Rus Articles Journal

Features of summer food

are Summer a special time when an opportunity considerably appears to strengthen health of the child, to increase protective forces of his organism. The balanced diet constructed taking into account age of the child, a state of his health and features of a summer season rich with fruit, berries, vegetables, greens can play an important role in it.

As food of children during the summer period is correct to organize

?

the smallest

need especially carefully picked up food and the water mode in the Summer children of the first year of life who hard transfer a heat. If the kid is on breastfeeding, then it is necessary to try to prolong it till fall, even when the child already receives a feeding up in the form of juice, mashed potatoes and porridges. Breast milk is easier digested and acquired, than other products, and development and which activity in a hot season is reduced demands smaller tension in release of digestive juice and enzymes.

also the feeding mother Properly has to eat, including in the diet the fresh fruit, berries and vegetables making positive impact not only on its health, but also on structure of breast milk. In it the content of vitamins and mineral substances will increase that will bring benefit to the kid. Of course, it is not necessary to be fond of the use of separate products excessively. So, if mother regularly eats cucumbers in large numbers, it can cause in the kid ease of a chair, and excessive hobby for carrots and tomatoes - allergic reactions.

If the child is on the artificial or mixed feeding and already got used to any adapted dairy mix, then during the summer period it should be kept in food. If the child has some violations of digestion, then it is better to give the adapted acidified milk formulas. The feeding up to children of the first year of life is entered according to the general recommendations, but in hot time to do it it is necessary with extra care and in a certain sequence.

by

From three months to one year

Usually the first (from 3 months of life of the child) enter the juice from apples and pears which is not containing pulp without sugar. Then it is possible to give juice from plum, sweet cherries, and also juice with pulp. In order that sour and tart juice (for example, from black and red currant, cherry) did not irritate a mucous membrane of a stomach and the child`s intestines, they are recommended to be parted with water. In 4,5 months it is possible to give vegetable juice, for example from carrots, pumpkin.

It is important

of
of

the Most large amount of vitamins and mineral substances contains in fresh berries, fruit and vegetables.

their nutrition value is much higher than

if they were not subjected to long transportation, the wrong storage, conservation or thermal treatment.

juice from 1 - 2 teaspoons a day Begins to enter

, by 5 - 6 months their quantity makes 40 - 50 ml, and by one year - 100 ml.

In two weeks after the beginning of introduction of juice can give to the child fruit puree (better without sugar) and to keep the same sequence in accumulation of its quantity, as in juice. That is by one year the child has to receive 100 g of mashed potatoes a day.

by

From 4 - 5 months into a diet of the child already enter dense food in the form of vegetable puree. At the same time in the beginning it is necessary to use only one type of vegetables (for example a vegetable marrow), and then gradually, taking into account shipping, add to it and other vegetables: cauliflower, green peas, etc. Here too it is necessary to begin with small quantities (10 - 20 g), with gradual increase in volume. By one year the amount of vegetable puree to which from 6 months meat is added has to make 200 g

the Second dense course which is entered into food of the child from 5 months, milk porridge from buckwheat, rice, cornmeal, etc. is. From 6 months it is possible to give oat and cream of wheat, however the last should not be fond: it though tasty, but its nutrition value low.

By one year the amount of porridge in a day diet of the kid has to make 200 g to the Child it will be pleasant if you add to porridge apples, pumpkin or carrots. For this purpose you need to connect rice (or other grain) to pumpkin pieces (or apple), to cook in a small amount of water to semi-readiness, and then, having added the warmed-up milk, to bring to full readiness.

the Dense dish to the child needs to wash down

with freshly squeezed juice, drink from apples, compote, ready nectar or children`s tea. Apples infusion (the apples cut by pieces fill in with hot boiled water and let`s be drawn) will be to the taste to your kid too.

the children`s menu can diversify

In 7 - 8 months with kefir or its options (biokefir, bifidokefiry, bifidoky), and from 9 months - children`s yogurt. In a hot season these products are well digested and acquired. They possess antibacterial action, promote growth of useful microflora in intestines and force out pathogenic microorganisms. These their properties are extremely important as during the summer period at children digestion processes are quite often broken that is connected with insufficient development during a heat of digestive juice.

Many children in hot time, especially in the afternoon, lose appetite. Let it do not frighten you. It is connected with insufficient release of digestive juice too. In such cases just postpone dense food to later time (18 - 19 hours) when the heat falls down, and during an afternoon snack feed the kid with breast milk, the adapted dairy mix or kefir.

Remember that to the small child it is admissible to give only some one new product, and only in the absence of reaction to it to use others. Besides, new products give in very small amounts in the beginning and gradually increase their volume. If there is a reaction (a rash on skin, frustration of a chair, vomiting), they are immediately excluded from food.

to the Child about one year is not recommended to give to

fresh cucumbers as frustration of a chair is possible. The kid of 10 - 11 months can try to give a small slice of fresh tomato. However consider that tomatoes can cause allergic reaction, especially in the children inclined to an allergy. Very carefully give also strawberry puree as it also often causes allergic reactions.

special attention give

In summertime to the water mode. During a heat the child loses a lot of liquid through lungs and skin. For completion of these losses he has to receive in addition liquid in number of 150 - 200 ml.

you Give to drink to the child several times a day in intervals between feedings, but not before feeding. As drink it is also possible to use the special bottled children`s water released by the industry.

If you already run, jump, swim

Children are more senior than one year, especially if they spend summer in the country, the most part of time are in the fresh air. At the same time they can make long pedestrian walks, play sports, perform feasible work in a garden or a kitchen garden, to bathe in the small river and so forth. At this time exchange processes in their organism proceed more actively, also power consumption respectively increases. It is established that during the summer period energy expenditure of a children`s organism increases approximately for 10%, and sometimes much more. In this regard the need for feedstuffs and calories significantly increases.

in the Summer at children growth processes in this connection the organism feels additional need for protein - the main plastic material for creation of cages and fabrics most intensively proceed. Besides, in a heat wave the organism of the child loses about then significant amount of mineral substances and vitamins, especially vitamins C and B1.

by

During a heat at all children, and not just at babies, quite often observe the expressed deterioration in appetite (from - for reduction of production of digestive juice). All this demands a certain increase in a nutrition value of children`s diets.

the Summer menu

For increase of protein in a daily diet of the child first of all are increased by amount of dairy products - generally at the expense of cottage cheese and the dairy drinks which are containing the most easily acquired proteins and having favorable effect on digestion processes. The general daily amount of fermented milk products is recommended to be increased approximately by 150 - 200 ml, against usual norm in 400 - 450 ml.

needs to take

for the rule that in the summer children have to receive kefir, atsidolakt and other dairy drinks two - three times a day.

the Daily amount of fruit, vegetables and juice in a diet of children are more senior than year

of
of 1 - 3 year of 4 - 6 years of 7 - 10 years of 11 - 13 years of 14 - 17 years
Potatoes, 150 200 250 250 300
Vegetables different, 200 250 300 350 350
Fruit (berries), 100 150 200 250 300
Juice, ml 150 200 200 200 200

play the Large role in increase of proteinaceous value of a children`s diet meat products, lead up their quantity till 100 - 120, against usual norm in 80 - 90 g.

From the fatty products increasing food caloric content, the preference is given to vegetable oil.

the Main sources of carbohydrates during the summer period first of all.

Seize the opportunity of a season and include in a diet an early garden radish, salad, cabbage, and also vegetable marrows, carrots, beet, cucumbers and tomatoes. The menu of your child will become even more various if you prepare dishes with a sorrel and a nettle. Do not forget about wild berries (bilberry, wild strawberry) which so are pleasant to children.

Besides, add the svezhesorvanny greens which grew under beams of the sun and vitamin-rich and mineral substances to all salads, the first and second courses of a lunch, to dishes for breakfasts and dinners.

also so-called “green sandwiches“ when on bread and butter melkoporublenny greens crumble Are useful to

.

to

Instead of an afternoon snack - the lunch

is recommended by

in the Summer change of a diet of children at which the lunch and an afternoon snack are interchanged the position. This mode is considered more physiologic. And if for breakfast the child with pleasure can eat the milk porridge made by you, an omelet, a cottage cheese or vegetable dish, having washed down all this with juice, then in the hottest, midday time appetite at it sharply decreases. At this time it should give easier food: dairy drink, roll or piece of bread, fruit, berries, crude vegetables, salads or juice. The child easily copes with this food even at the lowered appetite.

after that children early and preschool (and sometimes and younger school) age should lay

on a day dream. Children of more advanced age after such afternoon snack are also recommended to lie down, be engaged in reading or quiet games a little. The child who had a rest and got hungry after easy “having a snack“ with pleasure will eat all lunch consisting of the most high-calorie dishes rich with protein.

of
of

the Fact

Fruit, berries, vegetables, greens are a source of vitamins, mineral substances and food fibers.

Existence in these products of iron and copper which deficiency children quite often have, is important for ensuring processes of blood formation.

Potassium is necessary for

for the correct course of the main exchange processes.

Vitamins make impact on growth processes, sight, strengthening of immune properties of an organism.

the Food fibers regulating motility of intestines bring harmful substances out of an organism and normalize intestinal microflora.

Vegetable products contain the organic acids, pectinaceous substances which are positively influencing digestion processes, and also the bioflavonoids increasing immunity.

For dinner offer

a fish (meat) dish with vegetables or cheesecakes, vareniki, baked pudding.

Krom of the standard four meals in summer to the child can be given to

also the fifth feeding in the form of a glass of kefir for the night. It is especially rational in that case when the dinner was early, and a night dream - late of - for big durations of light day.

do not release from - under the special control observance of the drinking regime of the child. Always have a sufficient reserve of fresh drinking water, and it is better - broth of a dogrose, unsweetened compote or juice. It is possible to use the bottled water released by the industry, vitamin drinks.

for the child always should be remembered drink if you go to long walk or gathered in the wood for mushrooms, berries, etc. Take with yourself so much drink that it was not necessary to use unboiled water that can create danger of developing of an acute intestinal disease.

At the same time frequent and unsystematic drink does not bring benefit. The overload excessive liquid can lead to difficulty of work of heart, strengthening of sweating at which the organism loses many mineral salts and vitamins.

with

the Fact

Vitamin C the cabbage, sweet red pepper, a celery (greens), parsley (greens), spinach, salad and a garden radish is rich.

And also - apples, wild strawberry, blackcurrant, oranges and plums.

a carotene Source are not only vegetables (carrots, tomatoes, sweet red pepper, beet, pumpkin), but also fruit - apricots, peaches, sweet cherry, cherry, red currant and raspberry.

Many salts of potassium are in eggplants, potatoes, carrots, beet, tomatoes, apricots, cherry, grapes, a gooseberry, raspberry and currant.

Iron contains in vegetables - sweet red pepper, beet, a garden radish, pumpkin, tomatoes, and fruit - apples, cherry, apricots, a gooseberry and plums.

of Bioflavonoida are present at sweet red pepper and salad.

If tomorrow in a campaign

Preschool children and school students with great pleasure participate in backpackings together with parents or with tutors if they are in a recreation or sports center. In all cases adults have to consider age and physical training of the child, his relation to such travel not to allow both overfatigue, and negative emotions.

Usually in campaigns are taken by the concentrated high-calorific products - canned and fish meat, food concentrates (dry soups, porridges, pasta), vegetable oil, sugar, tea. It is very important to take also enough powdered milk. Instead of fresh vegetables and fruit which to bear very hard, it is possible to stock up with dried fruits.

Can pick wild-growing berries, mushrooms, greens. However at the same time it is very important good to understand them. Any unfamiliar mushroom should be perceived as poisonous. Even the well-known, but old, overripe mushrooms can lead to poisoning.

Drinking water whenever possible should be taken

from springs, the closed wells or from a water supply system if such opportunity is given. If there is no such opportunity, then it is necessary to use river water. But at the same time it is necessary to follow the following rules strictly. In - the first, water it is necessary to filter through the gauze put four times, in - the second, it should be subjected to long boiling, in - the third, it is possible to store such prepared water in the corked ware no more than two days.

to Travellers on a note

during a campaign it is very important to organize correctly a diet which always has to meet the established standards, namely: in the morning rather high-calorie breakfast, in the middle of the day during a big halt - a lunch with the first and second courses and in the evening after the parking breaks, - a full-fledged dinner.

hot dishes have to contain

And both a lunch, and a breakfast, and a dinner. At the same time it is necessary to remember that it is impossible to leave for tomorrow the food prepared in the morning and even in the afternoon. Opened to bank of canned food it is necessary to use at once completely. Very well after all meals to drink tea with herbs.

during long transitions, especially at a strong heat, the need for liquid considerably increases and there is a danger of dehydration. Skilled tourists drink only on parking, during rest. And then they can accept liquid without restriction. It is necessary to accustom to such mode also children.

Several useful tips