Young naturalists of
to Watch flight of a butterfly, to listen to singing of birds or noise of water, sweet smells of wild flowers, to run barefoot on a grass. Such impressions will enrich a palette of feelings of the child, will be a source of positive emotions and will help it to become more susceptible to everything that surrounds it.
time when children acquired knowledge of world around through daily direct communication with the nature Was em>. And also by means of adults who, having looked at the evening sky, could forecast surely the weather next day, with deep arguments express an estimate of harvest, specify the mushroom place in the wood and get out of a dense thicket, without resorting to the help of means of satellite communication. But also now, having made some effort, we will remember about friendship of a rain with wind, how the caterpillar turns into a butterfly and that the wood - it is not simple many trees. The egocentrism is peculiar to small children, they consider themselves as the center of the Universe and are sure that they are capable to operate the world surrounding them with the help... loud crying. Such attitude towards and the world - a normal stage of development of the kid. Experience of communication and interaction with the nature will help it to realize that it is not the center, and only a small particle of the Universe with which it is inseparably linked.
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of Ingenious legs (from 3 years)
your child is undressed and remains to
In the city barefoot. Ask to close eyes (and not to spy), to raise one leg, and then to carefully lower it on your signal. And you put on a floor under his leg a cockleshell, a stone, a leaf, the small pine cone, etc. at this time. He has to learn a subject, having only felt it as leg foot.
On walk in warm, serene day pay attention of the kid to how asphalt heated up on the sun, a small bench. Then take refuge from the sun in a shadow of some tree, apply palms to the earth - as far as it is more cool and lighting absolutely another here. Show to the child, as you, and he, and all objects cast a shadow that shadows happen long or almost invisible.
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of the Box (from 1,5 years)
Do an opening in a cover of a box with wonders or use an empty box from handkerchiefs. Gather during walk in 2 copies the objects differing in a form and the invoice: stones, cones, cockleshells. Begin with three various objects. Lay out in one copy before the kid, and hide doubles at yourself behind the back. Ask the child to look and touch objects attentively. Then imperceptibly put one of doubles in a box. Let the kid will dip a hand into an opening of a box and surveys the hidden subject. He has to recognize him to the touch and show you same that are spread out before it.
Since 2,5 years can hold game without doubles. While the child investigates a subject for the first time, you call it and ask the child to repeat. Then he has to learn each subject to the touch and to call before gets it from a box.
with the wind a hide-and-seek. Hide for the house and pay its attention that wind ceased - you were covered from it by the house. Tell the young researcher about what wind the athlete: it can lift and turn foliage, different litter, shake trees. Having come home, tell it that wind can take a walk in your house too. He is able to rustle with newspapers, to open doors and to shake the lamp shade. Suggest the kid most to stay wind, put before it a plumelet or a piece of paper and ask to blow strongly.
At the dacha
From flower petals lay out a cheerful mug, a lodge or a butterfly on some plain surface. Comment on the actions and call colors which you use. Make flower (berry, vegetable) a picture together. During this fascinating occupation the kid can remember names of some plants.
Imperceptibly fill with
Being going to make forest walk, tell the kid that you go to the real kingdom - the state. It consists of several floors. In the wood there is also a vault: there small mice and big badgers live in burrows.
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of What is it? (from 3 years)
Ask your child to think up qualitative adjectives for the characteristic of tactile feelings: firm, soft, dry, wet, smooth, sharp. Then go together for searches of the objects corresponding to the set properties. For children is more senior begin with the adjectives defining not tactile, but olfactory characteristics: sharp, pleasant, sweet, bitter.
On the first floor - in a grass - there live different insects and animals. The second and third floors - bushes and trees - the place where birds live: here they twist the nests. Collect beautiful leaves together with the child, show him what they are different. Having come back home, consider the trophies: fern branch, acorn or mushroom.
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of the Road of Liliputians (from 3 years)
by means of a string you place a short route on the earth. Yours the child will grabble along a string also reports to you about all interesting that he meets on the way. You can supply the senior children with a magnifying glass that they could concentrate better, considering fine details.
For the kid: they will help it to keep with memory the impressions about walk.by
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of of the Riddle of the nature (from 3 years)
Ask your child to choose some natural object near the place of supervision and to consider it properly, without moving, And you will close eyes at this time and will try to guess about what the speech, asking it simple questions: This plant? Big or small? It has many leaves? To answer, he will rely only on the memory. Game development: change over for it: now you think, and the child tries to guess what natural object you chose on the district.
By the sea
Sand, stones, cockleshells, water - the materials giving unlimited opportunities for acquaintance to different properties of wildlife. Children can infinitely play with sand. Dry it is possible to pour from one capacity into another, observing as it flows, to rake up in heaps and to bury in it. If to mix sand with water, unique construction material of which it is possible to do anything, from a Kulichiki to the most difficult architectural constructions will turn out.Find
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of a double (from 3 years)Prepare
and spread out in opaque sacks various materials which are easy for learning and finding in that district where there is a game: cockleshells, cones, leaves. The child to the touch, dipping hands into a sack, learns a subject. Then he has to find and put in the same sack same. Several children can break into teams on two persons and consult before being let on searches.
From stones and cockleshells can be spread on sand of a picture and patterns.Find
- big smooth stones and ornament them together with the child paints or markers. Tell
- to the kid about an underwater kingdom and its inhabitants: about multi-colored fishes, about a sea grass - seaweed, that the cockleshells found ashore were the house of some sea inhabitant earlier. It is good if what you tell about, the kid is able to see own eyes. Bright images for a long time will be stamped on the memory of your child.
Getting acquainted with the nature, learning to interact with it, the child will find out that he possesses a certain power over other beings. You should not abuse the child for the fact that he picks flowers or crushed an ant, trying to catch it. But it does not mean at all that it is necessary to encourage or ignore destructive behavior and manifestations of hostility to representatives of flora and fauna. The small child can learn world around and estimate the opportunities in it, only acting in one way or another and receiving a certain result. Task of parents - to try to explain to the kid what consequences for other living beings are born by his research activity. Your child is not able to empathize yet and is still focused only on own desires. To pave the way for perception of feelings of people around, try to tell more with the kid about his own feelings and experiences.