The alphabet, I know you! Each child should learn to read
sooner or later. How to make this occupation cheerful and interesting? The scientist - the physicist, the creator and the head of “School of geniuses“ Elena Bakhtina offers a new method: live alphabet.
Why children sometimes with such work remember letters? Adults think out for them such colourful abc-books and cubes, and the success comes not so quickly as there is a wish! The reason is that a letter for the kid - a little abstract concept. Especially if near it on the picture the subject with which the child is a little familiar is drawn. For example, bus. It seems to adults that all children know what is it. Actually for many kids the bus from the abc-book - all the same that an atom structure on an illustration of the textbook of physics. To kids not easy happens to compare the drawn buses with those which they see on the street. And to coordinate in consciousness that the bus is a letter A, difficult. The image of a subject, of course, helps to remember value of a letter. But in memory this picture remains as something that exists near a letter and absolutely is not similar to it. And when the kid begins to read, it prevents to concentrate. He should read the word “ball“, and he, sorting letters, for something has to remember a barrel, the bus and the wood!
Elena Bakhtina came to a conclusion: if to make drawing on the picture near a letter similar to it, then communication becomes absolutely obvious. And still if to play with this letter, then it is already impossible to forget it. Make experiment: draw and cut out a capital printing letter A. Then show to the kid of a photo with the small child who cheerfully plays in a bed, and tell: “It is a letter A. It is known even by small. They lie in a bed and shout: “And - and - and!“ Shout together with the child. He will remember it instantly. In - the first, the letter is connected with concept very well familiar to the kid - he and itself was a baby not so long ago. And in - the second, during a lesson with mother it receives the mass of positive emotions.
In Bakhtina`s alphabet by such principle can learn all letters. The favourite letter P is put in boots and when children get acquainted with it, they hear the phrase: “The father Prishel, Gifts Brought!“ Well, how not to fall in love with such letter! And the most cheerful letter - I. Because she loves the same, as they. Ask the child: “Who loves candies?“ He will answer: “I!“ - “And animated films?“ - “I!“ - “And to walk?“ And you will hear again: “I!“ This letter and call. Shout together: “I - I - I - I - I!“ Training goes very quickly because all images which are connected with letters are well familiar to the child. The letter Ch is similar to a cup. From it it is possible to drink both kefir, and milk, and tea. On a letter N as on the coil to reel up multi-colored threads, and to greet a letter L if instead of a tail at the left to draw with it the palm developed for a greeting. Everyone can think up images of letters. The main thing that they were close and clear to the kid. For example, one may say, that the soft sign is similar to a valenok. But if the kid never saw it, then it will not help to remember a letter. And if your child has valenoks, then and to learn a hard sign for it will not be a problem. Tell only that it is similar to a valenok of which the sock sticks out. A sure bet - to draw a soft sign as if it is made of a soft down pillow. And firm - put from stone cobble-stones.to
of Association will be clear to each child.we Learn to read
Learnt letters? To go further, it is necessary to be convinced that this lesson is well learned. And for this purpose it is necessary to manage to call all alphabet, looking after a pointer, at most in 20 seconds. There is nothing supernatural, and to any child within its powers.to
to read the alphabet, to it needs three minutes and consequently, on one letter - about 6 seconds. At such speed the kid will read 24 seconds the word “Masha“. Take hours and try to read with such speed. It is impossible. It is better to train memory that, seeing a letter, the kid called it, without hesitating seconds.If all process of studying of the alphabet was connected by
at the kid only with positive emotions, it with pleasure will be accepted to reading. Now it is necessary to learn to connect letters in syllables. These lessons can occur anywhere: and houses, and on the street. It is only enough to show to the child a syllable, for example ON and to explain that letters are able to be on friendly terms. When (N) meets (And) - together it turns out ON. After that it is necessary only to repeat 70 times a day with the kid the phrase (N) (A) - together ON. From the third or even from the tenth time not each kid can remember it. And here if you told it 10 times at breakfast, 10 more during walk, in the evening in a bathtub - it will strongly settle in memory. And, above all, it is not necessary to repeat sadly same, sitting before the alphabet. Show to the kid that you like to listen to it, and he with pleasure will repeat also 100 times!
can Also learn also other syllables, and then to start reading on syllables. At this stage parents often make the same mistake: demand from the kid to repeat entirely the long word which he read. Also become angry when it becomes clear that he is not able to make it. One mother somehow complained to Elena Nikolaevna that her child does not understand that he reads:
- Well unclear in the words “at a willow-a tent“? Same it is in Russian written!
- And all of you understand that all of you read in Russian? - Bakhtina asked it.
- Of course!
from the shelf the book “Bases of the Vector and Tensor Analysis“ also suggested the indignant mother to read and explain what she understood. Of course, it is difficult for adult to look at the world eyes of children. They cannot imagine that they for the kid of the word “tent“ and some unknown “willow“ are as unclear as scientific physical terms for the humanist. And the following stage, retelling, it is possible to master, having only fulfilled technology of reading. Even if on words unfamiliar to it. If the kid reads slowly, retelling for it - a task excessive. The brain of the person badly perceives information which arrives with a speed of 4 - 5 words a minute. Namely so children read at the beginning. The kid will be able to understand sense read, only when the speed of its reading is not less than 40 words a minute. >
Try to answer with
of the Rule for parents with p to yourself a question why you want to teach the child to read sincerely. If in order that he in the future studied well, better and quicker remembered information, then it is time to start occupations. And if to brag to girlfriends, then to you it is not necessary and to begin. There is a risk that you will “press“ on the child. To impart at the same time to it love to reading - it is difficult, and to turn occupations into a boring duty - very easily. Learn to watch
at the kid as on the person with great opportunities. It is possible to treat the child approximately so: “Well from you to take, you are only one and a half years old“. And it is possible and so: “The kid, to you is one and a half years? It is time to learn letters!“ Thanks to such approach you wake in the child the abilities dozing till a time.
you do not hurry. Each child has the rate of development of this or that skill. If to your kid it is uninteresting, postpone for a while the alphabet. The kid is not ready to it yet. Another is better to switch to something: drawing, sport or usual games in dolls or machines. To read to it aloud more, to ask the questions demanding reflections. It is possible from time to time to suggest to finish thinking about the word which is not enough in the offer. As in the known song: “On a meadow is grazed who?“ Experts claim that the intelligence of the child the accelerated rates allows to develop such exercises.
Surely you praise the child even for the most minimum progress. Only positive emotions can impart to it love to reading.do not stop reading
daily to the kid aloud, even when he will learn to do it. It is very important. In - the first, he will master skills of reading not soon so that the TV stopped being a competitive source of information. And in - the second, for kids reading aloud is, first of all communication. Time when it is possible to settle comfortably at mother or the father on a lap and to listen to the kind fairy tale. Reading becomes the most pleasant and useful way of an exchange of emotions.