewhere nearby there is an interesting cultural or natural monument), to play various games. Generally, actively to have a rest.

to eat

it is given

As a rule, after three years the little tourist can eat the same, as adult members of group. The children in a campaign spend the mass of energy and voracious appetite in the fresh air wakes up even at thorough “poor eaters“. And therefore, counting quantity of necessary products on the kid of 3 - 4 years, take 2/3 from adult norm, and for the senior child - adult norm. It is necessary that the nutrition value of products was rather high. Surely include dairy products in a diet. Various kissels and cocoa will be suitable for an afternoon snack.

a quantity of different “delicacies“ is important to take

with itself. In a campaign even the simplest caramel seems unusually tasty and valuable. Such small pleasures are usually distributed during halts and as encouragement. Best of all for this role dried fruits (dried apricots, dates, a fig) will approach. They are tasty, nutritious and can long be stored. Also nuts, candies, small chocolates, vafelk, gozinaki, a water-ice, drying, cookies are good.

Marching traditions

of Tradition - in general a thing remarkable. And marching traditions are remarkable doubly. They develop throughout many campaigns and are equally loved both by adults, and children. Perhaps, the most memorable will become FOR kids dedication in tourists. Irrespective of age, all pass this ceremony. who went hiking for the first time. Think up a cheerful oath of the tourist which will be solemnly said at a fire, organize an intricate obstacle course with need to jump, run, creep, hold a quiz with questions on a tourist subject. It is possible to arrange competition in high-speed installation of tent or kindling of a fire. And it is even better to organize scenario game in Indians with disguise, coloring by soot, production of onions from make-shifts or to look for in advance hidden treasure, receiving pieces of the cut card as encouragement for performance of various tasks. Here everything will depend on your imagination. In end - a festive dinner, delivery of the medals or diplomas prepared in advance.

Useful in a campaign. On these peculiar “rulers“ in a half-joking form orders become engrossed in reading, thanks appear, caused a stir are encouraged and reprimands appear guilty. The kid will shine with pride if to praise him before “system“. And reprimand for misconduct will become the most effective and intelligible punishment. You remember only that it is necessary to do it after careful consideration and only in extreme cases.

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Actively attract kids in assistants, train them tourist in a pra to mudrost. Children so like to help, and this desire needs to be supported and cherished in every possible way. Even three - four-year caratsapuza can a lot of things: to collect firewood, to help to wash the dishes, to carry water, to carry out small instructions. And eight - nine-year-old a turistyat are capable even to make a lunch under supervision of adults. It is possible to charge to each of children for the period of a campaign a certain position. So, someone will become the senior assistant to the photographer, and someone the most important adviser to the head. Kids will be proud of the important mission assigned to them, to feel equal with adult participants of a campaign. Only do not punish the child extraordinary watch. He has to perceive marching duties (as, however, and any work) not as a duty and as honourable mission.

In a campaign to you not palatable inhabitants of the natural world can meet. The main danger is constituted by ticks And if your route passes them in places, it is necessary to reconcile to the trousers and shirts or jackets filled in socks with long sleeves. The headdress in this case is obligatory. It is necessary to know that the tick does not stick into skin at once. About two hours he will creep on clothes, looking for the suitable open place for a sting (most often it is the head, a neck, a breast, armpits, a groin). And if once at 2 o`clock to perform inspection of a body and clothes, the sting of a tick can be avoided.

the dangerous animals are found In each certain district. To a campaign show them to the kid on pictures and explain how to behave at a meeting with them. Same treats also poisonous plants. For the child has to be an absolute taboo to taste unfamiliar berries, and to collect acquaintances better under control of adults. Quite good for safety to develop a certain set of rules, such “marching code“ for which violation the guilty person will be strictly punished (for example, to lose the sweet put on a halt).

the Safe campaign

the biggest danger in children`s campaigns is constituted by children. And especially the children missing who have nothing to be engaged. As a rule, most of all injuries and unpleasant incidents happen during halts and parking. Having a little had a rest, the child right there begins to look for occupation: to throw stones, to climb up rocks, to survey coast of small rivers. And these occupations not always happen safe. By all means explain to children what can lead their rash acts to, it is desirable to do it on concrete examples. And, the most important, in a campaign do not allow kids to miss. In rest-hours organize outdoor and quiet games for children, study and sing tourist songs. It is possible to consider insects, learns to distinguish herbs, to collect a collection of stones, to study mountaineering elements. The organization of children`s leisure is quite often serious emotional loading for parents. But believe, it is worth it.

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It is careful, pincers!

In a campaign to you not palatable inhabitants of the natural world can meet. The main danger is constituted by pincers. And if your route passes them in places, it is necessary to reconcile to the trousers and shirts or jackets filled in socks with long sleeves. The headdress in this case is obligatory. It is necessary to know that the tick does not stick into skin at once. About two hours he will creep on clothes, looking for the suitable open place for a sting (most often it is the head, a neck, a breast, armpits, a groin). And if one time at two o`clock to perform inspection of a body and clothes, the sting of a tick can be avoided.

the dangerous animals are found In each certain district. To a campaign show to the kid on pictures and explain how to behave at a meeting with them. Same treats also poisonous plants. For the child has to be an absolute taboo to taste unfamiliar berries, and to collect acquaintances better under control of adults. Quite good for safety to develop a certain set of rules, such “marching code“ for which violation the guilty person will be strictly punished (for example, to deprive of the sweet put on a halt).

Happy to you travel, cheerful adventures, pleasure of communication with each other and nature!