Amateur video filming: the first steps of
it is surprising how quickly we get used to achievements of science and technology! 10 years ago the owner of a “house“ video camera was considered as the rare lucky. Today the video camera is if not in everyone, then in every second family, and its owners sometimes cannot even imagine what it could not be. And in 1997 when the video camera of “Panasonic“ of the VHS format - C for the first time lodged in our family, my grandfather (in the past the military operator and the radio electronics engineer in the face of whom there was all evolution of television), examining the device, swung the head and sentenced: “Miracle! A miracle - a chamber! And color writes, and a sound it is heard!“ ...Me always it seemed to
that process of video comprises a certain sacrament: the event which will never repeat any more from this second can be repeated again and again! There passes time, children grow - but on cartridges all of them are the same ridiculous kids. Close people leave us - but put record, and on a TV screen they with us again, we see and we hear them! For this reason there is a wish to talk a little about how to create and store own house videoarchive how to receive from it even more positive emotions.
What to choose?the Digital format “creeps away“ with
on the world and over our country more and more including. However “analog“ is not going to be given. At least, tell show-windows of departments of video equipment about it. Treat analog formats: VHS, VHS - C, S - VHS, Video 8, Hi 8.to
VHS Format for everything it is known - in this format all home videorecorders and players function. Chambers of the VHS format exist in the nature, but not on sale: probably, they are laid off. It is possible to buy, but only / at and from hands. Convenience here only one: you take out the cartridge (standard, “big“) and at once you watch it from the tape recorder.
However “younger brother“ of this format - of VHS - C still is on sale . It is usual VHS, only kassetka small, compact. Too it is possible to look at them at once, but only by means of the adapter are special adaptation, usually goes complete with a chamber. Looks as the “big“ cartridge with a folding cover. Works from the battery. You insert a kassetka of VHS - C, you slam a cover, and the small motor stretches a film on case length. Everything, you can look. But, by experience of use of such chamber and all applied devices, I can tell that too often you should not “drive“ and rewind initial cartridges in the adapter. In total - it is not absolutely normal operating mode, the film is extended, rumpled, and at the sat-down battery can back not return to a kassetka (you will twist manually and edges of a tape “zazhutsya“ by all means).
of the VHS Camera - C are quite cheap today (from 7. 000 rubles) cartridges too: from 75 rubles for 45 - a minute tape. And if for you not too essentially quantity of lines in the picture, and at you as mono - the videorecorder (and these chambers write, as a rule, mono - a sound) - that you can choose this format.Four years` experience of active use of such chamber in general left to
Super Format - VHS (S - VHS) now on sale too almost do not meet (these are such “big“ chambers, Zagsovsky operators often work for them still). In household video it is almost not extended.
of Video 8 and Hi 8 . It is considered that the leaving format. But on a combination of the price and quality (on average 10 - 15. 000 rubles are costed by a chamber, cartridges of 120 - 150 rubles for 90 - a minute tape) it still some time will remain actual. Cartridges of this format cannot be looked in the videorecorder, adapters do not exist (because of tape width: 8 mm (from here “video 8“) against 16 mm at VHS).
Ya bought the Hi 8 camera (it is the improved modification of Video 8) in 2001 - m to year, to replace VHS - C. The first that pleasantly surprised: the sound, though was mono (already many models write a stereo), it was unusually accurate and pure - completely there was no “hissing“ of a film. Quality and detail of the picture pleased too. After VHS it was the step forward. Kassetki Hi 8 maintain quite large number of rewritings (to 15 times). There is also such supervision: these chambers are more exacting to lighting conditions, than their VHS - fellows. If it is not enough light, the image begins “to zernit“ and “be washed away“.
in general, I am happy with operation of this camera. It at me still in working order, serious malfunctions (I knock on a tree! :) was not. Quite unpretentious device. Such chambers are ideal for creation of home archives with decent quality and for quite reasonable price.
of Digital 8 . It is already digital format, however it for some reason did not receive mass distribution. Cartridges to such chambers are close by the size and the price to Hi 8, but the image and a sound are written on a tape in the digital way. The price of chambers - from 12. 000 to 20. 000 thousand rubles
of MiniDV .“ Break“ this format in masses happened literally in the last three years. What led to depreciation of compact models by 2 - 2,5 times. The cheapest miniDV - a chamber already can be bought for 10. 000 rubles. What is this format so good? In - the first, the fact that for the first time quality of the image from a household chamber came nearer to telebroadcasting (500 lines across). Today many TV channels in reporting shooting and even when shootings series use professional modification of the DV format - DV cam. At the same time parameters of the image DV cam and miniDV are identical!
In - the second, exclusively compact sizes of chambers and cartridges. Kassetka at first sight seems to miniDV ridiculous and toy: it will be located on a palm at the child! But look what clearness the picture appears on this “baby“!
B - the third, practically in all such chambers provided “transfer“ of video in the computer without loss (via the special IEEE socket - 1394, it is i - Link. Also the payment in the computer is necessary, but it costs little).
B - the fourth, very many models are equipped with the built-in photo function and a card of memory. Full photos such pictures, of course, are not (the maximum permission - 1152õ864), but are sometimes useful. For example, for prompts or a slide - show. Or simply, when you see something interesting, and there is no camera near at hand.
Should be noticed also that all miniDV of a chamber write a binaural sound with CD - quality.When I for the first time in 2004 - m to year made by
shooting of svezhekuplenny miniDV with the camera, me improbable sharpness and quality of the image, and also unexpected really impressed a stereo - a sound deal on the right and left canals. This chamber finished shooting already considerable amount of material, in the majority it is successful and is pleasing to the eye. However, from 3 - x my chambers this was the most whimsical. In - the first, she demands good lighting too - even more, than Hi 8. In - the second, miniDV of the cartridge showed extremely small margin of safety: through 2 - 3 cycles (“record + reproduction“) on films defects and mistakes began to appear. And if on analog cartridges of damage look not so crucially (white “tsarapinka“ or “stripes“), then on digital it happens in the form of unpleasant “dispersal“ of the picture on squares and a mosaic, or at all “razjezzhaniye“ on horizontal strips.
However all this is not an occasion to refuse miniDV. If you need quality greatest possible today if you want to have a possibility of computer processing and installation without loss, and also prefer a qualitative binaural sound - buy miniDV. You do not progadat. Only whenever possible “drive“ miniDV of a kassetka with important records less, “throw off“ video on VHS or the hard drive of the computer.
of Micro MV, DVD - chambers . These formats for today rather “young“, and data on their use, frankly speaking, a little. It is unknown whether there will be they mass, or they will be succeeded by something else.
Accessories and the additional equipment
not to do Without it. Of course, the main accessories (network and audio - video cables, disks with the software, memory cards, etc.) will be applied to your chamber. But there are things which you will need to get in addition (and it will not be useless “beating“ of money from you!) . What it?
- of the Filter on a lens . It is vital. In - the first, protects sensitive optics from an ultraviolet and other negative it is solar - atmospheric factors. And in - the second, it also purely mechanical protection - is better to raskolotit the filter for 10 dollars, than expensive lenses, the truth?
- Additional power supplies . Namely - accumulators. That small accumulator that is included in the chamber package, will not allow you to work fully. At most, you will squeeze out of it 30 - 40 minutes (and if on the street moreover cold or humidity - and that less). Buy 1 or 2 accumulators of bigger capacity (3 - 5 sentries) at once. It is expensive, but it is worth it (then be convinced!)
- Bag . First it seems that not really - that and it is necessary (especially when a chamber small). But it not so. Only in a special bag it is possible to place conveniently both the device, and additional accumulators, and spare cartridges, and a network cord moreover and to stuff any useful trifle on pockets and compartments. To I, for example, still serve the convenient, capacious, strong sewed bag from the first chamber. In it even the umbrella finds room that is important when shootings in the open air.
- Nakamerny light . The familiar seller from the Top crust says that nakamerny small lamps not really are in demand. And in vain! Even if you are not going to work with your chamber at night or in caves, additional lighting can be useful even in the room (dim light) or in cloudy weather (not to mention twilight). In some models small lamps happen built-in. However, they are weak. However, and additional lamps seldom happen super - powerful as generally eat from the chamber accumulator.
also various light filters for lenses, supports - tripods and zone, all this already from area enough expensive professional accessories Exist. But if suddenly the support from which your grandfather (at me quite so once photographed is found in you and it appeared!) - try to fix on it your camera, for certain “nest“ will coincide!
of “Earthquake“, “pirouettes“ and other nuances
At last you bought the camera! And you already cannot wait to begin to remove as soon as possible... In your head the grandiose plan is born, you anticipate your first video masterpiece! You press the Rec button... Everything earned, you joyfully look in the view-finder - and remove, remove... Then you take out the cartridge, you are connected to the TV - and here, your video debut on the screen!
Yes. result - that does not please! What is?, It seems, tremors were not observed? Why the picture “dances“ and shakes? Yes, and “arrivals - departures“ some sharp, and on a coherent plot a uniform hint... It seems that insufficiently just to press the red button and to begin to drive a chamber around itself.my own first shootings were far
from the desirable too. On pleasures from purchase of the first chamber I jerked to Suzdal, already representing what “movie“ I will shoot there... What turned out could be looked hardly. Temples and churchlets as though “jumped“ and “jumped“, without wishing to get into the shot. Panoramas of the beautiful, ancient city left greased and illogical. I do not say any more that the sequence in plots was not any. Generally, my “movie“ caused seasickness attacks in the audience...Me not one “shivering“ shooting was necessary for
to understand some details without which it is impossible to make a little - malsk decent video. But now I can precisely tell what the beginning operator has to pay attention to.
- Most important. At first you find the necessary shot in the view-finder (in the Expectations mode!) and then you press “Rec“. And not vice versa! Differently long, incoherent and “antsy“ panning which will be unpleasant to be looked will come out. Pay attention as cameramen work. Any chaotic movement by a chamber in search of the necessary object. Only accurate, clear plans. Try to remove also.
- During the work with “zoom“ (“arrival - departure“) the main thing - not to hurry! Especially when you want to reach the maximum increase - in this case the slightest haste will lead to the fact that the picture will begin to make “pirouettes“.
By the way, “a digital zoom“ which in some chambers is declared “to 990 times“ better not to use at all. The accurate picture all the same will not turn out (everything will blur and “will be washed away“). “Zoom“ optical (usually suffices 10 - 12 times).
- of the Stabilizer (it is “steady shot“) - a thing good. But he is able to compensate only hardly noticeable fluctuations. You should not think that if “steady shot“ is included, then now you can not watch a shiver of own hands.“ “ In a shot to the stabilizer to level a jump not in power.
in principle, equal shooting “from hands“ is achievable. But it demands considerable physical efforts and long practice. The wrist and a forearm have to get used to become “stone“ during shooting. At me about three years before it began to turn out left.
- of Panning (i.e. movement of a chamber in the horizontal direction on a big corner) needs to be carried out smoothly and the more slowly too, the better! Besides, look how it is done in TV reports. The fast, “antsy“ panorama will hopelessly damage the picture.
the Built-in special effects and feyder
Yes, a couple of words about the special effects which are built in a chamber. In their my first chamber was not absolutely, but all today`s models in a varying degree are equipped with them. > In detail it does not make sense to list to
p them (in each device they the and are in details described in instructions). Let`s stop only on those which will allow even to the simplest amateur shooting to look more professionally. It is, first of all, feyder (from English Fade - attenuation, blackout). You remember, at cinema very often episodes are divided by short-term blackout, the plot as if departures in darkness and “comes up“ from it? Such effect is very good for “joining“ of different scenes, it allows to avoid sharp “pereskok“ on the following episode (especially as the feyder works not only at video, but also at a sound!) .
Most often chambers are equipped with a “black“ feyder (“fade - to - black“), but happen also white (“fade - to - white“). Also not bad “blinds“, “corners“, “strips“ look. You should not be fond often of “mosaic“ and the “jumping“ feyder - they are good only when shooting discos or other active actions.
Processing of the image : such effects as “negative“, “sepia“, “it is black - white“, “solarize“, “faltering“, “loop“, etc., of course, in itself are interesting. The hand and lasts to include and try. But (again the same “favourite“ council) - you do not hurry. Think, this processing in this plot will be how pertinent. It is unlikely your relatives will be pleasant to themselves in the “negative“ image or will estimate the “color“ tails which are trying to keep step with them. And here, let us assume, the dancing youth with easy “faltering“ effect will look almost like in the clip, and it for certain will be to the place! Use possibilities of your chamber creatively - and then everything that she is able, will only improve your movie!
When all this will begin to turn out when you feel that the chamber as though “grew together“ with your hand, and all its opportunities to you are familiar and tested - from this point nothing limits your creativity! Remove, you create: you have no obstacles any more!
to Keep and not to lose
the Natural question arising during creation of a family videoarchive: how to keep it for descendants (and for itself too - as it is sometimes pleasanthowls to reconsider some own videos!) as long as possible.
At the moment, despite development of digital technologies, archives are stored in many families on ordinary VHS cartridges. And for certain, from - for relative low cost, usability and high-capacity, the VHS format will live and be well for a long time. Here it is important to choose high-quality cartridges from reliable firms.
does not want to do either advertizing, or an anti-advertizing here, but by long-term experience I can tell that cheap cartridges from little-known, and also some Korean and Chinese producers - not the best option for long-term storage. In 2 - 3 the tape “will fall down“, there will be rejected and degaussed sites.If you want
that record lived years 15 or at least 10, choose cartridges not cheaper than 80 rubles for 180 - a minute tape (bigger duration is not recommended: 240 - minute and more tape more thinly and quicker wears out). I had least of all problems with cartridges (“rating“ on decrease): EMTEC (BASF was called earlier), Fuji, Sony, Panasonic. It is desirable to choose cartridges with the inscription “Master“. Spare no expense for “archival“ cartridges - it is your “live“ memoirs!Now more and more people transfer to
the archives to “figure“, write on DVD. It is considered that DVD can be stored till 100 years, but for obvious reasons it is not confirmed. Certainly, DVD - a disk is impossible “were washed down“, it is simple in use and is easily copied without quality loss. DVD can be made from any carrier (VHS, Hi8, DV and even from 8 mm of a film!). However it is worth knowing the following about DVD:
- “compression“ of record in DVD - the format is anyway loss of initial quality. Therefore whenever possible you store “source codes“ (initial cartridges with especially important records in general it is necessary to leave always!) . You ask: and why the cinema on DVD on quality is almost ideal? The film is initially shot on a professional Film which “permission“ (and respectively, and quality of the image) MANY TIMES above any video format! For this reason “compression“ in DVD - a format for cinema is not so critical;
- besides, try not to buy cheap “pigs“ (beskorobochny, from unknown producers). On my memory there were cases of “death“ of files on such “pigs“.
. Too strong “murder“ of initial material on quality.
Which - where on the Internet are offered by cartridge miniDV as a way of storage of archives. Besides, by experience of use, on miniDV it is good to store only actually miniDV. Better then on the hard drive of the computer to rewrite (and to protect it from viruses and “bed - blocks“ :).
Most important - irrespective of the fact which you a chamber on what carriers you write and in what look store your archives - let will have this occupation to you in pleasure! Every time, keeping unique moments, you make a small, but real miracle! Success in your video creativity!the professional operator who grew up from “fan“