The little researcher on giving
we Study fauna together with the child
For most of city children the village - the live museum of the nature much more interesting and instructive, than all “adult“ expositions, combined. On country open spaces so much interesting, unknown, mysterious! Watching small insects, birdies and other animals, the kid will not only acquire new knowledge, but also to learn to think, analyze, compare, argue. And this live, various, constantly changing world will open for adults a lot of new if they together with the kid learn not just to look and to see how there lives the nature.
Bugs, ants and other small insectsWhat
only insects you will not meet at the dacha: jumping and flying, useful and not really. But all of them - fine object for supervision of the little scientist. Especially as some of them can be taken in a hand and to consider closer. And if adults do not begin to look at insects from height of the growth, and will venture to lay down together with the child in a grass, then small insects will seem more at once, and their life will become more clear and more interesting.
all insects have common features: six pads, short moustaches and wings. Their body is as if divided into parts by thin lines - notches. From here and the name - insects. And considering them, it is very interesting to find these characteristic details. It is possible to tell about the most noticeable insects to the kid in more detail. For example, about known for all to a ladybug . This bug destroys a great number of wreckers of plants - plant louses. Kids like to hold “cows“ on palms and to watch how those creep on fingers, and then open wings and depart. It is amusing to observe how the bright insect with black points on a back pretends to be a dead or leaves yellow spots on a hand. So the ladybug is protected from enemies. Even if the bird will also seize once a ladybug, then will understand that this bug tasteless, will remember its coloring and more will not touch any more.
A what variety of buzzing and flitting “public“ in the summer over flowers! And of a bee , and bumblebees , and of a butterfly , and of a wasp .
the Kid with pleasure will observe them together with adults: what color these insects who is more and who is less what flowers they love. If learns about what benefit is brought by insects - pollinators. Without them flowers would never become fruits that is, we could not regale on tasty apples. And without bees there would be no sweet honey also.
Often kids are afraid of the stinging insects. But the bee will bite the one who in fear waves hands and shouts rather, than the quiet person. As insects the first will not attack. And if in the house, at a kitchen window, under a can there lives a nice shaggy bumblebee, then supervision over it for certain will become for the child best “inoculation“ for fear of insects.
“In a grass the grasshopper sat ...“ Well how not to remember this song when in a grass little “violinists“ chirr on different voices. And why say as if the grasshopper plays a violin? The matter is that on his wings there are special zazubrinka. It rubs them quickly - quickly one about another as if drives a bow on a violin, and chirring is heard. Let the kid properly will consider a grasshopper (what he colors whether it has short moustaches and eyes), and at the same time also will think why that needs such long hind legs. Of course to jump!
Ubiquitous ants interest even one-year-old peanuts. If adults do not forget to take on the dacha a magnifying glass, with its help and they, and kids learn a lot of interesting about life of these tiny toilers. For this purpose it is enough to find a small ant hill with holes - doors in the earth and from time to time to watch it: what is done by ants as belong to each other what production is dragged whether far run away from the house? on beds, children can safely be attracted in assistants.“ Battle for the harvest“, of course, has no for kids of such value as for their parents, but on a kitchen garden it is possible to find a great number of insects. Generally it is wreckers. And most important of them - the Colorado beetle who is regularly “attacking“ potato. The child needs to tell about what harm is done by this insect and to ask to help with fight against it. Usually children well cope with this task, bringing together bugs in bank with water, training at the same time fingers. One more serious enemy of a kitchen garden - a medvedka . This large insect who lives in the earth and eats tubers of potatoes, carrots and young parts of plants. It is possible to find it during excavation of potato. Medvedka for certain will make strong impression on children thanks to the big size and a frightening look. And her paws are of special interest for little researchers. They are well adapted for digging of the earth. A here earthworms bring undoubted benefit to a harvest. And though it not “insects, they deserve attention too. It will be curious to baby to learn how the earthworm loosens and fertilizes the earth, passing it through itself. You should not at the same time forbid the child to dig hands in the earth, to potter with worms, to take them in hand. At such important points the kid independently makes discoveries, feels as part of the nature, learns to understand it. Which of us in the childhood was not surprised with
In a garden, in a kitchen garden If adults are busy by
to transformation of an opposite caterpillar into a beautiful butterfly? This transformation for the kid is similar to magic. Therefore even if parents of the baby never saw earlier how it occurs, it is a high time to make it together with the kid now.
on beds, children can safely be attracted in assistants.“ Battle for the harvest“, of course, has no for kids of such value as for their parents, but on a kitchen garden it is possible to find a great number of insects. Generally it is wreckers. And most important of them - the Colorado beetle who is regularly “attacking“ potato. The child needs to tell about what harm is done by this insect and to ask to help with fight against it. Usually children well cope with this task, bringing together bugs in bank with water, training at the same time fingers.
One more serious enemy of a kitchen garden - a medvedka . This large insect who lives in the earth and eats tubers of potatoes, carrots and young parts of plants. It is possible to find it during excavation of potato. Medvedka for certain will make strong impression on children thanks to the big size and a frightening look. And her paws are of special interest for little researchers. They are well adapted for digging of the earth.
A here earthworms bring undoubted benefit to a harvest. And though it not “insects, they deserve attention too. It will be curious to baby to learn how the earthworm loosens and fertilizes the earth, passing it through itself. You should not at the same time forbid the child to dig hands in the earth, to potter with worms, to take them in hand. At such important points the kid independently makes discoveries, feels as part of the nature, learns to understand it.Magic transformation
Which of us in the childhood was not surprised with
For a start needs to catch several caterpillars. It is better if they are different. In - the first, not it will be possible to bring a butterfly out of all caterpillars, and in - the second, it will be interesting to compare behavior of different insects.
of Caterpillars of a butterfly - of a cabbage white butterfly can be found in a kitchen garden, on cabbage or a radish. They Xing - green, with three yellow longitudinal strips and black specks. But barehanded they cannot be taken. Caustic allocations of these caterpillars irritate skin. The child has to know about it. Here can meet and it is opaque - green caterpillars of a butterfly - of a repnitsa . And if very much carries, then on carrots, parsley or fennel it is possible to find a caterpillar of a makhaon . It is big, well noticeable, green with black strips and red specks on them. Caterpillars small tortoiseshells live where to them and it is necessary to be according to the name - on a nettle. In the same place or on raspberry it is possible to meet also caterpillars of a butterfly a peacock eye . On fruit-trees gnaw leaves of a caterpillar of various silkworms or of a yablonny moth .
of Future butterflies needs to be collected and put in bank or in a plastic bottle with the cut-off top. There it is necessary to put plants or branches on which caterpillars sat and to close a vessel a gauze. It is necessary to change a green forage each 2 days. Now it is possible to watch the pets together with the kid: as they chew leaves as they creep, grow. After a while caterpillars will pupate - will turn in a doll. In this state it is better not to disturb them. It is necessary to stock up with patience and to wait. Till that wonderful moment when from a motionless doll the beauty - a butterfly gets out to light.
Who lives in apple?
Sometimes also it happens: the kid bites off apple, and it is worm-eaten. Who spoiled this apple? Worm? Here not! The most real caterpillar of a butterfly with the ridiculous name a yablonny fir seed moth is guilty . These caterpillars creep in apple, gnawing through themselves “tunnel“ and closing “entrance“ a thin skin of a fruit and a spider line. They only eat seeds therefore at apple the core is always worm-eaten. Then the caterpillar creeps out outside and looks for a new fruit. And she can be found in the fallen apples.
If to cut such apple, the kid will see both “gate“, and “tunnel“, and a caterpillar.
Besides, fir seed moths like to regale also on seeds of pears.Feathery friends
the Kid has to study not see
, but also hear, to be exact - to listen to world around. Runs out to the yard in the morning when it having woken up, tens of the most different sounds reach it from all directions. And it is most loudly heard birds who sing and chirp on different voices. Which of feathery friends can be met in the summer in the village? First of all ubiquitous of sparrows . It is necessary to teach the baby to distinguish them on a voice from other birds. It is very easy, sparrow “a chik - chirik“ not to confuse with anything. Not less peculiar also croak of a crow sounds . This bird by a voice is easily recognized even by absolutely small children. And to watch clever and cunning crows very interestingly - as they fly, jump or go on the ground whether are afraid of people. Sparrows and crows try to live closer to people - and sytny, and more quietly. Therefore also problems with a harvest from them happen much. Sweet cherry is obklyut, sunflowers. A traditional way of protection against “raids“ - a scarecrow. And its construction can be turned into creative process with active participation of the child. Let the father or the grandfather will bring down a cross - crosswise two long sticks. It will be “trunk“ and “hands“. The head can be made of the old pillowcase filled by rags on which the child with pleasure will draw eyes, a nose and a mouth.
Needed to dress up a scarecrow in old clothes and a hat and to bind the cellophane cut with tapes. That rustled on wind. The watchman for a kitchen garden is ready! The kid did not forget to think up to him a name? >
it is easy to p to distinguish on a voice and one more pevunye - a cuckoo . This is a bird forest, but she quite often visits bushes and landings near rural houses. Once having heard “ku - ku“, the kid more with anybody will not confuse it. To consider how many to whom years this birdie “nakukut“, - ridiculous superstition. But the idea - to learn to consider together with a cuckoo - is quite noteworthy. If the kid only learns to consider, then to watch how many time will sound “ku - ku“, it is better together with it. And more senior child will be able to cope with a task itself moreover and will compare in what of days the cuckoo cuckooed longer. >
it is interesting to p to observe in the village swallows . These nice birdies often build nests under roofs of houses. If quietly to sit together with the kid near their “house“, it is possible to see how mother and the father of a swallow drag in a beak of insects for the baby birds. The grown-up kids soon begin to lean out of a nest, and the kid will be able to see them. Happens that parents are swallows, flying up to a nest, drop the production. So if to spread the big sheet of white paper under a nest, then it will become visible, than parents - swallows the posterity feed.
It is possible, it will be possible to notice also that moment when young swallows take off from a nest. And on behavior of these birdies it is possible to forecast the weather. If they fly low over the earth, there will be a rain.
Of course, animals at the dacha to meet not so easily, as insects. But which - whom to find everything - it is possible. First of all it is various of a frog and of a toad . It is no secret that not all mothers amicably treat frogs. But all - children should not impart the similar relation. For the kid a frog - the most interesting being. And it is absolutely right. As fine she jumps, making a start strong hinder legs. It is possible also most to jump. Also there is nothing terrible if the kid takes a frog in hand. It is not necessary to shout with disgust: “Now throw this muck!“ The main thing - to watch that the kid on pleasures did not press down a frog too strongly. Most likely, at the dacha there will be not frogs, but toads. These Amphibia are very similar, but toads, unlike frogs, live not in water, and on the land, in crude places. They can often be met in a kitchen garden, and in the evenings they come for hunting. Toads - animals night. They eat insects - wreckers of plants. Considering a frog or a toad, it is necessary to tell the kid as it develops (caviar - a tadpole - a frog with a tail - an adult frog). And at toads and frogs unusual language. It very long is also covered with special glue. When the mosquito or a fly by flies by, the animal quickly puts out tongue, and the insect to it is pasted.
If once on a kitchen garden then, then black hillocks of the earth appear there, so the mole on a visit welcomed. You will manage to see it hardly, and here it is possible to look at fruits of its work. A mole - the remarkable navvy, his forepaws are similar to shovels. It digs underground the real underpasses. It is necessary to tell the kid about advantage and harm of moles. On the one hand, they destroy harmful insects, with another - spoil roots of plants.
in the Evening when there comes twilight, can have the luck to catch a hedgehog. Here who will precisely bring the kid into full delight. It is possible to bring a hedgehog to the house and to consider attentively. The hedgehog will hardly begin to eat the offered apple. It only in fairy tales he backs apples, and actually eats insects. At first the hedgehog will sniff and hide a nose. Then can accustom and even to drink milk from a saucer. What darlings at it eyes - beads, what ridiculous and mobile nose, small ears and pads! It will be interesting to touch and consider needles. It is necessary to do it carefully because the hedgehog can jump up, having curved a back and to prick a hand. Having got acquainted with the prickly guest, it is necessary to let out him back on that place where caught. On requests of children to leave a hedgehog at home it is possible to answer that he in the wood is waited by children or mother (if caught it was an ezhonok).
in a grass can be noticed in the Afternoon brisk of lizards . They are very interesting to children too. That is simple to catch a lizard not so - but if it worked well, it is possible to put her in a glass jar and to consider properly, and then to let out. Be careful - large lizards can bite. Their sting not dangerous, but quite painful. Look what pads at a lizard, eyes, a tail, language. The child should be warned that the lizard does not need to be pulled for a tail or to squeeze strongly. And to tell the little son or the daughter about surprising ability of this animal to reject the tail, escaping from enemies. The bird or an animal will seize a lizard by a tail, it also will remain in a beak or teeth, and the lizard will get away. And the tail will grow then new. So you should not be upset if the little experimenter everything is will remain without lizard, but with a tail.
Travel on a farmyard
If at someone from neighbors is pets and birds, it is good to organize to the kid excursion to them to study closer rural living creatures. Usually such actions are perceived by children with much bigger interest, than a campaign in a zoo. All living creatures so close, also zheltenky can most fill grain to chickens , to consider (though not bravely) terrible of turkey-cocks and of geese , to feed a goat with water-melon crusts. Besides, similar walk will give subjects for a set of interesting and informative conversations with the kid. For example - pets and their cubs. It seems that such simple and clear things do not deserve special attention, and kids at the same time compose own names, like “loshadyat“, “svinyat“ and “korovyat“. From their point of view everything is correct and logical therefore there passes a lot of time before they remember the correct names. And here in the village such training will go much quicker. Just from time to time adults have to ask the child as kids of a cow or lamb are called and to help the baby if he is at a loss with the answer. There will be very opportunely also riddles - rhymings. For example, such:
- the Yoke - go! - the child shouts, it Means... (foal)
Patch, two ears, pink belly. The tail as a thread, is thin. It... (pig)
of the Kid the story of mother or father about why rural animals call house and how ancient people tamed them. It is possible to remember together wild relatives of our Burenkas and pigs. Probably, the child already knows that dogs and cats are different breeds which differ from each other in the size, color of wool, a shape of ears and a tail. Therefore it is necessary to pay its attention that cows, chickens, nanny-goats, rabbits and other animals are different too. Let the peanut will attentively consider the cow who is grazed on a meadow and will try to describe her: what horns at it, hoofs, tail, ears, eyes, udder. And how the cow nibbles a grass? It does it very funny, taking small stalks language as if a hand. > it would be exciting to p to look at
how milk a cow or a goat and if the kid has an opportunity to try to make it, unforgettable impressions are provided to it. By the way, here and one more occasion to talk about what benefit is brought by pets to people. Only it is not necessary to hurry and at once to tell all to the kid. Let he at first will think, will analyse what was seen, will generalize the life experience. The child will surely please with wise conclusions and unusual supervision! Let not always correct, but very important and necessary for its development.
in conclusion remains to wish to all little researchers and their parents of pleasant and useful rest at the dacha, and also it is a lot of big and small opening!