Whether you see?
it is necessary to Watch sight of the kid from his birth. Regular routine inspections at the competent ophthalmologist with use of the modern diagnostic equipment allow to reveal any disease at the earliest stage. And than the child is younger, especially sparing and effective is treatment.
That we have
Good sight at both parents considerably reduces the probability of emergence of congenital eye diseases in the child, but, unfortunately, is not a guarantee of their absence. It is possible to inherit an illness from the most distant relatives. And not always disturbing symptoms are shown at once. In many cases only predisposition to this or that failure in work of visual system is inherited, and it happens as soon as the organism gets to adverse conditions - for example, the child has a severe stress, has an infectious disease or overtires when performing school homeworks.the Very first survey which defines a structure of eyes is carried out by
in maternity hospital. Statistically at 80% of newborns so-called physiological far-sightedness comes to light . This temporary phenomenon which usually passes till 6 - 8 years by itself and medical correction does not demand. However to be convinced of what sight gradually returns to normal it is necessary at least once a year to show the kid to the oculist. If far-sightedness does not decrease in values, she needs to be treated.are born
of 5 - 7% of babies with short-sightedness, and at 13 - 15% predisposition to its development comes to light.Especially serious concern weakness of only one of eyes has to cause
in parents. In such situation the visual analyzer can ignore the image from weaker eye that leads to development of squint or even an ambliopiya, i.e.“ lazy eye“.
If at the newborn sight meets age standard, next time the kid needs to be shown to the doctor in 5 - 6 months. At this age it is already real to reveal such diseases as short-sightedness, far-sightedness, an astigmatism and squint. If correction is not required, then the next visit of the doctor happens in three years, in five years and before school. Throughout all school period to the ophthalmologist it is necessary to go once a year.
Is observed and we are observed
Unfortunately, a stream method of the accelerated check of visual acuity in district clinics, kindergartens and schools often does not allow to find the irregular or latent forms of eye diseases. Therefore at an opportunity it is better to happen on routine inspection in the large ophthalmologic center which has modern diagnostic units. Besides, unlike district clinic where on survey of the child several minutes are allotted literally, in specialized clinic can find for the kid enough time.It allows
not only without serious consequences and to beskontaktno study its visual system, but also to have a talk with mother about the course of pregnancy and childbirth, about features of behavioural reactions of the child. Such information is very important for the skilled ophthalmologist as it often can become a key to detection of this or that latent illness. At visit of clinic it is desirable to have with itself results of the previous ophthalmologic inspections that the doctor could estimate dynamics of a condition of visual system. whether
parents at the child Can suspect sight violation? Yes, there is a number of symptoms which can indicate these or those problems. Pay attention to how the child looks, especially after a day dream. For example, one eye opens not completely. Or the kid turns all head to look at you. It is possible before taking a subject, the child slowly blinks. If noticed something similar - do not postpone visit to the doctor.
in the Summer a disturbing signal - children often set up the person to the sun from a weak eye. If when reading the child “loses“ words, it is also necessary to pay attention to it. Parents should remember that children seldom complain of eye pain - more often just begin to be capricious.
What we get
What deviations of sight really to reveal and cure at preschool age?
False short-sightedness call an overstrain of eye muscles which often occurs at chronic visual overfatigue occurs. The child begins to see worse, can complain of a headache, be capricious. At diagnostics without studying of a condition of an eye bottom (that is without instillation in eyes of special drops for expansion of a pupil which relax spazmirovanny muscles and allow the doctor to define true visual acuity) doctors in district clinic or the Optika shop equipped with the elementary device for carrying out computer diagnostics can even mistakenly write out to the child points. However at false short-sightedness the kid can have an ideal visual acuity. In this case points only aggravate visual discomfort and quickly enough lead to development of true short-sightedness.the image of objects is focused by
At of short-sightedness (miopiya) not on a retina that is necessary for accurate sight, and before it. At the same time the child well sees only close. Short-sightedness most often is the acquired illness and develops from - for excessive visual loading - reading, the letter, hours-long viewing of telecasts and computer games. Signs of visual overfatigue and possible development of short-sightedness - the reddened and watering eyes. By the way, during formation of visual system - approximately till 7 years - ophthalmologists do not recommend to children to play on the computer at all and to watch TV.the doctor often appoints by
At true short-sightedness points which relieve the child of visual overfatigue and allow to avoid progressing of an illness. Besides, modern hardware techniques of treatment which first of all normalize blood circulation around an eyeball allow to remove stress from eye muscles and restore good nutrition of an eye. Thus, working capacity, a visual memory, ability to concentrate attention improves.
what we refuse
Unlike short-sightedness, at of far-sightedness (gipermetropiya) the image is focused behind a retina, and the kid close sees objects indistinct. About one year doctors consider as norm far-sightedness to +6, however every year visual acuity has to improve on average on 1 dioptry. That is why ideally the child should be shown to the same doctor who will be able objectively to judge dynamics of a condition of visual system.
At loadings at a short distance at the far-sighted kid eyes quickly are tired. Such child feels especially strong discomfort when intense training to school begins, first of all when training in reading. As a result it turns out that school progress can depend on a condition of organs of vision directly. Therefore if far-sightedness does not pass by itself, approximately at the age of 4 years when the child does not experience considerable strain of the preschool child and first grader yet, it is necessary to check his sight and to do everything possible for its restoration.
It often happens perhaps at intensive therapeutic treatment and-point correction. Besides, the skilled doctor can appoint hardware techniques which without serious consequences improve sight. Thanks to 10 - the day course of complex hardware therapy with frequency of times in half a year to the doctor manages to restore the lost functions of both eyes and though values of dioptries do not change, the child much better sees. To achieve the maximum effect, according to indications are applied also ultrasonic therapy, laser and electrostimulation, vacuum massage, video computer training.
At low degrees of far-sightedness (to +3) can achieve that the child at teenage age could remove points. At higher degree of far-sightedness it will be not always possible to do without points or contact lenses, however it will be possible to avoid serious problems in work of nervous system and progress at school will not suffer. The treatment begun at more advanced age will be less successful.we Train and treated by
If not to carry out treatment of far-sightedness, the child can have a squint.
Squint is a violation of binocular sight. Normal the brain obtains information from two eyes and connects these images in a three-dimensional image. If one eye sees worse, the main loading is the share of a healthy eye. Thus, a visually impaired eye begins to lose the functions. Besides, the child loses volume sight and prospect, from - for what can become closed and whimsical, get psychological complexes.
Squint happens primary and secondary. Primary (congenital) squint, as a rule, is a consequence of defeat of nervous system - from - for pre-natal an infection and even flu at mother during pregnancy, from - for patrimonial injuries. In this case the ophthalmologist and the neurologist are engaged in treatment of squint. This disorder of sight has not only the esthetic party, but also is a serious functional shortcoming. In the absence of binocular sight at which both eyes equally perceive world around and transfer the image to a brain, there can be a lag in intellectual and physical development. Therefore in most cases surgical intervention becomes the best decision at congenital squint.
Secondary squint arises on average in 3 - 4 years. The child surely has to wear the medical glasses which are written out by the ophthalmologist constantly as it allows to put eyes directly at least wearing spectacles. It occurs thanks to removal of visual tension which often leads to a sight defocusing. Except points at treatment of squint hardware techniques which without serious consequences train the weakened muscles of eyes are effective.the Started squint often leads
to a syndrome of “a lazy eye“ - of an ambliopiya at which the child looks only one eye, and the second loses the visual functions over time. Externally this disease is not shown in any way therefore parents often take the child to the doctor too late. It is possible to restore 100% sight at an ambliopiya, only if to begin treatment till 7 years.